Robert Frederick Zenon Geldof
5 October 1951
|Children||4, including Peaches and Pixie|
|Member of||The Boomtown Rats|
|Formerly of||Band Aid|
Robert Frederick Zenon Geldof //; born 5 October 1951) is an Irish singer-songwriter, actor and political activist. He rose to prominence in the late 1970s as lead singer of the Irish rock band the Boomtown Rats, who achieved popularity as part of the punk rock movement. The band had UK number one hits with his compositions "Rat Trap" and "I Don't Like Mondays". Geldof starred as "Pink" in Pink Floyd's 1982 film Pink Floyd – The Wall. As a fundraiser, Geldof organised the charity supergroup Band Aid and the concerts Live Aid and Live 8, and co-wrote "Do They Know It's Christmas?", one of the best-selling singles of all time.(
Geldof is widely recognised for his activism, especially anti-poverty efforts concerning Africa. In 1984, he and Midge Ure founded the charity supergroup Band Aid to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia. They went on to organise the charity super-concert Live Aid the following year and the Live 8 concerts in 2005. Geldof currently serves as an adviser to the ONE Campaign, co-founded by fellow Irish rock singer and activist Bono, and is a member of the Africa Progress Panel (APP), a group of ten distinguished individuals who advocate at the highest levels for equitable and sustainable development in Africa. A single father, Geldof has also been outspoken for the fathers' rights movement.
Geldof was granted an honorary knighthood (KBE) by Elizabeth II in 1986 for his charity work in Africa; although it is an honorary award as Geldof is an Irish citizen, he is often referred to as 'Sir Bob'. He is a recipient of the Man of Peace title which recognises individuals who have made "an outstanding contribution to international social justice and peace", among numerous other awards and nominations. In 2005, he received the Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to Music.
Geldof was born and brought up in Dún Laoghaire, Ireland, a son of Robert and Evelyn Geldof. His paternal grandfather, Zenon Geldof, was a Belgian immigrant and a hotel chef. His paternal grandmother, Amelia Falk, was a British Jew from London of German-Jewish descent. When Geldof was six years old, his mother Evelyn died at age 41 of a cerebral haemorrhage.
Geldof attended Blackrock College, where he was bullied for being a poor rugby player and for his middle name, Zenon. After work as a slaughterman, a road navvy and pea canner in Wisbech, England, he was hired as a music journalist in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, for The Georgia Straight. He briefly guest hosted the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation children's program Switchback.
The Boomtown Rats
Returning to Ireland in 1975, he became lead singer of the Boomtown Rats, a rock group closely linked with the punk movement. In 1978, The Boomtown Rats had their first No. 1 single in the UK with "Rat Trap", the first new wave chart-topper in Britain. In 1979, they gained international attention with their second UK No. 1, "I Don't Like Mondays". This was both successful and controversial. Geldof had written it in the aftermath of Brenda Ann Spencer's attempted massacre at an elementary school in San Diego, California in 1979. In 1980, The Boomtown Rats released the album Mondo Bongo.
Geldof became known as a colourful interview subject. The Boomtown Rats' first appearance on Ireland's The Late Late Show saw Geldof as deliberately brusque to host Gay Byrne and during his interview he attacked Irish politicians and the Catholic Church, which he blamed for many of the country's problems. He responded to nuns in the audience who tried to shout him down by saying they had "an easy life with no material worries in return for which they gave themselves body and soul to the church". He also criticised Blackrock College. The interview caused uproar, making it impossible for The Boomtown Rats to play in Ireland again.
In January 2013, Geldof announced The Boomtown Rats would be reforming to play together for the first time since 1986 at that year's Isle of Wight Festival in June. They have subsequently announced further tour dates and released a new CD Back to Boomtown: Classic Rats Hits.
After the Boomtown Rats
Geldof left the Boomtown Rats in 1986 to launch a solo career and publish his autobiography, Is That It?, which was a UK best-seller.
His first solo records sold reasonably well and spawned the hit singles "This Is The World Calling" (co-written with Dave Stewart of the Eurythmics) and "The Great Song of Indifference". He also occasionally performed with other artists, such as David Gilmour and Thin Lizzy; a performance of "Comfortably Numb" with Gilmour is documented in the DVD release David Gilmour in Concert (2002). In 1992, he performed at the Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert with the surviving members of Queen at the old Wembley Stadium, singing a song he jokingly claimed to have co-written with Mercury, called "Too Late God". (The song was actually co-written by Karl Hyde.)
Geldof has also worked as a DJ for XFM radio. In 1998, he erroneously announced Ian Dury's death from cancer, possibly due to hoax information from a listener who was disgruntled at the station's change of ownership. The event caused music paper NME (who had been involved in a running feud with Geldof since his Boomtown Rats days—primarily due to his disparagement of The Clash) to call Geldof 'the world's worst DJ'.
Along with U2's Bono, he has devoted much time since 2000 to campaigning for debt relief for developing countries. His commitments in this field, including the organisation of the Live 8 concerts, kept Geldof from producing any more musical output since 2001's album Sex, Age & Death.
After Live 8, Geldof returned to his career as a musician by releasing a box set containing all of his solo albums entitled Great Songs of Indifference – The Anthology 1986–2001 in late 2005. Following that release, Geldof toured, albeit with mixed success.
In July 2006, Geldof arrived at Milan's Arena Civica, a venue capable of holding 12,000 people, to play a scheduled concert to find that the organisers had not put the tickets on general sale and that only 45 people had shown up. Geldof refused to go on stage once he found out how small the attendance was. To offer some compensation for fans, Geldof stopped to sign autographs to those who had shown up. He then played a well-attended free Storytellers concert for MTV Italy in Naples, in October 2006.
