Robert William Ainsworth (born 19 June 1952) is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Coventry North East from 1992 to 2015, and was the Secretary of State for Defence from 2009 to 2010. Following the general election in 2010 he was the Shadow Defence Secretary, but was replaced by Jim Murphy following the election of new Labour leader Ed Miliband.
Ainsworth was born in Coventry on 19 June 1952, and attended the local Foxford Comprehensive School. He first became active in politics as a trade unionist at the Jaguar Cars plant in Coventry where he worked and served in many union capacities, including as Branch President (in what was later to become part of the Manufacturing, Science and Finance union). In 1984, he was elected to Coventry City Council, became Chair of the Finance Committee, and was deputy leader of the ruling Labour group. He was also Constituency Labour Party chairman.
Ainsworth tried to become Labour candidate for Coventry North East in the run-up to the 1987 general election, after George Park MP announced his retirement, but only came third at the selection meeting, behind John Hughes and Ted Knight. In the run-up to the 1992 general election, Hughes was de-selected by the Constituency Labour Party, and Ainsworth became the candidate. He was elected with an 11,676 majority, and stepped down from the city council the following year. At the 1997 general election his majority rose sharply to 22,569, falling back to 15,751 at the 2001 election, and 14,222 at the 2005 election.
Ainsworth was appointed a Labour whip in 1995 and served in government until January 2001 when he was promoted to Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at the former Department for Environment, Transport and the Regions. After the 2001 general election, Ainsworth was moved to the Home Office as Parliamentary Under-Secretary with responsibility for Drugs and Organised Crime, where he remained until 2003, when he became the Deputy Chief Whip (also known as the Treasurer of the Household). He was appointed to the Privy Council in February 2005. On 29 June 2007, he moved to become the Minister of State for the Armed Forces.
On 5 June 2009, he was appointed to the cabinet by Gordon Brown as Secretary of State for Defence, in what was considered by some to be "a surprise choice". As Defence Secretary, Ainsworth declared in July 2009 that "the government should have offered more support to British troops at the beginning of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq."
At the Labour Party Conference in Brighton in 2009, Ainsworth stated that sending reinforcements to Afghanistan may not be possible because of a lack of necessary military resources. He said, "Before I agree to any increase in troop numbers I must be sure that the balance of risk is acceptable by evaluating the capacity of the supply chain to properly equip the increased force."
In the 2009 Parliamentary expenses scandal, in which a number of MPs were criticised for their expense claims, it was revealed that, in 2007–08, Ainsworth had claimed the maximum permissible amount of £23,083 for second-home allowances, making him the joint highest claimant that year with 142 other MPs. For 2008–09, he claimed £20,304, 269th out of 647 MPs.
Legalisation of drugs
In December 2010, Ainsworth called for the legalisation and regulation of drugs, arguing it is better for addicts to receive their fixes on prescription rather than relying for their supply on the international criminal gangs that make billions of pounds from the trade. As a Home Office minister, Ainsworth was responsible for drugs policy.
- Robert Waller, Byron Criddle (1999), Almanac of British Politics, "Bob Ainsworth", p190
- Ministry of Defence, Secretary of State for Defence. Retrieved 26 July 2009.
- "Bob Ainsworth to step down as Coventry North East MP". BBC News. BBC. 7 December 2012. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
- Number 10 – Privy Council Appointment (Robert Ainsworth)
- BBC, 5 June 2009, I won't walk away, insists Brown
- The Times, 14 July 2009, Twists that made Bob Ainsworth the least worst choice for the job
- The Times, 17 August 2009, General Sir David Richards backs Bob Ainsworth on Afghanistan time frame
- New Statesman, 31 July 2009, Armed forces lacked support, says defence secretary
- Bob Ainsworth warns shortage of equipment to limit troop numbers in Afghanistan Telegraph
- Gammell, Caroline (2 June 2009). "MPs' expenses: Bob Ainsworth's repairs cost the taxpayer £5,925". The Daily Telegraph. Online edition. London. Retrieved 7 June 2009.
- "Bob Ainsworth MP, Coventry North East". TheyWorkForYou. Retrieved 12 September 2010.
- "Government publishes guide to safe clubbing". The Guardian. London.
- Morris, Nigel (28 January 2008). "All drugs should be legalised to beat dealers, says former minister". The Independent. London. Retrieved 16 January 2010.
- Bob Ainsworth Constituency Website
- Coventry Labour Party
- Bob Ainsworth Twitter Page
- Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 2010–present
- Contributions in Parliament during 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 at Hansard Archives
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 1803–2005
- Voting record at Public Whip
- Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou
- Profile at Westminster Parliamentary Record
- Articles authored at Journalisted
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament
for Coventry North East
| Government Deputy Chief Whip of the House of Commons
| Treasurer of the Household|
| Minister of State for the Armed Forces
| Secretary of State for Defence
| Shadow Secretary of State for Defence