August 5, 1939
New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
|Died||April 4, 2007
Pacific Palisades, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Traffic collision|
|Occupation||Film director, film producer, screenwriter|
|Notable work||Black Christmas
A Christmas Story
Benjamin "Bob" Clark (August 5, 1939 – April 4, 2007) was an American-Canadian actor, director, screenwriter and producer best known for directing and writing the script with Jean Shepherd to the 1983 Christmas film A Christmas Story. Although he worked primarily in the United States, from 1973 to 1983 he worked in Canada and was responsible for some of the most successful films in Canadian film history such as Black Christmas (1974), Murder by Decree (1979), Tribute (1980), and Porky's (1982).
Clark was born in New Orleans in 1939, but grew up in Birmingham, Alabama, and later moved to Fort Lauderdale, Florida. He grew up poor, as his father died during his childhood and his mother was a barmaid. After attending Catawba College majoring in philosophy, Clark won a football scholarship to Hillsdale College in Michigan, where he played quarterback. Eventually he studied theater at the University of Miami, turning down offers to play professional football. He did briefly play semi-pro for the Fort Lauderdale Black Knights.
Clark and his collaborator for this film, screenwriter and makeup artist Alan Ormsby, would revisit the zombie subgenre in 1972's Deathdream, also known by its alternate title, Dead of Night, a Vietnam War allegory that takes its cue from the classic short story "The Monkey's Paw". The slasher film Black Christmas (1974) was one of his most successful films in this period, and is remembered today as an influential precursor to the modern slasher film genre. Clark had moved to Canada, then a tax haven for Americans, and these productions were small by Hollywood standards but made Clark a big fish in the small pond of the Canadian film industry of that era.
Clark executive-produced the moonshine movie Moonrunners, which was used as source material for the TV series The Dukes of Hazzard. Clark later produced the 2000 TV movie The Dukes of Hazzard: Hazzard in Hollywood. Clark and others sued Warner Bros. over the studio's 2005 movie The Dukes of Hazzard, winning a $17.5 million settlement just prior to the movie's release.
Turning toward more serious fare, Clark scored a critical success with the Sherlock Holmes film Murder by Decree, starring Christopher Plummer and Geneviève Bujold, which won five Genie Awards including Best Achievement in Direction and Best Performance for both leads. He followed this with a TV movie of the Bernard Slade play Tribute, starring Jack Lemmon reprising his Broadway role, for which Lemmon was nominated for an Academy Award and 11 Genies including a win for Lemmon's performance.
Clark returned to his B-movie roots, though, co-writing, producing, and directing Porky's, a longtime personal project. Clark had a detailed outline based on his own youth in Florida, which he dictated into a cassette recorder due to illness, and collaborator Roger Swaybill said of listening to the tapes, "I became convinced that I was sharing in the birth of a major moment in movie history. It was the funniest film story I had ever heard." Though set in the United States, the film would go on to gross more than any other English-language Canadian film. The film was the third most successful release of 1982 and by the end of the film's lengthy initial release, in 1983, Porky's had secured itself a spot, albeit short-lived, as one of the top-25 highest-grossing films of all time in the US. The film was (also briefly) the most successful comedy in film history. Porky's overwhelming success is credited as launching the genre of the teen sex comedy so prevalent throughout the 1980s and which continued into the millennium in such movies as the American Pie franchise. Clark wrote, produced, and directed the film's first sequel, Porky's II: The Next Day (1983), which shifted the focus away from the title character to two new antagonists with perhaps greater relevance, a sleazy local politician who cynically caters to the influence of a blustering fundamentalist preacher while seducing a teenage girl. Clark refused involvement with a third film, Porky's Revenge!, which brought Porky and the sexual exploits of the cast back front and center as in the first installment.
He instead collaborated with Jean Shepherd on A Christmas Story, which critic Leonard Maltin described as "one of those rare movies you can say is perfect in every way". Although not a box-office smash in its theatrical release, A Christmas Story would go on to become a perennial holiday favorite via repeated TV airings and home video. A joint effort at a sequel in 1994, My Summer Story, did not fare as well; Maltin said that the studio waited too long, and Clark was forced to recast almost the entire film. Three other film versions of the Parker family had been produced for television by PBS with Shepherd's involvement during the late 1980s, also with a different cast, but without Clark's participation.
Clark continued to stay active in the film industry until his death, with lower-budget fare mixed in with brief runs at higher targets. A Hollywood Reporter critic, speaking after his death, described his career as "a very unusual mix of films", because he "at times was a director-for-hire and would do films that, to say the least, aren't stellar". Some of his last output included Baby Geniuses and SuperBabies: Baby Geniuses 2.
Clark was nominated twice for the Razzie Awards as "Worst Director", for Rhinestone and Superbabies: Baby Geniuses 2. At the end of his life, he was working with Howard Stern on a remake of Porky's, and, with Black Christmas having been remade, two of his other early horror films were slated for expensive remakes: Children Shouldn't Play With Dead Things and Deathdream.
