Bloomfield, Vermont

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Bloomfield, Vermont
Town
Bloomfield, Vermont Old Town Hall.jpg
Location in Essex County and the state of Vermont.
Location in Essex County and the state of Vermont.
Location of Vermont with the U.S.A.
Location of Vermont with the U.S.A.
Coordinates: 44°47′44″N 71°38′6″W / 44.79556°N 71.63500°W / 44.79556; -71.63500Coordinates: 44°47′44″N 71°38′6″W / 44.79556°N 71.63500°W / 44.79556; -71.63500
CountryUnited States
StateVermont
CountyEssex
Area
 • Total40.5 sq mi (105.0 km2)
 • Land40.3 sq mi (104.4 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
Elevation
1,804 ft (550 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total221
 • Density5/sq mi (2.1/km2)
 • Households
101
 • Families
75
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
05905
Area code(s)802
FIPS code50-009-06325[1]
GNIS feature ID1462044[2]

Bloomfield is a town in Essex County, Vermont, United States. The population was 221 at the 2010 census,[3] down from 261 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Berlin, NH–VT Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

In 1830, an act from the state General Assembly changed the name of the town from "Minehead" to "Bloomfield."[4]

Geography[edit]

Bloomfield is in northeastern Essex County, along the Connecticut River, which forms the state line with New Hampshire. The town is bordered to the southwest by Brunswick, to the northwest by Lewis, at its northernmost point by Averill, and to the northeast by Lemington, Vermont, while to the southeast, across the river, it is bordered by the towns of Columbia and Stratford, New Hampshire. The settlement of Bloomfield is in the southern corner of the town, at the mouth of the Nulhegan River in the Connecticut, and connected by bridge to the village of North Stratford, New Hampshire.

Vermont Route 102 follows the Connecticut River along the southeastern edge of the town, leading northeast 13 miles (21 km) to Colebrook, New Hampshire, and south 15 miles (24 km) to Guildhall, Vermont, while Vermont Route 105 leads west up the Nulhegan River 16 miles (26 km) to Island Pond.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 40.5 square miles (105.0 km2), of which 40.3 square miles (104.4 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.6 km2), or 0.59%, is water.[3] The highest point in the town is 2,470 feet (750 m) along the northeast boundary.

Much of the town's land is at a high elevation, but the population is concentrated along the river where the elevation is much lower.

Climate[edit]

A weather station was run in the town from 1906 to 1968. It was located at the southeast edge of town, near Lyman Falls along the Connecticut River. On December 30, 1933, Bloomfield set a record low temperature for New England with −50 °F (−46 °C), a record not tied until 2009 when a small station along the Big Black River, Maine, also recorded −50 °F (−46 °C) on January 16.

Climate data for Bloomfield (1906-1968); elevation 940 feet
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 62
(17)
68
(20)
78
(26)
87
(31)
96
(36)
99
(37)
98
(37)
97
(36)
98
(37)
88
(31)
75
(24)
62
(17)
99
(37)
Average high °F (°C) 27
(−3)
29
(−2)
39
(4)
52
(11)
66
(19)
76
(24)
80
(27)
78
(26)
70
(21)
59
(15)
43
(6)
30
(−1)
55
(13)
Average low °F (°C) 3
(−16)
3
(−16)
14
(−10)
28
(−2)
38
(3)
48
(9)
53
(12)
51
(11)
44
(7)
34
(1)
24
(−4)
10
(−12)
29
(−2)
Record low °F (°C) −44
(−42)
−45
(−43)
−32
(−36)
−12
(−24)
14
(−10)
25
(−4)
30
(−1)
23
(−5)
20
(−7)
6
(−14)
−15
(−26)
−50
(−46)
−50
(−46)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.3
(58)
2.0
(51)
2.2
(56)
2.9
(74)
3.2
(81)
4.0
(100)
4.1
(100)
3.9
(99)
3.7
(94)
3.5
(89)
3.2
(81)
2.5
(64)
37.8
(960)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 23.0
(58)
20.6
(52)
15.0
(38)
5.1
(13)
0.4
(1.0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.3
(3.3)
8.7
(22)
18.3
(46)
92.4
(233.3)
Source: Desert Research Institute [5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
180027
1810144433.3%
1820132−8.3%
183015013.6%
184017919.3%
185024436.3%
186032031.1%
187045542.2%
188062737.8%
189082731.9%
1900504−39.1%
1910496−1.6%
1920382−23.0%
19304179.2%
1940326−21.8%
1950291−10.7%
1960212−27.1%
1970196−7.5%
1980188−4.1%
199025334.6%
20002613.2%
2010221−15.3%
2014 (est.)215[6]−2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

At the 2000 census there were 261 people in 101 households, including 75 families, in the town. The population density was 6.5 people per square mile (2.5/km2). There were 191 housing units at an average density of 4.7 per square mile (1.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.40% White, 1.53% Native American, 0.38% Asian, and 2.68% from two or more races.[1] Of the 101 households 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.4% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.7% were non-families. 23.8% of households were one person and 13.9% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.03.

The age distribution was 27.2% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% 65 or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 119.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.8 males.

The median household income was $33,500 and the median family income was $39,167. Males had a median income of $27,708 versus $20,357 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,224. About 3.2% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under the age of eighteen and 7.7% of those sixty-five or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Bloomfield town, Essex County, Vermont". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 31, 2016.
  4. ^ "Laws of Vermont, of a Public and Permanent Nature, coming down to, and including the year 1834". p. 177.
  5. ^ "Desert Research Institute".
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2015.