Blue Earth County, Minnesota
|Blue Earth County, Minnesota|
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
|Founded||5 March 1853|
|Named for||Blue Earth River|
|• Total||766 sq mi (1,984 km2)|
|• Land||748 sq mi (1,937 km2)|
|• Water||18 sq mi (47 km2), 2.3%|
|• Density||89.5/sq mi (34.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC−6/−5|
Blue Earth County is a county in the State of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 64,013. Its county seat is Mankato. The county is named for the Blue Earth River and for the deposits of blue-green clay once evident along the banks of the Blue Earth River.
Blue Earth County is part of the Mankato-North Mankato metropolitan area.
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The area of Blue Earth County was once known as the "Big Woods", occupied by the Dakota Indians. French explorer Pierre-Charles Le Sueur was an early explorer in this area, arriving where the Minnesota and Blue Earth rivers meet. He made an unsuccessful attempt to mine copper from the blue earth. The area remained under French control until 1803 when it passed to the United States in the Louisiana Purchase.
When Minnesota became a territory in 1849, the territorial government became interested in settling the river valley. In 1850 the first steamboat trip, starting in St. Paul, traveled on the Minnesota River and came to the Blue Earth River. The first white settlers, P. K. Johnson and Henry Jackson, debarked and settled in present-day Mankato. The ratification of the Mendota and Traverse des Sioux treaties in 1851 effectively forced the Dakota to leave the area for nearby reservations.
The county of Blue Earth was created after a division of the Minnesota Territory on March 5, 1853, from portions of Dakota County and free territory. It was named for the Blue Earth River. The first government officials were appointed by Alexander Ramsey, the territorial governor. That October the first election was held, with 22 ballots being taken.
Unfulfilled treaty promises and starvation on the reservation led to the Dakota War of 1862, which resulted in Dakota defeat and the largest mass execution in US history in Mankato. In 1868 the railroads' arrival helped with the growth and development of many areas, including Blue Earth. The railroads allowed immigrants and Yankee settlers into the area.
The Minnesota River flows southeasterly along the western part of the county's north boundary line. It is joined by the Blue Earth River which flows northerly through the western central part of the county. The Watonwan River flows northwesterly through the NE part of the county, discharging into the Blue Earth. The Little Cobb River flows northwesterly through the SE part of the county, meeting with the Cobb River which flows northerly through the lower part of the county into the Blue Earth River. The Le Sueur River also flows west-northwesterly through the SE part of the county, discharging into the Blue Earth River.
The county terrain consists of low rolling hills, with the area (except around built-up zones, and in areas carved by runoff) devoted to agriculture. The terrain slopes to the north and east, with its highest point near its SW corner, at 1,086' (331m) ASL. The county has an area of 766 square miles (1,980 km2), of which 748 square miles (1,940 km2) is land and 18 square miles (47 km2) (2.3%) is water. The Blue Earth River and Le Sueur River flow through a part of the county. The land surface is relatively flat with over 30 lakes in the county. There are many "closed forest savannas" that some call the big woods in the county's northeast. The rivers that flow out of the northeast are surrounded by these big woods. Most of the county is grassland prairie but scattered parts are wet prairie. Some spots that surround the rivers are oak openings and barren brushland.
- Crystal Lake
- Albert Lake
- Alice Lake
- Armstrong Lake
- Ballantyne Lake
- Born Lake
- Cottonwood Lake
- Duck Lake
- Eagle Lake
- George Lake
- Gilfillin Lake
- Ida Lake
- Indian Lake
- Knights Lake
- Lake Crystal
- Lieberg Lake
- Lily Lake
- Long Lake
- Loon Lake
- Lura Lake (part)
- Madison Lake
- Mennenga Lake
- Mills Lake
- Minnesota Lake (part)
- Mud Lake
- Perch Lake
- Porter Lake
- Rice Lake
- Severson Lake
- Strom Lake
- Wita Lake
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Mankato have ranged from a low of 5 °F (−15 °C) in January to a high of 83 °F (28 °C) in July, although a record low of −35 °F (−37 °C) was recorded in February 1996 and a record high of 107 °F (42 °C) was recorded in August 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.78 inches (20 mm) in February to 5.09 inches (129 mm) in June.
|US Decennial Census|
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 55,941 people, 21,062 households, and 12,616 families residing in the county. The population density was 74.8/sqmi (28.9/km²). There were 21,971 housing units at an average density of 29.4/sqmi (11.3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.96% White, 1.19% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 1.79% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.69% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. 1.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 47.6% were of German, 13.6% Norwegian and 6.5% Irish ancestry.
There were 21,062 households out of which 29.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.60% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.10% were non-families. 27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.99.
The county population contained 21.40% under the age of 18, 22.10% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 18.80% from 45 to 64, and 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $38,940, and the median income for a family was $50,257. Males had a median income of $32,087 versus $22,527 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,712. About 6.10% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over.
- Beauford Township
- Butternut Valley Township
- Cambria Township
- Ceresco Township
- Danville Township
- Decoria Township
- Garden City Township
- Jamestown Township
- Judson Township
- Le Ray Township
- Lime Township
- Lincoln Township
- Lyra Township
- Mankato Township
- Mapleton Township
- McPherson Township
- Medo Township
- Pleasant Mound Township
- Rapidan Township
- Shelby Township
- South Bend Township
- Sterling Township
- Vernon Center Township
Government and politics
Blue Earth County has voted for the winning candidate for president in 12 of the last 14 elections (as of 2016), the exceptions being in 1988 and 2004. Since 1988 it has tilted toward the Democratic Party, but in 2000 and 2016 it voted for the Republican candidates.
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- Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 65-67. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
- Blue Earth County MN Google Maps (accessed 5 March 2019)
- "Find an Altitude/Blue Earth County MN" Google Maps (accessed 5 March 2019)
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
- "Monthly Averages for Mankato MN". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 6 November 2011.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 4 March 2019.
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- Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 17 April 2018.