Clark was divorced, and had one other son, Michael.
Clark and his son, Ariel Hanrath-Clark, 22, were killed in a head-on car crash on the Pacific Coast Highway in Pacific Palisades, Los Angeles on the morning of April 4, 2007. The crash occurred when an SUV crossed the median and struck Clark's Infiniti I30, causing the closure of the highway for eight hours. Police determined that the SUV's driver, Hector Velazquez-Nava, had a blood alcohol level of three times the legal limit and was driving without a license. He initially pleaded not guilty to two counts of gross vehicular manslaughter, but changed his plea to no contest in August. On October 12, 2007, Velasquez-Nava was sentenced to six years in prison under the terms of a plea agreement. In addition, he may face deportation to his native Mexico, as he entered and was living in the United States illegally.
- The Emperor's New Clothes (1966) (Director/Writer)
- She-Man (1967) (Director/Co-Writer, with Harris Anders and Jeff Gillen)
- Children Shouldn't Play with Dead Things (1973) (Director/Co-Writer, with Alan Ormsby)
- Deathdream (a.k.a. Dead of Night) (1974)
- Black Christmas (a.k.a. Silent Night, Evil Night) (1974)
- Breaking Point (1976)
- Murder by Decree (1979)
- Tribute (1980)
- Porky's (1982) (Director/Co-Writer, with Roger E. Swaybill)
- Porky's II: The Next Day (1983) (Director/Co-Writer, with Roger E. Swaybill and Alan Ormsby)
- A Christmas Story (1983) (Director/Co-Writer, with Jean Shepherd and Leigh Brown
- Rhinestone (1984)
- Turk 182! (1985)
- Amazing Stories (1985) (TV)
- From the Hip (1987) (Director/Co-Writer, with David E. Kelley)
- Loose Cannons (1990) (Director/Co-Writer, with Richard Matheson and Richard Christian Matheson)
- The American Clock (1993) (TV)
- It Runs in the Family (a.k.a. My Summer Story) (1994) (Director/Co-Writer, with Jean Shepherd and Leigh Brown)
- Derby (1995) (TV)
- Fudge (1995) (TV)
- The Ransom of Red Chief (1998) (TV)
- Baby Geniuses (1999) (Director/Co-Writer, with Greg Michael)
- I'll Remember April (2000)
- The Dukes of Hazzard: Hazzard in Hollywood (2000) (Producer) (TV)
- Now & Forever (2002)
- Maniac Magee (2003) (TV)
- The Karate Dog (2004) (TV)
- Superbabies: Baby Geniuses 2 (2004)
- Reuters reported on the day of his death, "Clark was 67, according to police, although some reference sites list him as 65."
- Canuxploitation.com (July 29, 2005). "Interview: Bob Clark". Canuxploitation. Retrieved April 6, 2007.
- Lamkin, Elaine (January 2006). "Children Shouldn't Play With Dead Things: Bob Clark". Bloody-Disgusting.com. Archived from the original on October 30, 2006. Retrieved April 4, 2007.
- "Bob Clark". Canadian Film Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on January 16, 2009. Retrieved 23 March 2015.
- Valerie Reitman and Andrew Blankstein (April 5, 2007). "'A Christmas Story' director dies in crash". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on April 6, 2007. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- Lippman, John (July 15, 2005). "How a lingering legal issue threatened 'Dukes of Hazzard'". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 4, 2007.
- Dana Harris (June 19, 2001). "At 20, 'Risky' is still frisky". Variety.
- Greg Hernandez (April 5, 2007). "Film director Clark and son die in crash". Retrieved April 5, 2007. Typographical error fixed.
- Brendan Kelly (December 3, 2006). "'Porky's' helmer is back: Clark prepping re-makes of his early horror films, teen sex romp". Variety. Retrieved April 4, 2007.
- "'A Christmas Story' director dies in crash". Los Angeles Times. April 5, 2007. Archived from the original on April 6, 2007. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- Associated Press (April 4, 2007). "'Christmas Story' Director Dies in Crash". MSN Movie News.
- archived copy of LA Times Article: Driver accused of DUI in crash that killed director pleads not guilty Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. by Valerie Reitman and Andrew Blankstein, Times Staff Writers 3:19 PM PDT, April 6, 2007. Accessed May 11, 2007
- Tami Abdollah (October 13, 2007). "Driver sentenced in crash that killed 'Christmas Story' director". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 12, 2008. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- Associated Press (April 6, 2007). "Man pleads not guilty in filmmaker crash". Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
- "Bob Clark". Find a Grave. Retrieved August 12, 2010.
- Canadian Film Encyclopedia [A publication of The Film Reference Library/a division of the Toronto International Film Festival Group]
- Bob Clark at the Internet Movie Database
- Canuxploitation interview http://www.canuxploitation.com/interview/clark.html