Blue Train (album)
|Studio album by John Coltrane|
|Released||End of February 1958|
|Recorded||September 15, 1957
Van Gelder Studio, Hackensack
|Label||Blue Note Records
|John Coltrane chronology|
|The Penguin Guide to Jazz|||
|The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide|||
Blue Train is the second studio album by John Coltrane, released in 1958 on Blue Note Records, catalogue BLP 1577. Recorded at the Van Gelder Studio in Hackensack, New Jersey, it is Coltrane's second solo album, the only one he recorded for Blue Note as a leader, and the only one he conceived personally for the label. It has been certified a gold record by the RIAA.
The album was recorded in the midst of Coltrane's residency at the Five Spot as a member of the Thelonious Monk quartet. The personnel include Coltrane's once and future Miles Davis bandmates, Paul Chambers on bass and Philly Joe Jones on drums, both of whom had played on pianist Kenny Drew's trio album on Riverside Records the year before. Both trumpeter Lee Morgan and trombonist Curtis Fuller were up-and-coming jazz musicians, and both would be members of Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers, working together on Blakey's acclaimed Indestructible album among others.
All of the compositions were written by Coltrane, with the exception of the standard "I'm Old Fashioned." The title track is a long, rhythmically variegated blues with a sentimental minor theme that gradually shifts to major during Coltrane's first chorus. "Locomotion" is also a blues riff tune, in forty-four-bar form. During a 1960 interview, Coltrane described Blue Train as his favorite album of his own up to that point.
John Coltrane's next major album, 1960's Giant Steps, would break new melodic and harmonic ground in jazz, whereas Blue Train adheres to the hard bop style of the era. Two of its songs — "Moment's Notice" and "Lazy Bird" — demonstrate Coltrane's first recorded use of Coltrane changes, which he would later expand upon on Giant Steps. Musicologist Lewis Porter has also demonstrated a harmonic relationship between Coltrane's "Lazy Bird" and Tadd Dameron's "Lady Bird".
In 1997, The Ultimate Blue Train was released, adding two alternate takes and enhanced content, and in 1999 a 24bit 192kHz DVD-Audio version was issued. In 2003, both a Super Audio Compact Disc version was released, as well as a remastered compact disc as part of Blue Note's Rudy Van Gelder series.
In 2015, Blue Note/Universal released a Blu-Ray Audio edition of the album with four bonus tracks, one of which is a previously unreleased take of "Lazy Bird".
|1.||"Blue Train"||John Coltrane||10:43|
|2.||"Moment's Notice"||John Coltrane||9:10|
|2.||"I'm Old Fashioned"||Johnny Mercer, Jerome Kern||7:58|
|3.||"Lazy Bird"||John Coltrane||7:00|
1997 bonus tracks
|6.||"Blue Train" (alternate take)||John Coltrane||9:58|
|7.||"Lazy Bird" (alternate take)||John Coltrane||7:12|
- John Coltrane — tenor saxophone
- Lee Morgan — trumpet
- Curtis Fuller — trombone
- Kenny Drew — piano
- Paul Chambers — bass
- Philly Joe Jones — drums
- Billboard March 3, 1958
- Cook 2004, p. 103.
- Blue Train (album) at AllMusic
- Cook, Richard; Morton, Brian (2008). The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings (9th ed.). Penguin. p. 284. ISBN 978-0-141-03401-0.
- Swenson, J. (Editor) (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. USA: Random House/Rolling Stone. p. 46. ISBN 0-394-72643-X.
- RIAA Gold and Platinum Search retrieved August 2, 2011
- Jazz Discography on-line
- Porter 1999, p. 157.
- Porter 1999, pp. 128-131.
- Cook, Richard (May 1, 2004). Blue Note Records: The Biography. Justin, Charles & Co. ISBN 1932112278.
- Porter, Lewis (1999). John Coltrane: His Life and Music. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-10161-7.