Blue-headed coucal

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Blue-headed coucal
Blue-headed Coucal - Kakum NP - Ghana 14 S4E2473 (16018020917).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Cuculiformes
Family: Cuculidae
Genus: Centropus
Species: C. monachus
Binomial name
Centropus monachus
Rüppell, 1837

The blue-headed coucal (Centropus monachus) is a species of cuckoo in the Cuculidae family. It is native to tropical central Africa where its typical habitat is swamps, river banks, forest edges and generally wet locations. It is a common bird with a wide range, and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated its conservation status as being of "least concern".[1]


The blue-headed coucal is a medium-sized species growing to 45 to 52 cm (18 to 20 in) in length. The sexes are similar, the adult having the head, sides of neck and back black, glossed with blue, the lower back and rump black, the wings predominantly deep chestnut and the tail black, glossed with green or bronze. The underparts are white or pale buff. The eyes are dark red, the beak black and the legs and feet greyish-black. The juvenile is similar to the adult but the black areas are dull rather than glossy; the head is streaked with rufous-buff, the wings are dark chestnut heavily barred with dark brown, and the back and tail are barred with buff. The throat and breast feathers are spotted with black.[2]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The blue-headed coucal occurs in tropical central Africa at altitudes of up to 3,000 m (9,800 ft), generally at higher altitudes than the Senegal coucal (Centropus senegalensis).[2] It is found in Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, and Uganda.[1] Its habitat is swamps and marshes, tall grassland, river banks, wet savannah, plantations, secondary growth forests, farmland and villages.[2]


  1. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Centropus monachus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 28 October 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c Erritzøe, Johannes; Mann, Clive F.; Brammer, Frederik; Fuller, Richard A. (2012). Cuckoos of the World. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 170. ISBN 978-1-4081-4267-7. Archived from the original on 2016-12-24.