Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Norman Taurog|
|Produced by||Hal B. Wallis|
|Screenplay by||Hal Kanter|
|Story by||Allan Weiss|
|Music by||Joseph J. Lilley|
|Cinematography||Charles Lang, Jr.|
|Edited by||Terry O. Morse|
Hal Wallis Productions
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Box office||$4.2 million (US/ Canada rentals)|
Blue Hawaii is a 1961 American musical romantic comedy film set in the state of Hawaii and starring Elvis Presley. The screenplay by Hal Kanter was nominated by the Writers Guild of America in 1962 in the category of Best Written American Musical. The movie opened at no. 2 in box office receipts for that week and despite mixed reviews from critics, finished as the 10th top-grossing movie of 1961 and 14th for 1962 on the Variety national box office survey, earning $5 million. The film won a fourth place prize Laurel Award in the category of Top Musical of 1961.
Chadwick Gates (Elvis Presley) has just gotten out of the Army, and is happy to be back in Hawaii with his surfboard, his beach buddies, and his girlfriend Maile Duval (Joan Blackman). His mother, Sarah Lee (Angela Lansbury), wants him to follow in his father's footsteps and take over management at the Great Southern Hawaiian Fruit Company, the family business, but Chad is reluctant, so he goes to work as a tour guide at his girlfriend's agency. His slightly scatter-brained boss is Mr. Chapman (Howard McNear).
The first clients Chad has are an attractive school teacher (Abigail Prentice) and four teenage girls in her charge. One girl, Ellie, is bratty and self-centered and does not get along with the other three teenagers in her group. She becomes smitten with Chad, however. Chad's girlfriend, Maile, becomes jealous of the teacher who is quite fond of Chad. After Ellie's flirtatious ways with another tourist cause a wild fight to erupt in a restaurant, Chad is fired from his position as tour guide by Mr. Chapman. Maile quits her job in protest. Maile and Chad independently continue providing tourist activities to Abigail and the four girls. One night Ellie attempts to seduce Chad, but he refuses her advances. Ellie despondently flees in a jeep with the intent to commit suicide. Before Ellie can drown herself, Chad saves her and administers an overdue spanking. Meanwhile Abigail has found romance with Jack Kelman, a long-time business partner in Chad's father's pineapple company. With Jack's help, Chad and his father resolve their differences about Chad's future. (He and Maile form their own tourism business—Gates of Hawaii—and begin arrangements to provide tourist services for his father's large network of fruit salesmen in the continental USA and Canada.) The movie ends with Chad and Maile's lavish outdoor Hawaiian wedding ceremony.
- Elvis Presley as Chad (Chadwick) Gates
- Joan Blackman as Maile Duval
- Angela Lansbury as Sarah Lee Gates
- Nancy Walters as Abigail Prentice
- Roland Winters as Fred Gates
- John Archer as Jack Kelman
- Howard McNear as Mr. Chapman
- Steve Brodie as Tucker Garvey
- Darlene Tompkins as Patsy Simon
- Iris Adrian as Enid Garvey
- Hilo Hattie as Waihila
- Jenny Maxwell as Ellie Corbett
- Pamela Austin as Selena "Sandy" Emerson (as Pamela Kirk)
- Christian Kay as Beverly Martin
- Lani Kai as Carl Tanami
- Jose De Vega as Ernie Gordon
- Frank Atienza as Ito O'Hara
- Tiki Hanalei as Ping Pong
Blue Hawaii was the first of three Elvis films to be shot in Hawaii, followed by Girls! Girls! Girls! in 1962 and Paradise, Hawaiian Style in 1965. Producer Hal B. Wallis was keen to put Presley into a film that showed how the army affected a man. Actress Juliet Prowse, who had starred with Presley in GI Blues, was approached to be his love interest again. However, after her demands were put forward, Paramount decided to drop her as a possible candidate for the role, choosing Joan Blackman instead. Presley was apparently so pale before shooting that Wallis personally recommended a brand of tanning lamp to darken his skin. The film was announced in the fall of 1960 as Hawaii Beach Boy. At the time, film producer Walter Mirisch had a similar titled film in production, "Hawaii", and he was upset that Wallis had chosen such a similar name.
