Blyth, South Australia

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Blyth
South Australia
Main street, Blyth.JPG
Main street of Blyth, looking north
Blyth is located in South Australia
Blyth
Blyth
Coordinates 33°50′S 138°29′E / 33.833°S 138.483°E / -33.833; 138.483Coordinates: 33°50′S 138°29′E / 33.833°S 138.483°E / -33.833; 138.483
Population 306 (2006 census)[1]
Established 1875
Location 132 km (82 mi) north of Adelaide
Localities around Blyth:
Condowie, Snowtown Brinkworth
Hart
Bungaree, Benbournie
Lochiel Blyth Armagh, Clare
Bowillia, Everard Central Kybunga Boconnoc Park, Spring Gully

Blyth is a small town in the Mid North of South Australia, located 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) west of the renowned Clare Valley. The town is located on the lands of the Kaurna people,[2] the indigenous people who lived there before European settlement. It has a population of 306, the farming community spanning the plains between the Clare Hills and the Barunga/Hummocks ranges. Altitude is 189 metres (620 ft), and rainfall is approximately 400 millimetres (16 in) per annum.

Located approximately 132 kilometres (82 mi) north of Adelaide, the district's climate and soils are well suited to wheat, barley, legumes, hay, sheep, cattle and pigs.

Blyth has a General Store, Post Office, Pub and Gallery/Studio, as well as sporting facilities for football, netball, bowls, cricket, tennis and golf. Several businesses based in Blyth service the region. The Blyth Cinema is housed in a renovated Masonic Hall.[3][4]

The township of Blyth was founded in 1875, 15 years after the Hundred of Blyth, in which it was located, was proclaimed.[5]

Hundred of Blyth[edit]

Hundred of Blyth
South Australia
Established 23 February 1860
Area 295 km2 (113.9 sq mi)
County Stanley
Lands administrative divisions around Hundred of Blyth:
Hundred of Boucaut Hundred of Hart Hundred of Milne
Hundred of Everard Hundred of Blyth Hundred of Clare
Hundred of Stow Hundred of Hall Hundred of Upper Wakefield

The Hundred of Blyth is a cadastral unit of hundred located on the northern Adelaide Plains in South Australia centred on the township of Blyth.[5] It is one of the 16 hundreds of the County of Stanley.[6] It was named in 1860 by Governor Richard MacDonnell after Arthur Blyth who arrived in South Australia as a teenager in 1839 and went on to become a local businessman, parliamentarian and thrice the premier of South Australia.[5]

The following localities and towns of the Wakefield Council area are situated inside (or largely inside) the bounds of the Hundred of Blyth:

Railway[edit]

In 1876, Blyth was the terminus of the narrow gauge railway to Port Wakefield. This line ultimately was extended to Gladstone and converted to the broad gauge of 1,600 mm (63 in) in 1927 as the Gladstone railway line.[7]

Adjacent stations were Brinkworth to the north and Halbury to the south.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Blyth (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 1 June 2008. 
  2. ^ "Kaurna People | Adelaidia". adelaidia.sa.gov.au. Retrieved 2016-04-22. 
  3. ^ Roberts, Ian (16 June 2008). "Blyth Regional Cinema: Winner, Westpac Australian Community Idol 2008" (PDF). Communities in Control Conference, 2008. Retrieved 31 July 2010.  (PDF)
  4. ^ "Cinema". Blyth Progress Association. Retrieved 31 July 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c "Search for 'Hundred of Blyth' (ID SA0007867)". Government of South Australia. Retrieved 17 February 2016. 
  6. ^ South Australia hundred maps 1:63 360. Surveyor General's Office. 1867. 
  7. ^ Callaghan, W.H (2002). "Horse and Steam, Wheat and Copper". Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin (January;February ed.): 9–27; 46–63.