Holy Trinity Church, Blythburgh
Blythburgh shown within Suffolk
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Blythburgh is a village and civil parish in the Suffolk Coastal district of the English county of Suffolk. It is 4 miles (6.4 km) west of Southwold and 5 miles (8.0 km) south-east of Halesworth and lies on the River Blyth. The A12 road runs through the village which is split either side of the road. At the 2011 census the population of the parish was 297. The parish includes the hamlets of Bulcamp and Hinton.
Blythburgh is best known for its church, Holy Trinity, known as the Cathedral of the Marshes. The church has been flood-lit since the 1960s and is a landmark for travellers on the A12. The village is the site of Blythburgh Priory which was founded by Augustine monks from St Osyth's Priory in Essex in the 12th century. The priory was suppressed in 1537 and ruins remain at the site.
The village is in the area of the Suffolk Coast and Heaths Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in the area known as the Suffolk Sandlings. It is close to the Suffolk heritage coast located close to an area marshland and mud-flats along the River Blyth which were flooded in 1940 as part of British anti-invasion preparations at the start of the Second World War.
North of the village is the site of the Battle of Bulcamp which occurred in 653 or 654 AD between the forces of Anna of East Anglia and Penda of Mercia. Anna, the King of East Anglia, was defeated and killed along with his son Jurmin. Both are believed to have been buried at the site of Blythburgh Priory.
At the Domesday Survey Blythburgh was a very large village with 42 households. It was called Bledeburo, Blieburc or Blideburc and formed part of King William's holdings. It was an important port at this time and was taxed 3000 herring each year. Bulcamp and Hinton were both listed separately with eight households each. Both were held by Roger Bigot.
Blythburgh Priory was founded by Augustine monks from St Osyth's Priory in Essex in the 12th century. The priory was suppressed in 1537 and ruins remain at the site. The site is a scheduled monument.
The River Blyth had largely silted by the 18th century. By the 1750s merchants from Halesworth were keen to open the river for trade. An Act of Parliament was passed in 1757 and, after four locks were built, the river was open for vessels by 1761. By the end of the 19th century silting of the river downstream from Blythburgh made trade difficult and the locks were finally closed in 1934. Bulcamp, on the northern edge of the parish, was the site of the Blything Union workhouse. It was built in 1765-66 and later became a geriatric hospital.
Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., eldest brother of US President John F. Kennedy, was killed when his aircraft exploded around 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the village during World War II. Kennedy and Lieutenant Wilford John Willy were piloting a BQ-8 "robot" aircraft (a converted B-24 Liberator) for the U.S. Navy's first mission in Operation Aphrodite.
The milestone alongside the A12 shows that the village is 30 miles (48 km) north of Ipswich and 24 miles (39 km) south of Great Yarmouth. Standing beside the road, the White Hart Inn owned by Southwold based Adnams Brewery, dates from the 16th century and is known for its Dutch gable ends to the building and beamed interior. Henham Park, the home of the Rous family, is partially within the parish. It is the site of the annual Latitude Festival. The majority of the land to the south of the village is owned by the Blois family from Cockfield Hall. The parish includes Bulcamp to the north and Hinton to the south-east.
The village is noteworthy for the large area of flooded marshes around the estuary of the River Blyth. The river flows from west of Halesworth to the North Sea between Southwold and Walberswick, although it originally reached the sea at Dunwich. Southwold is reached by the A1095 road with views over the river and the adjacent Hen Reedbeds bird reserve.
The Church of Holy Trinity
The parish church is dedicated to the Holy Trinity. Known as the Cathedral of the Marshes, Blythburgh was one of the earliest Christian sites in East Anglia and a church is believed to have been located here in the 7th century. The current church is a Grade I Listed building dating from the 14th and 15th centuries. On 4 August 1577 a ghostly black dog known as Black Shuck is said to have appeared at the church.
The following people have been associated with Blythburgh.
- William Alwyn - composer
- Group Captain Kenneth Hubbard - H-bomb testing
- Dr Martin Shaw - hymn music
- Major Wood - brother Peter owned Herm, CI
- Jack Pritchard - Isokon designs
- Peter Harold Wright - World War II VC winner
- Sir John Seymour Lucas RA - portrait painter
- Ernest Crofts RA - military artist
- William Benner - Southwold Railway artist
- Sir Cyril English - educationalist
- Simon Loftus OBE - brewer and vintner
- Ralph Fiennes - actor
- 2011 census
- Blythburgh Priory ruins hosts first service in 500 years, BBC news website, 2011-08-02. Retrieved 2014-03-09.
- Blythburgh Priory, Blythburgh, Suffolk. Archaeological evaluation and assessment of results, Wessex Archaeology, September 2009. Retrieved 2014-03-09.
- Page.W (1975) 'Houses of Benedictine monks: Priory of Blythburgh', A History of the County of Suffolk: Volume 2, pp. 91-94 (available online). Retrieved 2014-03-09.
- S. E. Kelly, ‘Anna (d. 654?)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Sept 2013 accessed 2014-03-08.
- Warner, Peter (1996) The Origins of Suffolk, Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press.
- Blythburgh, Open Domesday. Retrieved 2014-03-09.
- Blythburgh, The Domesday Book Online. Retrieved 2014-03-09.
- Bulcamp, Open Domesday. Retrieved 2014-03-09.
- Hinton, Open Domesday. Retrieved 2014-03-09.
- Blythburgh Priory, List entry summary, English Heritage. Retrieved 2014-03-09.
- Blythburgh and District Hospital, Blythburgh, British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 2014-03-09.
- White Hart Inn, Blythburgh, British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 2014-03-09.
- Holy Trinity Church, Blythburgh, British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 2014-03-09.
- Hugh Roberts, Mary Montague, & Barry Naylor. Holy Trinity, Blythburgh: Cathedral of the Marshes. Jarrold Publishing, 1999.
- History Notes — Blythburgh Society
- Alan Mackley, Mary Montague. 'Blythburgh. A Suffolk Village'. Blythburgh Church and Jarrold Publishing, 2003.
- Blythburgh Village — Suffolk County Council
- The Poaching Priors of Blythburgh — Blythburgh Society, 2002, Alan Mackley (ed.)