|Blunt knapweed flower weevil|
Larinus obtusus is a species of true weevil known as the blunt knapweed flower weevil. It is used as an agent of biological pest control against noxious knapweeds, especially spotted knapweed (Centaurea maculosa).
The adult weevil is dark brown with a large, bulbous snout. It is 5 to 7 millimeters long in total. It is active throughout the summer when the female lays eggs in the opened flower head. The larva emerges and feeds on the developing seeds inside the head. The larval stage lasts 17 days, after which the larva constructs a cocoon from the remnants of the seeds and pupates within it for about nine days. Most of the damage to the plant is done by the larva's feeding on the seeds; the adult feeds on the foliage but does less drastic damage to the plant.
This weevil is native to Europe and the Middle East. It was first introduced to the United States for the biocontrol of knapweeds in the Boulder, Colorado area in 1991. It is now established in much of the northwestern United States, but its abundance is unknown. This weevil is quite similar to its relative, Larinus minutus, which is also a knapweed specialist used for biocontrol. They are currently considered separate species but this could change with further research.
- Seastedt, T.R., Knochel, D.G., Garmoe, M., Shosky, S.A., (2007). "Interactions and effects of multiple biological control insects on diffuse and spotted knapweed in the Front Range of Colorado." (PDF). Biological Control 42, 345–354.
- Coombs, E. M., et al., Eds. (2004). Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the United States. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press, 216.
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