Božina M. Ivanović (Serbian Cyrillic: Божина М. Ивановић) (1931 – 10 October 2002) was a Montenegrin anthropologist and politician. From 1988 - 1989, he was the President of Presidency of the Socialist Republic of Montenegro within the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. He was a member of the League of Communists of Montenegro.
For years Ivanović steadily moved up the ladder in the Montenegrin branch of League of Communists of Yugoslavia, while simulatenously performing various public duties like that of the general director of TV Titograd. He was also a member of the Executive Council of Socialist Republic of Montenegro.
After being forced out of power in early 1989 by Milo Đukanović, Svetozar Marović and Momir Bulatović in the wake of "anti-bureaucratic revolution", the 58-year-old Ivanović semi-retired from politics though he still continued holding official rank and fringe influence within Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro (transformed Montenegrin branch of Yugoslav Communist League) for some time afterwards.
Most of his public activity since then had to with questionable scientific declarations in various public meetings organized by pro-independence camp in Montenegro. Most observers dismissed his claims as being motivated by daily politics. Ivanovic claimed that people in present day Montenegro, "differ extremely from other Slavs in morphological characteristics and that anthropological study of Montenegrins confirms their genetic continuity and succession from the Iron age".
He also claimed that the process of anthropological differentiation is special when it comes to Montenegrins, showing considerable deviation over the last five centuries compared to the general trends in the rest of humanity. His publicly declared motto was "science has no borders, however the scientist has a homeland". 
|President of the Presidency of Montenegro
6 May 1988–13 January 1989
acting Slobodan Simović
- Sabrina P. Ramet The Three Yugoslavias: State-Building And Legitimation, 1918-2005 - 2006 Page 353 "Bozina Ivanovic, president of the presidency in Montenegro, telephoned Dizdarevic and told him that the situation in [her] (sic) republic was "alarming." By 11 a.m., some 15,000 persons were on the streets, supporting a list of exclusively political ..."
- Istorijski zapisi: organ Istoriskog instituta i Društva istoričara ... 2002- Volume 75 - Page 260 "Академик Божина М. Ивановић активно је судјеловао у раду више научних организација и институција у земљи: био је генерални секретар ЦАНУ, члан Предсједништва, секретар и предсједник Од- бора за међуакадемијску ..."