Bobby (1973 film)
|Directed by||Raj Kapoor|
|Produced by||Raj Kapoor|
|Written by||Jainendra Jain (dialogue)|
|Screenplay by||Khwaja Ahmad Abbas|
V. P. Sathe
|Story by||Khwaja Ahmad Abbas|
|Edited by||Raj Kapoor|
|Distributed by||R.K. Films|
|28 September 1973|
|Box office||est. ₹30 crore|
Bobby is a 1973 Indian Hindustani-language musical romance film, produced and directed by Raj Kapoor, and written by Khwaja Ahmad Abbas. The film stars Raj Kapoor's son, Rishi Kapoor, in his first leading role, opposite Dimple Kapadia in her debut role.
The film became a blockbuster, the top-grossing Indian hit of 1973, the second-top-grossing hit of the 1970s at the Indian box office, and one of the top 20 highest-grossing Indian films of all time (when adjusted for inflation). It also became an overseas blockbuster in the Soviet Union, where it drew an audience of 62.6 million viewers, making it one of the top 20 biggest box office hits of all time in the Soviet Union.
The film became a trend-setter. It was wildly popular and widely imitated. It introduced to Bollywood the genre of teenage romance with a rich-versus-poor clash as a backdrop. Numerous films in the following years and decades were inspired by this plot. Indiatimes Movies ranks Bobby amongst the 'Top 25 Must See Bollywood Films'.
The story is about the love between two Bombay teenagers of different classes—Raj Nath (Rishi Kapoor), the son of a rich Hindu businessman Mr. Nath (played by Pran), and Bobby Braganza (Dimple Kapadia), the daughter of a poor Goan Christian fisherman Jack Braganza (played by Prem Nath).
Raj returns from his boarding school. Upon his return, his parents throw a party to celebrate his birthday. His governess as a child Mrs. Braganza comes to wish him with her granddaughter Bobby, whom Raj notices among the crowds attending his party. Mrs. Nath (played by Sonia Sahni) ignores Mrs. Braganza, which leads her to leave the party with her granddaughter in a rush.
Raj opens his gifts the next day and finds Mrs. Braganza's gift, so he decides to go and meet her. Reaching there, her granddaughter Bobby opens the door for him, and it is love at first sight for him. During that visit, he mixes his book with Bobby's, so he goes to meet her at the library to exchange the books, and from that, both start their friendship. Raj and Bobby decide to go to see a movie but find out it is a full house. Then Raj gets an idea to go to a party. At the party, Bobby sees Raj talking to Nima (played by Aruna Irani) privately and thinks he is in love with her. As the story progresses, Raj realises that his relationship with the daughter of a poor fisherman is not taken kindly by his eccentric father. Upon Raj's insistence, Mr. Nath invites Jack Braganza to initiate talks of Raj and Bobby's wedding. But instead, Mr. Nath insults him and accuses Jack of using his daughter's beauty and charm to trap Raj for his money. He later offers Jack cash to stop Bobby from seeing Raj. Jack feels highly humiliated by this accusation and reciprocates by insulting Mr. Nath. Their talk enters a deadlock and spells doom for Raj and Bobby's tender love.
Mr. Nath engages Raj to a mentally challenged wealthy girl, Alka (Farida Jalal), to establish business ties with her rich father. But Raj runs away from home to unite with Bobby. They run away together. Mr. Nath advertises a reward for anyone who can help find his son. Prem Chopra (Prem Chopra) decides that he wants the money, and he and his goons kidnap Raj and Bobby. When they try to escape, Prem starts beating Raj. Mr. Nath and the police come to help, and they find Jack already there attempting to help Raj. Raj and Bobby run away from their fathers and jump over a waterfall. Mr. Nath and Jack jump into the water after them. Mr. Nath rescues Bobby, while Jack rescues Raj.
They realise that they love their children very much and don't want to stand in the way of their happiness. They accept each other's kids as their own and give their blessings to the union.
- Rishi Kapoor as Raj Nath
- Dimple Kapadia as Bobby Braganza
- Prem Nath as Jack Braganza
- Durga Khote as Mrs. Braganza
- Pran as Mr. Nath
- Sonia Sahni as Mrs. Sushma Nath
- Aruna Irani as Nima
- Prem Chopra as Prem Chopra
- Farida Jalal as Alka 'Nikki' Sharma
- Pinchoo Kapoor as Mr. Sharma
- Raj Rani as Mrs. Sharma
- Jagdish Raj as Police Inspector
- Shashi Kiran as Shyam (Raj's college-mate)
- Piloo J. Wadia as Mrs. Pestonji
Raj Kapoor launched his second son Rishi Kapoor in this film; he wanted a new heroine to complement the young love story. Dimple Kapadia and Neetu Singh were auditioned for the role of Bobby Braganza, but Dimple was finally selected.
In an interview in 2012, Rishi Kapoor stated, "There was a misconception that the film was made to launch me as an actor. The film was made to pay the debts of Mera Naam Joker. Dad wanted to make a teenage love story and he did not have money to cast Rajesh Khanna in the film".
