Blue-rumped parrot

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Blue-rumped parrot
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Psittinus
P. cyanurus
Binomial name
Psittinus cyanurus

The blue-rumped parrot (Psittinus cyanurus) is a parrot found in the very southern tip of Myanmar, peninsular Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra and nearby islands. It is a small parrot (18 cm) and is primarily green with bright red underwing coverts, a reddish shoulder patch, and yellowish margins on the wing coverts. It is sexually dimorphic. The female has a grey-brown head. The male has a black mantle, red upper mandible, and blue head and rump.

It was formerly considered the only member of the genus Psittinus, but BirdLife International recognised the subspecies abbottii as a separate species, the Simeulue parrot, and the IOC later followed suit, supporting it as a distinct species.[3][4]

There are two subspecies:

  • P. c. cyanurus: Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, Sumatra.
  • P. c. pontius: Mentawi Islands southwards from Siberut. Larger than the nominate subspecies.

It is found in lowland forests, generally below 700 m, in forest, open woodland, orchards and plantations, mangroves, dense scrub, and coconut groves. It occurs in flocks up to 20 birds. They eat seeds, fruit and blossoms.


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Psittinus cyanurus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T22727599A94953803. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22727599A94953803.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  2. ^ "Psittinus cyanurus" Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved October 12, 2011.
  3. ^ "Species Updates – IOC World Bird List". Retrieved 2021-06-13.
  4. ^ Birdlife datazone species factsheet Simeulue parrot

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