|55th Governor of Louisiana|
January 14, 2008 – January 11, 2016
|Preceded by||Kathleen Blanco|
|Succeeded by||John Bel Edwards|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Louisiana's 1st district
January 3, 2005 – January 14, 2008
|Preceded by||David Vitter|
|Succeeded by||Steve Scalise|
|Assistant Secretary of Health and Human Services for Planning and Evaluation|
July 9, 2001 – February 21, 2003
|President||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Margaret Hamburg|
|Succeeded by||Michael O'Grady|
June 10, 1971
Baton Rouge, Louisiana, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Supriya Jolly (m. 1997)|
|Education||Brown University (BS)
New College, Oxford (MLitt)
Piyush "Bobby" Jindal (born June 10, 1971) is an American politician who was the 55th Governor of Louisiana between 2008 and 2016, and previously served as a U.S. Congressman and as the vice chairman of the Republican Governors Association.
In 1996, Jindal was appointed secretary of the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals and in 1999, at age 28, he was appointed as the youngest president in the history of the University of Louisiana System. In 2001, President George W. Bush appointed Jindal as principal adviser to the U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services.
He first ran for governor of Louisiana in 2003, but lost in the run-off election to Democratic candidate, Kathleen Blanco. In 2004, he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, becoming the second Indian American in Congress, and was re-elected in 2006. Jindal ran for governor again in the 2007 election and won, making him, at 36 years old, the second youngest governor of Louisiana after Huey P. Long, who was 35 when he was elected in 1928. Jindal was re-elected in 2011 in a landslide, winning more than 65% of the vote. He was the first Indian American governor, and the only one until South Carolina Governor Nikki Haley assumed office in 2011.
On June 24, 2015, Jindal announced his candidacy for the Republican nomination in the 2016 presidential election. He suspended his campaign in November 2015, subsequently announcing his support for Marco Rubio.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Career
- 3 Early political career (1996–2003)
- 4 U.S. House of Representatives (2005–2008)
- 5 2007 election for governor
- 6 Governor of Louisiana (2008–2016)
- 7 National politics
- 8 Political positions
- 8.1 Abortion and stem cell research
- 8.2 Same-sex marriage
- 8.3 Government ethics
- 8.4 Gun rights and gun control
- 8.5 Tax policy
- 8.6 Education
- 8.7 Civil liberties
- 8.8 Immigration laws
- 8.9 Health care
- 8.10 Environmental issues and offshore drilling
- 8.11 Earmarks
- 8.12 Opposition to Recovery Act
- 8.13 No-go zones
- 9 Personal life
- 10 Writings
- 11 Electoral history
- 12 See also
- 13 Videos
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Early life and education
Piyush Jindal was born on June 10, 1971 in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He is the first of two sons of Raj (née Gupta) and Amar Jindal, from Punjab, India. His father is a civil engineer and graduate of Guru Nanak Dev University and Punjab University. His mother is a graduate of Rajasthan University and worked in nuclear physics at the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research in Chandigarh. Prior to immigrating to the United States, both his parents were lecturers at an Indian engineering college.
At the time of their move to the USA, Raj Jindal was to be a doctoral candidate in physics. They left Malerkotla, Punjab in January 1971, six months before their son was born. Jindal's paternal grandfather was a Cawnpore merchant, and his maternal grandfather was a Ferozepur banker.
The family settled near Louisiana State University. Jindal attended Baton Rouge Magnet High School, graduating in 1988 at the top of his class. While in high school, he competed in tennis tournaments, started various enterprises such as a computer newsletter, retail candy business, and a mail-order software company. He spent free time working in the stands at LSU football games.
Jindal was one of only 50 students nationwide admitted to the Program in Liberal Medical Education (PLME), guaranteeing him a place at Brown Medical School. He has been credited with leading Brown University's College Republicans student group.
Jindal was named to the 1992 USA Today All-USA Academic Team. He applied to and was accepted by both Harvard Medical School and Yale Law School, but studied at New College, Oxford, as a Rhodes Scholar. He received an M.Litt. degree in political science with an emphasis in health policy from the University of Oxford in 1994, where the subject of his thesis was "A needs-based approach to health care".
After completing his studies at Oxford, Jindal turned down an offer to study for a D.Phil. in politics because his family couldn't afford to pay for Bobby's studies. Instead, Jindal joined the consulting firm McKinsey & Company. He then interned in the office of Rep. Jim McCrery of Louisiana, where McCrery assigned him to work on healthcare policy; Jindal spent two weeks studying Medicare to compile an extensive report on possible solutions to Medicare's financial problems, which he presented to McCrery.
Early political career (1996–2003)
In 1993, U.S. Representative Jim McCrery (whom Jindal had worked for as a summer intern) introduced him to Governor Murphy Foster. In 1996, Foster appointed Jindal as Secretary of the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals, an agency that represented about 40 percent of the state budget and employed over 12,000 people. Foster called Jindal a genius who has a lot of knowledge of medicine. Jindal was 24 at the time.
