Blood, Sweat & Tears

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Blood, Sweat & Tears
BS&T in 1972
BS&T in 1972
Background information
OriginNew York, U.S.
Genres
Years active1967–1981, 1984–present
Labels
MembersAs of December 2016:
  • Brad Mason
  • Jonathan Powell
  • Keith Paluso
  • Glenn McClelland
  • Dylan Elise
  • Ken Gioffre
  • Ric Fierabracci
  • Julian Coryell
  • Michael Boscarino[1]
Websitebloodsweatandtears.com

Blood, Sweat & Tears (also known as "BS&T") is a jazz rock music group founded in New York City in 1967, noted for a combination of brass with rock instrumentation. In addition to original music, the group has performed popular songs by Laura Nyro, James Taylor, the Band, the Rolling Stones, and Billie Holiday. They have also adapted music from Erik Satie, Thelonious Monk and Sergei Prokofiev into their arrangements.

The band has gone through numerous iterations with varying personnel and has encompassed a wide range of musical styles. Their sound has merged Rock, Pop and R&B/Soul music with Big band, while also adding ideas from Classical music and Jazz.

BS&T's success paralleled that of similarly configured ensembles such as Chicago and the Electric Flag, but by the mid 1970s the group's popularity had declined.[citation needed]

Al Kooper era[edit]

The group was inspired by the "brass-rock" of the Buckinghams and its producer, James William Guercio, as well as the early 1960s Roulette-era Maynard Ferguson Orchestra.[2] Al Kooper, Bobby Colomby, Steve Katz, and Jim Fielder played at the Village Theatre (later renamed Fillmore East) in New York City on September 16, 1967, with James Cotton Blues Band opening.[citation needed]

Kooper was the initial singer and musical director, having insisted on that position based on his work with the Blues Project, his previous band with Steve Katz.[3] Kooper had also contributed to recording sessions of Bob Dylan and others.[citation needed] Colomby had played with various folk musicians. Fielder previously worked with Frank Zappa's Mothers of Invention and Buffalo Springfield.

Saxophonist Fred Lipsius joined the others a month later. A few more shows were played before Lipsius recruited horn players Dick Halligan, Randy Brecker, and Jerry Weiss. The octet debuted at the Cafe Au Go Go on November 17–19, 1967, then played The Scene the following week. Audiences where impressed with the innovative fusion of contemporary styles.

After signing to Columbia Records, the group released Child Is Father to the Man but artistic differences quickly resulted. Colomby and Katz wanted to move Kooper exclusively to keyboard and composing duties, while hiring a stronger vocalist for the group. This led to the departure of Kooper in April 1968.[4] Prior to his departure Kooper had already begun arranging some songs that would be on the next BS&T album.[5][6] He was soon hired as a record producer at Columbia.

The group's trumpeters, Randy Brecker and Jerry Weiss, also left and were replaced by Lew Soloff and Chuck Winfield.[3] Brecker joined Horace Silver's band. Jerry Weiss went on to start the similarly-styled group Ambergris.

David Clayton-Thomas era[edit]

After Kooper left the group, Colomby and Katz looked for a new vocalist. They considered Alex Chilton[7] Stephen Stills, and Laura Nyro, before deciding on David Clayton-Thomas, a Canadian from Toronto. Judy Collins recommended Clayton-Thomas after seeing him perform at a New York club.[4] Trombonist Halligan took up the organ and Jerry Hyman was added on trombone. The new nine-member band debuted at New York's Cafe Au Go Go on June 18, 1968, beginning a two-week residency.

The self-titled second album, Blood, Sweat & Tears, was produced by Guercio and released in January 1969. It featured fewer original songs but greater chart success, winning Album of the Year at the Grammy Awards over the Beatles' Abbey Road.[3] Three hit singles were released from the album, including a version of Berry Gordy and Brenda Holloway's "You've Made Me So Very Happy", Clayton-Thomas' "Spinning Wheel", and Nyro's "And When I Die".[3] All of these peaked at #2 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.

The band enjoyed headliner status at the Woodstock Festival in August 1969.[4] A film crew caught the band's opening number, "More and More", as they took to the stage. But the band's manager Bennett Glotzer ordered the crew to turn off the cameras and leave the stage since the band had not agreed nor been paid for filming.

