Bloomfield, New Mexico

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Bloomfield, New Mexico
City
Bloomfield Public Library in 2008
Bloomfield Public Library in 2008
Location within County (left) and State (right)
Location within County (left) and State (right)
Bloomfield, New Mexico is located in the US
Bloomfield, New Mexico
Bloomfield, New Mexico
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 36°42′39″N 107°58′58″W / 36.71083°N 107.98278°W / 36.71083; -107.98278Coordinates: 36°42′39″N 107°58′58″W / 36.71083°N 107.98278°W / 36.71083; -107.98278
CountryUnited States
StateNew Mexico
CountySan Juan
Government
 • Typecouncil-manager government
Area
 • Total5.1 sq mi (13.1 km2)
 • Land5.0 sq mi (13.0 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation5,456 ft (1,663 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total8,112
 • Estimate (2016)[1]7,090
 • Density1,600/sq mi (620/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code87413
Area code505
FIPS code35-07880
GNIS feature ID0902180
Websitebloomfieldnm.gov

Bloomfield (Navajo: Naabiʼání) is a city in northeastern San Juan County, New Mexico, United States. It is part of the Farmington Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 8,112 at the 2010 census.

It is on the Trails of the Ancients Byway, one of the designated New Mexico Scenic Byways.[2]

Geography[edit]

Bloomfield is located at 36°42′39″N 107°58′58″W / 36.71083°N 107.98278°W / 36.71083; -107.98278 (36.710722, -107.982668).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.1 square miles (13 km2), of which, 5.0 square miles (13 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.99%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19601,292
19701,57421.8%
19804,881210.1%
19905,2146.8%
20006,41723.1%
20108,11226.4%
Est. 20167,090[1]−12.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 6,417 people, 2,222 households, and 1,708 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,280.7 people per square mile (494.5/km²). There were 2,446 housing units at an average density of 488.2 per square mile (188.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 62.38% White, 0.33% African American, 16.71% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 15.96% from other races, and 4.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.51% of the population.

There were 2,222 households out of which 42.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.1% were non-families. 19.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the city, the population was spread out with 32.4% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,905, and the median income for a family was $34,760. Males had a median income of $29,144 versus $19,203 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,424. About 15.2% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.5% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The city of Bloomfield and rural areas in eastern/southeastern San Juan County are served by Bloomfield Schools.

Points of interest[edit]

The Salmon Ruins pueblo and museum are located just to the west of the city along Highway 64. The ruins are the remains of a 12th-century Anasazi village. The ruins, as well as the homestead of George Salmon[who?] are open to the public.

Other nearby attractions include the Aztec Ruins, about 15 miles (24 km) to the north in the town of Aztec, and the Chaco Culture National Historical Park, approximately 50 miles (80 km) to the south.

ACLU lawsuit[edit]

In April 2007, Bloomfield attracted attention and some controversy when the city council voted unanimously to erect a stone monument of the Ten Commandments at the city hall.[6] Two residents sued the city in 2012 "alleging it violated their constitutional rights and represented a government endorsement of religion". In August 2014, a federal judge ruled the monument must be removed.[7] The city's response to the lawsuit was that it was a local group that paid for the memorial and they had added a disclaimer. A district judge decided that a "reasonable observer would interpret the monument as the government endorsing a religion". The ACLU became involved and the city asked the Supreme Court to hear the case, and was refused. The city owes court fees of $700,000 to the ACLU and the monument was moved to "property owned by a Baptist church.[8] The city has been looking for outside funds to pay the fee, but in June 2018 it released it's 2019 budget which calls for "paying $233,000 toward the money it owes from the ... lawsuit". The city has until 2021 to pay the amount in full.[9] Hemant Mehta stated that the "city officials were goaded by the Christian Right into fighting back. "[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. ^ Trail of the Ancients. Archived August 21, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. New Mexico Tourism Department. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ Freedom of Religion - is Bloomfield crossing the line? Archived May 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., Aztec Local News, 2007-07-16, p. 3. Accessed 2007-11-06.
  7. ^ Judge: Ten Commandments monument at New Mexico city hall must be removed; Fox News; August 8, 2014.
  8. ^ Grover, Hannah. "Bloomfield must pay $700K for lawyer fees in Ten Commandments case". Farmington Daily Times. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
  9. ^ Grover, Hannah. "Bloomfield pursues twin goals with 2019 preliminary budget". Farmington Daily Times.
  10. ^ Mehta, Hemant. "After Costly Legal Battle, NM City's Proposed Budget Includes Large ACLU Payment". Friendly Atheist. Patheos. Retrieved 2 June 2018.

External links[edit]