Jindal was criticized during the 2007 campaign by the Louisiana AFL-CIO for closing some local clinics to reach that surplus. Under Jindal's term, Louisiana nationally rose to third place in child healthcare screenings, with child immunizations rising, and introduced new and expanded services for the elderly and the disabled.
In 1998, Jindal was appointed executive director of the National Bipartisan Commission on the Future of Medicare, a 17-member panel charged with devising plans to reform Medicare. In 1999, at the request of the Louisiana governor's office and the Louisiana State Legislature, Jindal examined how Louisiana might use its $4.4 billion share of the tobacco settlement.
At 28 years of age in 1999, Jindal was appointed to become the youngest-ever president of the University of Louisiana System, the nation's 16th largest system of higher education with over 80,000 students.
In March 2001, he was nominated by President George W. Bush to be Assistant Secretary of Health and Human Services for Planning and Evaluation. He was later unanimously confirmed by a vote of the United States Senate and began serving on July 9, 2001. In that position, he served as the principal policy adviser to the Secretary of Health and Human Services. He resigned from that post on February 21, 2003, to return to Louisiana and run for governor. He was assigned to help fight the nurse shortage by examining steps to improve nursing education.
2003 election for governor
Jindal came to national prominence during the 2003 election for governor of Louisiana. In what Louisianans call an "open primary" (but which is technically a nonpartisan blanket primary), Jindal finished first with 33 percent of the vote. He received endorsements from the largest paper in Louisiana, the Times-Picayune; the newly elected Democratic mayor of New Orleans, Ray Nagin; and the outgoing Republican governor, Mike Foster.
In the second balloting, Jindal faced the outgoing lieutenant governor, Kathleen Babineaux Blanco of Lafayette, a Democrat. Despite winning in Blanco's hometown, he lost many normally conservative parishes in north Louisiana, and Blanco prevailed with 52 percent of the popular vote.
Some political analysts blamed Jindal's loss for his refusal to answer questions targeted at his religion and ethnic background brought up in several Democratic advertisements, which the Jindal campaign called "negative attack ads." Despite losing the election in 2003, the run for governor made Jindal a well-known figure on the state's political scene and a rising star within the Republican Party.
U.S. House of Representatives (2005–2008)
A few weeks after the 2003 gubernatorial runoff, Jindal decided to run for Louisiana's 1st congressional district. The incumbent, David Vitter, was running for the Senate seat being vacated by John Breaux. The Louisiana Republican Party endorsed him in the primary although Mike Rogers, also a Republican, was running for the same seat. The 1st District has been in Republican hands since a 1977 special election and is widely considered to be staunchly conservative. Jindal's campaign was able to raise over $1 million very early in the campaign, making it harder for other candidates to effectively raise funds to oppose him. He won the 2004 election with 78 percent of the vote.
Jindal won re-election to a second term with 88% of the vote.
In 2005, Jindal criticized Bush's budget for not calling for enough spending cuts. He warned of the growth of Medicaid saying "Congress may act without them...there seems to be growing momentum that the status quo is not defensible." Jindal praised Bush's leadership on social security reform saying "The administration has a lot more work to do to continue educating the American people about the very serious challenges facing Social Security."
In response to Hurricane Katrina, Jindal stated "If we had been investing resources in restoring our coast, it wouldn't have prevented the storm, but the barrier islands would have absorbed some of the tidal surge."
- House Committee on Homeland Security
- House Committee on Resources
- House Committee on Education and the Workforce
He was made vice-chairman of the House Subcommittee on the Prevention of Nuclear and Biological Attacks. Jindal served as president of the incoming freshman class of congressmen, in 2004. He was elected to the position of House assistant majority whip, a senior leadership role. He served in this capacity from 2004 to 2006.
2007 election for governor
On January 22, 2007, Jindal announced his candidacy for governor. Polling data showed him with an early lead in the race, and he remained the favorite throughout the campaign. He defeated eleven opponents in the nonpartisan blanket primary held on October 20, including two prominent Democrats, State Senator Walter Boasso of Chalmette and Louisiana Public Service Commissioner Foster Campbell of Bossier City, and an independent, New Orleans businessman John Georges.
Jindal finished with 699,672 votes (54 percent). Boasso ran second with 226,364 votes (17 percent). Georges finished with 186,800 (14 percent), and Campbell, who is also a former state senator, ran fourth with 161,425 (12 percent). The remaining candidates collectively polled three percent of the vote. Jindal polled pluralities or majorities in 60 of the state's 64 parishes (equivalent to counties in other states). He lost narrowly to Georges in Orleans Parish, to Boasso in St. Bernard Parish (which Boasso represented in the Legislature), and in the two neighboring north Louisiana parishes of Red River and Bienville located south of Shreveport, both historically Democratic and supported Campbell. In the 2003 contest with Blanco, Jindal had lost most of the northern parishes. This marked the first time that a non-incumbent candidate for governor was elected without a runoff under the Louisiana election system.
