Blows Against the Empire

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Blows Against the Empire
JS Blows-Against-the-Empire.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedNovember 1970
RecordedSummer-fall 1970
StudioPacific High (San Francisco), Wally Heider Studios (San Francisco)
GenreFolk rock, progressive rock, acid rock, psychedelic rock
LabelRCA Victor LSP-4448
ProducerPaul Kantner
Paul Kantner chronology
Blows Against the Empire

Blows Against the Empire is a concept album by Paul Kantner, released under the name Paul Kantner and Jefferson Starship. It is the first album to use the "Starship" moniker, a name which Kantner and Grace Slick would later use for the band Jefferson Starship that emerged after Jack Casady and Jorma Kaukonen left Jefferson Airplane. From a commercial standpoint, it performed comparably to Jefferson Airplane albums of the era, peaking at No. 20 on the Billboard 200 and receiving a RIAA gold certification.[1] It was one of the first two albums to be nominated for a Hugo Award in the category of Best Dramatic Presentation.[2]


Beginning in 1965, Paul Kantner had recorded five studio albums with Jefferson Airplane, but by 1970 internal problems had begun taking their toll on the band, including the departure of drummer Spencer Dryden in 1970 and a rift that was forming between founder Marty Balin and the rest of the band that would eventually result in Balin's departure from the band in April 1971.[3]

The group released only one single in 1970, and Kantner took advantage of the hiatus to work on a solo album. Blows Against the Empire is his concept album recorded and released in 1970, credited to Paul Kantner and Jefferson Starship. This marks the debut of the Jefferson Starship moniker, though not of the band of that name itself, since Blows predates the actual formation of the band Jefferson Starship by four years.[4]

The album was recorded at Pacific High Recording Studios and Wally Heider Recording Studios in San Francisco. The result derives from a period of cross-collaboration during late 1969 through 1971 by a collection of musicians from various San Francisco bands including Jefferson Airplane, the Grateful Dead, and Quicksilver Messenger Service, along with Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young recording at the time in the city. These musicians included Jack Casady, Joey Covington, David Crosby, David Freiberg, Jerry Garcia, Mickey Hart, Paul Kantner, Bill Kreutzmann, Graham Nash, and Grace Slick. Excepting Covington, all of these musicians would also play or sing on Crosby's debut album recorded at the same time in the same studios. Bassist Harvey Brooks of Electric Flag, and guitarist Peter Kaukonen, brother of Airplane guitarist Jorma Kaukonen, also appear.[5]

Stylistically, the songs range from the light folk of "The Baby Tree", the musique concrète passages of "Home" and "XM", and proto-grunge in "Mau-Mau (Amerikon)". Mostly, however, the songs are delivered in the kind of improvised, free-form rock & roll representative of the Bay Area bands of the day. Lyrically, the album celebrates countercultural idealism; it is set in a future where the counterculture is able to unite and decide their own fate far away from planet Earth. Written in 1970, Kantner describes in "Hijack" the construction of a starship beginning in 1980, which "ought to be ready by 1990".


The credit to Jefferson Starship reflected many things: the ad hoc all-star line-up; the album being an evolutionary progression from Jefferson Airplane; and finally the story it relates of the hijacking of a starship.[6] The album is a narrative concept album that tells the story of a counter-culture revolution against the oppressions of "Uncle Samuel" and a plan to steal a starship from orbit and journey into space in search of a new home. The original vinyl release is divided into two album sides. "Mau Mau (Amerikon)" launched Side One, a counter-culture manifesto and call to arms. In the context of the narrative, this is the free music being performed in the park, drawing everyone together.

"Put your old ladies back into bed,
Put your old men into their graves,
Cover their ears so they can't hear us sing,
Cover their eyes so they can't see us play."
"Get out of the way, let the people play,
We gotta get down on you,
Come alive all over you,
Dancing down, into your town."