Geldof's first major charity involvement took place in September 1981 when he performed as a solo artist for Amnesty International's benefit show The Secret Policeman's Other Ball, held at Drury Lane theatre in London's West End. At the invitation of Amnesty show producer Martin Lewis, Geldof performed a solo version of "I Don't Like Mondays". Other rock artists had 'planted a seed' and appeared to have affected Geldof in a similar manner. Monty Python alumnus John Cleese conceived (and directed) the show, and on its impact on Geldof, Sting states "he took the 'Ball' and ran with it."
In 1984, Geldof responded to a BBC News report from Michael Buerk about the famine in Ethiopia by mobilising the pop world to do something about the images he had seen. With Midge Ure of Ultravox he wrote "Do They Know It's Christmas?" in order to raise funds. The song was recorded in a single day at Sarm West Studios in Notting Hill, London on 25 November 1984 by various artists performing under the name of Band Aid.
In its first week of release, the single became the UK's fastest-seller of all time, entering the UK Singles Chart at number one and staying there for five weeks, becoming the Christmas number one of 1984. It went on to sell over 3 million copies, making it the biggest-selling single in UK history up to that point, a title it held for almost 13 years. The single was also a major US hit, peaking at number 13 on the Billboard Hot 100 and selling an estimated 2.5 million copies in the US by January 1985. Worldwide the single would eventually sell 11.7 million copies. Following this massive success, preparations were started for the biggest rock concerts the world had ever seen, the following summer.
New versions of "Do They Know It's Christmas?" were recorded in 1989 and 2004. In November 2014, Geldof announced that he would be forming a further incarnation of Band Aid, to be known as Band Aid 30, to record an updated version of the charity single, with the proceeds going to treat victims of the Ebola virus in West Africa.
"The greatest legacy of Live Aid for me personally, is the example of how Bob Geldof's leadership demonstrated the power of the individual. How the voice and action of just one person could start a movement that could make a difference."
—Live Aid production manager Andy Zweck.
As Geldof began to learn more about the situation, he discovered that one of the main reasons why African nations were in such dire peril was the obligation to make repayments on loans that their countries had taken from Western banks. For every pound donated in aid, ten times as much would have to leave the country in loan repayments. It became obvious that one song was not enough.
On 13 July 1985, Geldof and Ure organised Live Aid, a huge event staged simultaneously at the Wembley Stadium in London and John F. Kennedy Stadium in Philadelphia. Thanks to an unprecedented decision by the BBC to clear its schedules for 16 hours of rock music, the event was also broadcast live in the UK on television and radio.
During the broadcast of Live Aid, Geldof shocked viewers into giving cash by not only twice mouthing profanities but also by slamming his fist on the table and ordering them not to go out to the pub but to stay in and watch the show.
Nearly seven hours into the concert in London, Geldof gave an infamous interview in which he used the word fuck. The BBC presenter David Hepworth, conducting the interview, had attempted to provide a list of addresses to which potential donations should be sent; Geldof interrupted him in mid-flow and shouted: "Fuck the address, let's get the [phone] numbers!" It has passed into folklore that he yelled at the audience, "Give us your fucking money!" although Geldof has stated that this phrase was never uttered. Due to his Irish accent, the profanity was stated to be misheard as "fock" and "focking" respectively. After the outburst, donations increased to £300 per second.
The harrowing video of dying, skeletal children—introduced by David Bowie following the end of his set—that had been made by CBC photo-journalists setting their films to the tune of "Drive" by The Cars, contributed to the concert's success.
In total, Live Aid raised over £150 million for famine relief. Geldof subsequently received an honorary knighthood, at age 34, for his efforts. His autobiography, written soon after with Paul Vallely, was entitled Is That It?. The book achieved further fame for being featured on the General Certificate of Secondary Education examination syllabus in a following year.
Much of the money raised by Live Aid went to NGOs in Ethiopia, some of which were under the influence or control of the Derg military junta. Some journalists have suggested that the Derg was able to use Live Aid and Oxfam money to fund its enforced resettlement and "villagification" programmes, under which at least 3 million people are said to have been displaced and between 50,000 and 100,000 killed. However, in November 2010 the BBC formally apologised to Geldof for misleading implications in its stories on the subject of Band Aid, saying it had 'no evidence' that Band Aid money specifically went to buy weapons.
Commission for Africa
In January 2004, on a visit to friends in Africa, Geldof came to believe that more people were at risk of starvation there than had died in the famine of 1984/85 which had prompted Live Aid. He telephoned the British Prime Minister Tony Blair from Addis Ababa. According to the Live 8 programme notes by Geldof's biographer and friend, Paul Vallely, the Prime Minister responded: "Calm down Bob. ... And come and see me as soon as you get back."
The result was the Commission for Africa. Blair invited Geldof and 16 other Commissioners, the majority from Africa and many of them politicians in power, to undertake a year-long study of Africa's problems. They came up with two conclusions: that Africa needed to change, to improve its governance and combat corruption, and that the rich world needed to support that change in new ways. That meant doubling aid, delivering debt cancellation, and reforming trade rules. The Commission drew up a detailed plan of how that could be done. It reported in March 2005. To force the issue Geldof decided to create a new international lobby for Africa with eight simultaneous concerts around the world to put pressure on the G8. He called it Live 8. The commission's recommendations later became the blueprint for the G8 Gleneagles African debt and aid package.
Africa Progress Panel
Geldof is a member of the Africa Progress Panel (APP), a group of ten distinguished individuals who advocate at the highest levels for equitable and sustainable development in Africa. Every year, the Panel releases a report, the Africa Progress Report, that outlines an issue of immediate importance to the continent and suggests a set of associated policies. In 2012, the Africa Progress Report highlighted issues of Jobs, Justice and Equity. The 2013 report outlined issues relating to oil, gas and mining in Africa.
