Blood type distribution by country

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ABO and distribution by country[edit]

ABO and Rh blood type distribution by country (population averages)
Country Population[1] O+ A+ B+ AB+ O− A− B− AB−
 Argentina 44,240,167 41.4% 34.2% 8.6% 2.6% 7.4% 3.4% 2.2% 0.06%
 Australia[2] 21,262,641 40.0% 31.0% 8.0% 2.0% 9.0% 7.0% 2.0% 1.0%
 Austria[3] 8,210,281 30.0% 33.0% 12.0% 6.0% 7.0% 8.0% 3.0% 1.0%
 Bahrain 1,417,292 48.3% 19.5% 22.6% 3.7% 3.3% 1.3% 1.0% 0.2%
 Bangladesh 164,688,386 31.2% 21.4% 34.6% 8.8% 1.39% 0.96% 0.96% 0.64%
 Belgium[4] 10,414,336 38.0% 34.0% 8.5% 4.1% 7.0% 6.0% 1.5% 0.8%
 Bolivia 11,040,921 51.6% 29.4% 10.1% 1.1% 4.4% 2.7% 0.5% 0.1%
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,793,420 31.0% 36.0% 12.0% 6.0% 5.0% 7.0% 2.0% 1.0%
 Brazil[5] 198,739,269 36.0% 34.0% 8.0% 2.5% 9.0% 8.0% 2.0% 0.5%
 Bulgaria 7,046,589 27.0% 37.0% 13.0% 7.0% 5.0% 7.0% 2.0% 1.0%
 Cameroon 24,470,712 42.8% 33.8% 12.0% 3.3% 1.4% 1.2% 0.4% 0.1%
 Canada[6] 33,487,208 39.0% 36.0% 7.6% 2.5% 7.0% 6.0% 1.4% 0.5%
 Chile 17,240,167 73.6% 18.7% 3.35% 1.0% 2.2% 2.1% 0.05% 0.1%
 China 1,339,724,852 47.7% 27.8% 18.9% 5.0% 0.3% 0.2% 0.1% 0.03%
 Colombia 49,037,772 45.6% 28.4% 2.28% 1.47% 5.1% 2.7% 0.7% 0.3%
 Czech Republic[7] 10,532,770 27.0% 36.0% 15.0% 7.0% 5.0% 6.0% 3.0% 1.0%
 Denmark[8] 5,500,510 35.0% 37.0% 8.0% 4.0% 6.0% 7.0% 2.0% 1.0%
 Dominican Republic 10,757,992 46.2% 26.4% 17.0% 3.1% 3.7% 2.1% 1.4% 0.2%
 Egypt 95,081,267 52.0% 24.0% 12.4% 3.8% 5.0% 2.0% 0.6% 0.2%
 Estonia[9] 1,315,819 29.5% 30.8% 20.7% 6.3% 4.3% 4.5% 3.0% 0.9%
 Ethiopia 104,163,192 39.0% 28.0% 21.0% 5.0% 3.0% 2.0% 1.0% 1.0%
 Finland[10] 5,250,275 27.0% 38.0% 15.0% 7.0% 4.0% 6.0% 2.0% 1.0%
