Bletilla striata

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Bletilla striata
Bletilla striata 2007-05-13 375.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Arethuseae
Subtribe: Bletiinae
Alliance: Calanthe
Genus: Bletilla
Species: B. striata
Binomial name
Bletilla striata
(Thunb.) Rchb.f. (1878)
  • Bletia gebina Lindl. (1847)
  • Bletia hyacinthina (Sm.) Aiton (1813)
  • Bletia hyacinthina var. gebina (Lindl.) Blume (1858)
  • Bletia striata (Thunb.) Druce (1917)
  • Bletilla elegantula (Kraenzl.) Garay & G.A. Romero (1998)
  • Bletilla gebina (Lindl.) Rchb.f. (1853)
  • Bletilla striata f. gebina (Lindl.) Ohwi (1953)
  • Bletilla striata var. albomarginata Makino (1929)
  • Bletilla striata var. gebina (Lindl.) Rchb.f. (1852)
  • Calanthe gebina (Lindl.) Lindl. (1855)
  • Coelogyne elegantula Kraenzl. (1921)
  • Cymbidium hyacinthinum Sm. (1805)
  • Cymbidium striatum (Thunb.) Sw. (1799)
  • Epidendrum striatum (Thunb.) Thunb. (1794)
  • Gyas humilis Salisb. (1812)
  • Jimensia nervosa Raf. (1838)
  • Jimensia striata (Thunb.) Garay & R.E. Schult. (1958)
  • Limodorum hyacinthinum (Sm.) Donn (1807)
  • Limodorum striatum Thunb. (1784) (Basionym)
  • Polytoma inodora Lour. ex Gomes Mach. (1868)
  • Sobralia bletioides Brongn. ex Decne. (1847)

Bletilla striata, known as hyacinth orchid,[2] is a species of orchid native to Japan, Korea, Myanmar (Burma), and China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang).[1][3]


Bletilla striata is used in Asian traditional medicine for treating problems with the lining of the alimentary canal, e.g. ulcers.[4]

It is also used as a natural glue for making silk strings for traditional Chinese instruments like the guqin.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  3. ^ Flora of China v 25 p 210, 白及 bai ji, Bletilla striata
  4. ^ Chunming Wang; Jiantao Sun; Yi Luo; Weihua Xue; Huajia Diao; Lei Dong; Jiangning Chen; Junfeng Zhang (2006). "A Polysaccharide Isolated from the Medicinal Herb Bletilla striata Induces Endothelial Cells Proliferation and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Expression in vitro". Biotechnology Letters. 28 (8): 539–543. doi:10.1007/s10529-006-0011-x. PMID 16614890. 

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