Capt. Oliver Filley House
Location within Hartford County, Connecticut
|• Town manager||Philip Schenck|
|• Town council||Sydney T. Schulman (D), Mayor
Joan A. Gamble (D), Deputy Mayor
Wayne Hypolite (D)
Derrick Seldon (D)
Patrick DeLorenzo (R)
Leon Rivers (D)
Joel Neuwirth (R)
Joseph Merritt (R)
Joe Washington (D)
|• Total||26.3 sq mi (68.0 km2)|
|• Land||26.1 sq mi (67.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)|
|Elevation||138 ft (42 m)|
|• Density||780/sq mi (300/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0213392|
Originally land of the Poquonocks, the area was first settled in 1660 as part of Windsor, organized as the Parish of Wintonbury in 1736. Wintonbury comes from three names from neighboring towns Windsor, Farmington , and Simsbury. It was finally incorporated as the town of Bloomfield in May of 1835. Initially, the town's local economy was agriculturally based, mostly in shade tobacco, remaining as such until it developed as a postwar suburb of Hartford starting in the 1950s. Today, Bloomfield's local character varies. While the town's southern and eastern fringes are more densely populated and developed, the northern and western sections maintain a more rural feel with meadows, woods, and some reamining farmland.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 26.3 square miles (68.0 km2), of which 26.1 square miles (67.6 km2) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km2), or 0.63%, is water.
The northern border of Bloomfield is formed by the Farmington River. The west side of the town is flanked by Talcott Mountain, part of the Metacomet Ridge, a mountainous trap rock ridgeline that stretches from Long Island Sound to nearly the Vermont border. Notable features of the Metacomet Ridge in Bloomfield include Penwood State Park and the Tariffville Gorge of the Farmington River, on the borders of East Granby, Simsbury, and Bloomfield. The 51-mile (82 km) Metacomet Trail traverses the ridge.
The major east-west throughway in Bloomfield is Route 218, which starts at the Simsbury Road/Hall Boulevard split at the West Hartford line and inches north toward Cottage Grove Road before heading eastbound. Bloomfield also has two major north-south highways: Blue Hills Avenue (Route 187) and Bloomfield/Tunxis Avenues (Route 189). These highways merge when approaching the Windsor line but before returning to Bloomfield.
Eleven bus routes in Connecticut Transit's Hartford Division serve Bloomfield: 36, 46, 50, 52, 54, 56, 72, 74, 76, 92, and 153.
As of the census of 2000, there were 19,587 people, 7,902 households, and 5,152 families residing in the town. The population density was 753.0 people per square mile (290.8/km²). There were 8,195 housing units at an average density of 315.0 per square mile (121.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 28.00% White, 66.06% African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.29% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.60% from other races, and 2.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.67% of the population.
There were 7,902 households out of which 24.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 27.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the town the population was spread out with 21.4% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, and 21.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 81.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $53,812, and the median income for a family was $64,892. Males had a median income of $42,860 versus $36,778 for females. The per capita income for the town was $28,843. About 5.1% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.
|Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 27, 2009|
|Party||Active voters||Inactive voters||Total voters||Percentage|
According to Bloomfield's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|4||Town of Bloomfield||643|
|6||Jacobs Vehicle Systems||475|
|12||Sun Life Financial||350|
|14||The Home Depot||130|
|15||Otis Elevator Company||110|
Bloomfield is home to three secondary schools: the public Bloomfield High School, the inter-district Global Experience Magnet School (serving grades 6-12), and the Metropolitan Learning Center, a CREC school serving grades 6-12.
Bloomfield has two middle school Carmen Araces and Global Experience Magnet School and three primary schools (Laurel School, Metacomet School, and the inter-district Metropolitan Learning Center). Carmen Arace serves grade 5-8, while J.P. Vincent, Metacomet, and Laurel elementary schools serve grades K-4.
- Clarence H. Adams (1905-1987), Commissioner of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and President of the Boston Celtics
- George Ansbro (1915-2011), radio announcer
- LeRoy Bailey Jr. (1946-), pastor and author
- Edward C. Banfield, political scientist
- Julia Brace (1807-1884), deafblind
- Lawrence Clay-Bey (1965-), professional heavyweight boxer born in town
- Joe D'Ambrosio (1953-), sports broadcaster and play-by-play announcer
- Edgar Eno, state assemblyman for Wisconsin
- Oliver Filley (1806-1881), mayor of St. Louis from 1858 to 1861
- Dwight Freeney, NFL All-Pro defensive end for the Indianapolis Colts, attended Bloomfield High School
- Edward H. Gillette (1840–1918), congressman for Iowa, born in town
- Jessica Hecht (1965-), actress born in town
- Jai Johanny Johanson, drummer - Allman Brothers Band
- K.C. Jones (1932-), NBA Hall of Fame basketball player
- Charles Kaman (1919-2011), aeronautical engineer, businessman, inventor and philanthropist
- Ellie Kanner, film and television director and former casting director
- Joža Karas (1926-2008), musician and teacher who located and made public music composed by inmates who worked at the Theresienstadt concentration camp during World War II.
- Noella Marcellino (1951-), an American Benedictine nun who has earned a doctorate in microbiology from the University of Connecticut, became a Roman Catholic nun at the Benedictine Abbey of Regina Laudis in town. She won a Fulbright scholarship to France to collect and examine native strains of fungi, with an emphasis on Geotrichum candidum, from traditional cheese caves and stayed an additional three years, analyzing the samples on a grant from the French government.
- Anika Noni Rose (1972-), singer and actress born in town
- Joseph F. Ryter (1914–1978), congressman for Connecticut; resident who is buried in town
- Nykesha Sales (1976-), WNBA basketball player born in town
- Franz Schurmann (1926–2010), sociologist and historian
- Johann Smith (1987–), soccer player
- James Thorpe (1915–2009), Princeton University professor and academic; lived his later years and died in town
- David Ushery (1967–), television news anchor
- Douglas Wimbish (1956-), bass player
On the National Register of Historic Places
- Connecticut General Life Insurance Company Headquarters
- Capt. Oliver Filley House
- Francis Gillette House
- Old Farm Schoolhouse
- Southwest District School
Places of interest
- The New England Muscle Bicycle Museum, with 120 bicycles from the 1960s and 1970s, is open by appointment
- The First Cathedral, the largest non-denominational church in New England
- The Bloomfield Farm Implements Museum
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Bloomfield town, Hartford County, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 26, 2012.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 27, 2009" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- Town of Bloomfield CAFR
- "WEEKLY LIST OF ACTIONS TAKEN ON PROPERTIES". National Park Service. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
- "Filley House". Wintonbury Historical Society, Inc. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Hartford County, Connecticut
- "Francis Gillette House". bloomfieldct.org. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
- "Old Farm Schoolhouse". bloomfieldct.org. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
- "SW District School". Wintonbury Historical Society, Inc. Retrieved 19 September 2010.