DATA and One Campaign
Bob Geldof worked closely with DATA (Debt, AIDS, Trade, Africa), an organisation founded by U2's Bono in 2002 to promote debt-relief, third world trade and AIDS relief in Africa. It merged with One Campaign in 2008, where Geldof also is very active. In June 2009, on behalf of One Campaign, he co-edited a special edition of the Italian newspaper La Stampa with a view on 35th G8 summit.
Live 8 concerts
On 31 March 2005, Geldof and Ure announced the Live 8 project, to raise awareness of issues that burden Africa, including government debt, trade barriers, hunger, and AIDS issues. Geldof organised ten concerts on 2 July 2005 in large cities throughout the industrialised world. They featured musicians from different genres and locations around the world. The cities where Live 8 concerts were played were in industrialised countries, and drew huge crowds. The locations were London, Paris, Berlin, Rome, Philadelphia, Barrie, Chiba, Johannesburg, Moscow, Cornwall and Edinburgh.
The concerts were free, and were scheduled just days before world leaders gathered in Gleneagles, for the G8 economic summit, on 6 July. Ure organised the 'final push' Live 8 concert at Edinburgh. 'The boys and girls with guitars will finally get to turn the world on its axis,' Geldof said in a statement. Pink Floyd's performance in London was their first since 1981 to include original vocalist/bassist, Roger Waters.
Criticism of his charity work
Although part of the campaign "Make Poverty History" (MPH), Live 8 was accused by John Hilary, then a senior executive of the campaign, of hijacking MPH by planning its concerts on the same day as the march in Edinburgh, which was said to be the biggest social justice march in Scottish history.
Geldof was also criticised for the lack of African acts performing at Live 8. Geldof responded that only the biggest-selling artists would attract the huge audience required to capture the attention of the world in the run-up to the G8 meeting.
In the lead-up to the G8 summit, Geldof, who had been a member of Tony Blair's Commission for Africa on which the Gleneagles recommendations were largely based, labelled Kumi Naidoo's criticism of the summit "a disgrace". Some leading African campaigners have asked Geldof to stand down from the global anti-poverty movement, and the New Internationalist (between January and February 2006) said 'It would be long overdue if he did.'
There were also accusations that Live 8 gave unqualified support to the personal and political agendas of Tony Blair and Gordon Brown, particularly in the lead up to an election. Though many felt that it was the British politicians who had accepted Geldof's agenda, rather than the other way round, this led to accusations that Geldof had compromised his cause.
The promises made for Africa at the Gleneagles summit, were widely praised: "the greatest summit for Africa ever" (Kofi Annan), "an important, if incomplete, boost to the development prospects of the poorest countries" economist (Jeffrey Sachs) or "a major breakthrough on debt" (Kevin Wakins, former head of research at Oxfam). But many aid agencies pronounced their disappointment with the outcome, feeling that the strict conditions imposed on African countries for accepting debt relief left them little better off than before. The New Internationalist scathingly stated, since becoming prominent in the salvation of Africa, "Geldof has re-released the entire back catalogue of the Boomtown Rats."
Oasis guitarist Noel Gallagher became one of the more vocal sceptics about the impact of Live 8, citing his belief that rock stars have less influence over world leaders than popular culture may believe. His explanation was:
Correct me if I'm wrong, but are they hoping that one of these guys from the G8 is on a quick 15-minute break at Gleneagles and sees Annie Lennox singing "Sweet Dreams" and thinks, 'Fuck me, she might have a point there, you know?' And Keane doing "Somewhere Only We Know" and some Japanese businessman going, 'Aw, look at him. ... we should really fucking drop that debt, you know.' It's not going to happen, is it?
Geldof swore on the music television programme CountDown:United Kingdom, saying "Fuck the tape" while concluding his chat with Cat Deeley. At the NME awards in 2006, when accepting an award, Geldof referred to the host Russell Brand as a "cunt". Brand responded by saying "It's no wonder Bob Geldof knows so much about famine – he's been dining out on 'I Don't Like Mondays' for 30 years". Then, in mid-July 2006, he infuriated many New Zealanders by criticising the New Zealand government's foreign aid contribution as "shameful" and "pathetic". Winston Peters, the Minister of Foreign Affairs responded that Geldof failed to recognise the "quality" of New Zealand aid as well as other New Zealand contributions.
During mid-November 2008, a local for-profit organisation, Diversity@Work, invited Geldof to Melbourne, to speak about Third World poverty and the failure of governments to combat the crisis. It was later revealed that he was paid $100,000 for his speech, which included a luxury hotel room and first-class airfares.
AIDS 2014 Conference
During a special session at the XX International AIDS Conference, 2014, Geldof referred to sex workers as "hookers", for which he was subsequently criticised. Christian Vega, a sex workers' rights activist and a member of Victoria's peer-only Victorian Sex Industry Network (VIXEN), criticised speakers including Geldof for their use of pejorative language; Vega contended that this language perpetuated stigmas that are among the key barriers to HIV prevention. Geldof responded to the criticism during the closing session of the conference: "I read today in the paper that my talk yesterday was littered with profanities – fuck them." In Geldof's view, rights-based language hampered HIV prevention, and he defended using terms such as "hookers" and "junkies": "Let's not get distracted by diversionary language. Let's call it as it is". In a radio show after the conference on Joy 94.9, Vega dismissed Geldof's view that rights-based language was a waste of time as "ridiculous". In Vega's view, this language served as an important tool to challenge stigma and discrimination, particularly within an HIV context.
Freedom of Dublin and Easter Rising comments
In 2016, when Ireland was marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising, Geldof caused controversy when he likened the rebel leaders to Islamist suicide bombers. The uprising in Dublin against British rule was a key event that led to Irish independence. Geldof called it the "original sin" of the Irish state.
