Blue Rondo à la Turk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
"Blue Rondo à la Turk"
Instrumental by Dave Brubeck Quartet
from the album Time Out
Recorded1959
GenreJazz
Length6:44
LabelColumbia
Composer(s)Dave Brubeck

"Blue Rondo à la Turk" is a jazz standard composition by Dave Brubeck. It appeared on the album Time Out in 1959. It is written in 9
8
time, with one side theme in 4
4
, and the choice of rhythm was inspired by the Turkish aksak time signatures.[1] It was originally recorded by the Dave Brubeck Quartet with Dave Brubeck on piano, Paul Desmond on alto saxophone, Eugene Wright on bass, and Joe Morello on drums.

History[edit]

Rhythm of "Blue Rondo à la Turk": the arrows on the tempo dial show the tempi for ♪, ♩, ♩. and the measure beat. Starts slow, and speeds up to approximate the tempo of "Blue Rondo à la Turk".

Brubeck heard this unusual rhythm performed by Turkish musicians on the street. Upon asking the musicians where they got the rhythm, one replied "This rhythm is to us what the blues is to you." Hence the title "Blue Rondo à la Turk."[2]

The rhythm is an additive rhythm that consists of three measures of 2+2+2+3 followed by one measure of 3+3+3 and the cycle then repeats. Taking the smallest time unit as eighth notes, then the main beats are:


\new RhythmicStaff {
   \clef percussion
   \time 9/8
   \set Score.tempoHideNote = ##t \tempo 4 = 150
   c4 c c c4.
   c4 c c c4.
   c4 c c c4.
   c4. c c
}

Derivative pieces[edit]

Keith Emerson used this piece (uncredited) as a foundation of his "Rondo" beginning when he was with progressive rock band The Nice, using it on the album The Thoughts of Emerlist Davjack. Emerson's version was in 4
4
time and Brubeck, meeting with Emerson in 2003, described it to him as "your 4/4 version which I can't play."[This quote needs a citation] Emerson, a great admirer of Brubeck, took this to mean that Brubeck preferred his own version, as Brubeck would have had no difficulty in playing Emerson's interpretation.[3]

Later, Emerson folded the melody into the 14-minute "Finale (Medley)" on the 1993 Emerson, Lake & Palmer release Live at the Royal Albert Hall, as well as improvisations on "Fanfare for the Common Man". Those medleys also included themes from other well-known tunes including "America" from West Side Story, "Toccata and Fugue in D", and "Flight of the Bumblebee".

Emerson frequently used "Rondo" as a closing number during performances throughout his career.[citation needed]

Renditions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Music of Dave Brubeck". academy.jazz.org. Archived from the original on 16 September 2016.
  2. ^ Hedrick Smith. "Rediscovering Dave Brubeck". PBS.
  3. ^ Emerson, Keith. "Meeting Mr. Brubeck Again". Official Keith Emerson website. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  4. ^ "Standards overview". AllMusic.com.
  5. ^ "Heroes overview". AllMusic.com.
  6. ^ "Heroes : David Benoit : Concord Music Group". Concord Music Group.