Presley arrived in Hawaii on March 18, 1961, to prepare for a charity concert that he was performing on March 25 to raise funds for the Arizona Memorial at Pearl Harbor. He arrived at the recording studio on March 21 to start the recording of the film's soundtrack. Three weeks later, location filming had finished, including scenes at Waikiki Beach, Diamond Head, Mount Tantalus, and Hanauma Bay, a volcanic crater that is open to the sea, near the bedroom community of Hawaii Kai, a few miles away from Waikiki. Following location filming, the crew returned to the Paramount lot to finish other scenes for the film. Presley would relax during filming by giving karate demonstrations with his friend and employee, Red West, which resulted in Presley's fingers becoming bruised and swollen. Wallis warned the female stars of the film to avoid parties hosted by Presley because they were turning up for shooting looking tired.
Presley was 26 at the time this film was released, and a not yet 36-year-old Angela Lansbury played his character's mother. Nancy Walters, who was cast as the older school teacher was, in reality, only 18 months older than Presley.
Much of the film was shot on location at the Coco Palms Resort on the east coast of Kauai. The resort was abandoned after Hurricane Iniki in 1992, but restoration efforts started in 2016 by GreeneWaters LLC, operating as the Coco Palms Hui but may be stalling despite legal battles over the property.
Although it is mentioned in the film that Chad's parents live in Kāhala, one of the most expensive and exclusive areas of Honolulu in 1961, the view from their "lanai" (porch or terrace) shows Diamond Head as it appears from Waikiki and downtown Honolulu. In actuality, Kāhala is located on the other side of Diamond Head from Waikiki.
There were several scenes filmed in and around the famous Waikiki Beach, including the opening driving scenes, as well as the office scene across the street from the "International Market". The scenes where Chad's clients stayed in a hotel and where he picked up his tour group – as well as the beach he spent time with his girlfriend – were all filmed on the property that is now known as the Hilton Hawaiian Village on Waikiki Beach.
Howard Thompson of The New York Times called the film "blandly uneventful" with a "nonsensical and harmless" plot, though he wrote that Presley "delivers the songs and rhythmical spasms right on schedule. We counted fourteen tunes, about half of them replete with ukulele trimmings and exotic, weaving dancers. One of them, a number called 'Beach Boy Blues,' is nifty, and Presley delivers it accordingly. No kidding." Variety wrote, "Hal Kanter's breezy screenplay, from a story by Allan Weiss, is the slim, but convenient, foundation around which Wallis and staff have erected a handsome, picture-postcard production crammed with typical South Seas musical hulaballoo ... Under Norman Taurog's broad direction, Presley, in essence, is playing himself—a role sure to delight his ardent fans." Harrison's Reports graded the film as "Fair", adding, "As is the custom in a Presley production, the crooner-gyrater dominates the running time of the film. That is why, it is more the pity, now that he has so many films under his acting belt that he still continues to deliver such an embarrassingly poor performance." John L. Scott of the Los Angeles Times wrote that the film "does a lot for the 'paradise of the Pacific,' showing its foamy waves, palm trees, luaus and a couple of plush hotels, but not very much for Elvis' fans (what age bracket does he appeal to now?) ... One of these days Elvis will play a straight role with substance, and we'll definitely find out whether he can act or not."
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
Presley's remake of the title song introduced it to an audience too young to remember Bing Crosby's original hit version.
The Blue Hawaii soundtrack album was on the Billboard Pop Albums chart for 79 weeks, where it spent 20 weeks at #1. It has been certified by the RIAA for sales of three million copies in the U.S.
The Blue Hawaii soundtrack album was nominated for a Grammy Award in 1961 in the category of Best Sound Track Album or Recording of Original Cast from a Motion Picture or Television.
- Lisanti, Tom. Hollywood Surf and Beach Movies: The First Wave, 1959-1969, McFarland, 2005, p. 50.
- "All-Time Top Grossers" in Variety, 8 January 1964, p. 69.
- Writers Guild of America, USA (1962) – IMDb.
- Victor, Adam. The Elvis Encyclopedia. Overlook, 2008.
- 1962 Laurel Awards – IMDb.
- Victor, Adam. The Elvis Encyclopaedia (2008), p.44-45.
- Worth, Fred L. Elvis: His Life from A to Z, Random House, 1992, p.245/246.
- Guralnick, Peter. Careless Love, p.99.
- Blue Hawaii website.
- Thompson, Howard (February 22, 1962). "'Blue Hawaii' Opens". The New York Times: 20.
- "Blue Hawaii". Variety: 6. November 29, 1961.
- "Film Review: Blue Hawaii". Harrison's Reports: 190–191. December 2, 1961.
- Scott, John L. (November 24, 1961). "Elvis Goes Hawaiian in His New Picture". Los Angeles Times: Part IV, p. 15, 17.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-07-30.
- Whitburn, Joel. Joel Whitburn's Top Pop Albums 1955-1996.