 France[11] 66,821,000 36.0% 37.0% 9.0% 3.0% 6.0% 7.0% 1.0% 1.0%
 Germany 82,329,758 35.0% 37.0% 9.0% 4.0% 6.0% 6.0% 2.0% 1.0%
 Greece 10,893,605 37.4% 32.9% 10.9% 3.7% 7.0% 5.0% 2.0% 1.0%
 Guinea 13,265,582 46.9% 21.6% 22.9% 4.5% 2.0% 0.9% 1.0% 0.2%
 Hong Kong 7,397,910 41.5% 26.1% 25.3% 6.3% 0.32% 0.17% 0.14% 0.05%
 Hungary 9,788,755 28.0% 34.0% 17.0% 8.0% 4.0% 6.0% 2.0% 1.0%
 Iceland[12] 306,694 47.6% 26.4% 9.3% 1.6% 8.4% 4.6% 1.7% 0.4%
 India[13] 1,236,344,631 27.8% 19.1% 39.1% 8.4% 1.4% 0.5% 1.7% 0.4%
 Indonesia 263,297,072 36.8% 25.9% 28.8% 8.0% 0.18% 0.13% 0.15% 0.04%
 Iraq 38,573,400 32.2% 25.0% 25.6% 7.4% 3.6% 2.7% 2.7% 0.9%
 Ireland[14] 4,203,200 47.0% 26.0% 9.0% 2.0% 8.0% 5.0% 2.0% 1.0%
 Israel[15] 8,585,500 32.0% 34.0% 17.0% 7.0% 3.0% 4.0% 2.0% 1.0%
 Italy 59,800,200 40.0% 36.0% 7.5% 2.5% 7.0% 6.0% 1.5% 0.5%
 Jamaica 2,812,562 47.0% 23.0% 20.0% 3.0% 3.5% 2.0% 1.0% 0.5%
 Japan[16] 127,368,088 29.9% 39.8% 19.9% 10.0% 0.15% 0.2% 0.1% 0.05%
 Kenya 48,377,765 45.6% 25.2% 21.1% 4.2% 1.8% 1.0% 0.9% 0.02%
 Lebanon 6,035,575 38.4% 32.3% 9.4% 3.2% 7.7% 6.5% 1.7% 0.7%
 Libya 6,403,042 42.6% 28.9% 11.2% 4.5% 6.3% 4.2% 1.6% 0.7%
 Macao 605,727 41.5% 26.1% 25.3% 6.3% 0.32% 0.17% 0.14% 0.05%
 Malaysia 31,133,111 34.3% 30.3% 27.3% 7.4% 0.17% 0.15% 0.14% 0.04%
 Mauritania 4,259,150 46.3% 26.7% 17.5% 3.8% 2.8% 1.6% 1.1% 0.2%
 Mexico 130,106,671 53.5% 29.9% 8.0% 1.6% 3.7% 2.8% 0.4% 0.08%
 Mongolia 3,048,595 56.4% 27.7% 10.9% 5.0% 0.6% 0.3% 0.1% 0.04%
North KoreaSouth Korea Korea[17] 73,000,000 36.6% 32.8% 21.0% 9.0% 0.4% 0.2% 0.09% 0.03%
   Nepal 29,163,127 35.2% 28.3% 27.1% 8.6% 0.3% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1%
 Netherlands[18] 16,715,999 39.5% 35.0% 6.7% 2.5% 7.5% 7.0% 1.3% 0.5%