Governor of Louisiana (2008–2016)
As governor-elect, Jindal named a new ethics team, with Democratic Shreveport businesswoman Virginia Kilpatrick Shehee, the first woman to have served in the state senate, as the vice chairman of the panel. Jindal assumed the position of governor when he took the oath of office on January 14, 2008. At thirty-six, he became the youngest sitting governor in the United States. He is also Louisiana's first non-white governor since P. B. S. Pinchback served for thirty-five days during Reconstruction, and the first non-white governor to be elected (Pinchback succeeded to the position of lieutenant governor on the death of Oscar Dunn, then to governor upon the impeachment of Henry Clay Warmoth). Additionally, Jindal became the first Indian American to be elected governor of any state in the United States.
One of Jindal's first appointments was that of Mike Edmonson as superintendent of the Louisiana State Police. Edmonson had been for twenty preceding years the bodyguard and confidant of LSU Tigers football coaches. Edmonson was also the deputy secretary of the Department of Public Safety, an agency with more than 2,900 employees and a budget of nearly $500 million.
In 2014, Jindal was compelled to urge repeal of a state law that he had earlier signed which provided enhanced retirement benefits to Edmonson and, inadvertently, to one other state trooper. Jindal said that he was unaware that the legislation, called in the media the "Edmonson Act," applied only to two persons. He urged the legislature to rewrite the law. Thereafter, Janice Clark, a state district court judge in Baton Rouge, declared that portion of the law enhancing the retirement benefits of Edmonson to be unconstitutional.
Another early appointee was that of former state representative Frank P. Simoneaux, a Baton Rouge attorney, as the chairman of the Louisiana Ethics Commission. Jimmy Faircloth, an attorney from Alexandria and Pineville, was the influential executive counsel from 2008 to 2009, when he stepped down to run unsuccessfully for the Louisiana Supreme Court. Faircloth was considered the legal architect of the special 2008 legislative session on ethics reform. He guided the Jindal administration through the aftermath of Hurricanes Gustav and Ike. After leaving the administration, he continued as a periodic legal advisor to Jindal.
On June 27, 2008, Louisiana's Secretary of State confirmed that a recall petition had been filed against Jindal in response to Jindal's refusal to veto a bill that would have more than doubled the current state legislative pay. During his gubernatorial campaign, Jindal had pledged to prevent legislative pay raises that would take effect during the current term.
Jindal responded by saying that he is opposed to the pay increase, but that he had pledged to let the legislature govern themselves.
On June 30, 2008, Jindal reversed his earlier position by vetoing the pay raise legislation, stating that he made a mistake by staying out of the pay raise issue. In response, the petitioners dropped their recall effort.
Standard and Poor's raised Louisiana's bond rating and credit outlook from stable to positive in 2009. In announcing this change, the organization gave credit to the state's strong management and "commitment to streamlining its government functions." Jindal met with President Barack Obama in October 2009 where the governor pushed for increased federal dollars to cover rising Medicaid costs, speeding the construction of hurricane-protection barriers, and financing the proposed Louisiana State University teaching hospital. During a town hall meeting, Obama praised Jindal as a "hard working man who is doing a good job" for the State, and expressed support for the governor's overhaul of the State's educational system in the area of increased charter schools.
Louisiana state government watchdog C.B. Forgotston, former counsel to the House Appropriations Committee who supported Jindal's election in 2007, has expressed disappointment with the governor in regard to the legislative pay raise and other fiscal issues. Forgotston said he would grade Jindal an A+ in public relations and a D in fiscal performance in office.
Jindal negotiated an agreement whereby Foster Farms, a private chicken processor, would receive $50 million in taxpayer funds to purchase a chicken processing plant owned by bankrupt Pilgrim's Pride.
Some claimed there is a conflict of interest in that Pilgrim's Pride founder Lonnie "Bo" Pilgrim contributed $2500 to Jindal's campaign in 2007. Other contributors to Jindal's campaign who benefited from economic development spending include Albemarle and Edison Chouest Offshore. Jindal however released a statement saying that this legislation saved over 1,000 jobs, serves as a stimulus to Louisiana's economy, and had wide bipartisan support.
Jindal oversaw one of the largest evacuations in U.S. history (nearly two million people) in late August 2008 prior to the Louisiana landfall of Hurricane Gustav. He issued mandatory evacuation orders for the state's coastal areas and activated 3,000 National Guardsman to aid in the exodus. He also ordered the state to purchase generators to provide needed power to hospitals and nursing homes without power. Government officials vacated hospitals and nursing homes and put the poor, the ill, and the elderly on buses and trains out of town. The evacuation was credited as one reason that Gustav resulted in only 16 deaths in the U.S. The state's successful response to Hurricane Gustav was in stark contrast to the failed hurricane response system for Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Jindal received bipartisan praise for his leadership during Gustav. Jindal had been scheduled to address the Republican National Convention, but cancelled his plans in order to focus on Louisiana's needs during the storm.
