Blue-throated sapphire

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Blue-throated sapphire
Hylocharis eliciae - Blue-throated Goldentail - Rincón de la Vieja National Park, Costa Rica.jpg
At Rincón de la Vieja National Park, Costa Rica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Genus: Hylocharis
Species: H. eliciae
Binomial name
Hylocharis eliciae
Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846
Hylocharis eliciae map.svg
Range of H. eliciae

The blue-throated sapphire (Hylocharis eliciae), also known as the blue-throated goldentail, is a species of hummingbird in the Trochilidae family. It is found in Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest.


This medium-sized hummingbird measures 9 cm (3.5 in) and weighs 3.6 g (0.13 oz). The crown and upperparts are green, shading to the metallic golden-green tail. The wings are dusky, while the sides and belly are green. The throat is metallic blue-violet. The bill is straight and coral red with a black tip. The female is paler overall, with more black in the bill and more grey in the throat.[2]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Hylocharis eliciae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Arizmendi, M.C.; Rodríguez-Flores, C.; Soberanes-González, C.; Schulenberg, Thomas S. (2013). Schulenberg, T.S., ed. "Blue-throated Goldentail (Hylocharis eliciae)". Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology: Neotropical Birds Online. Retrieved 7 August 2014. 

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