Bloomfield (Pittsburgh)

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Bloomfield
Neighborhood of Pittsburgh
View of Liberty Avenue in Bloomfield.
View of Liberty Avenue in Bloomfield.
Pgh locator bloomfield.svg
Coordinates: 40°27′40″N 79°56′53″W / 40.461°N 79.948°W / 40.461; -79.948
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Allegheny County
City Pittsburgh
Area[1]
 • Total 0.702 sq mi (1.82 km2)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 8,442
 • Density 12,000/sq mi (4,600/km2)

Bloomfield is a neighborhood in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It is located three miles from the downtown area. Bloomfield is sometimes referred to as Pittsburgh's Little Italy because it was settled by Italians from the Abruzzi region and has been a center of Italian-American population. Pittsburgh architectural historian, Franklin Toker, has said that Bloomfield "is a feast, as rich to the eyes as the homemade tortellini and cannoli in its shop windows are to the stomach."[2] Today neighborhood residents include working-class Italian-Americans, various other European-descended populations, African Americans, and a substantial population of college students. It has attracted young adults as a "hip" neighborhood.[3]

Liberty Avenue is the neighborhood's main business thoroughfare. Every year Bloomfield hosts Little Italy Days, a large festival celebrating the neighborhood's rich Italian history.

Location[edit]

Bloomfield is a plateau above the Allegheny River; it is bordered by Penn Avenue on the north, the East Busway on the south, 40th Street on the west, and Gross Street on the east. This last boundary is somewhat disputed – many residents believe that Bloomfield abuts the neighborhood of Friendship at Gross Street. Here the provincial frame rowhouses give way to stand-alone brick Victorian homes, which were built larger on each street heading east. The City of Pittsburgh, however, claims that Bloomfield extends east as far as Graham Street.

The East Busway is set into an existing valley that separates Bloomfield from Polish Hill to the west, the Hill District to the southwest, and Shadyside to the south. The neighborhoods are within sight of one another, and are connected by the Bloomfield Bridge and the South Millvale Bridge, both of which span this gap.

History[edit]

Bloomfield does not appear to have been an independent borough prior to its annexation by the City of Pittsburgh in 1868. The land here was claimed from the native Delaware tribe by Casper Taub, one of the area's earliest European settlers. Taub sold the land to his son-in-law John Conrad Winebiddle, whose descendants divided it into lots and sold it for development beginning around the time of the 1868 annexation. The community most likely was named for the abundant blooming flowers near the original town site.[4]

In the decades following 1868, Bloomfield was settled by German Catholic immigrants, who in 1886 built St. Joseph's Church. Beginning around 1900, Italians from five towns in the Abruzzi region settled here, forming Immaculate Conception Parish in 1905 (that church was rebuilt in its present form in 1961).[5] Descendants from both groups, with ethnic Italians outnumbering the Germans, still give the neighborhood its character today. In 2001 the national churches of St. Joseph's and Immaculate Conception were merged to form a single parish.

Since the early 21st century, Bloomfield is one of the neighborhoods that has attracted young adults, including those described as creative and "hip." Pittsburgh's affordability and ethnic history, compared to some other cities, have resulted in new residents settling here.[3]

Business district[edit]

The business district is concentrated along Liberty Avenue, with a variety of businesses and services. In addition to the two churches and Western Pennsylvania Hospital, the street has many restaurants and bars, a supermarket and two Italian markets, tanning and hair salons, gift and card shops, gyms, two barber shops, a cobbler, a vacuum repairman, and more. A small park beside the Bloomfield Bridge holds public bocce courts. Many restaurants serve Italian cuisine, although the neighborhood also features a noted Polish restaurant. Two Thai and two Chinese restaurants are located on Liberty Avenue.

Sport[edit]

Baltimore Colts' Hall of Fame quarterback, Pittsburgh native Johnny Unitas returned to this neighborhood to play. After being cut by the Pittsburgh Steelers in 1955, Unitas played one season for the semipro Bloomfield Rams on Dean's Field, located under the Bloomfield Bridge. The semipro league has long since folded, and the Bloomfield Rams no longer exist. The former Dean's Field was renamed as Officer Paul J. Sciullo Memorial Field, after a policeman killed in duty. It is now part of a public recreational complex.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "PGHSNAP 2010 Raw Census Data by Neighborhood". Pittsburgh Department of City Planning PGHSNAP Utility. 2012. Retrieved 21 June 2013.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  2. ^ Toker, Franklin (1994) [1986]. Pittsburgh: An Urban Portrait. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-5434-6. 
  3. ^ a b Bill Toland, "Watch out Portland, Pittsburgh's lookin' hip", Post-Gazette, 15 January 2012; accessed 3 June 2016
  4. ^ Bloom, Albert W. (Jan 14, 1953). "Pittsburgh today made up of many villages". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. 23. Retrieved 2 December 2015. 
  5. ^ "Immaculate Conception, Bloomfield". diopitt.org. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]