Bloomberg Philanthropies

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Bloomberg Philanthropies
Bloomberg Philanthropies Logo.jpg
FounderMichael R. Bloomberg
FocusEnvironment, Public Health, the Arts, Government Innovation, Education, Women's Economic Development in Africa
Headquarters25 East 78th Street
Area served
MethodFunding, Grants, Program Support, Advocacy
Key people
Michael R. Bloomberg, founder
Patti Harris, CEO

Bloomberg Philanthropies encompasses all of the charitable giving for founder Michael R. Bloomberg.[1] Headquartered in New York City, Bloomberg Philanthropies focuses its resources on five areas: the environment, public health, the arts, government innovation and education.[2] According to the Foundation Center, Bloomberg Philanthropies is the 12th largest foundation in the United States.[3] Bloomberg has pledged to donate the majority of his wealth, currently estimated at more than $49 billion.[4][5][6] Patti Harris is the CEO of Bloomberg Philanthropies.[7]


While working at Bloomberg L.P., Bloomberg donated much of his wealth to medical research, education and the arts.[8] He also sat on the boards of numerous charitable organizations.[9] Beginning in 2004, Bloomberg appeared on Chronicle of Philanthropy’s list of top 50 Americans who had donated the most money that year.[10] Between 2004 and 2011, Bloomberg was listed as a top 10 American philanthropist each year.[10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]

Since 2006, the headquarters has been located at Stuyvesant Fish House on East 78th Street in Manhattan.


Bloomberg Philanthropies directs its resources to five issue areas: the environment, public health, the arts, government innovation and education.[18]


Bloomberg Philanthropies has focused on combating climate change and moving toward clean energy sources. In 2011, the foundation partnered with the Sierra Club’s Beyond Coal campaign by donating $50 million toward shutting down coal-fired power plants.[19] On April 8, 2015, Bloomberg Philanthropies increased its support of the Beyond Coal campaign with a $30 million pledge, in order to accelerate the goal of closing and replacing half of all U.S. coal power plants with clean energy by 2017.[20] Bloomberg Philanthropies partnered with RadicalMedia to produce the 2017 documentary "From the Ashes."[21] the film was distributed by National Geographic and debuted at the 2017 Tribeca Film Festival.[22] The film appeared in theaters and aired on National Geographic in summer 2017.[23] In conjunction with the film, Bloomberg Philanthropies announced a new commitment and crowdfunding campaign to support "entities backing economic development in communities that are historically dependent on the coal industry, and have suffered as plants have closed."[24]

Bloomberg Philanthropies also partners with the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, where Bloomberg is the former chairman, to curb carbon emissions in major cities around the world.[25] In 2012, Bloomberg Philanthropies made a $6 million donation to the Environmental Defense Fund to help secure strong state-level regulations for hydraulic fracturing. Bloomberg has stated his support for "responsible" fracking as an alternative to coal power.[26] In January 2014, Bloomberg Philanthropies committed $53 million to Vibrant Oceans Initiative over the course of five years to help reform fisheries and increase sustainable populations.[27] In April 2014, Bloomberg Philanthropies invested $5 million in Little Sun, a solar-powered lamp company founded by artist Olafur Eliasson and entrepreneur Frederik Ottesen.[28][29]

In 2018, Bloomberg Philanthropies[30] and OceanX, an initiative of the Dalio family, committed $185 million over a period of four years to protect the oceans.[31]

In May 2019, Bloomberg Philanthropies announced a 2020 Midwestern Collegiate Climate Summit in Washington University in St. Louis with the aim to bring together leaders from Midwestern universities, local government and the private sector to reduce climate impacts in the region.[32]

Public health[edit]

Led by epidemiologist Kelly J. Henning, the Bloomberg Philanthropies public health program has focused on reducing tobacco use through the MPOWER tobacco control strategy, making roads safer and eradicating polio, among other public health initiatives. In March 2012, the foundation donated $220 million to fight tobacco use over a four-year period. [33] Following new commitments in December 2016, Bloomberg Philanthropies reached a total of $1 billion in its campaign to reduce tobacco use, especially in low- and middle-income countries.[34] In 2009, Bloomberg Philanthropies partnered with the World Health Organization to donate $125 million to reduce traffic-related fatalities,[35] and in 2014, it committed an additional $125 million to combat road traffic deaths in low- and middle-income cities.[36] In March 2013, Bloomberg Philanthropies donated $100 million to help the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation eradicate polio worldwide.[37]

