|Incorporated||May 28, 1835|
|• Town manager||Robert E. Smith|
|• Town Council||Danielle Wong (D), Mayor|
Gregory C. Davis (D), Deputy Mayor
Anthony C. Harrington (D)
Kenneth McClary (D)
Suzette DeBeatham-Brown (D)
Rickford Kirton (D)
Joe Merritt (R)
Shamar Mahon (R)
C. Francis Politis (R)
|• Total||26.3 sq mi (68.0 km2)|
|• Land||26.1 sq mi (67.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)|
|Elevation||138 ft (42 m)|
|• Density||825.1/sq mi (318.6/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0213392|
Bloomfield is a suburb of Hartford in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. The town's population was 21,535 at the 2020 census. Bloomfield is best known as the headquarters of healthcare services company Cigna.
Originally land of the Poquonock Native Americans, the area was first settled in 1660 as part of Windsor, organized as the Parish of Wintonbury in 1736. Wintonbury comes from three names from neighboring towns Windsor, Farmington, and Simsbury. It was finally incorporated as the town of Bloomfield by the Connecticut General Assembly on May 28, 1835. Initially, the town's local economy was agriculturally based, mostly in shade tobacco, remaining as such until it developed as a postwar suburb of Hartford starting in the 1950s. Today, Bloomfield's local character varies. While the town's southern and eastern fringes are more densely populated and developed, the northern and western sections maintain a more rural feel with meadows, woods, and some remaining farmland.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 26.3 square miles (68.0 km2), of which 26.1 square miles (67.6 km2) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km2), or 0.63%, is water.
The northern border of Bloomfield is formed by the Farmington River. The west side of the town is flanked by Talcott Mountain, part of the Metacomet Ridge, a mountainous trap rock ridgeline that stretches from Long Island Sound to nearly the Vermont border. Notable features of the Metacomet Ridge in Bloomfield include Penwood State Park and the Tariffville Gorge of the Farmington River, on the borders of East Granby, Simsbury, and Bloomfield. The 51-mile (82 km) Metacomet Trail traverses the ridge.
The major east–west throughway in Bloomfield is Route 218, which starts at the Simsbury Road/Hall Boulevard split at the West Hartford line and inches north toward Cottage Grove Road before heading eastbound. Bloomfield also has two major north–south highways: Blue Hills Avenue (Route 187) and Bloomfield/Tunxis Avenues (Route 189). These highways merge when approaching the Windsor line but before returning to Bloomfield.
Eleven bus routes in Connecticut Transit's Hartford Division serve Bloomfield: 36, 46, 50, 52, 54, 56, 72, 74, 76, 92, and 153.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Race / Ethnicity||Pop 2010||Pop 2020||% 2010||% 2020|
|White alone (NH)||6,863||6,927||33.50%||32.17%|
|Black or African American alone (NH)||11,518||11,434||56.22%||53.09%|
|Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)||38||41||0.19%||0.19%|
|Asian alone (NH)||382||476||1.86%||2.21%|
|Pacific Islander alone (NH)||8||3||0.04%||0.01%|
|Some Other Race alone (NH)||49||144||0.24%||0.67%|
|Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)||479||813||2.34%||3.78%|
|Hispanic or Latino (any race)||1,149||1,697||5.61%||7.88%|
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
As of the census of 2010, there were 20,486 people, 8,554 households, and 5,343 families residing in the town. The population density was 753.0 inhabitants per square mile (290.7/km2). There were 8,195 housing units at an average density of 315.0 per square mile (121.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 35.7% White, 57.5% African American, 0.03% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.70% from other races, and 3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.6% of the population.
There were 8,554 households, out of which 19.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.8% were married couples living together, 16.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the town, the population was spread out, with 21.4% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, and 21.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.9 years. For every 122 females there were 100 males. For every 130 females age 18 and over, there were 100 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $73,519, and the median income for a family was $84,735.
U.S. Census Bureau, 2010-2014 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, About 5.8% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.2% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.
Government and politics
Bloomfield has a Town council government. The Town Council elects a Chair, who is designated as Mayor, two weeks after the election. Mayor Danielle Wong began her first term as Mayor in November 2022.
|2020||85.85% 11,007||13.24% 1,698||0.91% 116|
|2016||82.80% 9,637||14.46% 1,683||2.74% 319|
|2012||83.41% 9,921||16.18% 1,925||0.41% 49|
|2008||84.96% 10,384||14.55% 1,778||0.49% 60|
|2004||76.58% 8,156||21.94% 2,337||1.47% 157|
|2000||78.20% 7,907||18.29% 1,849||3.51% 355|
|1996||74.15% 6,930||19.26% 1,800||6.59% 616|
|1992||65.40% 6,914||22.14% 2,341||12.46% 1,317|
|1988||65.36% 6,648||33.53% 3,410||1.11% 113|
|1984||57.56% 5,803||42.07% 4,241||0.37% 37|
|1980||51.99% 5,119||32.59% 3,209||15.42% 1,518|
|1976||55.73% 5,511||43.95% 4,346||0.32% 32|
|1972||52.83% 5,212||46.48% 4,585||0.69% 68|
|1968||60.17% 5,246||36.56% 3,187||3.27% 285|
|1964||70.59% 5,318||29.41% 2,216||0.00% 0|
|1960||54.64% 3,777||45.36% 3,136||0.00% 0|
|1956||37.45% 1,851||62.55% 3,091||0.00% 0|
|Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 29, 2019|
|Party||Active voters||Inactive voters||Total voters||Percentage|
According to Bloomfield's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the town are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|4||Town of Bloomfield||621|
|6||Duncaster Retirement Community||470|
|7||Jacobs Vehicle Systems||450|
|8||Hartford Healthcare at Home||450|
|9||Seabury Active Life Plan Community||400|
Bloomfield is home to three secondary schools: the public Bloomfield High School, the inter-district Global Experience Magnet School (serving grades 6–12), and the Metropolitan Learning Center, a CREC school serving grades 6–12.
