Blue Rondo à la Turk
|"Blue Rondo à la Turk"|
|Instrumental by The Dave Brubeck Quartet|
|from the album Time Out|
"Blue Rondo à la Turk" is a jazz standard composition by Dave Brubeck. It appeared on the album Time Out in 1959. It is written in 9
8 time, with one side theme in 4
4, and the choice of rhythm was inspired by the Turkish aksak time signatures. It was originally recorded by the Dave Brubeck Quartet with Dave Brubeck at piano, Paul Desmond at alto saxophone, Eugene Wright at bass, and Joe Morello at drums.
Brubeck heard this unusual rhythm performed by Turkish musicians on the street. Upon asking the musicians where they got the rhythm, one replied "This rhythm is to us what the blues is to you." Hence the title "Blue Rondo à la Turk."
The rhythm consists of three measures of 2+2+2+3 followed by one measure of 3+3+3 and the cycle then repeats. (See additive rhythm.)
The piece is sometimes incorrectly assumed to be based on the Mozart composition "Rondo alla Turca". In 2003, during an interview, Dave Brubeck commented that "I should've just called it 'Blue Rondo', because the title just seemed to confuse people."
Keith Emerson (1944–2016) used this piece (uncredited) as a foundation of his "Rondo" beginning when he was with progressive rock band the Nice, using it on the album The Thoughts of Emerlist Davjack. Emerson's version was in 4/4 time and Brubeck, meeting with Emerson in 2003, described it to him as "your 4/4 version which I can't play." Emerson, a great admirer of Brubeck, took this to mean that Brubeck preferred his own version, as Brubeck would have had no difficulty in playing Emerson's interpretation.
Later, Emerson folded the melody into the 14-minute "Finale (Medley)" on the 1993 Emerson, Lake & Palmer release Live at the Royal Albert Hall, as well as improvisations on "Fanfare for the Common Man". Those medleys also included themes from other well-known tunes including "America" from West Side Story, "Toccata and Fugue in D", and "Flight of the Bumblebee".
Emerson frequently used "Rondo" as a closing number during live performances throughout his career.
The opening bars of Blue Rondo are quoted at length by pianist Albert Gianquinto in "Midnight Creeper," a 1967 live performance by blues harmonica player James Cotton, included on the album The Montreal Sessions.
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- David Benoit, jazz fusion/contemporary jazz pianist, covered the song on two of his albums: 2006's Standards and 2008's Heroes
- Al Jarreau's version from the 1981 album Breakin' Away contains added lyrics.
- Richard Clayderman instrumental cover on "Light Classics"
- Project Trio on "Project Trio"
- Canadian Brass on Swingtime!
- Marcel Dadi with classical guitar on Guitar Memories
- Sergey Kuryokhin on "Some combinations of fingers and passion" (as "A Combination Of Power And Passion (Blue Rondo A La Russ)")
- The Italian rock progressive band Le Orme on the single "Blue rondo a la turk/Concerto n. 3" published in 1973
- Paul Gilbert on his 2012 album Vibrato
- "The Music of Dave Brubeck". academy.jazz.org. Archived from the original on 16 September 2016.
- Hedrick Smith. "Rediscovering Dave Brubeck". PBS.
- Emerson, Keith. "Meeting Mr. Brubeck Again". Official Keith Emerson Website. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- "Standards overview". AllMusic.com.
- "Heroes overview". AllMusic.com.
- "Heroes : David Benoit : Concord Music Group". Concord Music Group.