Bloomberg Philanthropies has also supported initiatives to improve women’s health. In July 2012, the foundation committed $50 million to the Global Family Planning Initiative, a Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation program focused on providing obstetric care and contraceptives to women in developing countries.[38] This contribution came after Bloomberg pledged $250,000 to support Planned Parenthood in February 2012.[39] In October 2012, the foundation also donated $8 million to the Bloomberg Philanthropies Maternal Health Program, which focuses on reducing maternal deaths in Tanzania.[40] In March 2014, Bloomberg Philanthropies expanded its work in Tanzania and to provide reproductive health services in Africa and Latin America.[41]

Beginning in 2012, Bloomberg Philanthropies pledged $16.5 million toward the Obesity Prevention Program, a three-year effort to support public health policies aimed at reducing obesity in Mexico, which has one of the highest rates of obesity in the world.[42] With support from Bloomberg Philanthropies, Mexican health leaders and activists mounted a national health campaign against soda consumption and successfully lobbied for the passage of a national sugar-sweetened beverage tax.[43] In 2014 - the first year of the tax - purchases of sugary drinks in Mexico dropped by up to 12%.[44]

In January 2014, the Obesity Prevention Program and other health advocates in Mexico successfully lobbied for the passage of an 8% tax on high calorie snacks, which was intended to work in tandem with the 2014 soda tax to reduce unhealthy food purchases nationwide.[45] In June 2015, a study by researchers at Mexico’s National Institute of Public Health and the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill showed a corresponding average reduction of 5.1% in purchases of all food items subject to the junk food tax.[46] Following the tax’s implementation, lower-income households in Mexico purchased 10.2% less junk food, while medium-income households bought 5.8% less overall.[47]

On March 23, 2015, Bloomberg Philanthropies launched the four-year, $100 million Data for Health initiative in partnership with the Australian government. The initiative’s stated goal is to help 20 low and middle-income countries improve public health data collection and more effectively address public health problems.[48] On June 21, 2016, Bloomberg Philanthropies announced the official launch of health partnerships with the first 18 participant countries, which include China, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Indonesia, the Philippines, Brazil, Ecuador, Malawi, Morocco, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Rwanda, Solomon Islands, Tanzania, and Zambia.[49][50][51]


Bloomberg Philanthropies’ focus on the arts includes a $32 million commitment in 2011 to funding arts organizations and initiatives throughout New York City as well as provide business management training.[52] Bloomberg Philanthropies invited 250 small and midsize arts organizations to apply for the $32 million disbursal.[53] In September 2011, Bloomberg Philanthropies joined several foundations to contribute a total of $11.5 million to ArtPlace, a nationwide art funding initiative led by the National Endowment for the Arts that aims to use the arts as a strategy for economic development.[54]

In June 2013, Bloomberg Philanthropies announced a $15 million grant to five institutions — Art Institute of Chicago, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museum of Modern Art, the New York Botanical Garden, and Guggenheim Museum — as part of the Bloomberg Arts Engagement Initiative to develop mobile applications for visitors.[55] In September 2014, Bloomberg Philanthropies committed $17 million to increase the use of digital technology at six cultural institutions – The Brooklyn Museum, American Museum of Natural History, Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, the Science Museum in London, and Gardens by the Bay in Singapore – and rebranded the program as Bloomberg Connects. The foundation has committed a total of $83 million to cultural institutions around the world.[56]

In October 2014, Bloomberg Philanthropies launched the Public Art Challenge, a competition that invited local leaders and arts organizations to collaborate on temporary public art projects that would celebrate creativity and drive economic development.[57] On June 23, 2015, Bloomberg Philanthropies announced four winning projects, selected from 237 nationwide submissions. The winning proposals came from Gary, Indiana; Los Angeles, CA; Spartanburg, SC; and a joint effort between Albany, Schenectady, and Troy, NY. Each winning proposal received $1 million to support the proposed public art installation over the following two years.[58]

From July 16 to August 14, 2016, the Los Angeles Department of Cultural Affairs hosted Current: LA Water, a citywide public art biennial supported by a $1 million grant from Bloomberg Philanthropies’ Public Art Challenge initiative.[59][60] Local artists created public art pieces across 16 different locations to remind LA residents of the city’s important relationship with water, in the face of record-setting drought and the ongoing work to revitalize the Los Angeles River.[61][62]