The band went on a United States Department of State-sponsored tour of Eastern Europe in May/June 1970.[4] Any voluntary association with the government was highly unpopular at the time, and the band was ridiculed for it.[4] It is now known that the State Department subtly requested the tour in exchange for more amicability on the issuance of a visa to Clayton-Thomas.[4]

After returning to the U.S., the group released Blood, Sweat & Tears 3 (June 1970), produced by Roy Halee and drummer Colomby. The album was another popular success,[4] spawning hit singles with a cover of Carole King's "Hi-De-Ho" and another Clayton-Thomas composition, "Lucretia MacEvil". While this was a successful attempt to recreate the amalgam of styles found on the previous album, the band again depended almost exclusively on cover material. Album reviews sometimes focused solely upon the band's willingness to work with the U.S. State Department, without bothering to discuss the actual music.[4] Compounding the image problems of the band was a decision to play at Caesars Palace on the Las Vegas Strip, widely seen at the time as a mainstream venue for acts that did not engage in radical politics.

In late 1970, the band provided music for the soundtrack of the film comedy The Owl and the Pussycat , which starred Barbra Streisand and George Segal, further damaging the group's underground reputation.

Following this period of controversy, the group reconvened in San Francisco in January 1971 with jazz writer/saxophonist Don Heckman serving as their producer. With Dave Bargeron replacing Jerry Hyman, they recorded material that would form the basis of their fourth album, BS&T 4 (June 1971). For the first time since the first album, Blood, Sweat & Tears presented a repertoire of songs composed almost entirely from within the group. Also included on the album is a cover of former member Al Kooper's "Holy John (John the Baptist)". Loaded with hooks and a wide variety of moods (featuring such songs as "Go Down Gamblin'", "Lisa, Listen to Me", "High on a Mountain", "Redemption"), BS&T 4 broke into the album charts, resulting in a gold record for the group. However, none of the singles from the album managed to land in the Top 30 on any of the singles charts, and the period after the release of the fourth album began the group's commercial decline.[4]

Jerry Fisher era[edit]

After playing a final show at Anaheim Convention Center on December 31, 1971, Clayton-Thomas left in early January 1972 to pursue a solo career. He was briefly replaced by Bobby Doyle and then Jerry Fisher, who went on to front the next incarnation of Blood, Sweat & Tears. Fred Lipsius left as well and was briefly replaced by Joe Henderson, before Lou Marini settled into the new lineup. Another founding member, Dick Halligan, also departed, replaced by jazz pianist Larry Willis (from the Cannonball Adderley Quintet), and Swedish guitarist Georg Wadenius, from the popular Swedish outfit Made in Sweden, joined as lead guitarist around the same time.

The new edition of Blood, Sweat & Tears released New Blood in September 1972, which found the group moving into a more overtly jazz-fusion repertoire. The album broke through the Top 40 chart (the last BS&T LP to do so) and spawned a hit single ("So Long Dixie", chart peak: 44) that received some airplay. Also included on the record was a cover version of Herbie Hancock's "Maiden Voyage", featuring the voice/guitar soloing of Georg Wadenius.

In January 1973, Katz left to pursue a career as a producer (for Lou Reed and others). Winfield departed as well, in March, and was replaced by Tom Malone.

Blood, Sweat & Tears' next album, No Sweat (June 1973), continued in a jazz-fusion vein and featured intricate horn work. Tom Malone's stay in the band was brief and he left to make way for jazz trumpeter John Madrid. But Madrid's tenure was likewise short-lived and he never recorded with the band. Both Madrid and Soloff left in late 1973, making way for new horn player/arranger Tony Klatka on the next release, Mirror Image (July 1974), which also saw the addition of vocalist/saxophonist Jerry LaCroix (formerly of Edgar Winter's White Trash), sax player Bill Tillman, bassist Ron McClure and the exodus of original bass player Jim Fielder. This recording features the adoption of a sound pitched between Philly Soul and the mid-1970s albums by Herbie Hancock's Headhunters, along with aspirations to Chick Corea's jazz-fusion group Return to Forever.

Jerry LaCroix left BS&T to join Rare Earth after playing his final show with them at Wollman Rink in New York's Central Park on July 27, 1974. Luther Kent, a blues singer from New Orleans, was recruited to replace LaCroix.

Reformations[edit]

By the close of 1974, Jerry Fisher decided that he was tired of BS&T's heavy touring schedule, so Bobby Colomby, together with the band's manager Fred Heller, engineered the return of David Clayton-Thomas in the hope of restoring the band to its former level of success. Clayton-Thomas agreed and met the current group at a concert in Milwaukee while Jerry Fisher and Luther Kent were still with the band. All three singers ended up on stage together before a wildly enthusiastic crowd.

