Bloc of National Minorities

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bloc of National Minorities
Founded 1922
Dissolved 1930
Headquarters Warsaw, Poland
Ideology Minority politics,
Ethnic minority interests,
Regionalism,
Federalism
Political position Centre

Blok Mniejszości Narodowych (Polish pronunciation: [ˈblɔɡ mɲɛjˈʂɔɕtɕi narɔˈdɔvɨx], BMN; English: Bloc of National Minorities; Belarusian: Блёк нацыянальных меньшасьцяў, Bliok nacyjanałnych mieńšaściaŭ; Ukrainian: Блок національних меншин, Blok Natsional'nykh Menshyn; German: Block der Nationalen Minderheiten; Yiddish: בלאָק פון נאַשאַנאַל מינאָריטיעס‎, Blok fon Nashonal Minorities), was a political party in the Second Polish Republic, representing a coalition of various ethnic minorities in Poland, primarily Ukrainians, Belarusians, Jews and Germans. The Bloc was co-founded by Yitzhak Gruenbaum, a Polish-Jewish politician. BMN took part in the Polish legislative election, 1922, Polish legislative election, 1928 and Polish legislative election, 1930, doing very well in the 1922 elections (19.5% and the second largest party) and '28 elections (14% and the third largest party). In 1930 elections which were considered not free, it fared poorly (3% and the ninth largest party). In the political shakedown following the 1930 elections, the Bloc was dissolved.

In the Second Polish Republic, ethnic minorities constituted 1/3 of total population.

Notable members[edit]

Belarusians[edit]

Germans[edit]

  • Heinrich Greitzer
  • Adolf Rause
  • Karl Wilhelm Lutticher

Jews[edit]

Ukrainians[edit]

  • Volodomyr Turchyniv
  • Oleksii Sorydychiv
  • Oleksander Syntyvich

References[edit]