Speaking to the United States Conference of Mayors in May 2017, Bloomberg Philanthropies founder Michael Bloomberg announced the creation of the Partnership for Health Cities initiative which offers cities technical support to improve the health of residents.[63] By July, fifty cities were participating in the program.[64]

Government innovation[edit]

Bloomberg Philanthropies supports efforts to make city government more efficient and innovative. In January 2013, a $16.2 million grant was awarded to five different cities to establish Financial Empowerment Centers, which were set up to provide free financial counseling for low-income individuals.[65] Five U.S. cities split a $24 million Bloomberg Philanthropies grant to create “Innovation Delivery Teams” – teams working to streamline municipal government.[66] In August 2014, Bloomberg Philanthropies invested $45 million for grants to implement Innovation Delivery Teams in city governments across the United States.[67]

In March 2013, Bloomberg Philanthropies announced Providence, R.I. as the winner of the Mayors Challenge, an initiative intended to foster innovation in America’s cities. Providence was awarded $5 million for proposing a plan to overcome a language skills deficit prominent in low-income children. Houston, Philadelphia, Chicago, and Santa Monica each were awarded $1 million.[68] In September 2014, Barcelona was announced as the winner of the European Mayors Challenge, and the city was awarded €5 million to help improve the quality of life for elderly residents. Athens, Kirklees, United Kingdom, Stockholm, and Warsaw were awarded €1 million each.[69]

On January 20, 2016, Bloomberg Philanthropies launched the 2016 Mayors Challenge, calling for Latin American and Caribbean cities to submit government innovation proposals that improve residents’ lives and make government work better.[70] In November, Mike Bloomberg announced that São Paulo, Brazil had won the $5 million grand prize for a project that helped farmers connect to urban markets.[71] Four other cities received $1 million each in the challenge: Medellín and Bogotá in Colombia, as well as Santiago, Chile and Guadalajara, Mexico.[72] Almost a third of the major cities in the region competed in the 2016 Mayors Challenge.[73] The next round of the innovation contest — focusing on American cities — was announced in June 2017.[74]

In April 2015, Bloomberg Philanthropies launched What Works Cities, a $42 million national initiative to help 100 mid-sized American cities better use data and evidence to improve government effectiveness and residents' lives.[75][76] As of March 2016, 27 U.S. cities were official participants in the program.[77]


Bloomberg Philanthropies focuses on driving public policy initiatives and education leadership at a local level as a means to improving America’s school system. To date, the organization’s education giving has been split between charitable, legislative and political initiatives.[78] In October 2014, Bloomberg Philanthropies launched a $10 million program to help top-performing students from low- and middle-income families apply to and graduate from the nation's top colleges.[79] By December 2016, it pledged to give $1.7 million to the American Talent Initiative, a program run by the College Excellence Program at the Aspen Institute and Ithaka S+R, a consulting subsidiary of Ithaka Harbors.[80]

Other philanthropic ventures[edit]

Bloomberg has been a longtime donor to his alma mater, Johns Hopkins University. In January 2013, he donated $350 million to the university, the largest single gift in the school’s history. In total, Bloomberg has donated $1.1 billion to Johns Hopkins, making him the most generous living donor to any education institution in the country.[81]

In April 2001, the School of Hygiene and Public Health was renamed as the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.[82] In May 2012, the Charlotte R. Bloomberg Children’s Center opened inside the new Johns Hopkins Hospital, with a focus on pediatric care.[83]

Women's economic development[edit]

Since 2008 Bloomberg Philanthropies has worked with nonprofit advocacy organizations including Women for Women International and Sustainable Harvest to create economic opportunities for women in Sub-Saharan Africa.[84][85] Supported initiatives include job training, civic and life skills education, entrepreneurship programs, and a philanthropic data-sharing portal created with the Foundation Center and the King Baudouin Center to help women in Rwanda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Sudan, and Nigeria.[86]

While hosting the U.S.-Africa Business Forum on September 23, 2016, Bloomberg Philanthropies announced a $10 million grant to the Relationship Coffee Institute to support the expansion of its ongoing women’s economic development initiatives in Rwanda and Democratic Republic of Congo.[87][88] The renewed financial commitment will enable the institute to provide an additional 20,000 women in both countries with business training and connections to international coffee markets.[89]

