Blidworth

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Blidworth
Sign saying Blidworth welcomes careful drivers, with images of Robin Hood, the church and a coal mine
Welcome sign on Dale Road
Blidworth is located in Nottinghamshire
Blidworth
Blidworth
Blidworth shown within Nottinghamshire
Population 4,457 (2011)
OS grid reference SK592560
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Mansfield
Postcode district NG21
Dialling code 01623
Police Nottinghamshire
Fire Nottinghamshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Nottinghamshire
53°05′53″N 1°06′59″W / 53.0980°N 1.1165°W / 53.0980; -1.1165Coordinates: 53°05′53″N 1°06′59″W / 53.0980°N 1.1165°W / 53.0980; -1.1165

Blidworth is a village and civil parish approximately five miles east of Mansfield, Nottinghamshire, England. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 4,457.[1] Its history can be traced back to the 10th century, although many of the current houses were built in the first half of the 20th century to provide housing for workers at Blidworth Colliery (1926–1989). These are mainly in estates north of Dale Lane, known as New Blidworth. The area around Main Street, west of Beck Lane and including the church, is Old Blidworth, containing some of the oldest buildings. Blidworth Bottoms is a hamlet about 0.5 km south of Old Blidworth.

Toponomy[edit]

Blidworth seems to contain the Old English personal name, Blitha' + worð (Old English) an enclosure, so 'Blitha's enclosure'.[2]

History and Geography[edit]

The first recorded reference of Blidworth was in the Domesday Book, a national survey which was executed for William I of England in 1086. It is recorded as Blideworde, its recorded population was five households and the total tax assessed was 1.1 Geld Units.[3] Although this is the first recorded reference of Blidworth, the village is much older and was possibly used by the Romans.[4]

Up to the end of the 19th century it was a farming community with 150 houses clustered around Main Street (Old Blidworth) and 26 farms and 3 mills, with a population of about 2000.[5] A major change came with the construction of a colliery north of Belle Vue Road in 1921 with the resulting construction of housing for workers.[5] Thus the major part of the population is in an area east of Old Blidworth, between Belle Vue Lane in the north and Dale Lane in the south. Mansfield Road forms the west of this and is the main shopping area. The mine closed in 1989.[5] There is now an industrial estate on Burma Road, north of Belle Vue Lane, as well as a Leisure Centre and the Miners Social Welfare Centre.

Other 20th century industries included factories for the manufacture of shoes, hosiery, textiles and metal products.[5] Much of these industrial areas have been redeveloped and new housing has been constructed around the periphery of the village, with new street names, such as Will Scarlet Close.

Places of Worship[edit]

There are 3 places of worship, the C of E parish Church of St Mary of the Purification, Blidworth Methodist Church, and the St Andrew's Mission Hall.

Robin Hood links[edit]

Will Scarlet grave marker

According to legend, Will Scarlet is buried in the churchyard of the Church of St. Mary of the Purification. An unmarked grave stands near the iron gates of the churchyard, formed from the original apex of the church tower and other assorted stones, and is generally attributed to the outlaw.[4] As outlaws were not generally buried in churchyards, though, it is more likely that, if he existed, Will Scarlet was buried in one of the much older graves to be found on the same hillside within the boundaries of Sherwood Forest.

Other local legends suggest that Blidworth was the birthplace of Maid Marian, although there is little or no evidence to support these claims.[4]

Blidworth Mill[edit]

This Subscription Mill was built c. 1816 as a three-storey brick tower windmill. With 3 pairs of millstones, it was working in 1892 but was dismantled some time during the First World War. It had 4 double patent sails, an ogee cap and an 8-bladed fantail. Millers listed as working the mill include Foster (1842), Edmund Clark (1864[6] and Thomas Penford (1904).The tower still stands to a height of 26 feet north of Old Blidworth (grid reference SK585557).[7]

One of the post windmills from Nottingham was moved to Blidworth in the 1850s, and was later moved to Hemsworth. A post windmill at Windmill Close, between Mount Pleasant and Belle Vue Lane was recorded in 1842; the owner was John Need and the tenant miller Thomas Blatherwick. A post windmill in Mill Croft, behind the Wesleyan chapel, was worked by miller William Holloway in 1864. It was demolished c. 1878.

Druid Stone[edit]

Druid Stone

On the outskirts of the village of Blidworth, on farmlands, lies a stone known locally as the Druid Stone (Grid Reference: SK5787-558), a pillar of cemented glacial gravel standing on a base of the Nottingham Castle rock formation (Bunter Pebble Beds). This monumental object is 14 ft high, 84 ft around the base and has a hollow centre large enough for a man to pass through. Though known as the Druid Stone, there is no evidence to suggest that it has ever been used by druids. It is a naturally forming outcrop.

Blidworth Welfare Football Club[edit]

Blidworth Welfare were formed in 1926. They have played in the Central Midlands Football League and the Northern Counties East Football League. In 1982, they changed their name from Folk House Old Boys F.C. to their present name.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 5 April 2016. 
  2. ^ J. Gover, A. Mawer & F. M. Stenton (eds.), Place Names of Nottinghamshire (Cambridge, 1940), p.115; A.D.Mills, Dictionary of English Place-Names (Oxford, 2002), p.63; E .Ekwall, Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names (Oxford, 1960), p.49;V.Watts, Cambridge dictionary of English place-names, (Cambridge,2004), pp.65–6
  3. ^ "Open Domesday Place: Blidworth". Retrieved 16 February 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c "Blidworth & District Historical Society & Heritage Society". Retrieved 27 June 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c d Durkin, John (2011). "Blidworth, before and after the mine". Blidworth & District Historical Society & Heritage Society. Retrieved 27 June 2017. 
  6. ^ Kelly's Directory, 1864.
  7. ^ Shaw, T. (1995). Windmills of Nottinghamshire. Page 8.Nottingham: Nottinghamshire County Council. ISBN 0-900986-12-3

External links[edit]

Media related to Blidworth at Wikimedia Commons