Blind Faith (Blind Faith album)
|Studio album by Blind Faith|
|Recorded||20 February – 24 June 1969|
|Studio||Olympic Studios and Morgan Studios, London, England|
|Label||Polydor UK/Canada, Atco US|
|Eric Clapton chronology|
|The Village Voice||B|
Blind Faith is the self-titled and only album by the English supergroup Blind Faith, originally released in 1969 on Polydor Records in the United Kingdom and Europe and on Atlantic Records in the United States. It topped the album charts in the UK, Canada and USA, and was listed at No. 40 on the USA Soul Albums chart. It has been certified platinum by the RIAA. Rolling Stone published three reviews of the album in their 6 September 1969 issue, which were written by Ed Leimbacher, Lester Bangs, and John Morthland.
A buzz built about the band, since it contained two-thirds of the immensely popular power trio Cream in Ginger Baker and Eric Clapton working in collaboration with British star Steve Winwood, of the Spencer Davis Group, and Traffic. The fourth member was bassist Ric Grech of Family. They began to work out songs early in 1969, and in February and March the group was in London at Morgan Studios, preparing for the beginnings of basic tracks for their album, although the first few almost finished songs didn't show up until they were at Olympic Studios in April and May under the direction of producer Jimmy Miller. The music community was already aware of the linkup, despite Clapton's claim that he was cutting an album of his own on which Winwood would play. The promoters and record companies got involved, pushing those concerned for an album and a tour.
The recording of their album was interrupted by a tour of Scandinavia, then a US tour from 11 July (Newport) to 24 August (Hawaii), supported by Free, Taste and Delaney & Bonnie and Friends. Although a chart topper, the LP was recorded hurriedly and side two consisted of just two songs, one of them a 15-minute jam entitled "Do What You Like". Nevertheless the band was able to produce two hits, Winwood's "Can't Find My Way Home" and Clapton's "Presence of the Lord".
Album cover controversy
The release of the album provoked controversy because the cover featured a topless pubescent girl, holding what appears to be the hood ornament of a Chevrolet Bel Air, which some perceived as phallic. The US record company issued it with an alternative cover showing a photograph of the band on the front as well as the original cover.
The cover art was created by photographer Bob Seidemann, a personal friend and former flatmate of Clapton's who is primarily known for his photos of Janis Joplin and the Grateful Dead. In the mid-1990s, in an advertising circular intended to help sell lithographic reprints of the famous album cover, he explained his thinking behind the image.
I could not get my hands on the image until out of the mist a concept began to emerge. To symbolize the achievement of human creativity and its expression through technology a space ship was the material object. To carry this new spore into the universe, innocence would be the ideal bearer, a young girl, a girl as young as Shakespeare's Juliet. The space ship would be the fruit of the tree of knowledge and the girl, the fruit of the tree of life.
The space ship could be made by Mick Milligan, a jeweller at the Royal College of Art [sic]. The girl was another matter. If she were too old it would be cheesecake, too young and it would be nothing. The beginning of the transition from girl to woman, that is what I was after. That temporal point, that singular flare of radiant innocence. Where is that girl?
Seidemann wrote that he approached a girl reported to be 14 years old on the London Tube about modelling for the cover, and eventually met with her parents, but that she proved too old for the effect he wanted. Instead, the model he used was her younger sister Mariora Goschen, who was reported to be 11 years old. Mariora initially requested a horse as a fee but was instead paid £40.
Bizarre rumours both contributed to and were fuelled by the controversy, including that the girl was Baker's daughter or was a groupie kept as a slave by the band. The image, titled "Blind Faith" by Seidemann, became the inspiration for the name of the band itself, which had been unnamed when the artwork was commissioned. According to Seidemann: "It was Eric who elected to not print the name of the band on the cover. The name was instead printed on the wrapper, when the wrapper came off, so did the type." This had been done previously for The Rolling Stones' 1964 debut album, The Beatles' albums Rubber Soul in 1965 and Revolver in 1966, and Traffic's self-titled 1968 debut album.