On October 4, 2016, Marriott International opened its first hotel in Rwanda with a pledge to support women trained by the Relationship Coffee Institute and Women for Women International - both local partners of Bloomberg Philanthropies. The new hotel has employed 27 such trainees in hospitality positions and procured their artisanal baskets, coffee, cheese, and honey to provide to hotel guests.[90][91][92]


On October 18, 2016 Bloomberg revealed it is donating $50 million to the Museum of Science in Boston, the largest gift in the institution’s 186-year history.[93]

Board of directors[edit]

As of January 2015:[94]


  1. ^ "About Us". Bloomberg Philanthropies.
  2. ^ Preston, Caroline (30 April 2013). "Bloomberg Philanthropies Unveils Web Site and Priorities". The Chronicle of Philanthropy.
  3. ^ "Top 100 U.S. Foundations by Asset Size". Foundation Center.
  4. ^ "The Giving Pledge". The Giving Pledge.
  5. ^ "Bloomberg, 39 other billionaires pledge to give away half their wealth". New York Post. 4 August 2010.
  6. ^ "#13: Michael Bloomberg". Forbes.
  7. ^ Orden, Erica (23 August 2011). "Mayor's Charity Pipeline". The Wall Street Journal.
  8. ^ "Michael Bloomberg".
  9. ^ "Michael Bloomberg: New York Business Entrepreneur and Philanthropist". New York Philanthropist. Archived from the original on 2013-07-22. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
  10. ^ a b "The Philanthropy 50: Americans Who Gave the Most in 2004". The Chronicle of Philanthropy. 15 April 2010.
  11. ^ "The Philanthropy 50: Americans Who Gave the Most in 2005". The Chronicle of Philanthropy. 10 March 2010.
  12. ^ "The Philanthropy 50: Americans Who Gave the Most in 2006". The Chronicle of Philanthropy. 10 March 2010.
  13. ^ "The Philanthropy 50: Americans Who Gave the Most in 2007". The Chronicle of Philanthropy. 10 March 2010.
  14. ^ "The Philanthropy 50: Americans Who Gave the Most in 2008". The Chronicle of Philanthropy. 10 March 2010.
  15. ^ "The Philanthropy 50: Americans Who Gave the Most in 2009". The Chronicle of Philanthropy. 7 February 2010.
  16. ^ "The Philanthropy 50: Americans Who Gave the Most in 2010". The Chronicle of Philanthropy. 6 February 2011.
  17. ^ "A Look at the 50 Most Generous Donors of 2011". The Chronicle of Philanthropy. 6 February 2012. Archived from the original on 6 July 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  18. ^ Preston, Caroline (30 April 2013). "Bloomberg Philanthropies Unveils Web Site and Priorities". The Chronicle of Philanthropy.
  19. ^ Shogren, Elizabeth (21 July 2011). "Mayor Bloomberg Donates $50 Million to Sierra Club". NPR.
  20. ^ "Michael Bloomberg, other donors add $60 million to Sierra Club's coal fight". POLITICO. Retrieved 2016-03-21.
  21. ^ "Tribeca: Coal Mining Doc 'From the Ashes' Goes to National Geographic". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  22. ^ "From The Ashes | 2017 Tribeca Film Festival". Tribeca. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  23. ^ McNary, Dave (2017-04-13). "National Geographic Grabs Tribeca Documentary 'From the Ashes'". Variety. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  24. ^ "Can Bloomberg, Coal's Billionaire Foe, Help Communities Hurt by its Decline?". Inside Philanthropy. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  25. ^ Barbaro, Michael (13 April 2011). "Bloomberg and Clinton to Merge Climate Groups". The New York Times.
  26. ^ Navarro, Mireya (24 August 2012). "Bloomberg Backs 'Responsible' Extraction of Gas and Pays to Help Set Up Rules". The New York Times.
  27. ^ Jackie Mansky and Degen Pener. "Bloomberg Philanthropies Commits $53 Million to Save the Oceans". The Hollywood Reporter.
  28. ^ West, Melanie Grayce (21 April 2014). "Bloomberg Backs a Solar Lamp". The Wall Street Journal.
  29. ^ "Little Sun by Olafur Eliasson". Little Sun. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
  30. ^ "Michael R. Bloomberg and Ray Dalio's OceanX Announce Over $185 Million for New Partnership to Increase Ocean Exploration and Protection". Bloomberg Philanthropies. Retrieved 2019-05-22.