 New Zealand[19] 4,213,418 38.0% 32.0% 9.0% 3.0% 9.0% 6.0% 2.0% 1.0%
 Nigeria 191,480,408 51.3% 22.4% 20.7% 2.6% 1.6% 0.7% 0.6% 0.1%
 Norway[20] 4,660,539 34.0% 40.8% 6.8% 3.4% 6.0% 7.2% 1.2% 0.6%
 Pakistan 180,440,005 24.63% 20.6% 34.43% 9.52% 2.17% 1.6% 2.57% 0.45%
 Peru 32,137,656 70.0% 18.4% 7.8% 1.6% 1.4% 0.5% 0.28% 0.02%
 Philippines[21] 99,863,000 36.9% 28.3% 27.1% 8.6% 0.3% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1%
 Poland[22] 38,482,919 31.0% 32.0% 15.0% 7.0% 6.0% 6.0% 2.0% 1.0%
 Portugal[23] 10,707,924 36.2% 39.8% 6.6% 2.9% 6.0% 6.6% 1.1% 0.5%
 Romania 19,250,400 29.0% 36.0% 14.0% 7.0% 4.0% 7.0% 2.0% 1.0%
 Russia 143,380,720 46.0% 31.0% 9.0% 2.1% 6.0% 4.0% 1.0% 0.9%
 Saudi Arabia[24] 28,686,633 48.0% 24.0% 17.0% 4.0% 4.0% 2.0% 1.0% 0.3%
 Serbia 8,780,517 31.9% 35.3% 12.6% 4.2% 6.1% 6.7% 2.4% 0.8%
 Singapore 5,778,298 44.6% 23.9% 24.2% 6.0% 0.9% 0.7% 0.4% 0.1%
 Slovenia 2,071,120 31.0% 33.0% 12.0% 6.0% 7.0% 7.0% 3.0% 1.0%
 South Africa[25] 49,320,000 39.0% 32.0% 12.0% 3.0% 7.0% 5.0% 2.0% 1.0%
 Spain[26] 47,125,002 36.0% 34.0% 8.0% 2.5% 9.0% 8.0% 2.0% 0.5%
 Sweden[27] 9,059,651 32.0% 37.0% 10.0% 5.0% 6.0% 7.0% 2.0% 1.0%
  Switzerland 8,448,646 26.0% 37.0% 13.0% 7.0% 6.0% 7.0% 2.0% 1.0%
 Taiwan 23,234,936 43.9% 25.9% 23.9% 6.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.01% 0.02%
 Thailand 68,286,618 40.8% 16.9% 36.8% 5.0% 0.2% 0.1% 0.2% 0.03%
 Turkey[28] 76,805,524 29.8% 37.8% 14.2% 7.2% 3.9% 4.7% 1.6% 0.8%
 United Arab Emirates 9,388,118 44.1% 21.9% 20.8% 4.3% 4.3% 2.1% 2.0% 0.4%
 United Kingdom[29] 61,113,205 37.0% 35.0% 8.0% 3.0% 7.0% 7.0% 2.0% 1.0%
 United States[30] 307,212,123 37.4% 35.7% 8.5% 3.4% 6.6% 6.3% 1.5% 0.6%
Weighted mean 2,744,996,114 41.9% 31.2% 15.4% 4.8% 2.9% 2.7% 0.8% 0.3%

