Blue Train (album)

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Blue Train
Coltrane leans back with a reed in his mouth in a deep blue-on-black photo. The words "BLUE TRAIN" are written above his head in white followed by "john coltrane" in orange.
Studio album by
ReleasedJanuary 1958[1][2]
RecordedSeptember 15, 1957
StudioVan Gelder Studio, Hackensack
GenreHard bop[3]
Length42:50
LabelBlue Note
BLP 1577
ProducerAlfred Lion
John Coltrane chronology
Coltrane
(1957)
Blue Train
(1958)
John Coltrane with the Red Garland Trio
(1958)
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic5/5 stars[4]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music5/5 stars[5]
Tom HullA–[6]
The Penguin Guide to Jazz4/4 stars[7]
The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide5/5 stars[8]

Blue Train is a studio album by John Coltrane, released in January 1958 on Blue Note Records, catalogue BLP 1577.[1][2] Recorded at the Van Gelder Studio in Hackensack, New Jersey, it is the only Blue Note recording by Coltrane as session leader. It has been certified a gold record by the RIAA.[9]

Background[edit]

The album was recorded in the midst of Coltrane's residency at the Five Spot as a member of the Thelonious Monk quartet. The personnel include Coltrane's Miles Davis bandmates, Paul Chambers on bass and Philly Joe Jones on drums, both of whom had worked before with pianist Kenny Drew. Both trumpeter Lee Morgan and trombonist Curtis Fuller were up-and-coming jazz musicians, and both were members of Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers in due course. Unlike his previous label, Blue Note paid the musicians to rehearse the music for a couple of days before the recording session.[10]

All of the compositions were written by Coltrane, with the exception of the standard "I'm Old Fashioned". Though at this point his compositions used conventional diatonic harmonies, they were set in unconventional ways.[11] The title track is a blues with a quasi-minor (Eb7#9) theme. "Locomotion" is also a blues riff tune, in forty-four-bar form.[12] "Lazy Bird" is in part a transposition into the key of "G" of a Tadd Dameron composition of the same title.[13]

Coltrane's playing exhibits the move toward what would become his signature style. His solos are more harmonic or "vertical" and lines arpeggiated. His timing was often apart from or over the beat, rather than playing on or behind it.[10] During a 1960 interview, Coltrane described Blue Train as his favorite album of his own up to that point.[14]

Legacy[edit]

John Coltrane's next major album, Giant Steps, recorded in 1959, would break new melodic and harmonic ground in jazz, whereas Blue Train adheres to the hard bop style of the era. Musicologist Lewis Porter has also demonstrated a harmonic relationship between Coltrane's "Lazy Bird" and Tadd Dameron's "Lady Bird".[15]

In 1997, The Ultimate Blue Train was released, adding two alternate takes and enhanced content, and in 1999 a 24bit 192 kHz DVD-Audio version was issued. In 2003, both a Super Audio Compact Disc version was released, as well as a remastered compact disc as part of Blue Note's Rudy Van Gelder series.

In 2000 it was voted number 339 in Colin Larkin's All Time Top 1000 Albums.[16] He stated "Coltrane may have made more important albums, but none swung as effectively as this one."

In 2015, Blue Note/Universal released a Blu-Ray Audio edition of the album with four bonus tracks, one of which is a previously unreleased take of "Lazy Bird".

Track listing[edit]

All tracks written by John Coltrane except where noted.

Side one
No.TitleLength
1."Blue Train"10:43
2."Moment's Notice"9:10
Side two
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Locomotion" 7:14
2."I'm Old Fashioned"Johnny Mercer, Jerome Kern7:58
3."Lazy Bird" 7:00
  • Sides one and two were combined as tracks 1–5 on CD reissues.
1997 CD bonus tracks
No.TitleLength
6."Blue Train" (alternate take)9:58
7."Lazy Bird" (alternate take)7:12
2013 Blue Note SHM-CD
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Blue Train" 10:43
2."Moment's Notice" 9:10
3."Locomotion" 7:14
4."I'm Old Fashioned"Mercer, Kern7:58
5."Lazy Bird" 7:00
6."Blue Train" (Alternate Take 1) 7:12
7."Blue Train" (Alternate Take 2) 9:58
8."Lazy Bird" (Alternate Take) 7:12

Personnel[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Canada (Music Canada)[17] Gold 50,000^
Italy (FIMI)[18] Gold 50,000*
United Kingdom (BPI)[19] Gold 100,000^
United States (RIAA)[20] Gold 500,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b DeVito, Chris; Fujioka, Yasuhiro; Schmaler, Wolf; Wild, David (2013). Porter, Lewis (ed.). The John Coltrane Reference. New York/Abingdon: Routledge. p. 484. ISBN 9780415634632. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  2. ^ a b "January Album Releases" (PDF). The Cash Box. The Cash Box Publishing Co. Inc., NY. 18 January 1958. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  3. ^ Cook 2004, p. 103.
  4. ^ Blue Train at AllMusic
  5. ^ Larkin, Colin (2007). Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4th ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195313734.
  6. ^ Hull, Tom (n.d.). "Jazz (1940s-50s)". tomhull.com. Retrieved March 3, 2020.
  7. ^ Cook, Richard; Morton, Brian (2008). The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings (9th ed.). Penguin. p. 284. ISBN 978-0-14-103401-0.
  8. ^ Swenson, J., ed. (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. USA: Random House/Rolling Stone. p. 46. ISBN 0-394-72643-X.
  9. ^ RIAA Gold and Platinum Search retrieved August 2, 2011 Archived June 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ a b Nisenson, Eric (1993). Ascension: John Coltrane and his Quest. St. Martin's Press. p. 59. ISBN 978-0312098384.
  11. ^ Brown, Leonard (2010). John Coltrane and Black America's Quest for Freedom. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 146. ISBN 978-0-19-971650-0.
  12. ^ Jazz Discography on-line
  13. ^ Porter 1999, p. 128.
  14. ^ Porter 1999, p. 157.
  15. ^ Porter 1999, pp. 128-131.
  16. ^ Larkin, Colin (2000). All Time Top 1000 Albums (3rd ed.). Virgin Books. p. 135. ISBN 0-7535-0493-6.
  17. ^ "Canadian album certifications – John Coltrane – Blue Train". Music Canada.
  18. ^ "Italian album certifications – John Coltrane – Blue Train" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved 10 December 2018. Select "2015" in the "Anno" drop-down menu. Select "Blue Train" in the "Filtra" field. Select "Album e Compilation" under "Sezione".
  19. ^ "British album certifications – John Coltrane – Blue Train". British Phonographic Industry. Select albums in the Format field. Select Gold in the Certification field. Type Blue Train in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  20. ^ "American album certifications – John Coltrane – Blue Train". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH. 

Bibliography[edit]