  31. ^ Chaykowski, Kathleen. "Ray Dalio and Michael Bloomberg Commit $185 Million To Protect The Oceans". Forbes. Retrieved 2019-04-02.
  32. ^ "Michael Bloomberg Announces Midwestern Collegiate Climate Summit". Bloomberg Philanthropies. Retrieved 2019-08-12.
  33. ^ "Bloomberg Philanthropies Pledges $220 Million to Curb Tobacco Use Abroad". Foundation Center. 23 March 2012.
  34. ^ Cha, Ariana Eunjung (2016-12-05). "Michael Bloomberg may be Big Tobacco's biggest enemy". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-05-10.
  35. ^ McKay, Betsy (18 November 2009). "Bloomberg Pledges $125 Million to Reduce Traffic Deaths". The Wall Street Journal.
  36. ^ Mohn, Tanya (30 September 2014). "Bloomberg Commits $125 Million To Combat Global Road Traffic Deaths". Forbes.
  37. ^ "Bloomberg donating $100M to help fight polio". Yahoo! News. 28 February 2013.
  38. ^ "Bloomberg Philanthropies Supporting Global Family Planning Initiative". Bloomberg Philanthropies. Archived from the original on 2013-07-12. Retrieved 2013-08-04.
  39. ^ Preston, Caroline (11 July 2012). "Gates and Bloomberg Commit $610-Million for Family Planning". The Chronicle of Philanthropy.
  40. ^ "Bloomberg Philanthropies, New Partner Pledge $8 Million for Maternal Health in Tanzania". Foundation Center.
  41. ^ Ford, Liz (27 March 2014). "Family planning groups in developing countries set for Bloomberg boost". The Guardian.
  42. ^ O'Connor, Anahad. "Mexican Soda Tax Followed by Drop in Sugary Drink Sales". Well. Retrieved 2016-01-26.
  43. ^ Rosenberg, Tina (2015-11-03). "How one of the most obese countries on earth took on the soda giants". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-01-26.
  44. ^ "This Is What Happened When Mexico Taxed Sugary Drinks". Medical Daily. Retrieved 2016-01-26.
  45. ^ "Mexican Senate Approves Tax Reform; Junk Food Will Be Taxed 8% Along With Soda". 2013-10-31. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  46. ^ "How government subsidies, taxes and restaurants affect our weight". Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  47. ^ Hatic, Dana (2016-07-06). "Mexico's Junk Food Tax Is Working, Says Study". Eater. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  48. ^ McKay, Betsy (2015-03-22). "Michael Bloomberg Backs Health-Data Push". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  49. ^ "Cause of Death: What's the Deal With Bloomberg's Ambitious Health Data Push? - Inside Philanthropy - Inside Philanthropy". Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  50. ^ "New data initiative helps Morocco lift lid on country's risk factors for noncommunicable diseases". World Health Organization. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  51. ^ "Bloomberg Philanthrophies' $100 M Data for Health initiative to benefit 18 nations". Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  52. ^ Taylor, Kate (16 February 2011). "ARTS, BRIEFLY; Bloomberg Supports Arts". The New York Times.
  53. ^ Orden, Erica (15 February 2011). "Bloomberg to Donate $32 Million to Arts". The Wall Street Journal.
  54. ^ Pogrebin, Robin (14 September 2011). "Consortium Views Arts as Engines of Recovery". The New York Times.
  55. ^ Maloney, Jennifer (20 June 2013). "Foundation Gift Brings Museums App Power". The Wall Street Journal.
  56. ^ Maloney, Jennifer (8 September 2013). "Bloomberg Philanthropies Gives Museums $17 million Push Toward Digital". The Wall Street Journal.
  57. ^ "Bloomberg Philanthropies Names Four Cities Winners of Public Art Challenge". Observer. Retrieved 2016-04-04.
  58. ^ "Four New Projects For The Future Of Public Art". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2016-04-04.
  59. ^ Finkel, Jori (2016-07-13). "'Current: L.A.' Brings New Art Projects to the City". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-09-26.
  60. ^ Blakemore, Erin. "A New Installation Turns the L.A. River Into Art". Retrieved 2016-09-26.
  61. ^ "Los Angeles launches CURRENT: LA Water, its first citywide public arts biennial". Retrieved 2016-09-26.
  62. ^ "A Guide to Current:LA Water, the Biennial Bringing Art to 16 Locations Across the City". 2016-07-15. Retrieved 2016-09-26.
