Javan blue-banded kingfisher

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Blue-banded kingfisher)

Javan blue-banded kingfisher
Illustration by John Gerrard Keulemans
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Alcedinidae
Subfamily: Alcedininae
Genus: Alcedo
A. euryzona
Binomial name
Alcedo euryzona
Temminck, 1830

The Javan blue-banded kingfisher (Alcedo euryzona), is a species of kingfisher in the subfamily Alcedininae. It is endemic to and found throughout Java, but is thought to be extremely rare due to human pressures such as habitat destruction. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical mangrove forest, and rivers. Its population is estimated to be just 50-249 individuals,[2] and is believed to be in decline.[3]

It is a small, rather dark kingfisher. The male is highly distinctive, with a broad blue-green band across a white chest. The female is very different, with an all-orange belly; distinguished from the common kingfisher (A. atthis) by an overall duller, darker coloration and the lack of a bright white-and-orange patch behind the eye, its call is piercing similar to the common kingfisher.


The first formal description of the Javan blue-banded kingfisher was by the Dutch zoologist Coenraad Jacob Temminck in 1830. In his initial publication the binomial name was incorrectly printed as Alcedo cryzona but this was later corrected to Alcedo euryzona.[4][5] The specific epithet euryzona is from the classical Greek eurus meaning "broad" and zōnē meaning "band" or "belt".[6]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2018). "Alcedo euryzona". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T22726971A125574893. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22726971A125574893.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  2. ^ Rachmawati, Y; Pramudya, M; Setiawan, A (2022-02-01). "Distribution of the critically endangered javan blue-banded kingfisher Alcedo euryzona along the Welo River flow in the Petungkriyono forest". IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 976 (1): 012004. doi:10.1088/1755-1315/976/1/012004. ISSN 1755-1307.
  3. ^ Limparungpatthanakij, Wich'yanan (2022-10-25), "Javan Blue-banded Kingfisher (Alcedo euryzona)", Birds of the World, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, retrieved 2023-10-25
  4. ^ Temminck, Coenraad Jacob (1838) [1830]. "Martin-pêcheur large bande - Alcedo cryzona". Nouveau recueil de planches coloriées d'oiseaux, pour servir de suite et de complément aux planches enluminées de Buffon (in French). Vol. 4. Paris: F.G. Levrault. Plate 508. The 5 volumes were originally issued in 102 parts, 1820-1839
  5. ^ Peters, James Lee, ed. (1945). Check-list of Birds of the World. Vol. 5. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 175.
  6. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 154. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.

External links[edit]