2011 re-election campaign
Jindal announced his intention to seek reelection in 2011. With high approval ratings and excessive amounts of campaign funds, Democrats struggled to land a recruit of any substance. Running against four Democrats, a Libertarian and four independents in the jungle primary, Jindal received 66% of the vote in the blanket primary, thereby winning election in the first round.
On October 25, 2011, in preparing for his second term, Jindal tapped Republican state representative Chuck Kleckley of Lake Charles and State Senator John Alario of Westwego as his choices for Speaker of the Louisiana House of Representatives and Louisiana Senate President, respectively. Lawmakers routinely approved the governor's choices for the two leadership positions. Alario is a long-term Democrat who switched parties prior to the 2011 elections. Jindal in January 2012 elevated John C. White, the short-term superintendent at the Recovery School District in New Orleans, to the position of state superintendent of education.
By the end of Jindal's second term, he saw a marked drop in his state popularity and problems such as a budget deficit and cuts to public expenditure. He could not stand for a third term because the governor of Louisiana is subject to term limits.
Tax system proposals
In January 2013, Jindal released a plan that would eliminate the Louisiana state income tax, which he felt would expand business investment in the state, and then raise sales taxes in order to keep the plan revenue-neutral. Self-styled taxpayer watchdog and former legislative aide C.B. Forgotston correctly predicted that Jindal's plan would fail to clear the legislature because of the higher sales taxes, the lack of needed support from Democrats, and the likelihood that the plan would not increase overall state revenues.
On April 8, 2013, the first day of the legislative session, Jindal dropped the plan after acknowledging some negative response to the plan from legislators and the public, but said he would still like the legislature to formulate its own plan that could end the state income tax.
Jindal announced, in September 2014, a six-point energy platform that would, among other things, open up energy production on federal land and eliminated proposed carbon restrictions.
Speculation about 2008 vice presidential nomination
On February 8, 2008, conservative radio host Rush Limbaugh mentioned on his syndicated show that Jindal could be a possible choice for the Republican vice presidential nomination in 2008. He said that Jindal might be perceived as an asset to John McCain's campaign because he has wide support in the conservative and moderate wings of the Republican Party and his immigrant past offsets McCain's white heritage. If McCain had won the presidency, he would have been the oldest president ever inaugurated to a first term. Heightening the speculation, McCain invited Jindal, Gov. Charlie Crist of Florida, Gov. Tim Pawlenty of Minnesota and McCain's former rivals Mitt Romney and Mike Huckabee to meet at McCain's home in Arizona on May 23, 2008, according to a Republican familiar with the decision; Romney, Huckabee, and Pawlenty, all of whom were already well acquainted with McCain, declined because of prior commitments. The meeting may have served a different purpose, such as consideration of Jindal for the opportunity to speak at the 2008 Republican National Convention, in a similar fashion to Barack Obama at the 2004 Democratic National Convention, cementing a place for him in the party and opening the gate for a future run for the presidency. Speculation was fueled by simultaneous July 21, 2008, reports that McCain was making a sudden visit to Louisiana to confer again with Jindal and that McCain was readying to name his running mate within a week. However, on July 23, 2008, Jindal said that he would not be the Republican vice presidential nominee in 2008. Jindal added that he "never talked to the senator [McCain] about the vice presidency or his thoughts on selecting the vice president." Ultimately, on August 29, 2008, McCain chose then-Gov. Sarah Palin of Alaska as his running mate. While Jindal was given a prime-time speech slot at the party convention, he was not offered the keynote speech. During the presidential campaign, Jindal expressed admiration for both Senators McCain and Obama, and maintained that both have made positive contributions to the nation.
Republican response to President Obama's address to Congress
On February 24, 2009, Jindal delivered the official Republican response to President Obama's address to a joint session of Congress. Jindal called the president's economic stimulus plan "irresponsible" and argued against government intervention. He used Hurricane Katrina to warn against government solutions to the economic crisis. "Today in Washington, some are promising that government will rescue us from the economic storms raging all around us," Jindal said. "Those of us who lived through Hurricane Katrina, we have our doubts." He praised the late sheriff Harry Lee for standing up to the government during Katrina. The speech met with biting reviews from some members of both the Democratic and the Republican parties. Referring to Jindal as "devoid of substantive ideas for governing the country", political commentator Rachel Maddow summarized Jindal's Katrina remark as follows: "[Jindal states that] since government failed during Hurricane Katrina, we should understand, not that government should not be allowed to fail again, but that government...never works. That government can't work, and therefore we should stop seeking a functioning government." David Johnson, a Republican political strategist criticized Jindal's mention of Hurricane Katrina, stating "The one thing Republicans want to forget is Katrina." While Jindal's speech was poorly received by several Democratic and Republican critics, others argued that the speech should be judged on substance rather than delivery style.