The following year, Geldof returned his Freedom of Dublin award in protest at Burmese leader Aung San Suu Kyi holding the same honour. He said he does not want to be associated "with an individual currently engaged in the mass ethnic cleansing of the Rohingya people". He added that if Suu Kyi "is stripped of her Dublin Freedom, perhaps the council would see fit to restore to me that which I take such pride in". The Lord Mayor of Dublin, Mícheál Mac Donncha, accused Geldof of hypocrisy, saying "I find it ironic that he makes this gesture while proudly retaining his title as Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire, given the shameful record of British imperialism".
One month later, Dublin City Council voted to revoke the Freedom of the City from both Suu Kyi and Geldof, with several councillors saying Geldof had "insulted" Dublin. Geldof was furious at the decision to revoke his award, calling it a "Sinn Féin stitch-up" because of his Easter Rising comments.
After being criticised earlier in the decade for his stance on aid to African countries, in July 2019, according to a report on its "Mauritius Leaks" project by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ), Bob Geldof was mentioned as allegedly involved in tax avoidance by corporations and individuals doing business in Africa and other continents. His private equity fund 8 Miles (named after the shortest distance between Europe and Africa: the eight miles width of the Strait of Gibraltar), which aimed to generate a 20 per cent return by exclusively buying stakes in African startup businesses, had set up subsidiaries in the tax haven of Mauritius, "an offshore jurisdiction with a wide network of double taxation treaties in interesting markets". Geldof declined to comment on the leaks.
By 1992, Geldof had established himself as a businessman through co-ownership of the TV production company Planet 24, which made early-morning Channel 4 show The Big Breakfast. Planet 24 was sold to Carlton TV in 1999. TV production company Ten Alps was founded the next day by Geldof and business partner Alex Connock. In April 2011 a new entertainment-formats company, Pretend, was launched.
The Dictionary of Man, announced by Geldof in 2007, is a project he started with director John Maguire, and which is financed by the BBC. It was planned that the collected material would be displayed on a website, and be available for distribution through DVDs, books, magazines, CDs, and exhibitions. Geldof reportedly had been planning it since he visited Niger in the 1980s and became aware of the number of native languages becoming lost forever as native speakers died.
In 2002, he became a founding partner of Groupcall, which specialises in providing communication software and data extraction tools to the education, public and business sectors. His initial involvement arose from concerns for his children's safety.
In 2002, Geldof appeared in an advertisement opposing the possibility of the United Kingdom joining the single EU currency, saying it was "not anti-European to be against the euro". He also criticised the European Union in 2004 for what he called its "pathetic" response to Ethiopia's food crisis. MEP Glenys Kinnock responded that Geldof's comments were "unhelpful and misinformed".
In December 2005, Geldof agreed to give advice on global poverty to the Conservative Party. He stated, however, that he was uninterested in party politics: "I've said I'll shake hands with the devil on my left and the devil on my right to get to where we need to be."
Geldof was a vocal supporter of the unsuccessful campaign for the UK to vote "Remain" in the 2016 referendum on the UK's membership of the European Union. Shortly before the vote, in what was described as the "most surreal day in British politics ever", Geldof led a flotilla on the River Thames to attack an opposition flotilla led by Eurosceptic politician Nigel Farage. Later that year, Geldof campaigned for the Liberal Democrat candidate Sarah Olney at the Richmond Park by-election. He described Brexit as "the greatest act of national self-harm" in British history and vowed to "undermine" Theresa May every step of the way. He said the EU was "a mess" but warned Britain's young people had their futures "taken from them" as a result of the referendum.
From January 2002 until sometime in 2005, Geldof listened very closely to Father's Rights campaigners, and it was reported that he had sacks of mail arriving at his door on a daily basis from fathers who were unhappy with the British family courts. He said, "I am heartbroken. I just cannot believe what happens to people, what is done to them in the name of the law. You only have to open your eyes to see what I call the 'Sad Dads on Sundays Syndrome'". He has also called for The Children Act to be repealed and his latest statement to Father's Rights campaigners was, "It's not in my nature to shut up".
In March 2012 Geldof expressed concern about rising population and falling water levels in Arab countries. He also predicted famine, plague, and wars if the population did not stabilise. Geldof asked countries to lower their birthrates to lessen the burden on the environment. "We must see the possibility of life, not just to individual children, but to the human species," he said "And I'm not that optimistic."
Awards and honours
Geldof has received many awards for his fund-raising work including being invested by Elizabeth II as an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1986. Geldof is entitled to use the post-nominal letters "KBE" but not to be styled "Sir", as he is not a citizen of a Commonwealth realm; nevertheless the nickname "Sir Bob" has stuck and media reports continue to refer to him as "Sir Bob Geldof".
In 1986 Geldof was made a Freeman of the Borough of Swale, in north Kent, England. Geldof had for some years been resident in the borough, at Davington Priory, Faversham, and was still living there as of 2013[update]. He received his award during a special meeting of the Swale Borough Council from the mayor, Councillor Richard Moreton, and the mayoress, Rose Moreton.
In 2004, Geldof was made a development chief in Ghana. This subsequently led to some controversy, as a number of people have since questioned why he hardly ever returns to Ajumako-Bisease (the village that ennobled him) anymore.
- 2005: received a Man of Peace Award.
- 2006: awarded the medal of Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres.
- 2006: awarded the Freedom of Dublin City for his humanitarian work. In 2017, Geldof returned the award in a protest at Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi holding the same honour. Dublin City Council voted to revoke both Suu Kyi's and Geldof's award.
- 2010: awarded Hon. Master of Arts degree from the University for the Creative Arts.
- 2013: awarded the Freedom of the City of London.
