|Robert College (1863–1971)|
|Rector||Mehmet Naci İnci|
|Campus||6 campuses: total 1.816 square kilometres (449 acres)|
|Colours||Light blue and dark blue|
Boğaziçi University (Turkish: Boğaziçi Üniversitesi), also known as Bosphorus University, is a major research university in Istanbul, Turkey. Its main campus is located on the European side of the Bosphorus strait. It has six faculties and two schools offering undergraduate degrees, and six institutes offering graduate degrees. Traditionally, the language of instruction is English.
Founded in 1863, as Robert College, it was the first American higher education institution founded outside the United States. Though under Turkish administration today, the university still maintains strong ties to the American educational system.
Boğaziçi University consistently ranks as Turkey's top university and has the greatest number of applicants via the Turkish university entrance examinations, making it the most selective state university in Turkey.
In 1863, Robert College was founded in Bebek by Christopher Robert, a wealthy American philanthropist, and Cyrus Hamlin, a Congregational missionary devoted to education. Six years after its foundation, the first campus (the current-day Boğaziçi South Campus) was built on the ridge near Rumeli Hisarı (the Rumelian Castle) with the permission of Sultan Abdulaziz.
According to a college catalogue compiled for the 1878–1879 academic year, "the object of the College is to give to its students, without distinction of race or religion, a thorough educational equal in all respects to that obtained at a first-class American college and based upon the same general principles."
After Cyrus Hamlin, the college was administrated by George Washburn (1877–1903) and Caleb Gates (1903–1932). The college, which was established as an institution of higher learning independent of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (ABCFM) yet holding a significant number of missionaries among its faculty in its earlier years, adopted an entirely secular and non-denominational educational model in 1923 in compliance with the new republican principles of Turkey.
Before 1971, Robert College, had junior high school, high school, and university sections under the names Robert Academy, Robert College, and Robert College Yüksek ('Yüksek" meaning "high" in Turkish). In 1971, the Bebek campus and academic staff of Robert College were turned over to the Republic of Turkey to be transformed into a public university named Boğaziçi University, the renamed continuation of Robert College's university section (i.e. Robert College Yüksek). The rest of Robert College moved into the Arnavutköy campus of the American College for Girls; despite continuing to call itself a college it became merely a high school."
In the fall of 1971, Boğaziçi University started its first academic year with former faculty and students of Robert College Yüksek as well as a new cohort of freshman students. Aptullah Kuran, the former vice-president of Robert College Yüksek, was the founding rector of the university. Since then, the university has gradually transformed from a small liberal arts college into a major research university.
In early 2021, the university received a lot of media attention, after the Turkish government appointed a new rector, a post traditionally filled by democratic election. Students protested against the curtailment of academic freedom. More than 150 students were detained. The new rector dismissed the different faculty deans to then appoint himself dean of the university.
Boğaziçi University operates on six campuses in Istanbul. Four of these campuses (South Campus, North Campus, Hisar Campus, and Uçaksavar Campus) are within walking distance to each other on a hill above the affluent district of Bebek on the European side of Istanbul, overlooking the Bosphorus (hence the name).
The South Campus is considered to be the most popular Boğaziçi University Campus. It houses various historic buildings of Robert College, including Hamlin, Washburn, Theodorus, Dodge, Albert Long and Anderson Halls as well as the Kennedy Lodge, named after John F. Kennedy, and currently serving as a welcoming facility for visiting professors and staff.
The North Campus is home to Aptullah Kuran Library, which contains more than 740,000 printed books, 800,000 e-books, 55,000 e-journals as well as an extensive collection of Braille books, and a collection of rare books and manuscripts.
The Kandilli Campus is on the opposite side of the Bosphorus in Çengelköy, and hosts the historic Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute (KOERI).
The newest campus is in Kilyos on the Black Sea coast, and is home to a private beach. The Kilyos Campus is the first self-sufficient university campus in the world, meeting all of its electricity demands from its own wind power plant.
The university has ten dormitories on its different campuses. Boğaziçi's First Men's and Women's Dorms are housed in some of the oldest buildings in the historic South Campus and offer students the chance to participated in the university's active social life.