Jindal's story of meeting Lee in the immediate aftermath of Hurricane Katrina was questioned following the speech, as Jindal was not in New Orleans at the time.
On February 27, 2009, a spokesman for Jindal clarified the timing of the meeting, stating that the story took place days after the storm. The opportunity to give the response to President Obama's speech was compared by some commentators to winning "second prize in a beauty contest", a reference to the board game Monopoly.
2012 presidential election
Jindal had been mentioned as a potential candidate for the 2012 presidential election. On December 10, 2008, Jindal indicated that he would likely not run for president in 2012, saying he will focus on his re-election in 2011 and that this would make transitioning to a national campaign difficult, though he did not rule out a possible 2012 presidential bid. Speculation increased when Republicans chose Jindal to deliver the response to President Obama's first address to a joint session of Congress.
In 2012, Jindal traveled across the country in support of the Mitt Romney-Paul Ryan ticket. Because Louisiana and other Deep South states voted heavily for the GOP, Jindal could hence devote his campaign time elsewhere. In August 2012, Politico reported that "Bobby Jindal would be considered [for] and would likely take" appointment as United States Secretary of Health and Human Services in a potential Romney cabinet.
After the defeat of Romney-Ryan, Jindal called for his party to return to "the basics... If we want people to like us, we have to like them first," he said on the interview program Fox News Sunday. As the incoming president of the Republican Governors Association, which had thirty members in 2013, Jindal questioned Romney for having criticized President Obama as having provided "extraordinary financial gifts from the government". In reply to Romney, Jindal said, "You don't start to like people by insulting them and saying their votes were bought." Jindal said that his party must convince a majority of voters that it supports the middle class and the principle of upward mobility. He also criticized what he termed "stupid" remarks regarding rape and conception made in 2012 by defeated Republican U.S. Senate nominees Todd Akin in Missouri and Richard Mourdock in Indiana.
2016 presidential candidacy
In November 2012, after the election, Jindal was featured in a Time magazine article titled "2016: Let's Get The Party Started", where he was listed as a possible Republican candidate for the presidency in 2016. The article cited his fiscal and social conservative policies and his Indian American background, which would bring diversity to the GOP.
In 2013, with polls showing Jindal's approval ratings in Louisiana falling significantly, some analysts wrote off Jindal as a serious national contender, though others pointed to Romney as an example of someone who still won the Presidential nomination despite poor approval ratings from his home state.
On May 18, 2015, Jindal formed a presidential exploratory committee to determine whether he would run as a candidate in the 2016 presidential election, and he announced his candidacy on June 24.
As of early September, Jindal was polling at 1 percent among the Republican primary electorate. On November 17, 2015, Jindal appeared on Special Report with Bret Baier on the Fox News Channel, announcing that he was ending his run for president, saying "I've come to the realization that this is not my time."
During his campaign, Jindal called Donald Trump a "narcissist" and an "egomaniacal madman", but afterward said that he would support Trump because "electing Donald Trump would be the second-worst thing we could do this November, better only than electing Hillary Clinton to serve as the third term for the Obama administration's radical policies."
Abortion and stem cell research
Jindal has a 100% pro-life voting record according to the National Right to Life Committee. He opposes abortion in general, but does not condemn medical procedures aimed at saving the life of the mother that indirectly result in the loss of the unborn child, such as salpingectomy for an ectopic pregnancy.
In 2003, Jindal stated that he does not object to the use of emergency contraception in the case of rape if the victim requests it. While in the House of Representatives, he supported two bills to prohibit transporting minors across state lines to obtain an abortion; the bills aimed to prevent doctors and others from helping a minor avoid parental notification laws in their home state by procuring an abortion in another state. He opposes and has voted against expanding public funding of embryonic stem cell research.
Jindal opposes the legalization of same-sex marriage. In Congress, he has voted for the Federal Marriage Amendment to restrict marriage to a union between one man and one woman. He also voted against the Local Law Enforcement Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2007. In December 2008, Jindal announced the formation of the Louisiana Commission on Marriage and Family,
Following the 2013 Supreme Court's rulings on DOMA and Proposition 8, he said: "I believe every child deserves a mom and a dad. This opinion leaves the matter of marriage to the states where people can decide. In Louisiana, we will opt for traditional marriage. How about we let the people decide for themselves, via their representatives and via referendum?"
