Blue Demon

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Blue Demon
BlueDemonMask.png
A replica of the mask worn by Blue Demon.
Birth name Alejandro Muñoz Moreno[1]
Born April 24, 1922[2]
García, Nuevo León, Mexico[2]
Died December 16, 2000(2000-12-16) (aged 78)[3][2]
Mexico City, Mexico[4]
Cause of death Myocardial infarction[5][1]
Spouse(s) Gregoria Moreno[4]
Children Blue Demon Jr. (adopted)[5][1]
Professional wrestling career
Ring name(s) Alejandro Muñoz Moreno[1]
Blue Demon ("Demonio Azul")[5]
Billed height 1.69 m (5 ft 7 in)[5][4]
Billed weight 77 kg (170 lb)[5]
Trained by Rolando Vera[5]
Debut March 31, 1948[5][1]
Retired August 27, 1989[5]

Alejandro Muñoz Moreno (April 24, 1922 – December 16, 2000), better known by the ring name Blue Demon (Demonio Azul in Spanish), was a Mexican film actor and luchador enmascarado (Spanish for masked professional wrestler). Blue Demon was one of the original "big three" of the lucha libre tradition in Mexico (the other two being El Santo and Mil Máscaras). He was affectionately referred to as "Blue" and was known for his signature blue wrestling mask.[3][5]

Early life[edit]

Alejandro Muñoz Moreno was born April 24, 1922 in García, Nuevo León, Mexico.[6] He was the child of farmers and was the fifth of twelve children. At a young age, Alejandro dropped out of school and moved to Monterrey, where his uncle gave him a job working on the National Railroad. His co-workers gave him the nickname 'Manotas', referring to his large, powerful hands.[2]

Professional wrestling career[edit]

Graphic drawing of Demon

A chance meeting with the famous Mexican wrestler Rolando Vera piqued his interest in Lucha Libre, Vera even offering to tutor him and help him start a career. He began wrestling without a mask in Laredo, Texas. His first match was against Chema Lopez on March 12, 1948, which he won handily. Adopting the mask and persona of The Blue Demon, he headed back to Mexico to start a real career. His first appearance as The Blue Demon was in Mexico City in September 1948, where he fought Benny Arcilla. Blue began his career in the ring as a rudo (a bad guy). From there, he formed a famous tag-team with another well-known masked luchador named The Black Shadow (whose real name was Alejandro Cruz), and the two became known as Los Hermanos Shadow (The Shadow Brothers). Years later, some reference sources accidentally listed Blue Demon's real name as Alejandro Cruz, but that was actually the Black Shadow's name (Blue Demon's name was Alejandro Muñoz Moreno).[1]

In 1952, the famous wrestler Santo beat and unmasked Black Shadow in the ring, which triggered Blue's decision to become a técnico (a good guy) in the ring, and a legendary feud between The Blue Demon and Santo that culminated in Blue's beating el Santo in a well-publicized series of matches in 1952 and another in 1953. In 1953, Blue won the NWA World Welterweight Championship from Santo, and held it until 1958. Their rivalry never entirely abated in later years (although they co-starred over the years in a number of Mexican horror films) since Santo always remembered his defeat at the Blue Demon's hands.[7]

During the 1960s, one of Blue Demon's greatest rivals was el Rayo de Jalisco. In 1988, the year he retired, Blue Demon finally beat Jalisco in a mask vs. mask match, taking the mask of another of Mexico's wrestling legends.[8][9]

Blue Demon retired from the ring (aged 67) in 1989 at the Monterrey Arena, where he appeared in a final match, teaming up with his adoptive son, Blue Demon, Jr., who has had a successful career of his own.

Acting career[edit]

Blue Demon first appeared in cameos in a couple of luchador films released in 1961-1962, "The Killers of Lucha Libre" and "Fury in the Ring", in which he was one of several wrestlers more or less in the background. But in 1964, Enrique Vergara, the producer of the then-successful Santo movies, decided to diversify by allowing the 42-year-old Blue Demon to star in a series of luchador films of his own. The plots of the Blue Demon films are thought to be extremely similar to those of Santo's films. Santo was asking for a salary increase at the time and Vergara wanted to cultivate a second movie star.[10][11]

From 1964 to 1977, Blue Demon starred in a total of 25 action/horror/science fiction films. Of those 25 films, Santo co-starred with him in nine of them, though the two were never good friends in real life. In three of his films, Blue Demon starred as the leader of a squadron of masked superheroes known as Los Campeones Justicieros (The Champions of Justice). Membership in the Champions included such legendary Mexican wrestling figures as Blue Demon, Mil Máscaras, Tinieblas, Rayo de Jalisco, El Medico Asesino, El Fantasma Blanco, El Avispon Escarlata and Superzan. (Santo never co-starred with Blue in any of the 3 Champions films, since he was so busy making his own movies at the time.)[12]

In 1989, Blue Demon was the subject of a feature-length Mexican documentary entitled Blue Demon, the Champion (1989).

