Bletilla striata

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For other orchids called "hyacinth orchid", see Dipodium.
Bletilla striata
Bletilla striata 2007-05-13 375.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Arethuseae
Subtribe: Bletiinae
Alliance: Calanthe
Genus: Bletilla
Species: B. striata
Binomial name
Bletilla striata
(Thunb.) Rchb.f. (1878)
  • Bletia gebina Lindl. (1847)
  • Bletia hyacinthina (Sm.) Aiton (1813)
  • Bletia hyacinthina var. gebina (Lindl.) Blume (1858)
  • Bletia striata (Thunb.) Druce (1917)
  • Bletilla elegantula (Kraenzl.) Garay & G.A. Romero (1998)
  • Bletilla gebina (Lindl.) Rchb.f. (1853)
  • Bletilla striata f. gebina (Lindl.) Ohwi (1953)
  • Bletilla striata var. albomarginata Makino (1929)
  • Bletilla striata var. gebina (Lindl.) Rchb.f. (1852)
  • Calanthe gebina (Lindl.) Lindl. (1855)
  • Coelogyne elegantula Kraenzl. (1921)
  • Cymbidium hyacinthinum Sm. (1805)
  • Cymbidium striatum (Thunb.) Sw. (1799)
  • Epidendrum striatum (Thunb.) Thunb. (1794)
  • Gyas humilis Salisb. (1812)
  • Jimensia nervosa Raf. (1838)
  • Jimensia striata (Thunb.) Garay & R.E. Schult. (1958)
  • Limodorum hyacinthinum (Sm.) Donn (1807)
  • Limodorum striatum Thunb. (1784) (Basionym)
  • Polytoma inodora Lour. ex Gomes Mach. (1868)
  • Sobralia bletioides Brongn. ex Decne. (1847)

Bletilla striata, known as hyacinth orchid,[2] is a species of orchid native to Japan, Korea, Nansei-shoto (Ryukyu Islands), Myanmar (Burma), and China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang).[1][3]


Bletilla striata is used in Asian traditional medicine for treating problems with the lining of the alimentary canal, e.g. ulcers.[4]

It is also used as a natural glue for making silk strings for traditional Chinese instruments like the guqin.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  3. ^ Flora of China v 25 p 210, 白及 bai ji, Bletilla striata
  4. ^ Chunming Wang, Jiantao Sun, Yi Luo, Weihua Xue, Huajia Diao, Lei Dong, Jiangning Chen, Junfeng Zhang (2006). "A Polysaccharide Isolated from the Medicinal Herb Bletilla striata Induces Endothelial Cells Proliferation and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Expression in vitro". Biotechnology Letters 28 (8): 539–543. doi:10.1007/s10529-006-0011-x. PMID 16614890. 

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