- 2014: awarded with BASCA Gold Badge Award in recognition of his unique contribution to the field of music production.
Geldof's longtime girlfriend and first wife was Paula Yates. Yates was a rock journalist, and later became the presenter of the music show The Tube which ran from 1982 to 1987. She was known for her in-bed interviews on the show The Big Breakfast from 1992. Geldof met Yates when she became an obsessed fan of The Boomtown Rats during the band's early days. They became a couple in 1976 when Yates flew to Paris to surprise him when the band was playing there.
Before they were married, the couple had their first daughter, Fifi Trixibelle Geldof, born 31 March 1983. She was named Fifi after Bob's aunt Fifi and Trixibelle because Yates wanted a 'belle' in the family.
After 10 years together, Geldof and Yates married in June 1986 in Las Vegas, with Simon Le Bon (of Duran Duran) acting as Geldof's best man. The couple later had two more daughters, Peaches Honeyblossom Geldof (known as Peaches Geldof) on 13 March 1989, and Little Pixie Geldof (known as Pixie Geldof) on 17 September 1990. Pixie is said to be named after a celebrity daughter character from the cartoon Celeb in the satirical magazine Private Eye, itself a lampoon of the names the Geldofs gave to their other children.
In February 1995, Yates left Geldof for Michael Hutchence, the lead singer of Australian band INXS. Yates had first met Hutchence in 1985 when she interviewed him on The Tube. Geldof and Yates divorced in May 1996. Yates and Hutchence had a daughter, Heavenly Hiraani Tiger Lily Hutchence (known as Tiger) in July 1996.
Hutchence took his own life in a Sydney hotel room on 22 November 1997. After Hutchence's death, Geldof and Yates each gave police statements on the phone calls they exchanged with Hutchence that morning but did not volunteer their phone records. Yates' statement on 26 November included "He was frightened and couldn't stand a minute more without his baby ... [he] was terribly upset and he said, 'I don't know how I'll live without seeing Tiger.'" Yates contended that Geldof had repeatedly said, "Don't forget, I am above the law," referring to his influence since Live Aid. Geldof's police statements and evidence to the coroner indicated that he patiently listened to Hutchence who was "hectoring and abusive and threatening." A friend of Yates and Geldof confirmed the substance of this call and added that Geldof had said, "I know what time the call ended, it was 20 to 7, I was going to log it as a threatening call." The occupant in the hotel room next to Hutchence's heard a loud male voice and swearing at about 5:00 a.m. The coroner was satisfied that this voice was Hutchence arguing with Geldof.
Geldof later went to court and obtained full custody of his three children. He has since become an outspoken advocate of fathers' rights. After Yates' death from a heroin overdose in 2000, Geldof became the legal guardian of Tiger Hutchence and later adopted her in 2007. As of 2019, Tiger's legal name is Heavenly Hiraani Tiger Lily Hutchence Geldof.
In 2014, Geldof hoped to become the first Irish person in space as he is set to be one of the first ever astronauts on the Space XC commercial service, a $100,000 per person flight.
Geldof announced his engagement to French actress Jeanne Marine, his partner of 18 years, on 1 May 2014, and they were married in France on 28 April 2015. They currently reside in Battersea, South London.
Regarding his Jewish ancestry, in an interview with the Manchester- based Jewish Telegraph, Geldof said "I was a quarter Catholic, a quarter Protestant, a quarter Jewish and a quarter nothing – the nothing won."
|Year||Title||Peak chart positions|
|1986||Deep in the Heart of Nowhere||79||—||—||27||—||—||3||18||15||130|
|1990||The Vegetarians of Love
|1992||The Happy Club
|2001||Sex, Age & Death
|2010||How to Compose Popular Songs That Will Sell
|"—" denotes a release that did not chart.|
|Year||Title||Peak chart positions|
|1994||Loudmouth – The Best of Bob Geldof and the Boomtown Rats
|2005||Great Songs of Indifference: The Anthology 1986–2001
|"—" denotes a release that did not chart.|
|1986||"This Is the World Calling"||25||93||28||1||29||1||10||18||82
|Deep in the Heart of Nowhere|
|1987||"Love Like a Rocket"||61||—||18||21||76||11||60||—||—|
|"I Cry Too"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|"In the Pouring Rain"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1990||"The Great Song of Indifference"||15||25||20||7||16||—||—||—||—||Vegetarians of Love|
|"Love or Something"||86||74||55||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|"A Gospel Song"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1992||"Room 19 (Sha La La La Lee)"||—||—||53||—||—||—||—||—||—||Happy Club|
|"My Hippy Angel"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1993||"The Happy Club"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1994||"Crazy"||65||—||72||—||—||—||—||—||—||Loudmouth – The Best of Bob Geldof & the Boomtown Rats|
(Dustin & Geldof)
|2002||"Pale White Girls"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Sex Age & Death|
|2011||"Silly Pretty Thing"||146||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||How To Compose Popular Songs That Will Sell|
|"Here's To You"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
- Table Notes
- A^ "This Is the World Calling" also charted at No. 23 on Billboard Mainstream Rock Tracks Chart.
- B^ "Love or Something" charted at No. 24 on Billboard Modern Rock Tracks Chart.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (February 2020)
- Pink Floyd – The Wall (1982) – Pink
- Number One (1985) – Harry 'Flash' Gordon
- Bernard and the Genie (1991 film) – as Himself (cameo)
- Spiceworld (1997) – as himself (cameo)
- Being Mick (2001) – as himself
- 'I am Bob' (short film 2007) – in which he loses a lookalike contest (even after singing the Boomtown Rats' hit "I Don't Like Mondays".)
- Oh My God (2009) – as himself
- Bad Girl (2012) – as George
- "Geldof". Collins English Dictionary.