Marriage and Conscience Act
In April 2015, Jindal announced that he would sign into law the Louisiana Marriage and Conscience Act proposed by newly elected Republican state representative Mike Johnson. In a guest editorial in The New York Times, Jindal said that he has been contacted by several corporations who oppose the bill: "They are free to voice their opinions, but they will not deter me." Johnson's bill proposes to bar the state from revoking licenses or refusing to engage in contract with individuals or businesses because they oppose marriage between two persons of the same sex. Johnson's bill would guarantee the tax status of groups that support only traditional marriage. In May 2015, the legislature killed the measure. Four Republican members, Pete Huval of Breaux Bridge, Gregory A. Miller of Norco, Clay Schexnayder of Gonzales, and Nancy Landry of Lafayette, joined Democrats in killing the bill. Jindal responded by issuing Executive Order BJ-2015-8, (the "Marriage and Conscience Order"), which attempts to achieve the goals of the failed legislation. Johnson said he intends to re-introduce the measure in 2016.
He has vetoed state legislation to increase pay for state legislators. However, the Louisiana governor's office has been ranked last for transparency in the United States both prior to Jindal's election and since, as reported by the WDSU I-Team. At least two legislators, state representatives Walker Hines and Neil Abramson, argue that this may be attributed to legislation that removed the governor's records from the public domain; they argue that the legislation was surreptitiously inserted as a last-minute amendment into an education bill by Jindal's office on the last day of the 2008 session, providing no time to properly review it before it passed the legislature and was signed into law by Jindal.
In 2014, Jindal signed into law a bill sponsored by Democratic state representative Jeff Arnold of New Orleans to permit Francis C. Heitmeier, a Democratic former member of both houses of the Louisiana Legislature and an unsuccessful 2006 candidate for Louisiana Secretary of State, to lobby legislators even though Heitmeier's brother, David Heitmeier, is the sitting senator for District 7, which includes the Algiers neighborhood of New Orleans. The special exemption permits an immediate family member of an elected official who was a lobbyist for the executive branch of state government for one year prior to January 9, 2012, to be able to lobby the legislature. David Heitmeier abstained from voting on the measure which was written with the intent of benefiting Francis Heitmeier.
Gun rights and gun control
Jindal has stated his support of the Second Amendment's right to bear arms. He has opposed efforts to restrict gun rights and has received an endorsement from the National Rifle Association. Jindal earned an A rating from Gun Owners of America while he was in Congress.
As a Congressman, he sponsored the Disaster Recovery Personal Protection Act of 2006 with Senator Vitter.
In July 2015, during an interview with CBS, Jindal stated that he supports stricter background checks, and that every state should begin to enact tougher background checks on gun buyers. He hunts.
As a private citizen, Jindal voted in 2002 for the Louisiana constitutional amendment known as the Stelly Plan which lowered some sales taxes in exchange for higher income taxes. Since taking office, Jindal has cut taxes a total of six times, including the largest income tax cut in Louisiana's history – a cut of $1.1 billion over five years, along with accelerating the elimination of the tax on business investments. In January 2013, Jindal stated he wants to eliminate all Louisiana corporate and personal income taxes, without giving details for his proposal.
As U.S. Representative from Louisiana, Jindal received grades of B in 2005, B- in 2006, and C in 2007 from the National Taxpayers Union, a conservative taxpayers advocacy organization. As Governor of Louisiana, Jindal has received grades of A in 2010, B in 2012, and B in 2014 from the Cato Institute, a libertarian think tank, in their biennial Fiscal Policy Report Card on America's Governors.
In 2014 Jindal wrote that "It has become fashionable in the news media to believe there is a right-wing conspiracy against Common Core."
In 2015 Jindal said that investments in technology will render Common Core obsolete.
Jindal has proposed budgets that impose cuts on higher education funding in Louisiana, leading to protests from students and education advocates. Jindal has proposed several controversial education reforms, including vouchers for low income students in public schools to attend private institutions using Minimum Foundation Program funds.
The legislation also includes controversial changes in teacher evaluations, tenure and pensions. Hundreds of teachers, administrators and public education supporters have protested against the legislation at the capital of Louisiana, some of whom have canceled classes to attend demonstrations. Many participants have begun circulating petitions to recall Jindal and Republican House Speaker Chuck Kleckley. In April 2012, a Louisiana Public Broadcasting program examined possible conflicts between aspects of the Jindal education reform plan and the federal desegregation orders still in place in many parts of Louisiana.
Jindal signed a law that permits teachers at public schools to supplement standard evolutionary curricula with analysis and critiques that may include intelligent design. The law forbids "the promotion of any religious doctrine and will not discriminate against religion or non-religion". Louisiana ACLU Director Marjorie Esman says that if the act is utilized as written, it is on firm constitutional footing, but there is strong potential for abuse, stating that the Act is "susceptible to a constitutional challenge." Despite calls for a veto from John Derbyshire[who?] and some genetics professors at Brown University, Jindal signed the Louisiana Academic Freedom Act which passed with a vote of 94–3 in the State House and 35–0 in the State Senate in 2008.
The Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology rejected New Orleans as a site for their 2010 meeting and the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology will not conduct future meetings in Louisiana.
Jindal opposes the Fairness Doctrine on the grounds that it is a violation of the Constitution's guarantee of free speech and vowed protection of property rights. Jindal voted to extend the Patriot Act, voted in favor of the Military Commissions Act of 2006, supported a constitutional amendment banning flag burning, and voted for the Real ID Act of 2005.
