Blue Bird Inn
The Blue Bird Inn, at 5021 Tireman, was a jazz night club in Detroit presenting music every night except Monday. An African American owned venue, by the end of the 1940s it was the most important live outlet for bop in the city.
Thad Jones' composition "5021" refers to the Blue Bird's address and Tommy Flanagan placed tribute to the venue in the title track to an album with Kenny Burrell titled Beyond the Blue Bird (1990).
The venue had featured live music since the 1930s, but in 1948 Phil Hill was hired to assemble a house band that could play bebop. Hill's first trio there comprised Abe Woodly on vibraphone and Art Mardigian on drums, with Hill on piano.
The following year, Hill and Mardigan were joined by Wardell Gray, James "Beans" Richardson on bass and Jack Tiant on bongos, and, as the Phil Hill Quintet, recorded a live album on July 20, 1949. The following April, the Wardell Gray Quartet, with Hill, Richardson and Mardigan recorded for Prestige.
- Led by
- 1948: Phil Hill
- 1951: Billy Mitchell, featuring various musicians, including Oliver Jackson (drums) and his brother, Ali Jackson (bass), as well as Thad Jones, but later becoming a quartet with Terry Pollard, Beans Richardson and Elvin Jones
- 1954: Beans Anderson
- 1955: Alvin Jackson
- 1958: Ernie Farrow and/or Yusef Lateef
- Barry Kernfeld (ed.) The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, New York & London: Macmillan, 1988 , p.874
- Bjorn, Lars and Jim Gallert (1994) "Bebop in Detroit Nights at the Blue Bird Inn" Archived 2015-10-24 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 8 July 2013.
- "Wardell Gray - A Discography 1944-1955" Retrieved 8 July 2013.
- Björn, Lars Olof (2001) Before Motown: A History of Jazz in Detroit, 1920-60, pp. 124-6. University of Michigan Press At Google Books. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- Bird, Christiane (2001) The Da Capo Jazz and Blues Lover's Guide to the U.S., pp. 305-6. Da Capo Press At Google Books. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
- Berkman, Franya J. (2010) Monument Eternal: The Music of Alice Coltrane, p. 34. Wesleyan University Press At Google Books. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- Gitler, Ira (1985) Swing to Bop : An Oral History of the Transition in Jazz in the 1940s: An Oral History of the Transition in Jazz in the 1940s, p. 262. Oxford University Press At Google Books. Retrieved 9 July 2013.