Some scenes were shot in Gulmarg. One scene was shot in a hut in Gulmarg, which became famous as the 'Bobby Hut'. A few scenes towards the end of the movie were shot on Pune-Solapur highway near Loni Kalbhor where Raj Kapoor owned a farm.
|"Ae Ae Ae Phansa"||Lata Mangeshkar||Picturized on Aruna Irani|
|"Ankhiyon Ko Rahne De"||Lata Mangeshkar||Based on the song "Ankhiyan nu rehen de" by Reshma|
|"Beshak Mandir Masjid"||Narendra Chanchal
Lyrics by Raj Kavi Inderjeet Singh Tulsi
|"Hum Tum Ek Kamre Mein Band Ho"||Lata Mangeshkar and Shailendra Singh||Shot at Kapoor family's bungalow inside their farm house Rajbaugh, which is now a memorial to Raj Kapoor and lies inside the MIT World Peace University (MIT WPU) on the banks of Mula-Mutha River in Loni Kalbhor village 30 km east of Pune in Maharshtra.|
|"Jhoot Bole Kauva Kate"||Lata Mangeshkar and Shailendra Singh||Picturized on Rishi Kapoor and Dimple Kapadia in a village dance setting.|
|"Main Shayar To Nahin"||Shailendra Singh||Picturised on Rishi Kapoor. The song was reused and picturised again on him in the 2004 film Hum Tum.|
|"Mujhe Kuchh Kahna Hai"||Lata Mangeshkar and Shailendra Singh|
|"Na Mangun Sona Chandi"||Manna Dey and Shailendra Singh
Lyrics by: Vithalbhai Patel
|Territory||Gross revenue||Adjusted gross||Footfalls|
|Domestic (India)||₹11 crore (US$14.21 million)[n 1]||₹660 crore (US$93 million)||53.5 million|
|Overseas (Soviet Union)||15.65 million руб[n 2] – US$21.44 million[n 3] (₹19.24 crore)[n 4]||US$102 million (₹638 crore)||62.6 million|
|Worldwide||₹30.24 crore (US$39 million)||₹1,212 crore (US$184 million)||116 million|
In India, Bobby was the highest-grossing film of 1973, earning ₹11 crore. It was also the second-highest-grossing film at the Indian box office in the 1970s, second only to Sholay (1975). Adjusted for inflation, it grossed ₹398 crore in 2011 value, equivalent to ₹660 crore (US$93 million) in 2016 value. As of 2011, it is one of the top 20 highest-grossing films of all time in India.
Overseas, Bobby was very successful in the Soviet Union when it released there in 1975, due to Raj Kapoor's popularity in the country. Bobby drew 62.6 million admissions at the Soviet box office, making it the second-best-selling film on the Soviet box office charts in 1975, the most popular Indian film of the 1970s, the second-biggest foreign film of the decade, the sixth-biggest box office hit of the decade, the second-most-viewed Indian film of all time (after Raj Kapoor's Awaara), the sixth-biggest foreign hit of all time, and one of the top 20 biggest box office hits of all time. The film's success launched Rishi Kapoor into an overnight movie star in the Soviet Union, much like Awaara had done for his father Raj Kapoor.
Similarly, the film was very successful in Southeast Asian countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore. It was popular among non-Indian audiences in these countries, despite a lack of local language dubbing or subtitles upon its initial Malaysian release. It was among the most popular foreign films in Malaysia at the time, along with Bruce Lee films such as The Big Boss (1972).
The Illustrated Weekly of India wrote upon release that despite a new style, "the story formula remains the same as ever". The review further noted that despite some gimmicks, the film's commercial appeal may be attributed to the "two fresh-faced, delightful youngsters", later praising the performances, including the lead pair who "act with natural ease and freshness", Premnath who is "outstanding as the expansive, volatile Mr. Braganza", but accused Pran of being typecast.
- Best Actor – Rishi Kapoor
- Best Actress – Dimple Kapadia (shared with Jaya Bhaduri for Abhimaan)
- Best Male Playback Singer – Narendra Chanchal for "Beshak Mandir Masjid"
- Best Art Direction – A. Rangaraj
- Best Sound Design – Allauddin Khan Qureshi
- Best Film – Raj Kapoor
- Best Director – Raj Kapoor
- Best Supporting Actor – Prem Nath
- Best Supporting Actress – Aruna Irani
- Best Music Director – Laxmikant Pyarelal
- Best Lyricist – Anand Bakshi for "Hum Tum Ek Kamre Mein"
- Best Lyricist – Anand Bakshi for "Main Shayer To Nahin"
- Best Lyricist – Vitthalbhai Patel for "Jhoot Bole Kava Kate"
- Best Male Playback Singer – Shailender Singh for the song "Main Shayar to Nahin"
- BFJA Awards
- Best Male Playback Singer (Hindi Section) – Shailender Singh
- BFJA Award for Best Audiographer (Hindi Section) – Alauddin Khan Qureshi
In his 2017 autobiography Khullam Khulla: Rishi Kapoor Uncensored, Rishi Kapoor revealed that he paid someone ₹30,000 (equivalent to ₹720,000 or US$10,000 in 2019) to win him an award for Best Actor. Although it is inferred as Filmfare Award, he said in an interview that "I did not write a Filmfare Award [in the book]. I have not said any names. I have said I bought 'an award'".
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