  63. ^ editor, Sarah Boseley Health (2017-05-16). "Billionaire Bloomberg to fund $5m public health projects in 40 cities worldwide". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  64. ^ Henning, Kelly (2017-07-12). "A Commitment to Healthier Living, 50 Cities and Counting". Medium. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  65. ^ Draper, Heather (8 January 2013). "Bloomberg Philanthropies picks Denver for financial empowerment grant". Denver Business Journal.
  66. ^ Maki, Amos (6 January 2012). "Mayor's Innovation Delivery Team to funnel grant for inner-city revival". The Commercial Appeal.
  67. ^ Hajela, Deepti (20 August 2014). "Bloomberg offers grants to help cities innovate". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  68. ^ Klepper, David (12 March 2013). "R.I. City Wins $5M Bloomberg Prize with Word Gap Fix". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 15 March 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  69. ^ "Bloomberg Philanthropies Announces Winners of 2014 Mayors Challenge". Philanthropy News Digest. 18 September 2014.
  70. ^ "Bloomberg Philanthropies Launches $9 Million Mayors Challenge in Latin America, Caribbean". Retrieved 2016-03-04.
  71. ^ Bloomberg Philanthropies (2016-11-30), Mike Bloomberg Announces the Winners of the 2016 Mayors Challenge, retrieved 2017-08-29
  72. ^ "Bloomberg Mayors Challenge Hands Grand Prize to São Paulo". CityLab. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  73. ^ "Sao Paulo wins US$5 million Bloomberg award". Cities Today - Connecting the world's urban leaders. 2016-12-08. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  74. ^ "Can Bloomberg's $200 Million Investment in U.S. Cities Make an Impact?". CityLab. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  75. ^ "Milwaukee one of six cities to participate in Bloomberg Philanthropies' "What Work Cities" initiative". Retrieved 2016-03-17.
  76. ^ "6 New Cities Tapped for Bloomberg's Open Data Initiative". Retrieved 2016-03-17.
  77. ^ "6 more cities join the What Works Cities initiative as demand for open data soars". Sunlight Foundation. Retrieved 2016-03-17.
  78. ^ Levenick, Christopher. "They Shall Overcome". Philanthropy Roundtable.
  79. ^ Leonhardt, David (28 October 2014). "A New Push to Get Low-Income Students Through College". The New York Times.
  80. ^ Seltzer, Rick (December 13, 2016). "Looking for Low-Income Students". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved December 13, 2016.
  81. ^ Barbaro, Michael (26 January 2013). "$1.1 Billion in Thanks From Bloomberg to Johns Hopkins". The New York Times.
  82. ^ "Hopkins Names Public Health School for Michael Bloomberg". Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 23 April 2001.
  83. ^ Gunts, Edward (3 April 2011). "Finishing the new Johns Hopkins Hospital". The Baltimore Sun.
  84. ^ "Sustainable Harvest Rwanda - Sustainable Harvest". Retrieved 2016-03-17.
  85. ^ "Partnerships - Women for Women International". Archived from the original on 2016-03-16. Retrieved 2016-03-17.
  86. ^ "Bloomberg Helps Launch Website to Improve Coordination in Africa". The Chronicle of Philanthropy. Retrieved 2016-03-17.
  87. ^ Center, Foundation. "Bloomberg Awards $10 Million for Women Coffee Farmers in Africa". Philanthropy News Digest (PND). Retrieved 2016-11-04.
  88. ^ "One Other Little Item on Bloomberg's Agenda: Empowering African Women". Inside Philanthropy. Retrieved 2016-11-04.
  89. ^ "Bloomberg Philanthropies gives $10m to African women's coffee program | Global Coffee Report". Retrieved 2016-11-04.
  90. ^ "Hospitality Net - Marriott International Opens Doors in Rwanda". Hospitality Net. Retrieved 2016-11-04.
  91. ^ "Marriott International Opens Doors for Business, Tourism and Career Opportunities in Rwanda". Marriott News Center. 2016-10-04. Retrieved 2016-11-04.
  92. ^ "27 WfWI Program Graduates Employed by Marriott Hotel in Rwanda | Women for Women International". Retrieved 2016-11-04.
  93. ^ Shirley Leung (October 18, 2016). "With $50m, Bloomberg thanks Museum of Science". The Boston Globe. Retrieved October 18, 2016.
  94. ^ "Board of Directors". Bloomberg Philanthropies.

External links[edit]