The next album, New City in April 1975, featured Clayton-Thomas back fronting the band and contained half cover tunes (Janis Ian, Randy Newman, the Beatles, Blues Image) and half original material. New horn player Joe Giorgianni joined for New City, which charted higher (No. 47) than any of the band's previous albums since New Blood. This was chiefly the result of an entry in the singles charts with a cover of the Beatles' "Got to Get You into My Life", which peaked at No. 62. But it still did not sell as well as albums from the group's 1969–71 commercial peak period.

Bassist Jaco Pastorius, with Jorma Kaukonen (rear, left) performing in the Lone Star, New York City

In the summer of 1975, BS&T recorded a live album that was released in Europe and Japan the following year as In Concert. This very same album was later released in the US as Live and Improvised in May 1991. The album featured different guitarists on different nights: Georg Wadenius, Steve Khan and Mike Stern, the latter who took over permanently for a time (Jeff Richman filled in for Stern in mid-1976). Jazz percussionist Don Alias was also present for the live album. After its recording, Joe Giorgianni left and was replaced by Forrest Buchtel (formerly of Woody Herman's band).

Around the same time, Bobby Colomby discovered a talented bass player by the name of Jaco Pastorius in Florida. He produced Pastorius's first solo album in the autumn of 1975, which was released in the spring of 1976. In late 1975, Pastorius toured with BS&T subbing for Ron McClure and when McClure left in early 1976, Colomby arranged for Pastorius to join the band, though he stayed for only about three months. On April 1, 1976, Pastorius officially joined Weather Report where he became world-famous. When Pastorius left BS&T, he was briefly succeeded by Keith Jones, before Danny Trifan stepped in.

In 1975, Blood, Sweat & Tears was offered a slot at a Jazz concert to be held in Newport, Rhode Island. The city government viewed the band as a "rock" band and was concerned that it would attract a rowdy audience; it threatened to revoke the concert permit if Blood, Sweat & Tears was not removed from the program. Ultimately, concert organizers were only able to force the event forward via judicial injunction. The ensuing litigation reached the United States Supreme Court.[8]

In July 1976 More Than Ever, produced by Bob James and featuring guest vocals by Patti Austin and appearances by a host of NYC session players, including pianist Richard Tee, guitarists Eric Gale and Hugh McCracken, trumpeter Jon Faddis and Eric Weissberg (banjo, dobro), was released but sold disappointingly. After it stalled at US No. 165, Columbia Records dropped the band. At this time Bobby Colomby, BS&T's sole remaining original member, stopped touring with the group and Don Alias assumed sole percussion duties before leaving as well to make way for Roy McCurdy.

In 1977, BS&T was signed to ABC Records and they began working on their next release, Brand New Day (November 1977). The album was co-produced by Bobby Colomby. But Colomby's direct involvement with the group ceased after its release, although he continued on as sole owner of the Blood Sweat and Tears trademark. Brand New Day garnered positive reviews but was not a major seller. At this same time BS&T were said to be recording tracks for an instrumental album with a personnel of Tony Klatka, Forrest Buchtel, Dave Bargeron, Bill Tillman, Larry Willis, Danny Trifan, Roy McCurdy and Mike Stern, but this album never materialized.

During 1977, the BS&T lineup continued to be ever fluctuating. Stern, Trifan, McCurdy, Buchtel and Tillman all departed to be succeeded respectively by Randy Bernsen, Neil Stubenhaus, Michael Lawrence and Gregory Herbert. Barry Finnerty then took over guitar and Chris Albert trumpet when Bernsen and Lawrence left at the close of '77.

In January 1978, the group undertook a European tour that ended abruptly after 31-year-old saxophonist Gregory Herbert died of a drug overdose in Amsterdam on January 31, 1978. Rocked by this shocking turn of events, the group returned home and temporarily ceased activity.

In 1979, with the encouragement of longtime BS&T manager Fred Heller, who had numerous requests for the band to play more shows, David Clayton-Thomas decided to continue Blood, Sweat & Tears with an entirely new lineup that consisted of himself and other Canadian musicians (Kenny Marco – guitar, David Piltch – bass, Joe Sealy – keyboards, Bruce Cassidy – trumpet, flugelhorn, Earl Seymour – sax, flute, Steve Kennedy – sax, flute and Sally Chappis – drums, with Harvey Kogan soon replacing Kennedy and Jack Scarangella succeeding Chappis).