In the 2009 legislative session, Jindal expressed support for a bill by state representative James H. "Jim" Morris of Oil City, which would permit motorcyclists to choose whether or not to wear a helmet. Morris' bill easily passed the House but was blocked in the Senate Health Committee.
He has criticized illegal immigration as a drain on the economy, as well as being unfair to those who entered the country by legal means. He has voted to build a fence along the Mexican border and opposes granting amnesty for illegal immigrants.
Jindal refused to accept federal funds to expand Medicaid after the passage of the Affordable Care Act, costing his state $1.65 billion in federal health-care assistance for the poor. He supports increased health insurance portability; laws promoting coverage of pre-existing medical conditions; a cap on malpractice lawsuits; an easing of restrictions on importation of prescription medications; the implementation of a streamlined electronic medical records system; an emphasis on preventative care rather than emergency room care; and tax benefits aimed at making health insurance more affordable for the uninsured and targeted to promote universal access. Since Jindal has taken office, over 11,000 uninsured children have been added to the State's Children's Health Insurance Program. He opposes a federal government-run, single-payer system, but supports state efforts to reduce the uninsured population. He has also supported expanding services for autistic children, and has promoted a national childhood cancer database. In collaboration with Health Secretary Alan Levine, Jindal has drafted the Louisiana Health First Initiative. This plan focuses on expanding health insurance coverage for the state's indigent population, increasing Medicaid choice, reducing fraud, authorizing funding of a new charity hospital, and increasing transparency in Medicaid by making performance measures available over the internet. Jindal supports co-payments in Medicaid. Due to a congressional reduction in federal Medicaid financing rates, the Jindal administration chose to levy the largest slice of cuts on the network of LSU charity hospitals and clinics, requiring some facilities to close.
Environmental issues and offshore drilling
Jindal has issued an executive order increasing office recycling programs, reducing solid waste and promoting paperless practices, offering tax credit for hybrid fuel vehicles, increasing average fuel economy goals by 2010, as well as increasing energy efficiency goals and standards for the state. He has stated his opposition to and voted for the criminalization of oil cartels such as OPEC. As a representative in the House, he supported a $300-million bill to fund Louisiana coastal restoration. In addition, he was the chief sponsor of successful legislation to expand the Jean Lafitte National Historical Park by over 3,000 acres (12 km2). Jindal signed bill SB 469 that would limit actions aimed at oil and gas companies operating along the coast. Jindal has pledged state support for the development of economically friendly cars in northeastern Louisiana in conjunction with alternative energy advocate T. Boone Pickens. In September 2014, Jindal stated that global warming was more about increasing government regulation, and released an energy plan that was critical of the Obama Administration's policies.
In 2007, Jindal led the Louisiana House delegation and ranked 14th among House members in requested earmark funding at nearly $97 million (however in over 99% of these requests, Jindal was a co-sponsor and not the primary initiator of the earmark legislation). $5 million of Jindal's earmark requests were for state defense and indigent healthcare related expenditures, another $50 million was for increasing the safety of Louisiana's waterways and levees after breaches following Hurricane Katrina, and the remainder was targeted towards coastal restoration and alternative energy research. As governor, in 2008, Jindal used his line item veto to strike $16 million in earmarks from the state budget but declined to veto $30 million in legislator-added spending. Jindal vetoed over 250 earmarks in the 2008 state budget, twice the total number of such vetoes by previous governors in the preceding 12 years.
Opposition to Recovery Act
Jindal has been an opponent of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Citing concerns that the augmentation of unemployment insurance may obligate the state to raise taxes on businesses, Jindal had indicated his intention to forgo federal stimulus plan funds ($98 million) aimed at increasing unemployment insurance for Louisiana. Louisiana has since been obligated to raise taxes on businesses because the unemployment trust fund had dropped below the prescribed threshold. Louisiana was set to receive about $3.8 billion overall. Jindal intends to accept at least $2.4 billion from the stimulus package. He called parts of the plan "irresponsible", saying that "the way to lead is not to raise taxes and put more money and power in hands of Washington politicians."
In 2015, Jindal traveled to the UK to speak out against so-called "no-go zones" that he alleges are in London and other western cities. British Prime Minister David Cameron had earlier stated that there were not any no-go zones in the UK. Jindal later confirmed his meaning "I knew that by speaking the truth we were going to make people upset." When later asked by CNN to provide specific examples, Jindal declined. He later added that some Muslim immigrants are trying to "colonize" cities in Europe and "overtake the culture", and that it could happen next in the U.S.
Jindal was raised in a Hindu household. He is of Indian descent and is an American citizen by birthright. He converted to Christianity while in Baton Rouge Magnet High School. During his first year at Brown University, he was baptized into the Roman Catholic Church as an adult under the RCIA. His family attends weekly Mass at Saint Aloysius Parish in Baton Rouge.