It celebrates late-sixties counter-culture, depicting people celebrating mind expansion and free love, "We'll ball in your parks, insane with the flash of living...calling for acid, cocaine and grass." They've had enough of the military, domestic and abroad, and make one of the earliest references to Ronald Reagan in popular music in the line, "You unleash the dogs of a grade-B movie star Governor's drop your fuckin' bombs, burn your demon babies, I will live again!" They condemn the divisive strictures of conservative society, and dream of finding a Utopia.

"The Baby Tree", written by Rosalie Sorrels, is about an imaginary island where babies grow on trees and are collected by happy couples when they fall. The scene develops over the remaining album side, in "Let's Go Together" and "A Child Is Coming", that a couple is among the gathering in a park outside Chicago the night before the hijacking, tripping on acid as dawn approaches. She reveals that she's pregnant, and predictably they resolve to free their child from the government's "files and their numbers game" by joining the hijackers. In this setting, "The Baby Tree" can be seen as their acid-induced daydream about pregnancy, and so fits neatly into the narrative.[citation needed] The allegory of "Let's Go Together" and "A Child Is Coming" symbolizes Paul Kantner and Grace Slick's romantic relationship and Slick's pregnancy by Kantner, which would result in the birth of their daughter, China Kantner, the following year.

Side two is an integrated suite of songs which opens with "Sunrise", Grace Slick's allegory describing the breaking dawn the couple was awaiting, while also symbolizing the dawn of a Utopian civilization, freed from conservative mores and violent influences. "Sunrise" leads directly into "Hijack", in which the revolutionaries storm the transport to the orbiting starship and head off into space, boarding the ship by the end of "Hijack" and leaving orbit in "Home". As the story progresses with "Have You Seen the Stars Tonite", hopes and misgivings are revealed. After the ship's engines and systems are readied in "X-M", "Starship" relates a mutiny fought for control of the ship, to determine whether to surrender and return, or to continue. Eventually the idealists win control, and the ship is flung by gravity sling-shot around the sun and out of the solar system.

By Kantner's admission, the underlying premise of the narrative was derived in part from the works of science fiction author Robert A. Heinlein. In Heinlein's novel Methuselah's Children, a group of people hijack a starship. In the song "Mau Mau (Amerikon)" Kantner quotes a line from the novel where the hijackers turn on the ship's drive. At this point the main character of the novel, Lazarus Long says "Push the button, pull the switch, cut the beam, make it march."

Kantner went so far as to write to Heinlein to obtain permission to use his ideas. Heinlein wrote back that over the years many people had used his ideas, but Paul was the first one to ask for permission, which he granted.[7] In 1971, Blows was the first rock album ever nominated for a Hugo Award in the category of Best Dramatic Presentation.[8] Although it received the plurality of the vote among the five nominated works, the majority of voters elected not to issue the award that year.[9]

Arrangements and instrumentation[edit]

Throughout the album, Slick's acoustic piano is highlighted. She has said that her chord-heavy technique at the time developed from watching session player Nicky Hopkins during his many recordings with the Airplane. Most of the tracks add standard rock instrumentation to her piano, including electric and acoustic guitars, drums and bass. Thick vocal harmonies backing Kantner and Slick in duet are a signature quality of many of the songs.

A notable exception is "The Baby Tree", which has Kantner singing to a solo banjo accompaniment by Jerry Garcia. "Sunrise" is Grace Slick's self-penned solo vocal showcase, in part a duet with herself thanks to multitracking. Here she is predominantly accompanied by Jack Casady playing bass in a series of overdubs. "Have You Seen the Stars Tonite?" features lush vocal harmonies over acoustic instruments with subdued electric guitar overlays. The acoustic parts throughout the second side are centered on Kantner's detuned 12-string guitar,[10] using a tuning consisting of octaves and fifths of open C, which David Crosby has likened to the droning tones of bagpipes.

Two tracks of the side 2 suite consist entirely of sound effects simulating the starship engines and the flight through space. Scattered among the other songs of the Suite are heavily processed background vocal tracks and sound bites. During the hijack scene, an audio excerpt from the 1953 George Pal film version of War of the Worlds is used: a woman is heard to call out "Let me through!" followed immediately by the sound of a ray gun firing.