The group signed to Avenue Records subsidiary label LAX (MCA Records), with a slightly altered lineup of: David Clayton-Thomas (vocals, guitar), Robert Piltch (guitar), David Piltch (bass), Richard Martinez (keyboards), Bruce Cassidy (trumpet, flugelhorn), Earl Seymour (sax, flute), Vernon Dorge (sax, flute) and a returning Bobby Economou on drums, and with producer and arranger Jerry Goldstein, recorded the album Nuclear Blues (March 1980). The album was yet another attempt to reinvent the group, showcasing the band in a funk sound environment that recalled such acts as Tower of Power and LAX labelmates War (with whom BS&T did several shows in 1980). The album was regarded by many Blood, Sweat & Tears fans as uncharacteristic of the group's best work.

During this period, another live album was recorded at The Street Scene in Los Angeles, California on October 12, 1980 (this was eventually released as Live in February 1995). Robert and David Piltch left shortly before this concert, as did Richard Martinez. They were replaced by Wayne Pedzwiatr on bass, Peter Harris on guitar and Lou Pomanti on keyboards. And Mic Gillette (from Tower of Power) replaced Cassidy on trumpet at the tail end of 1980. Following more touring, including Australia, this incarnation of the group disbanded in 1981.

Since he did not own the rights to the Blood Sweat & Tears name, Clayton-Thomas attempted to restart his solo career in 1983 after taking some time off. This caused complications during his initial months on the road when promoters would book his group and instead use the Blood, Sweat & Tears name on the marquee. Consequently, his manager at the time, Larry Dorr, negotiated a licensing deal between himself and Bobby Colomby in 1984 for rights to tour using the band's name.[9]

For 20 years afterwards, Clayton-Thomas toured the concert circuit with a constantly changing roster of players (see roster below) as "Blood, Sweat & Tears" until his final departure in November 2004. Clayton-Thomas, now residing back in his home country of Canada, continues his solo career and does occasional shows using only his name in promotional efforts.

In 1998, to celebrate thirty years after he first joined the group, David Clayton-Thomas began work on a solo CD titled Bloodlines that featured a dozen former members of Blood, Sweat & Tears, (Tony Klatka, Fred Lipsius, Lew Soloff, Dave Bargeron, Randy Brecker and others) performing on the album and providing arrangements to some of the songs. Released in 1999, it was first only available at Clayton-Thomas' concerts but made more widely available in 2001.

The band continued on without Clayton-Thomas. Larry Dorr has been the band's manager (and much more) for over 30 years now, and Blood Sweat & Tears is still one of the most popular touring acts of all time. At last count, the overall number of BS&T members since the beginning is up around 165 total people (see roster below).

On March 12 and 13, 1993, Al Kooper organized two shows at the Bottom Line in NYC that were advertised as "A Silver Anniversary Celebration of the Classic Album The Child Is Father to the Man", which featured Al, Randy Brecker, Jim Fielder, Steve Katz and Fred Lipsius playing together for the first time in 25 years, accompanied by Anton Fig, Tom Malone, Lew Soloff, John Simon and Jimmy Vivino, as well as a two-woman chorus and string section.

The following year, in early February 1994, Al returned to the Bottom Line for his 50th birthday celebration, in which he played with members of his new band plus the Blues Project & BS&T. The BS&T lineup at this show was the same as the 1993 Silver Anniversary show, with the exception of Will Lee sitting in for Fielder and John Sebastian (ex-Loving Spoonful) contributing harmonica. Colomby would not allow Kooper to use the name Blood, Sweat & Tears, so the two reunions were billed as "Child Is Father To The Man". This second show appeared as the CD Soul of a Man in 1995. According to page 20 of the CD's liner notes, Steve Katz elected not to allow his performances onto the CD, which were digitally replaced by Jimmy Vivino. Bassist Jim Fielder is said[by whom?] to have added some parts to the CD as well.

Since late 2005, the band resumed touring with a refreshed line up. The band's first world tour in a decade took place in 2007. From 2008 through 2010, Steve Katz returned to appear at BS&T's shows as a special guest. BS&T and Chicago co-headlined a Jazz festival in Stuttgart, Germany on July 9, 2011, and they also appeared on the same bill together again at Gretna Heritage Festival in Gretna, Louisiana on October 5, 2013.