- Analysis Section Staff Writer (29 July 2006). "Tell me why they don't like Geldof". The Irish Independent. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
- Smith, David (30 January 2005). "We should share in 'Saint' Bob's Brit award, complain former Rats". The Guardian. London – The Observer home. Retrieved 30 June 2009.
- Geldof, Bob (March 1987). Is That It? (First ed.). London: Penguin. pp. 360 pages. ISBN 978-1-55584-115-7.
- Staff Writer, BBC Radio 2 (21 December 2008). "Do They Know It's Christmas? Band Aid 20". BBC. Archived from the original on 1 December 2007. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
- Linklater, Magnus (8 June 2005). "Bob Geldof's brazen appeal to popular outrage won't make poverty history". The Times. London. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
- "Live Aid duo win second Ivor gong", 4 June 2005, Music Week, p.1
- Simmons, Virginia (11 June 2009). "DATA Report Launch Videos". ONE International. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
- Elliott, John (7 September 2003). "Geldof lashes courts over fathers' rights". The Times. London. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
- "Front Row Interviews: Sir Bob Geldof". BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
- "Bob Geldof: Life is the hardest thing, but if you do it you get through it". The Irish News. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
- "My Splendid Isolation: Sir Bob Geldof – 'I've written CovAid on my face mask in lipstick'". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 January 2022. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
- "Geldof 'would consider peerage'". BBC News. 4 January 2005.
- "Bob Geldof receives peace award". BBC News. 24 November 2005. Retrieved 30 June 2009.
- Heaney, Mick (6 March 2005). "Ireland: The rat pack who looked after number one". The Sunday Times. London, UK. Retrieved 30 June 2009.
- Nadav Shemer (22 March 2011). "Bob Geldof to receive BGU honorary doctorate". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
- "Zenon Geldof : Belgian Master Chef". Arrow.die.ie. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- Towey, Niamh. "Bob Geldof speaks of personal experiences of grief". The Irish Times.
- "The saving of Geldof's soul". independent.
- "The World of Rugby League". Rleague.com. Archived from the original on 13 January 2009. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
- "History of the Georgia Straight". The Georgia Straight. Retrieved 9 November 2014.
- "Geldof: From singer to saint". BBC News. 27 May 2003. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- "Justice Story: 16-year-old girl shoots up school, tells reporter 'I Don't Like Mondays'". NY Daily News. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- Jonze, Tim (28 January 2013). "Boomtown Rats re-form for Isle of Wight festival". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
- "Geldof Falsely Reports Dury Death". MTV. 27 August 1998.
- "Geldof's choice a hit". BBC News. 28 April 1999.
- "100 great British heroes". BBC News. BBC. 21 August 2002. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- Barbara McMahon in Rome (24 July 2006). "Guardian: Geldof cancels Italian tour after only 45 fans turn up for Milan gig". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
- "Fri, Oct 20, 2006 – REVOLVER". The Irish Times. 10 October 2006. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
- "How the Secret Policeman's Ball Got Rolling..." Huffington Post. Retrieved 2 December 2021.
- Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: "BBC on Ethiopian famine 1984". YouTube. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
- "Looking Back At Live Aid, 25 Years Later". MTV. Retrieved 22 October 2016
- "Flashback: Band Aid Raises Millions With 'Do They Know It's Christmas?'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 27 August 2021.
The single, released in the United Kingdom on December 3rd, 1984, was crafted to "touch people's heartstrings and to loosen the purse strings".
- Sedghi, Ami (4 November 2012). "UK's million-selling singles: the full list". The Guardian. London, England: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
- Green, Paul (5 January 1985). "Ethiopia-Aid Single, Video Take Off". Billboard. New York City, USA: Billboard Publications: 3.
- Holden, Stephen (27 February 1985). "The Pop Life; Artists Join in Effort for Famine Relief". The New York Times. New York City, USA. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
- McFarlen, Donald (December 1988). Guinness Book of World Records, 1989, page 155-156. Jim Pattison Group. ISBN 9780806902760. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
- "Bob Geldof to record Band Aid 30". BBC News. 9 November 2014. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
- "Aaaaaay-o! Aaaaaay-o! Why Live Aid was the greatest show of all". The Independent. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
- Beaumont, Mark. "Aaaaaay-o! Aaaaaay-o! Why Live Aid was the greatest show of all". The Independent. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
- Live Aid 1985: A day of magic. CNN. Retrieved 22 May 2021
- West, Aaron J. (2015). Sting and The Police: Walking in Their Footsteps. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 92.
- "Live aid in their own words". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
- "1985 Live Aid – BBC web-site". Retrieved 8 April 2014.
- Geldof, Bob. Live Aid DVD.
- David Rieff "Cruel to be kind?", Archived 8 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine The Guardian, 24 June 2005
- SPIN. "Live Aid: The Terrible Truth". SPIN. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
- Midgley, Neil (4 November 2010). "BBC apologises to Bob Geldof for Band Aid slur". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 January 2022. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- Live 8 programme notes by Paul Vallely
- "Africa Progress Report 2012". Africa Progress Panel. Archived from the original on 9 January 2013. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
- "Direttore per un giorno". La Stampa (in Italian). Italy. 4 July 2009. Archived from the original on 7 July 2009. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- Jarlath Regan (13 July 2017). "Bob Geldof". An Irishman Abroad (Podcast) (200 ed.). SoundCloud. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
- "LIVE 8 – Media Centre". Live8live.com. 29 July 2006. Archived from the original on 6 February 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
- Hilary, John (5 April 2010). "The arrogance of Saint Bob". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- Left, Sarah (15 June 2005). "Pressure forces Live 8 to add African concert". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- Geldof, Bob (2 March 2013). "Bob Geldof: Gleneagles G8 summit was a triumph for Africa – and Tony Blair". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
- Hilary, John (5 April 2010). "The arrogance of Saint Bob". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
- "Does Africa any longer need Bob Geldof as its champion? After Live 8 many people are saying no". New Internationalist. 1 January 2006. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
- Monbiot, George (21 June 2005). "Bards of the powerful". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- Smith, David (19 June 2005). "Gallagher casts doubt on the value of Live8". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- "Bob Geldof on CD:UK". Retrieved 8 April 2014.