There are also four dormitories on Boğaziçi's North Campus. The First and Second North Campus Dormitories were opened in 198, the former for female students, the latter for males. They have similar 1980s modernist architectural designs. The Third North Campus Dorm was opened for female students in 2010. The Fourth Dormitory of the North Campus has been in service since 2011, and mainly accepts graduate students.
The Kilyos Campus Dormitories are approximately one hour's drive away from Boğaziçi South and North campuses. The First Kilyos Dormitory serves female students while the Second Kilyos Dormitory is for males.
The Superdorm and Kandilli Dorms also provide accommodation to Boğaziçi University students. The Kandilli Dormitory for female students opened in 2017 on the Kandilli Campus. The waste water collected from the bathrooms at the Kandilli Dorm is reused in the toilet reservoirs after treatment.
|Global – Overall|
|CWUR World||645 (2020–21)|
|CWTS World||1074 (2020)|
|QS World||651-700 (2021)|
|THE World||601–800 (2021)|
|USNWR Global||=197 (2021)|
|Regional – Overall|
|QS Emerging Europe and Central Asia||13 (2022)|
Boğaziçi University ranks first in Turkey and 197th internationally according to U.S. News & World Report 2021 Best Global Universities Rankings, and shares the fifth rank among Turkish universities according to the Times Higher Education World University Rankings of 2021 (internationally: 601 – 800).
Music and Sports Festivals
Taşoda Music Festival is organized by Boğaziçi University Music Club every spring. It is the most important amateur music festival held in Turkey and takes its name from Music Club's studio at the South Campus.
Every May the Boğaziçi Sports Festival is held at the South Campus and other university venues. Usually, some 300 to 800 students from all over the world come to compete in various events.
Departments offering bachelor's degrees
Faculty of Arts and Sciences
- Molecular Biology and Genetics
- Translation and Interpreting Studies
- Turkish Language and Literature
- Western Languages and Literature (This department was formerly named English Language and Literature. In 2008, the content and courses were rearranged and the name was changed as well.)
Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences
Faculty of Education
- Computer Education and Educational Technology
- Foreign Language Education
- Educational Sciences
- Primary Education
- Secondary School Science and Mathematics Education
Faculty of Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Computer Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Industrial Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
School of Applied Disciplines
- Management Information Systems
- International Trade
- Tourism Administration
School of Foreign Languages
- Advanced English
- English Preparatory Division
- Modern Languages Unit
Institutes offering graduate programs
Institute for Graduate Studies in Sciences and Engineering
- Automotive Engineering (M.S.)
- Chemical Engineering (M.S., PhD)
- Chemistry (M.S., PhD)
- Civil Engineering (M.S., PhD)
- Computational Science and Engineering (M.S.)
- Computer Engineering (M.S., PhD)
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering (M.S., PhD)
- Engineering & Technology Management (M.S.)
- Financial Engineering (M.S.)
- Industrial Engineering (M.S., PhD)
- Mathematics (M.S., PhD)
- Mechanical Engineering (M.S., PhD)
- Mechatronics (M.S.)
- Medical Systems and Informatics (M.S.)
- Molecular Biology and Genetics (M.S., PhD)
- Nuclear Engineering (M.S., PhD)
- Physics (M.S., PhD)
- Secondary School Science Education and Mathematics Education (M.S., PhD)
- Software Engineering (M.S.)
- Systems and Control Engineering (M.S.)
Atatürk Institute for Modern Turkish History
- Modern Turkish History (M.A., PhD)
Institute of Biomedical Engineering
- Biomedical Engineering (M.S., PhD)
Institute of Environmental Sciences
- Environmental Sciences (M.S., PhD)
- Environmental Technology (M.S., PhD)
Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute
- Earthquake Engineering (M.S., PhD)
- Earthquake Risk Reduction (M.S.)
- Geodesy (M.S., PhD)
- Geophysics (M.S., PhD)
Institute for Graduate Studies in Social Sciences
- Asian Studies (M.A.)