The original vinyl album was a single platter in a gatefold sleeve. The cover featured a piece of Russian folk art from a painted lacquer box, attributed to CCCP (U.S.S.R. in Russian). Kantner said he enjoyed stealing the art from Russia because many Jefferson Airplane albums were bootlegged on the Russian black market. The back cover painting depicts a partially opened parcel revealing a room inside with Jerry Garcia peeking out. Behind him is a naked woman standing on an American Flag. The parcel is being carried aloft on a string by a trio of breasts with wings. Inside the gatefold is more artwork with track listings and credits, done in silver ink on black background and featuring a Paul Kantner caricature with a head of marijuana-leaf hair rising over a mountainous planetscape and inkblot pair of marijuana leaves in the lower fold. A mushroom on the left hemi-sphere pyramid on the right and the mountainous planetscape is nearly a mirror image. The inner dust jacket was decorated with collages of musician photos, writings and doodles. Original pressings included a full-color booklet as well, with lyrics, poetry and drawings mostly done by Slick during the recording sessions and collected daily by Kantner. Subsequent pressings included a black & white version of the booklet. A small number of promotional copies of the album were released to radio stations on clear translucent vinyl; these are now coveted by vinyl record collectors.

Compact disc reissues[edit]

The original compact disc release had mildly dull, slightly under-volume sound quality,[citation needed] and reproduced the gatefold cover art and parts of the inner gatefold, neglecting the booklet and dust jacket art entirely. The remastered CD release has superior sound at improved volume levels. The fold-out CD booklet includes the cover art and provides much of the inner gatefold and dust jacket artwork by including it among the extensive liner notes. Also included is a CD-sized reproduction of the black & white booklet. Finally, the remaster includes bonus tracks of alternate takes, demos and a live recording of Starship with radio promos appended. Note that the editing glitch at 4:00 in the opening song, "Mau Mau (Amerikon)", is not an error in the digital transfer;[11] it goes back to the original album release.

Vinyl reissues[edit]

Z2 Comics announced a graphic novel called Jefferson Starship: Blows Against the Empire to be released in March 2022.[12] Deluxe and super deluxe editions include a limited edition Blows Against The Empire LP on colored vinyl.[13][12]


Reviewing in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies (1981), Robert Christgau found Kantner's singing and melodies "murky" while believing, "for all the record's sci-fi pretensions (does Philip K. Dick actually like this stuff?) it never even gets off the ground." He graded it a C-plus.[14] It was voted number 850 in the third edition of Colin Larkin's All Time Top 1000 Albums (2000).[15] In The Rolling Stone Album Guide (2004), Paul Evans said while its experimental quality may have impressed in 1970, the album "now suffers from concept-album creakiness".[16] William Ruhlmann was more enthusiastic, giving it four out of five stars in his review for AllMusic. "Kantner employed often dense instrumentation and complex arrangements", he wrote, "but there were enough hooks and harmonies to keep things interesting."[17]

Track listing[edit]

Side one
1."Mau Mau (Amerikon)"Paul Kantner, Grace Slick, Joey Covington6:33
2."The Baby Tree"Rosalie Sorrels1:42
3."Let's Go TogetherA"Paul Kantner4:11
4."A Child Is Coming"Paul Kantner, Grace Slick, David Crosby6:15
Total length:18:41
Side two
1."Sunrise"Grace Slick1:54
2."Hijack"Paul Kantner, Grace Slick, Marty Balin, Gary Blackman8:18
3."Home"Paul Kantner, Phill Sawyer, Graham Nash0:37
4."Have You Seen the Stars Tonite?"Paul Kantner, David Crosby3:42
5."XM"Paul Kantner, Phill Sawyer, Jerry Garcia, Mickey Hart1:22
6."Starship"Paul Kantner, Grace Slick, Marty Balin, Gary Blackman7:07
Total length:23:00
Remastered CD bonus tracks
11."Let's Go TogetherB" (alternate lyrics)Paul Kantner4:22
12."Sunrise" (acoustic demo)Grace Slick1:21
13."Hijack" (acoustic demo)Paul Kantner7:02
14."SFX" (raw sound effects for XM)Paul Kantner, Sawyer, Jerry Garcia, Mickey Hart2:04
15."Starship" (Jefferson Airplane live, recorded September 14, 1970 at Fillmore West)Paul Kantner, Grace Slick, Marty Balin, Gary Blackman10:07
16."Radio Spots" (hidden track) 2:57