From 2013 until 2018, Blood Sweat and Tears was fronted by Bo Bice, who was the runner-up against Carrie Underwood in the fourth season of American Idol.

In 2018 the group decided to replace Bice with former Tower of Power singer Tom Bowes, who had previously done a brief stint with BS&T back in July through November 2012.

In 2019 Keith Paluso, from the reality TV show The Voice, was chosen as BS&T's new singer.

Blood, Sweat & Tears continues its heavy touring schedule throughout the world. Under the direction of Larry Dorr and founding member/owner Bobby Colomby, the band has enjoyed something of a resurgence. Blood, Sweat & Tears donated money through its "Elsie Monica Colomby" music scholarship fund to deserving schools and students who need help in prolonging their musical education, such as the victims of Hurricane Katrina.[10]

All of the band's albums, with the exception of Brand New Day, are currently[when?] available on compact disc. BS&T's first four albums were reissued by Sony Records in remastered editions (typically with bonus material), except for its third album which was reissued by Mobile Fidelity. The later Columbia albums have been reissued by Wounded Bird Records, and Rhino Records has reissued Nuclear Blues. Brand New Day was issued on CD in Russia in 2002, although the disc has not received authorization from copyright holders or record companies (counterfeit).

Members[edit]

  • Keith Paluso: vocals
  • Brad Mason: trumpet
  • Jonathan Powell: trumpet
  • Ken Gioffre: saxophone, flute
  • Mike Boscarino: trombone
  • Dylan Elise: drums
  • Ric Fierabracci: bass guitar, vocals
  • Julian Coryell: guitar, vocals
  • Glenn McLelland: keyboards

Past members[edit]

