Bob Gardiner (animator)

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Bob Gardiner
James Robbins Bob Gardiner.png
Bob Gardiner, circa 1978
James Robbins Gardiner

(1951-03-19)March 19, 1951
DiedApril 21, 2005(2005-04-21) (aged 54)

James Robbins "Bob" Gardiner (March 19, 1951 – April 21, 2005) was a multi-talented artist, painter, cartoonist, animator, holographer, musician, storyteller and comedy writer,[1][2] who invented the stop-motion 3-D clay animation technique that Will Vinton would later market as Claymation although Bob preferred the term Sculptimation for his frame-by-frame method of sculpting plasticine clay characters and sets. Gardiner and Vinton won the Oscar for Best Animated Short in 1975 for Closed Mondays (1974).[3][4]


  • Closed Mondays (1974), writer, art direction and sculptimation
  • Mountain Music (1975), art direction and sculptimation (uncredited) [5]

Graphic Art[edit]


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