The album was released on vinyl in 1969 on Polydor Records in the United Kingdom and Europe, and on Atco Records in the United States. Polydor released a compact disc in 1986, adding two previously unreleased tracks, "Exchange and Mart" and "Spending All My Days", recorded by Ric Grech for an unfinished solo album, supported by George Harrison, Denny Laine, and Trevor Burton.
An expanded, deluxe edition of the album was released on 9 January 2001, with previously unreleased tracks and 'jams' included. The studio electric version of "Sleeping in the Ground" had previously been released on the four-disc box set for Clapton, Crossroads (released 1988, recorded 1963–1987, including several previously unreleased live or alternate studio recordings). The bonus disc of jams does not include bassist Grech, who had yet to join the band. Two live tracks from the 1969 Hyde Park concert not included here, again "Sleeping in the Ground" and a cover of "Under My Thumb" are also available on Winwood's four-disc retrospective The Finer Things.
|1.||"Had to Cry Today"||Steve Winwood||8:48|
|2.||"Can't Find My Way Home"||Winwood||3:16|
|3.||"Well All... Right"||Buddy Holly, Jerry Allison, Joe B. Mauldin, Norman Petty||4:27|
|4.||"Presence of the Lord"||Eric Clapton||4:50|
|5.||"Sea of Joy"||Winwood||5:22|
|6.||"Do What You Like"||Ginger Baker||15:20|
- Deluxe edition
|2001 bonus tracks|
|7.||"Sleeping in the Ground"||Sam Myers||2:49|
|8.||"Can't Find My Way Home" (Electric version)||Winwood||5:40|
|9.||"Acoustic Jam"||Winwood, Clapton, Baker, Ric Grech||15:50|
|11.||"Sleeping in the Ground" (Slow blues version)||Myers||4:44|
|2001 bonus disc|
|1.||"Jam No.1: Very Long & Good Jam"||Winwood, Clapton, Baker||14:01|
|2.||"Jam No. 2: Slow Jam No. 1"||Winwood, Clapton, Baker||15:06|
|3.||"Jam No. 3: Change of Address Jam"||Winwood, Clapton, Baker||12:06|
|4.||"Jam No. 4: Slow Jam No. 2"||Winwood, Clapton, Baker||16:06|
- Steve Winwood – keyboards, vocals, guitars; bass guitar on "Presence of the Lord"
- Eric Clapton – guitars; vocals on "Do What You Like"
- Ric Grech – bass guitar, violin on "Sea of Joy"; vocals on "Do What You Like"
- Ginger Baker – drums, percussion; vocals on "Do What You Like"
- Production personnel
- Jimmy Miller – producer
- George Chkiantz, Keith Harwood, Andy Johns, Alan O'Duffy – engineers
- Andy Johns, Jimmy Miller – mixing
- Stanley Miller, Bob Seidemann – cover design and photography
- Chris Blackwell, Robert Stigwood – executive producers
- Margaret Goldfarb – production co-ordination
- Bill Levenson – reissue supervision
- Suha Gur – remastering
- Vartan – reissue art direction
|Australia (ARIA)||3× Platinum||210,000^|
|Canada (Music Canada)||Platinum||100,000^|
|Macao (IFPI Macao)||Gold||15,000*|
|Norway (IFPI Norway)||Platinum||50,000*|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Gold||100,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||Platinum||1,000,000^|
*sales figures based on certification alone
- List of Billboard 200 number-one albums of 1969
- List of Canadian number-one albums of 1969
- List of UK Albums Chart number ones of the 1960s
- "Blind Faith – Blind Faith | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards | AllMusic". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- Leimbacher, Ed (6 September 1969). "Blind Faith". Rolling Stone. San Francisco: Straight Arrow Publishers, Inc. (41): 27–28.
- Doggett, Peter (2008). There's a Riot Going On: Revolutionaries, Rock Stars, and the Rise and Fall of the '60s. Canongate Books. pp. 280–281. ISBN 1-84767-180-2.