Original eight

Other members

  • David Clayton-Thomas: vocals, guitar (1968–1972, 1974–1981, 1984–2004)[11]
  • Lew Soloff: trumpet, flugelhorn (1968–1973) †
  • Chuck Winfield: trumpet, flugelhorn, backing vocals (1968–1973)
  • Jerry Hyman: trombones, recorder (1968–1970)
  • Dave Bargeron: trombone, tuba, horns, bass, backing vocals (1970–1978)
  • Bobby Doyle: vocals, piano (1972) †
  • Joe Henderson: tenor sax (1972) †
  • Lou Marini Jr.: tenor & soprano sax, flute (1972–1974)
  • Larry Willis: keyboards (1972–1978) †
  • Georg Wadenius: guitar, vocals (1972–1975)
  • Jerry Fisher: vocals (1972–1974)
  • Tom Malone: trombone, trumpet, flugelhorn, alto sax, bass (1973)
  • John Madrid: trumpet, flugelhorn (1973)
  • Jerry LaCroix: vocals, alto sax, flute, harmonica (1974) †
  • Ron McClure: bass (1974–1975, 1976)
  • Tony Klatka: trumpet, horns (1974–1978)
  • Bill Tillman: alto sax, flute, clarinet, backing vocals (1974–1977) †
  • Luther Kent: vocals (1974)
  • Joe Giorgianni: trumpet, flugelhorn (1974–1975)
  • Jaco Pastorius: bass (1975–1976) †
  • Steve Khan: guitar (1975)
  • Mike Stern: guitar (1975–1977)
  • Keith Jones: bass (1976)
  • Danny Trifan: bass (1976–1977)
  • Forrest Buchtel: trumpet (1975–1977)
  • Don Alias: percussion (1975–1976) †
  • Roy McCurdy: drums (1976–1977)
  • Jeff Richman: guitar (1976 fill in for Stern)
  • Randy Bernsen: guitar (1977)
  • Barry Finnerty: guitar (1977–1978)
  • Neil Stubenhaus: bass (1977–1978)
  • Gregory Herbert: saxophone (1977–1978) †
  • Michael Lawrence: trumpet (1977) †
  • Chris Albert: trumpet (1977–1978)
  • Bobby Economou: drums (1977–1978, 1979–1981, 1994–1995)
  • Kenny Marco: guitar (1979)
  • David Piltch: bass (1979–1980)
  • Joe Sealy: keyboards (1979)
  • Bruce Cassidy: trumpet, flugelhorn (1979–1980)
  • Earl Seymour: sax, flute (1979–1981) †
  • Steve Kennedy: sax, flute (1979)
  • Sally Chappis: drums (1979)
  • Harvey Kogan: sax, flute (1979)
  • Jack Scarangella: drums (1979)
  • Vernon Dorge: sax, flute (1979–1981)
  • Robert Piltch: guitar (1979–1980)
  • Richard Martinez: keyboards (1979–1980)
  • Wayne Pedzwater: bass (1980–1981)
  • Peter Harris: guitar (1980–1981)
  • Lou Pomanti: keyboards (1980–1981)
  • Mic Gillette: trumpet (1980–1981) †
  • James Kidwell: guitar (1984–1985)
  • Jeff Michael Andrews: bass (1984–1985)
  • Taras Kovayl: keyboards (1984–1985)
  • Tim Ouimette: trumpet, horns (1984–1985)
  • Mario Cruz: sax, flute (1984–1985)
  • Ricky Sebastian: drums (1984–1985)
  • Steve Guttman: trumpet (1985–2005)
  • Dave Gellis: guitar (1985–1990, 1996, fill in – 1998, 2005–2016, 2017, 2018)
  • Ray Peterson: bass (1985–1986)
  • Scott Kreitzer: sax, flute (1985–1986)
  • Teddy Mulet: trombone (1985–1986), trumpet (2005–2013)
  • Barry Danielian: trumpet (1985–1986, 2013–2014)
  • Richard Sussman: keyboards (1985–1987)
  • Randy Andos: trombone (1986)
  • Tom Timko: sax, flute (1986–87, 1995, 1998–2001, 2005–08, 2009–10)
  • Tom DeFaria: drums (1985–1986)
  • John Conte: bass (1986–1987)
  • Steve Conte: guitar (1986, 2013)
  • Jeff Gellis: bass (1987–1990)
  • Charley Gordon: trombone (1987, 1988–1994, 2001, 2013–2014)
  • Dave Panichi: trombone (1987–1988, 1997–1998)
  • Glenn McClelland: keyboards (1987–1993, 1998, 2005–present)
  • Dave Riekenberg: sax, flute (1987–1990, 1995–1998)
  • Jerry Sokolov: trumpet (1987–1994)
  • Graham Hawthorne: drums (1987–1988, 1989–1991)
  • Van Romaine: drums (1988–1989)
  • Nick Saya: drums (1991)
  • Neil Capolongo: drums (1991–1993)
  • Peter Abbott: drums (fill in – early 1990s)
  • Wayne Schuster: sax, flute (1990–1991)
  • Larry DeBari: guitar, vocals (1990–1997) †
  • Gary Foote: bass (1990–1994, 1996–2004, 2005–2012)
  • Jack Bashcow: sax, flute (1992)
  • Tim Ries: sax, flute (1992–1993, 1993–1995)
  • Matt King: keyboards (1994–1998)
  • Mike Mancini: keyboards (fill in – 1980s/1990s)
  • Henry Hey: keyboards (fill in – mid-1990s)
  • Cliff Korman: keyboards (fill in – mid-1990s)
  • Mike DuClos: bass (1994–1996)
  • Jonathan Peretz: drums (1995–1997)
  • Craig Johnson: trumpet (1994–1998)
  • Matt Milmerstadt: drums (1995, 1998)
  • Tom Guarna: guitar (1997–1998)
  • Jon Owens: trumpet (1998–2000)
  • Charles Pillow: sax, flute (fill in – 1998)
  • Brian Delaney: drums (1997–1998, 2001)
  • Dave Stahl: trumpet (fill in – 1995–1999)
  • Winston Byrd: trumpet (fill in – 1998)
  • Dave Pietro: sax, flute (fill in – 1998)
  • Dale Kirkland: trombone (1995–96, 1998, 1999–2001, 2002–06, fill in – 2007)
  • Pat Hallaran: trombone (1998–1999)
  • James Fox: guitar (1998–2000)
  • Dan Zank: keyboards (1998–2000)
  • Zach Danziger: drums (1998–2001)
  • Joe Mosello: trumpet (2000–2002)
  • Gil Parris: guitar (2000)
  • Gregg Sullivan: guitar (2000–2004)
  • Phil Magallanes: keyboards (2000–2001)
  • Andrea Valentini: drums (2001–2012)
  • Darcy Hepner: sax, flute (1999 fill in, 2001–2004)
  • John Samorian: keyboards (2001–2003)
  • Nick Marchione: trumpet (2002–2004, fill-in – 2015)
  • Eric Cortright: keyboards (2003–2004)
  • Leo Huppert: bass (2004)
  • Steve Jankowski: trumpet (2005–2013)
  • Rob Paparozzi: vocals, harmonica (2005–2011)
  • Scottie Wallace: vocals (alternating with Rob P. – 2005–2006)
  • Thomas Connor: vocals (fill in – 2006 & 2007, 2012, early 2017)
  • Tommy Mitchell: vocals (fill in 1 show 2007)
  • Jens Wendelboe: trombone (2006–2013)
  • Chris Tedesco: trumpet (fill in for Mulet – 2007)
  • Brian Steel: sax (fill in – 2008)
  • Bill Churchville: trumpet (fill in – 2008)
  • Ken Gioffre: sax (2010–2015, 2016–present)
  • Jon Pruitt: keyboards (fill in for McClelland – 2010)
  • Ralph Bowen: sax (fill in for Gioffre – 2011)
  • Dave Anderson: bass (fill in for Foote – 2011, joined 2012–2013)
  • Jason Paige: vocals (2011–2012)
  • Bernard Purdie: drums (sat in for 1 tune 2011)
  • Tom Bowes: vocals (2012, 2018)
  • David Aldo: vocals (2012–2013)
  • Joel Rosenblatt: drums (2012–2015, fill in for Elise - June 2017)
  • Bo Bice: vocals (2013–2018)
  • Jon Ossman: bass (2013–2014)
  • Michael Davis: trombone (2013)
  • Carl Fischer: trumpet (2013–2015, 2016)
  • Dan Levine: trombone (2014 & 2015 – fill in, 2016–2018)
  • Dillon Kondor: guitar (fill-in – 2014-2016, 2017–2018)
  • Buster Hemphill: bass (2014–2016, 2018 - fill in)
  • Trevor Neumann: trumpet (2014–2016)
  • Brandon Wright: sax (2014 – fill in)
  • Dylan Elise: drums (2015–present)
  • Mike Cottone: trumpet (2015–2016)
  • Mike Boscarino: trombone (2015–2016, 2018, 2019)
  • Ric Fierabracci: bass vocals (2016–present)
  • Brad Mason: trumpet- MD (2015, 2016–present)
  • Leonardo Amuedo: guitar (2016)
  • Jonathan Powell: trumpet (2017-2019)
  • Mark Miller: trombone (2017, 2018 - fill in)
  • Adam Klipple: keyboards (2017 & 2019 - fill in)
  • Frank David Greene: trumpet (2017 - fill in)
  • Anibal Rojas: sax (2017 & 2019 - fill in)
  • Bryan Davis: trumpet (2017 - fill in)
  • Brian Bonvissuto: trombone (2017 - fill in)
  • Greg Mayo: guitar (2018 - fill in)
  • Julian Coryell: guitar vocals (2018, 2019 - fill in)
  • Ozzie Melendez: trombone (2018 - fill in)
  • Chris Rodriguez: guitar vocals (2019)
  • Keith Paluso: vocals (2019-present)
  • Sam Ryan: vocals (2019 - fill in)