Death[edit]

Blue Demon died just before noon on Saturday, December 16, 2000 from natural causes.[3] Apparently, Blue Demon suffered a fatal heart attack on a park bench near a subway kiosk while on his way home from his regular morning training session at The Blue Demon Instituto Atletico, where he enjoyed teaching others his fighting skills. Although an attempt was made to get him to a hospital, he was unable to be revived. He was 78 years old. Blue Demon was buried wearing his trademark blue mask, the mask he never removed in public as he always kept his true identity a secret.

In wrestling[edit]

  • Finishing moves
  • Nicknames
    • "El Manotas" ("The Big Handed One")[5]
    • "El Profe" ("The Professor")[5]

Championships and accomplishments[edit]

Luchas de Apuestas record[edit]

Winner (wager) Loser (wager) Location Event Date Notes
Blue Demon (mask) Jorge Allende (hair) Unknown Live event Unknown  
Blue Demon (mask) Moloch (mask) Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico Live event Unknown  
Blue Demon (mask) Baby Olson (hair) Unknown Live event Unknown  
Blue Demon (mask) Tony Borne (hair) Unknown Live event November 27, 1953  
Blue Demon (mask) Cavernario Galindo (hair) Unknown Live event March 12, 1954  
Blue Demon (mask) Conde Giuseppe Daidone (beard) Mexico City, Mexico Live event March 12, 1955  
Blue Demon (mask) Espanto II (hair) Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico EMLL Show June 1964 [13]
Blue Demon (mask) Espectro II (mask) Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico Live event December 3, 1971  
Blue Demon (mask) Máquina Salvaje (mask) Mexico City, Mexico Live event December 2, 1979  
Blue Demon (mask) Rayo de Jalisco (mask) Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico Live event July 30, 1989 [9]
Blue Demon (mask) Matemático (mask) Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico Live event August 27, 1989 [14]
Blue Demon (mask) Matemático (hair) Mexico City, Mexico Live event September 6, 1989 [Note 1]
  1. ^ Triangle match that also included Rayo de Jalisco

Filmography[edit]

Film
Year Title Role Notes
1961 La Furia del Ring (The Fury of the Ring) Himself
1962 Asesinos de la Lucha Libre (Wrestling Assassins) Himself
1965 Demonio Azul (Blue Demon) Himself
1966 Blue Demon vs. el Poder Satánico (Blue Demon vs. the Satanic Power) Himself Cameo role by Santo
1968 La Sombra del Murciélago (The Shadow of the Bat) Himself
Arañas Infernales (Hellish Spiders) Himself Blue Demon's final black and white film
Blue Demon Contra Cerebros Infernales (Blue Demon vs. The Infernal Brains) Himself Blue Demon's 1st color film
Blue Demon Contra las Diabólicas (Blue Demon vs. The Diabolical Women) Himself
Blue Demon: Destructor de Espías (Blue Demon: Destroyer of Spies) Himself
Pasaporte a la Muerte (Passport to Death) Himself
1969 Blue Demon y las Invasoras (Blue Demon and the Invaders) Himself
1970 Santo Contra Blue Demon en la Atlántida (Santo vs. Blue Demon in Atlantis) Himself co-starred Santo
Santo y Blue Demon Contra los Monstruos (Santo and Blue Demon vs. the Monsters) Himself co-starred Santo
Santo y Blue Demon en el Mundo del los Muertos (World of the Dead) El Caballero Azul (The Blue Knight) co-starred Santo
1971 Los Campeones Justicieros (The Champions of Justice) Himself co-starred Blue Demon, Tinieblas, El Medico Asesino, La Sombra Vengadora
1972 Vuelven los Campeones Justicieros (The Champions of Justice Return) Himself co-starring Blue Demon, El Fantasma Blanco, El Rayo De Jalisco, El Avispon Escarlata
Las Momias de Guanajuato (The Mummies of Guanajuato) Himself co-starred Santo and Mil Mascaras
1973 Blue Demon y Zovek en La Invasión de los Muertos (Blue Demon and Zovek in The Invasion of the Dead) Himself co-starred Professor Zovek
Santo y Blue Demon contra Drácula y el Hombre Lobo (Santo and Blue Demon vs. Dracula and the Wolfman) Himself co-starred Santo
Las Bestias del Terror (The Beasts of Terror) Himself co-starred Santo
1974 El Triunfo de los Campeones Justicieros (Triumph of the Champions of Justice) Himself co-starred Superzan, Fantasma Blanco, el Rayo de Jalisco
Santo y Blue Demon Contra el Doctor Frankenstein (Santo and Blue Demon vs. Dr. Frankenstein) Himself co-starred Santo
1975 Noche de Muerte (Night of Death) Himself
La Mafia Amarilla (The Yellow Mafia) Himself
1976 El Hijo de Alma Grande (The Son of Alma Grande) Himself co-starred Tinieblas
1977 La Mansion de las 7 Momias (The Mansion of the Seven Mummies) Himself co-starred Superzan
1979 Misterio en las Bermudas (Mystery in the Bermuda Triangle) Himself co-starred Santo, Mil Mascaras
1989 Blue Demon, el Campeón (Blue Demon, The Champion) Himself Documentary, direct-to-video