- Business Information Systems (M.A.)
- Conference Interpreting (M.A.)
- Cognitive Science (M.A.)
- Critical and Cultural Studies (M.A.)
- Economics (M.A., PhD)
- Economics and security (M.A.)
- Educational Sciences (M.A., Ph.D.)
- English Language Education (M.A., Ph.D.)
- English Literature (M.A., Ph.D.)
- European Studies (M.A.)
- Executive MBA
- History (M.A., PhD)
- International Trade (M.A.)
- Linguistics (M.A., PhD)
- Management (M.A., MBA, PhD)
- Management Information Systems (M.A.)
- Philosophy (M.A., Ph.D.)
- Political Science and International Relations (M.A., PhD)
- Psychology (M.A., PhD)
- Sociology (M.A.)
- Social Media Studies (M.A., Ph.D.)
- Translation (M.A.)
- Translation Studies (PhD)
- Turkish Language and Literature (M.A., PhD)
Vocational School of Hotel Management
- Tourism Administration Program (Secondary education)
- Department of Fine Arts
- Department of Physical Education
- Asian Studies Center
- Boğaziçi University Center for European Studies
- Boğaziçi University Center for Psychological Research and Services
- Byzantine Studies Research Center
- Center for Economics and Econometrics
- Istanbul Center for Mathematical Sciences (IMBM)
- Mithat Alam Film Center
- Nafi Baba Sufism, History, and Cultural Heritage Research Center
- Nazım Hikmet Culture and Arts Research Center
- Peace Education and Research Center
- Polymer Research Center
- Sustainable Development and Cleaner Production Center (SDCPC)
- ADK (Atatürkist Thought Club )
- Aviation Club
- Ballet Club
- Ballroom Dancing Society
- Bridge Club
- BISAK(Bogazici University Islamic Studies Club)
- BUDS (Bogazici University Debating Society)
- BUOK (Bogazici University Game Club)
- BULGBTİ+ (LGBT Studies Club)
- BUMATEK (Bogazici University Machinery and Technology Club)
- BUSAS (Bogazici Under Water Sports Club)
- BUSOS (Bogazici University Social Services)
- BUSUIK (Bogazici University Politics and International Relations Club)
- BUYAK (Bogazici University Operations Research Club)
- BUHAK (Bogazici University Air Club) (Paragliding)
- Chess Club
- Cinema Club
- IT Club (Compec)
- Construction Club
- Drama Club
- Education and Research Club
- Electro-Technology Club
- Engineering Society
- Environmental Society
- GSK (Fine Arts Club)
- BUFK (Folklore Club)
- Green Crescent Club
- BUED (Literature Club)
- Mechanics and Technology Club
- Management and Economics Club
- Mountaineering Club
- Music Club
- Operations Research Club
- Photography Club
- Radio Club
- Sailing Club
- Riding Club
- Science Club
- Social Sciences Society
- Speleology Club
- Sports Committee
- Translation Club
- Turkish Classical Music Club
- Village and Cooperatives Club
- Women's Studies Club
- Ezel Akay – Film Director
- Engin Ardıç – Writer, Journalist
- Nevzat Aydın – CEO and Founder of Yemeksepeti
- Gülse Birsel – Screenwriter, Actress, Journalist
- Cem Boyner – CEO, Boyner Holding, Former Chairman of TUSIAD
- Cansu Canca– Bioethicist, Founder and Director of AI Ethics Lab
- Nuri Bilge Ceylan – Film director, Winner of the Best Director Award at the Cannes Film Festival
- Tansu Çiller – Former Prime Minister of Turkey, Professor of Economics, Boğaziçi University
- Ahmet Davutoğlu – Former Prime Minister of Turkey, Former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Professor of International Relations
- Neşe Erberk – 1983 Miss Turkey, 1984 Miss Europe
- Erden Eruç – First solo human-powered circumnavigation and ocean rowing world record holder
- Fahriye Evcen – Actress
- Emre Gönensay – Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey, Professor of Economics, Boğaziçi University
