Blohm & Voss BV 950

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BV 950
TypeGlide torpedo
Place of originNazi Germany
Production history
DesignerRichard Vogt
Designedfrom 1942
ManufacturerBlohm & Voss
No. builtseveral hundred
Variants
  • L 10 Friedensengel
  • L 11 Schneewittchen
Specifications
Weight220 kg (490 lb)
Length3.9 m (150 in)

Wingspan2.5 m (98 in)
Launch
platform

The Blohm & Voss BV 950 was an anti-shipping air-launched glide torpedo developed in two variants, the L 10 Friedensengel and L 11 Schneewittchen.

Although several hundreds were manufactured during development and trials conducted, neither type entered service.

Design[edit]

The device comprised a small upper body with wings and tail, clamped on top of an air-launched torpedo.[1]

In operation, it was dropped by an attacking aircraft from a safe altitude and distance, gliding down towards the target vessel and, as it approached the target, a timed fuse opened a small parachute which was attached to the glider body. It continued down and impacted the water a short distance from the target. When the torpedo met the surface of the water, the glider body automatically detached and was pulled back out of the way by the parachute, while the torpedo motor started and drove it to impact its target.

The L 10 was designed for a propeller powered aircraft cruising at around 310 km/h (190 mph; 170 kn). The L 11 was developed for launch aircraft speeds up to 500 km/h (310 mph; 270 kn)


L 10 Friedensengel[edit]

Development of the L10 Friedensengel (Angel of Peace) began in 1942.[2]

The main launch aircraft for the L 10 were the Heinkel He 111 and the Junkers Ju 88.

The L 10 was put into production and many hundreds built, but was eventually cancelled before it could be used operationally.[1]

L 11 Schneewittchen[edit]

The L 11 Schneewittchen (Snow White) was designed to be launched from the Arado Ar 234.[1] This required a much higher airspeed than the L 10, so an additional braking parachute was deployed immediately after launch, to slow it down to its target approach speed.[3]

It had the same wing span as the L 10 but was shorter, at 3.43 metres (11.3 ft).

The L 11 was also put into production but cancelled in December 1944. It was never used operationally.[1]

See also[edit]

Related lists

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Pohlmann, Hermann (1982). Chronik eines Flugzeugwerkes, 1932-1945 : Blohm u. Voss Hamburg, Hamburger Flugzeugbau GmbH (in German) (2. Aufl. ed.). Stuttgart: Motorbuch-Verlag. pp. 195–198. ISBN 978-3879436248.
  2. ^ "Blohm & Voss L10 Friedensengel". wehrmacht-history.com. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  3. ^ "Blohm & Voss L11 Schneewittchen". wehrmacht-history.com. Retrieved 10 September 2017.