- Larkin, Colin (1992). The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music. p. 268. ISBN 0-85112-939-0.
- "She's older than she looks...". Badcat Records. Archived from the original on 25 October 2009. Retrieved 9 May 2008.
- Thorgerson, Storm; Powell, Aubrey (1999). 100 Best Album Covers: The Stories Behind the Sleeves. Dorling Kindersley. p. 29. ISBN 0-7513-0706-8.
- Barrell, Tony, "Cover Stories", Sunday Times (11 November 2007)
- Simon Leng (2003). The Music of George Harrison: While My Guitar Gently Weeps. SAF Publishing Ltd. p. 43.
- "Blind Faith". discogs.com.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. Note: This reference gives Australian albums and singles information. It is used for chart peak positions as early materials were released before ARIA regulated the Australian charts itself (1989).
- "Top Albums/CDs – Volume 12, No. 10". RPM Magazine. Library and Archives Canada. 25 October 1969. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "Top Stranih [Top Foreign]" (in Croatian). Top Foreign Albums. Hrvatska diskografska udruga. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "Blind Faith". Hitlisten (in Danish). Danskehitlister.dk. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – Blind Faith – Blind Faith" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "InfoDisc : Tous les Albums classés par Artiste". Institut français d'opinion publique (in French). InfoDisc.fr. Archived from the original on 7 November 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2015. Note: Select "BLIND FAITH", then press "OK" to see selected charting positions.
- "Longplay-Chartverfolgung at Musicline" (in German). Musicline.de. Phononet GmbH. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- See the Irish Chart Tread 2005 for Reference at UKMIX.org. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "ブラインド・フェイスの売上ランキング | ORICON STYLE". Archived from the original on 29 August 2015. Retrieved 2015-08-29. . (in Japanese). Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "Norwegiancharts.com – Blind Faith – Blind Faith". Hung Medien. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "LISTAS DE AFYVE: 1992 Albumes (1ª parte)". Archived from the original on 29 August 2015. Retrieved 2015-08-29. . (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 August 2015. Note: Search for Spanish album versions only to see the charting positions and selected certification awards.
- "Blind Faith | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "Blind Faith – Blind Faith | Awards | AllMusic". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "Blind Faith | Awards | AllMusic". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "Alben 1969 Deutschland | Album-Charts | Top 100 Auswertung". GfK Entertainment (in German). Chartsurfer.de. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "Alben 1969 Norwegen | Album-Charts | Top 40 Auswertung". GfK Entertainment (in German). Chartsurfer.de. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "Alben 1969 UK | Album-Charts | Top 75 Auswertung". GfK Entertainment (in German). Chartsurfer.de. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "Australian Fun Countdowns: Accreditation Awards". Australian Recording Industry Association. Australian Fun Countdowns. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "Blind Faith – Canadian Music Blog". Music Canada (MC). Canadian Music Blog. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "Tots Vijest". Hrvatska Diskografska Udruga (in Croatian). hdu-toplista.com. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- Macao Music Sales (2001-2009). Record Sales. Retrieved 8 February 2015. (Former link: recordsales.2xik.com/The-first-blog-b1/Macao-Music-Sales-2001-2009-b1-p1.htm).
- Van Dijk, Daan (6 October 1969). "Nieuwe groep Eric Clapton is zeer succesvol" [Eric Clapton's new band is very successful]. De Telegraaf (in Dutch). Amsterdam: Telegraaf Media Groep.
- H., Marit (6 October 1969). "Nordmenn har blind tro" [Norwegians have got blind faith]. Dagbladet (in Norwegian). Havnelageret: Venstre.
- See BPI Certifications list on UKMIX.org for reference. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "American album certifications – Blind Faith – Blind Faith". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 29 August 2015. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
- Eder, Bruce (2007). "Rovi Corporation". MTV Biographies – Blind Faith. United States: MTV Books. p. 2.