Blue Lake Rancheria

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The Blue Lake Rancheria of the Wiyot, Yurok, and Hupa Indians is located northwest of the city of Blue Lake in Humboldt County, California on approximately 76 acres (0.31 km2).[1] As of 2007, there were 53 enrolled members.[2] As of the 2010 Census the population of Blue Lake Rancheria was 58.[3]


An approximately 26 acres (0.11 km2) area, named the Blue Lake Rancheria was set up by Executive Order on December 24, 1908 to provide a refuge for otherwise homeless native people, but the Rancheria was terminated in 1954 by the Federal Government.[4]

In 1966, the United States Government returned the Blue Lake Rancheria to the tribe and removed all Native rights from the tribe's citizens.[5]

A class action lawsuit, Tillie Hardwick v. United States of America, was won in 1983 by 17 Rancherias including Blue Lake Rancheria; the federal government was ordered to reinstate federal recognition for all the plaintiffs.[4] These rights were returned in 1989 and the tribe now operates under their own constitution.[6]

In January 2008, the Blue Lake Rancheria Tribal Court was established to adjudicate both civil and criminal matters inside the reservation.[1]


The requirement to enroll into the Blue Lake Rancheria is lineal descent, which means that there is no restriction on blood quantum.[7]

Coordinates: 40°53′01″N 124°00′00″W / 40.88361°N 124.00000°W / 40.88361; -124.00000[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Blue Lake Rancheria Tribal Court, California Tribal Courts Directory, Judicial Council of California/ Administrative Office of the Courts, 2013, accessed April 20, 2013
  2. ^ "Blue Lake Rancheria". Retrieved 2015.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b History, 2013, accessed April 20, 2013
  5. ^ Kappler, Charles J. "Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties". Blue Lake Rancheria in California—Notice of Termination of Federal Supervision. 
  6. ^ "Constitution of the Blue Lake Rancheria" (PDF). Bureau of Indian Affairs, United States Department of the Interior. 
  7. ^ "Constitution of the Blue Lake Rancheria" (PDF). Retrieved 2015.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  8. ^ "Blue Lake Rancheria". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 

External links[edit]