- Ellen, Barbara (18 June 2006). "This charming man". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- Field, Michael (15 July 2006). "Foreign aid 'shameful'". stuff.co.nz. Archived from the original on 17 July 2006. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
- "Geldof deserves support but has his facts wrong | Scoop News". Scoop.co.nz. 14 July 2006. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
- "Sir Bob Geldof wants $100,000 for anti-poverty speech". The Daily Telegraph. 15 November 2008. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: "A Conversation with Sir Bob Geldof: HIV and Poverty - the Challenges Ahead". International AIDS Conferences. 15 August 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Engage with Africa to fight AIDS: Geldof". SBS News. 24 July 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: "Closing Session". International AIDS Conferences. 28 July 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "When someone calls you a hooker". Ben Rylan JOY 94.9. 26 July 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Straight talker Bob Geldof releases WB Yeats documentary". Irish Examiner. 16 February 2018.
- Bennett, Isabel (13 November 2017). "Bob Geldof renounces honour also held by Aung San Suu Kyi". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 13 November 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
- "Geldof returns Freedom of the City of Dublin in Aung San Suu Kyi protest". Irish Examiner. 13 November 2017.
- "Councillors vote to revoke award from Aung San Suu Kyi". RTÉ News. 14 December 2017. Archived from the original on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
- "Furious Geldof blames 'Sinn Féin stitch-up' for losing freeman status". The Sunday Times. 15 December 2017.
- Mills, Greg (8 March 2013). "Why Bob Geldof is wrong about Africa". Theguardian.com. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
- Fitzgibbon, Will. "Bob Geldof's private equity firm sets up office in tax-friendly Mauritius". The Irish Times.
- "All you need to know about ICIJ's Mauritius Leaks Investigation". Icij.org.
- "Mauritius Leaks exposes tiny tax haven's role in vast offshore system". Icij.org.
- "'Mauritius Leaks' details Africa's revenue loss to offshore tax haven | Africa Times". Africatimes.com. 23 July 2019.
- "Download Mauritius Leaks Data: Mauritian companies used by Conyers' clients". Icij.org.
- "Meet the Firm at the Heart of Mauritius Leaks: Conyers Dill & Pearman". Icij.org.
- Rohrlich, Max de Haldevang, Justin. "How Bob Geldof's African investment fund avoids paying taxes to some of the continent's poorest countries". Quartz Africa.
- "Ten Alps website". Tenalps.com. Archived from the original on 25 August 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
- Gibson, Owen (18 April 2007). "Geldof plans the definitive record of mankind". The Guardian.
- "British Broadcasting Corp. and Bob Geldof to create massive "Dictionary of Man" Web site". Taiwan News. 19 April 2007. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
- Guider, Elizabeth (17 April 2007). "Geldof, BBC plan mankind project". Variety.
- "Concerned Bob sets out to build a Dictionary of Man". Hello Magazine. 18 April 2007.
- "Exeter Entrepreneurs". University of Exeter. Archived from the original on 7 November 2010. Retrieved 29 August 2011.
- "Bob Geldof, KBE - Chairman of 8 Miles". 8miles.com. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
- Borin, Matthew. "Bob Geldof on Investing in Africa". CFA Institute. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
- "Bob Geldof on Messenger website". Groupcall Ltd. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
- "Groupcall Ltd website". Groupcall. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
- "Geldof tackles truants by text". Manchester Evening News. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
- "UK | Politics | Geldof says no to euro". BBC News. 2 July 2002. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
- "Africa | Geldof: Ethiopia aid 'pathetic'". BBC News. 27 May 2003. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
- "Kinnock attacks famine hero Geldof". BBC News. 29 May 2003. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- "Geldof praises US AIDS plan". Archived from the original on 19 June 2003. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
- "Geldof helps Tory poverty policy". BBC News. 28 December 2005. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- "Geldof: 'I am no conservative politician'". Irish Examiner. 30 December 2005. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
- Michael Deacon Parliamentary Sketchwriter (15 June 2016). "Nigel Farage, Bob Geldof, a chase down the Thames... and the most surreal day in British politics ever". Telegraph.co.uk. Archived from the original on 11 January 2022. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
- Robert Booth. "Nigel Farage and Bob Geldof's rival EU referendum flotillas clash on the Thames | Politics". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
- Jessica Elgot and Rebecca Pinnington (30 November 2016). "Bob Geldof rails against Brexit as he backs Lib Dems in Richmond Park". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
- Jon Hopkins (17 March 2017). "Singer and LiveAID founder Bob Geldof brands Brexit "the greatest act of national self-harm" in British history". Proactive Investors. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
- "SPIG – Bob Geldof 17 June 2002". Spig.clara.net. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
- "Bob Geldof and Fathers Rights". Parents4protest.co.uk. 7 February 2010. Archived from the original on 9 December 2006. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
- "Sir Bob Geldof calls for women to have fewer children". Thenational.ae. The National, Abu Dhabi Media's first English-language publication.
- Elizabeth Wyse; Jo Aitchison; Zöe Gullen; Eleanor Mathieson, eds. (2006). "Forms of Address". Debrett's Correct Form (2006 ed.). Richmond, Surrey: Debrett's Limited. pp. 98, 100. ISBN 978-1-870520-88-1.