References[edit]

General sources - Championship Information
  • Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). "MEXICO". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. pp. 389–402. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4. 
General sources - Career
  • Madigan, Dan (2007). "Los Enmascarados (the masked men): El Demonio Azul (the Blue Demon)". Mondo Lucha a Go Go: the bizarre& honorable world of wild Mexican wrestling. HarperColins Publisher. pp. 79–90. ISBN 978-0-06-085583-3. 
  • Various (2005). "Furia Azul contra Capucha Dorada / the Blue Fury versus the golden hood". Lucha Libre: Masked Superstars of Mexican Wrestling. Distributed Art Publishers, Inc. pp. 38–51. ISBN 968-6842-48-9. 
  • Various (2005). "El Demonio Azul / Blue Demon". Lucha Libre: Masked Superstars of Mexican Wrestling. Distributed Art Publishers, Inc. pp. 162–186. ISBN 968-6842-48-9. 
  • L.L. Staff (2008). "Lucha Libre: Conoce la historia de las leyendas de cuadrilátero". Blue Demon (1922 - 2000) (in Spanish). Mexico. p. 11. Grandes Figuras de la Lucha Libre. 
Specific
  1. ^ a b c d e f g Harris M. Lentz III (21 October 2003). Biographical Dictionary of Professional Wrestling, 2d ed. McFarland. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-4766-0505-0. 
  2. ^ a b c d Harris M. Lentz III (1 June 2001). Obituaries in the Performing Arts, 2000: Film, Television, Radio, Theatre, Dance, Music, Cartoons and Pop Culture. McFarland. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-7864-1024-8. 
  3. ^ a b c "SLAM! Wrestling International -- 2000: The Year-In-Review Mexico". Canoe.com. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Tim Hornbaker (3 January 2017). Legends of Pro Wrestling: 150 Years of Headlocks, Body Slams, and Piledrivers. Skyhorse Publishing Company, Incorporated. p. 159. ISBN 978-1-61321-875-4. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Blue Demon". Cagematch.net. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  6. ^ Santoandfriends.com
  7. ^ Blue Demon's entry at InternationalHero.co.uk
  8. ^ John F. Molinaro, The Top 100 Pro Wrestlers of All Time, (Winding Stair Press: 2002), page 195.
  9. ^ a b Enciclopedia staff (October 2007). "Enciclopedia de las Mascaras". Rayo de Jalisco (in Spanish). Mexico. p. 6. Tomo IV. 
  10. ^ Robert Cotter (21 April 2008). The Mexican Masked Wrestler and Monster Filmography. McFarland. p. 96. ISBN 978-1-4766-0419-0. 
  11. ^ Doyle Greene (29 May 2012). Mexploitation Cinema: A Critical History of Mexican Vampire, Wrestler, Ape-Man and Similar Films, 1957–1977. McFarland. pp. 85–86. ISBN 978-1-4766-0072-7. 
  12. ^ Various (2005). "El Demonio Azul / Blue Demon". Lucha Libre: Masked Superstars of Mexican Wrestling. Distributed Art Publishers, Inc. pp. 162–186. ISBN 968-6842-48-9. 
  13. ^ Encyclopedia staff (July 2007). "Enciclopedia de las Mascaras". Los Espantos (in Spanish). Mexico. pp. 27–28. Tomo II. 
  14. ^ Enciclopedia staff (October 2007). "Enciclopedia de las Mascaras". Matemático (in Spanish). Mexico. p. 31. Tomo III. 

External links[edit]