  50.0% and above   40.0–49.9%   30.0–39.9%   20.0–29.9%   10.0–19.9%   5.0–9.9%

Blood group B has its highest frequency in Northern Asia and neighboring Central Asia, and its incidence diminishes both towards the west and the east, falling to single digit percentages in Spain.[32][33] It is believed to have been entirely absent from Native American and Australian Aboriginal populations prior to the arrival of Europeans in those areas.[33][34]

Blood group A is associated with high frequencies in Europe, especially in Scandinavia and Central Europe, although its highest frequencies occur in some Australian Aboriginal populations and the Blackfoot Indians of Montana, the US.[35][36]

Maps of allele ABO among native populations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CIA World Factbook
  2. ^ Blood Types - What Are They?, Australian Red Cross
  3. ^ "Austrian Red Cross - Blood Donor Information". Old.roteskreuz.at. 2006-03-21. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  4. ^ "Rode Kruis Wielsbeke - Blood Donor information material". Rodekruiswielsbeke.be. Archived from the original on 2010-11-26. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  5. ^ Tipos Sanguíneos
  6. ^ Canadian Blood Services - Société canadienne du sang. "Types & Rh System, Canadian Blood Services". Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  7. ^ Czech Red Cross. "Podíl krevních skupin v populaci České republiky". Archived from the original on 2009-06-24. Retrieved 2011-03-18. 
  8. ^ Frequency of major blood groups in the Danish population.
  9. ^ http://www.verekeskus.ee/?op=body&id=27
  10. ^ "Suomalaisten veriryhmäjakauma" (in Finnish). 2009-08-21. Retrieved 2010-11-19. [permanent dead link]
  11. ^ "Les groupes sanguins (système ABO)". Centre Hospitalier Princesse GRACE - Monaco (in French). C.H.P.G. MONACO. 2005. Retrieved 2008-07-15. 
  12. ^ "Blóðflokkar" (in Icelandic). .landspitali.is. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  13. ^ http://www.rhesusnegative.net/themission/bloodtypefrequencies/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ "Irish Blood Transfusion Service - Irish Blood Group Type Frequency Distribution". Irish Blood Transfusion Service. Retrieved 2009-11-07. 
  15. ^ "The national rescue service in Israel" (in Hebrew). Mdais.org. Archived from the original on 26 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  16. ^ "血液の知識". Japanese Red Cross Society. Archived from the original on 2012-07-29. Retrieved 2012-08-07. 
  17. ^ http://bloodtypes.jigsy.com/East_Asia-bloodtypes
  18. ^ "Voorraad Erytrocytenconcentraten Bij Sanquin" (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2009-06-26. Retrieved 2009-03-27. 
  19. ^ "What are Blood Groups?". NZ Blood. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  20. ^ "Hva er en blodtype?" [What is a blood type?] (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2014-09-23. 
  21. ^ "Philippine Red Cross". Retrieved 2014-07-15. 
  22. ^ "Regionalne Centrum Krwiodawstwa i Krwiolecznictwa we Wroclawiu" (in Polish). Rckik.wroclaw.pl. 2010-09-02. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  23. ^ "Portuguese Blood Institute" (in Portuguese).  (assuming Rh and AB antigens are independent)
  24. ^ "Frequency of ABO blood groups in the eastern region of Saudi Arabia". Cat.inist.fr. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  25. ^ "South African National Blood Service - What's Your Type?". Sanbs.org.za. Archived from the original on 2010-02-06. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  26. ^ "Federación Nacional de Donantes de Sangre/La sangre/Grupos". Donantesdesangre.net. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  27. ^ "Frequency of major blood groups in the Swedish population". Geblod.nu. 2007-10-02. Archived from the original on 2010-11-24. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  28. ^ "Turkey Blood Group Site". Kangrubu.com. Archived from the original on 2010-05-29. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  29. ^ "Blood Group Basics". Blood.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-05-03. 
  30. ^ "Blood Types in the U.S". Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2011-07-19. 
  31. ^ "Racial and ethnic distribution of ABO blood types". Bloodbook.com. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  32. ^ Blood Transfusion Division, United States Army Medical Research Laboratory (1971). Selected contributions to the literature of blood groups and immunology. 1971 v. 4. United States Army Medical Research Laboratory, Fort Knox, Kentucky. ... In northern India, in Southern and Central China and in the neighboring Central Asiatic areas, we find the highest known frequencies of B. If we leave this center, the frequency of the B gene decreases almost everywhere ... 
  33. ^ a b Encyclopædia Britannica (2002). The New Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. ISBN 0-85229-787-4. ... The maximum frequency of the B gene occurs in Central Asia and northern India. The B gene was probably absent from Native Americans and Australian Aboriginal people before racial admixture occurred with the coming of the white man ... 
  34. ^ Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember (1973). Anthropology. Appleton-Century-Crofts. ... Blood type B is completely absent in most North and South American Indians ... 
  35. ^ Dean 2005, 2.1.4: Blood Type A: Central and Eastern Europe Type A is common in Central and Eastern Europe. In countries such as Austria, Denmark, Norway, and Switzerland, about 45–50% of the population have this blood type, whereas about 40% of Poles and Ukrainians do so. The highest frequencies are found in small, unrelated populations. For example, about 80% of the Blackfoot Indians of Montana have blood type A ...
  36. ^ Technical Monograph No. 2: The ABO Blood Group System and ABO Subgroups (PDF). Biotec. March 2005. ... The frequency of blood group A is quite high (25–55%) in Europe, especially in Scandinavia and parts of central Europe. High group A frequency is also found in the Aboriginal people of South Australia (up to 45%) and in certain American Indian tribes where the frequency reaches 35% ... 

See also[edit]