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Bluebonnet (plant)

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Bluebonnet, Texas
Texas Bluebonnet -- Lupinus

Bluebonnet is a name given to any of a number of purple-flowered or blue-flowered species of the genus Lupinus predominantly found in southwestern United States and is collectively the state flower of Texas. The shape of the petals on the flower resembles the bonnet worn by pioneer women to shield them from the sun.[1] Species often called bluebonnets include:

On March 7, 1901, Lupinus subcarnosus became the only species of bluebonnet recognized as the state flower of Texas;[2] however, Lupinus texensis emerged as the favorite of most Texans. So, in 1971, the Texas Legislature made any similar species of Lupinus that could be found in Texas the state flower.[3][4] Despite the common belief among Texans that picking bluebonnets is illegal in the state, this is a myth, and there are no laws that specifically prohibit picking them.[5]

As an extension of Lady Bird Johnson's efforts at highway beautification in the United States (see Highway Beautification Act), she encouraged the planting of native plants along Texas highways after she left the White House.[6] Bluebonnet blooms are now a common sight along these highways in the springtime.[2] They serve as a popular backdrop for family photographs, and the Department of Public Safety issues safety recommendations with regard to drivers pulling off highways to take such pictures.[7]

Bluebonnets in media[edit]


College football[edit]

The Bluebonnet Bowl was an annual college football postseason bowl game in Texas, played in Houston in late December from 1959 through 1987.[citation needed]


  1. ^ "Lone Star Junction". Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  2. ^ a b Andrews, Jean. "Bluebonnet". Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  3. ^ "How Bluebonnets became the state flower". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  4. ^ Parsons, Jerry M.; George, Steve; Grant, Greg. "Texas Bluebonnets--Texas Pride". Aggie Horticulture. Texas AgriLife Extension Service, Texas A&M System. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  5. ^ "Is it really illegal to pick bluebonnets? Here's what the rules say". KXAN Austin. 2019-03-18. Retrieved 2022-07-06.
  6. ^ "Our Environmental First Lady". Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Archived from the original on 2013-12-04. Retrieved 2015-07-26.
  7. ^ "Information for the News Media" (Press release). Texas Department of Public Safety. 2004-03-11. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.