Discography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Blood Sweat and Tears - THE BAND". BloodSweatAndTears.com. 3 December 2016. Archived from the original on 2016-12-03. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
  2. ^ "Backstage Passes & Backstabbing Bastards: Memoirs of a Rock 'N' Roll Survivor" - autobiography by Al Kooper - full citation needed - date=February 2022
  3. ^ a b c d Colin Larkin, ed. (1997). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Popular Music (Concise ed.). Virgin Books. p. 149. ISBN 1-85227-745-9.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Eder, Bruce (2007). "Blood, Sweat & Tears". VH1. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
  5. ^ "Blood, Sweat and Tears Biography". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
  6. ^ "Blood, Sweat & Tears - Biography". Billboard. Archived from the original on 3 July 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
  7. ^ Jovanovic, Rob. Big Star: The Story of Rock's Forgotten Band. London: Fourth Estate, 2004. ISBN 0-00-714908-5
  8. ^ City of New Port v. Fact Concerts, Inc., 453 U.S. 247 (1981)
  9. ^ "Blood, Sweat & Tears Discography & Biography". Replay Records. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-12-29. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
  10. ^ "Blood, Sweat & Tears official homepage". Blood, Sweat & Tears. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-12-27. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
  11. ^ David Clayton-Thomas interviewed on the Pop Chronicles (1970)

External links[edit]