When a foreign national receives an honorary knighthood of an order of chivalry, he is not entitled to the prefix Sir, but he may place the appropriate letters after his name. ... An honorary knight of an order of chivalry uses the appropriate letters after his name, but without the prefix 'Sir', because he is not eligible to receive the accolade.
- E.g. Simon Mills (19 September 2011). "Sir Bob Geldof at 60". Evening Standard. London. Archived from the original on 28 December 2011. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
- Fruen, Lauren (2 August 2013). "Boomtown Spat: Superstar Bob Geldof in bitter row with neighbour over new gate near Davington home". Kentonline.co.uk. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
- Kwame Aidoo (2 July 2018). "Meet the "White Chiefs" of Ghana". Theculturetrip.com. Retrieved 15 December 2020.
- Jason Cowley (22 May 2006). "Heroes of our time - the top 50". New Statesman. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
- "BBC NEWS Entertainment Bob Geldof receives peace award". News.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- "Geldof breaks dress etiquette with major medal-wearing faux pas". Chinadaily.com.cn. 5 June 2007. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
- "Geldof awarded freedom of Dublin". BBC News. 6 March 2006. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "Bob Geldof to get UCA honorary degree". BBC. 14 June 2010. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
- "Blog - New Honour for Sir Bob Geldof". Therightaddress.co.uk. 3 September 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "Sir Bob Geldof to be honoured by Gold Badge Awards - M Magazine". M magazine: PRS for Music online magazine. 10 September 2014. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
- "Twitter / Peaches Geldof: Just to clarify once and f". Twitter.com. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
- "Peaches Geldof". IMDb.com. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "Pixie Geldof". IMDb.com. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- Dodd, Vikram (18 September 2000). "Sex, drugs and rock'n'roll stars: the lethal cocktail that ended in tragedy". Theguardian.com.
- "The story of Michael Hutchence and Paula Yates". Independent.ie.
- "1997: Michael Hutchence found dead in hotel". News.bbc.co.uk. 22 November 1997.
- "Michael Hutchence – Official Website – Library – Section 1". Michaelhutchenceinfo.com. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
- "Inquest into the death of Michael Kelland Hutchence". Destinytours.com.au. Archived from the original (doc) on 1 September 2007. Retrieved 9 December 2010.
- Hand, Derrick; Fife-Yeomans, Janet (2008) . The Coroner: Investigating Sudden Death. Sydney, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 978-0-7333-2221-1.
- "Geldof blames decision of family courts for daughters' pain". Independent.ie.
- Hinsliff, Gaby (11 October 2003). "Geldof asked to save family courts from angry fathers". Theguardian.com.
- "Peaches Geldof died next to her baby". Mercurynews.com. 11 April 2014.
- "Heroin overdose killed Yates". 8 November 2000. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
- "Peaches Geldof found dead at home; Bob Geldof's daughter was 25". Los Angeles Times. 7 April 2014.
- "Michael Hutchence's daughter Tiger Lily, 22, has been 'ignored' by the rock star's estate - as she is discovered 'living in a London squat after receiving a $900 inheritance'". Msn.com.
- "Tiger Lily Hutchence is all grown up". Heraldsun.com.au. 20 September 2015.
- "Space Cadet: Bob Geldof will wear tricolour in space". Irish Independent. 11 September 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
- "BBC News - Peaches Geldof: Writer and TV presenter dies aged 25". Bbc.co.uk. 26 April 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "Peaches Geldof drug death case closed". BBC News. 3 July 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
- Robert Booth. "Peaches Geldof found dead aged 25 | Culture". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "Bob Geldof admits he 'half expected' tragic death of daughter Peaches". Evoke.ie. 29 November 2015. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
- "Sir Bob Geldof engaged to marry girlfriend of 18 years Jeanne Marine as Peaches' toxicology results due". Metro. 1 May 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
- "Bob Geldof marries in France..just weeks after first anniversary of daughter Peaches' tragic death". Evoke.ie. 28 April 2015. Archived from the original on 4 May 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
- "Bono and I, we're the f**king eejits..." Irish Independent. 10 September 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
- Shemer, Nadav (22 March 2011). "Bob Geldof to receive B... JPost – Features – Insights & Features". Jpost.com. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
- "The problem with God is He thinks He's Bob Geldof". The Daily Telegraph. 16 May 2012. Archived from the original on 18 May 2012. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- Bob Geldof in UK Charts
- "dutchcharts.nl – Discografie Bob Geldof". Hung Medien. Archived from the original on 25 October 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- "charts.de – suche (Album): Bob Geldof". Media Control. Retrieved 10 September 2011.[dead link]
- "irish-charts.com – Bob Geldof (2000–2011)". Hung Medien. Archived from the original on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- "norwegiancharts.com – Discography Bob Geldof". Hung Medien. Archived from the original on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- "hitparade.ch – search (alben) : Bob Geldof". Hung Medien. Archived from the original on 9 October 2011. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- "Allmusic – Billboard Albums > Bob Geldof". AllMusic. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- "BOB GELDOF | full Official Chart History | Official Charts Company". Officialcharts.com. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
- "charts.de – suche (Song): Bob Geldof". Media Control. Retrieved 10 September 2011.[dead link]
- "The Irish Charts – search: Bob Geldof". IRMA. Archived from the original on 5 January 2010. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- "hitparade.ch – search (songs) : Bob Geldof". Hung Medien. Archived from the original on 9 October 2011. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- "Allmusic – Billboard Albums > Bob Geldof". AllMusic. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- "Great Songs of Indifference: The Best of Bob Geldof & the Boomtown Rats – Boomtown Rats". AllMusic. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- J.C. Maçek III (5 September 2012). "The Cinematic Experience of Roger Waters' 'The Wall Live'". PopMatters. Retrieved 3 November 2020.