- Faruk Gul – Professor of Economics, Princeton University
- Aydemir Güler – Leader of the Communist Party of Turkey (TKP)
- Murat Gülsoy – Writer
- Nil Karaibrahimgil – Singer and Composer
- Perihan Mağden – Writer, Journalist
- Fatma Ceren Necipoğlu – Harpist
- Hişyar Özsoy – Politician
- Güler Sabancı – CEO, Sabancı Holding
- Ozge Samanci – Artist, Professor, Northwestern University
- Defne Samyeli – News reporter, Anchorwoman, Actress
- Mete Sozen – Professor of Structural Engineering, Purdue University
- Barış Tan - Professor of Operations Management and Industrial Engineering at Koç University
- Harun Tekin – Rock musician, Frontman of Mor ve Ötesi
- Teoman – Singer and Composer
- Murat Ülker – Chairman of Yıldız Holding and Ülker
- Ahmet Yalçınkaya – Poet
- Ahmet Yildiz – Professor of Biophysics, University of California, Berkeley
- Cem Yılmaz – Comedian, Actor, Cartoonist
- Derviş Zaim – Film Director, Writer
- Pelin Batu – Actress, Writer
- Ayşe Buğra – Professor of Political Economy
- Şevket Pamuk – Professor of Economic History, former president of European Historical Economics Society
- Şerif Mardin – Professor of Sociology and Political Science
- Kemal Kirişci – Professor of International Relations, Director of European Studies Center
- John Freely – Professor of Physics, Author
- Selim Deringil – Professor of History
- Nevra Necipoğlu – Professor of History
- Cahit Arf (1910–1997) Mathematician
- Cem Yıldırım – Professor of Mathematics
- Betül Tanbay – Professor of Mathematics
- Attila Aşkar – Professor of Mathematics, Rector of Koç University between 2001 and 2009
- Erdal İnönü – Former Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey, Former Dean, Professor Emeritus of Physics, Sabancı University, recipient of the Wigner Medal 2004
- Tansu Çiller – Former Prime Minister of Turkey, Professor of Economics
- Lale Akarun – Professor of Computer Engineering
- Ersin Kalaycıoğlu – Professor of Political Science, Rector of Işık University since 2004
- Karl von Terzaghi – Civil engineer, known as the Father of Soil Mechanics
- Heath Lowry – Professor of History, Princeton University
- Aptullah Kuran – Professor of Art History, Student Dean, Formerly of Robert College, First Rector of Boğaziçi University (deceased)
- Engin Arık – Professor of Physics (deceased)
- Cyrus Hamlin (1863–1877)
- George Washburn (1878–1903)
- Caleb F. Gates (1903–1932)
- Paul Monroe (1932–1935)
- Walter L. Wright Jr (1935–1943)
- Floyd H. Black (1944–1955)
- Duncans Balantine (1955–1961)
- Patrick Murphy Malin (1962–1965)
- Dwight James Simpson (1965–1967)
- John Scott Everton (1968–1971)
- Aptullah Kuran (1971–1979)
- Semih Tezcan (1979–1982)
- Ergün Toğrol (1982–1992)
- Üstün Ergüder (1992–2000)
- Sabih Tansal (2000–2004)
- Ayşe Soysal (2004–2008)
- Kadri Özçaldıran (2008–2012)
- Gülay Barbarosoğlu (2012–2016)
- (appointed) Mehmed Özkan (2016–2021)
- (appointed) Melih Bulu (2021)
- (appointed) Naci Inci (2022)
- Robert College
- List of universities in Turkey
- List of universities in Istanbul
- Boğaziçi Üniversitesi (Istanbul Metro)
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The language of instruction at BU is English
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- Kuran, Aptullah, 2013, Bir Kurucu Rektörün Anıları: Robert Kolej Yüksekokulu'ndan Boğaziçi Üniversitesi'ne. Istanbul: Boğaziçi Üniversitesi Yayınları.
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- (in Turkish) Boğaziçi University home page
- (in English) Boğaziçi University main page
Coordinates: 41°05′01″N 29°03′02″E / 41.083556°N 29.050598°E