^A ^B The original cassette and compact disc releases contained alternate lyrics for "Let's Go Together" that differed from the vinyl version. The 2005 reissue restored the original lyrics as track three and included the alternate lyric version as a bonus track.



See also[edit]


  1. ^ "RIAA Gold and Platinum database retrieved 5 September 2015". Recording Industry Association of America. Archived from the original on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
  2. ^ "1971 Hugo Awards". Archived from the original on 7 October 2015. Retrieved 1 August 2018. The other album nominee for 1970 was Don't Crush That Dwarf, Hand Me the Pliers by the Firesign Theater comedy group.
  3. ^ Jefferson Airplane (2014) Last Stand At Winterland (Leftfield Media)
  4. ^ George-Warren, Holly; Romanowski, Patricia & Pareles, Jon (2001). The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll (Revised and Updated for the 21st Century). Fireside. ISBN 0-7432-0120-5. Archived from the original on 2019-11-20. Retrieved 2019-08-10.
  5. ^ "Phill Sawyer official site". Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 3 May 2011.[verification needed]
  6. ^ Blows Against the Empire. RCA Legacy 82876 67974 2, 2005 reissue, liner notes.
  7. ^ Cost, Jud (2005). Blows Against the Empire (CD liner). Paul Kantner and Jefferson Starship. RCA/Legacy. 82876 67974 2.
  8. ^ "Hugo Award Index". Archived from the original on 2011-05-14. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
  9. ^ Glyer, Mike (2009-03-25). "1971 BDP: No Award Really Did "Win"". File 770. Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
  10. ^ Guitar Player June 1977
  11. ^ Arson, Rail (November 22, 2008). "Paul Kantner and Jefferson Starship — Blows Against the Empire (1970)". Archived from the original on April 24, 2017. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
  12. ^ a b Firestone, Andrew (October 21, 2021). "Jefferson Starship's 'Blows Against The Empire' Re-Imagined In Comic Form". Archived from the original on October 21, 2021. Retrieved November 7, 2021.
  13. ^ "Jefferson Starship: Blows Against the Empire". Z2 Comics. Archived from the original on October 25, 2021. Retrieved November 1, 2021.
  14. ^ Christgau, Robert (1981). "Paul Kantner/Jefferson Starship: Blows Against the Empire". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 0-89919-025-1. Archived from the original on September 12, 2018. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
  15. ^ Larkin, Colin, ed. (2006). All Time Top 1000 Albums (3rd ed.). Virgin Books. p. 263. ISBN 0-7535-0493-6.
  16. ^ Evans, Paul (2004). "Jefferson Starship". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 427. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
  17. ^ Ruhlmann, William (n.d.). "Blows Against the Empire". AllMusic. Archived from the original on May 9, 2018. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
  18. ^ "Phill Sawyer discography". Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
  • Blows Against the Empire (Vinyl inside cover and libretto booklet). Paul Kantner. New York City: RCA. 1970. LSP-4448.{{cite AV media notes}}: CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link)
  • Cost, Jud. "Blows Against the Empire" liner notes, remaster CD, 2005
  • Mamarkin, Jeff Tamarkin. Got a Revolution! The Turbulent Flight of Jefferson Airplane, 2003
  • Miller, Jim. (ed.), The Rolling Stone Illustrated History of Rock & Roll, 1980 (Jefferson Airplane Discography, p 274)

External links[edit]