Bloomfield Public Schools (Connecticut) also has:
- Pre-K3–K The Wintonbury Early Childhood Magnet School
- K–2 Laurel Elementary
- 3–4 Metacomet Elementary
- 5–6 Carmen Arace Intermediate
- 7–8 Carmen Arace Middle School
- Clarence H. Adams (1905–1987), commissioner of U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and president of the Boston Celtics
- George Ansbro (1915–2011), radio announcer
- LeRoy Bailey Jr. (born 1946), pastor and author
- Edward C. Banfield, political scientist
- James G. Batterson (1823–1901), founder of Travelers Insurance Company
- Julia Brace (1807–1884), deaf/blind woman of 19th Century
- Lawrence Clay-Bey (born 1965), professional heavyweight boxer, born in town
- Marcus Cooper (born 1990), cornerback for Chicago Bears
- Joe D'Ambrosio (born 1953), sports broadcaster and play-by-play announcer
- Edgar Eno, state assemblyman for Wisconsin
- Oliver Filley (1806–1881), mayor of St. Louis from 1858 to 1861
- Dwight Freeney, NFL All-Pro defensive end for Indianapolis Colts, attended Bloomfield High School
- Bobby Gibson, educator and member of the Connecticut House of Representatives
- Edward H. Gillette (1840–1918), congressman for Iowa, born in town
- Jessica Hecht (born 1965), actress
- Jai Johanny Johanson, drummer for Allman Brothers Band
- K.C. Jones (1932–2020), NBA Hall of Fame basketball player
- Charles Kaman (1919–2011), aeronautical engineer, businessman, inventor and philanthropist
- Ellie Kanner, film and television director and former casting director
- Joža Karas (1926–2008), musician and teacher who made public music composed by inmates of Theresienstadt concentration camp during World War II
- Noella Marcellino (born 1951), Benedictine nun who earned doctorate in microbiology from University of Connecticut, became Roman Catholic nun at Benedictine Abbey of Regina Laudis in town; she won Fulbright scholarship to France to collect and examine native strains of fungi, with an emphasis on Geotrichum candidum, from traditional cheese caves and stayed an additional three years, analyzing samples on grant from French government
- Lewis Rome (1933–2015), state senator representing Bloomfield (1971–1979); long-time resident
- Anika Noni Rose (born 1972), singer and actress, born in town
- Nykesha Sales (born 1976), WNBA basketball player, born in town
- Franz Schurmann (1926–2010), sociologist and historian
- Johann Smith (born 1987), soccer player
- Joseph M. Suggs Jr. (born 1940), politician, Bloomfield mayor, and Connecticut State Treasurer (1993–1995)
- James Thorpe (1915–2009), Princeton University professor and academic; lived his later years and died in town
- David Ushery (born 1967), television news anchor
- Douglas Wimbish (born 1956), bass player
On the National Register of Historic Places
- Connecticut General Life Insurance Company (Cigna) Headquarters
- Capt. Oliver Filley House
- Francis Gillette House
- Old Farm Schoolhouse
- Southwest District School
Places of interest
- The New England Muscle Bicycle Museum, with 120 bicycles from the 1960s and 1970s, is open by appointment
- The First Cathedral, the largest non-denominational church in New England
- "Census - Geography Profile: Bloomfield town, Hartford County, Connecticut". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 26, 2021.
- The Connecticut Magazine: An Illustrated Monthly. Connecticut Magazine Company. 1903. p. 331.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Bloomfield town, Hartford County, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved November 26, 2012.
- "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
- "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Bloomfield town, Hartford County, Connecticut". United States Census Bureau.
- "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Bloomfield town, Hartford County, Connecticut". United States Census Bureau.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "General Elections Statement of Vote 1922".
- "Election Night Reporting". CT Secretary of State. Retrieved December 16, 2020.
- "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 29, 2019" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Retrieved 2020-02-17.
- "Town of Bloomfield, Connecticut Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2020" (PDF). Town of Bloomfield. Retrieved July 18, 2021.
- Riley, Lori (January 3, 2021). "Lori Riley: K.C. Jones may have been part of Boston sports lore, but he left his mark in Hartford, too". Hartford Courant. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
- "Weekly List of Actions Taken On Properties". National Park Service. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
- "Filley House". Wintonbury Historical Society, Inc. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Hartford County, Connecticut
- "Francis Gillette House". bloomfieldct.org. Archived from the original on 27 January 2009. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
- "Old Farm Schoolhouse". bloomfieldct.org. Archived from the original on 18 September 2010. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
- "SW District School". Wintonbury Historical Society, Inc. Retrieved 19 September 2010.