Before Jindal was born, his father Amar Jindal was assistant professor of engineering at Punjab University in Chandigarh. After settling into Louisiana, both elder Jindals transitioned into new fields. Jindal's father went on to work with a Louisiana railroad company, and his mother transitioned into IT. Jindal's mother, Raj Jindal, serves now as information technology director for the Louisiana Workforce Commission (formerly the Louisiana Department of Labor) and served as Assistant Secretary to former State Labor Secretary Garey Forster during the administration of Gov. Murphy J. "Mike" Foster, Jr. Jindal has a younger brother, Nikesh, who is a registered Republican and supported his brother's campaign for governor. Nikesh went to Dartmouth College, where he graduated with honors, and then Yale Law School. Nikesh is now a lawyer in Washington, D.C.
Jindal's nickname dates to his childhood identification with Bobby Brady, an ABC sitcom character. He has said, "Every day after school, I'd come home and I'd watch The Brady Bunch. And I identified with Bobby, you know? He was about my age, and 'Bobby' stuck." He has been known by his nickname ever since, although his legal name remains Piyush Jindal.
In 1997, Jindal married Supriya Jolly, who was born in New Delhi, India and moved to Baton Rouge with her parents when she was four years old. The two attended the same high school, but Supriya's family moved from Baton Rouge to New Orleans after her freshman year. They did not begin dating until much later when Jindal invited her to a Mardi Gras party after another friend had canceled. Supriya Jindal earned a bachelor's degree in chemical engineering and an M.B.A. degree from Tulane University. She is working on a PhD in marketing at Louisiana State University. She created The Supriya Jindal Foundation for Louisiana's Children, a non-profit organization aimed at improving math and science education in grade schools.
They have three children: Selia Elizabeth, Shaan Robert, and Slade Ryan. Shaan was born with a congenital heart defect and had surgery as an infant. The Jindals have been outspoken advocates for children with congenital defects, particularly those without insurance. In 2006, he and his wife delivered their third child at home, with him receiving medical coaching by phone to deliver their boy.
Jindal enjoys hunting in the Sportsman's Paradise of Louisiana.
A list of Jindal's published writings up to 2001 can be found in the hearing report for his 2001 U.S. Senate confirmation. They include newspaper columns, law review articles, and first authorships in several scientific and policy articles that have appeared in the prominent Journal of the American Medical Association, Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Association, and Hospital Outlook.
Jindal's pre-2001 writings include several articles in the New Oxford Review, one of which later made news during his 2003 gubernatorial race. In that 1994 article titled "Physical Dimensions of Spiritual Warfare", Jindal described the events leading up to an apparent exorcism of a friend and how he felt unable to help her at the time. However, Jindal questioned whether what he saw was actually an example of "spiritual warfare".
In November 2010, Jindal published the book Leadership and Crisis, a semi-autobiography significantly influenced by his experiences with the most recent Gulf Oil Spill caused by the Deepwater Horizon explosion.
||This section of a biography of a living person does not include any references or sources. (July 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Governor of Louisiana, 2003
- Threshold > 50%
- First Ballot, October 4, 2003
|Democratic||Claude "Buddy" Leach||187,872||13.79|
|Democratic||J. E. Jumonville, Jr.||13,410||1.25|
|Democratic||Patrick Henry "Dat" Barthel||7,338||0.54|
|Other||Patrick "Live Wire" Landry||7,195||0.53|
|Other||J. D. "Boudreaux" Estilette||6,439||0.47|
|Other||John M. "Doc" Simoneaux, Jr.||3,280||0.24|
|Other||Quentin R. Brown, Jr.||2,414||0.18|
- Second Ballot, November 15, 2003
|Democratic gain from Republican|
U.S. Representative, 1st Congressional District, 2004
- Threshold > 50%
- First Ballot, November 2, 2004
U.S. Representative, 1st Congressional District, 2006
- Threshold > 50%
- First Ballot, November 7, 2006
|Republican||Bobby Jindal (inc.)||130,508||88.11|
|Libertarian||Peter L. Beary||1,676||1.13|
Governor of Louisiana, 2007
- Threshold > 50%
- First Ballot, October 20, 2007
|Democratic||Mary Volentine Smith||5,843||0.45|
|Libertarian||T. Lee Horne, III||2,639||0.20|
|Democratic||M. V. "Vinny" Mendoza||2,076||0.16|
|None||Arthur D. "Jim" Nichols||993||0.08|
|Republican gain from Democratic|
Governor of Louisiana, 2011
- Threshold > 50%
- First Ballot, October 22, 2011
|Democratic||Niki Bird Papazoglakis||21,885||2.14|
- List of Asian Americans and Pacific Islands Americans in the United States Congress
- Republican Party presidential candidates, 2016
(1) Jindal's Inauguration as Louisiana's 55th Governor from January 14, 2008 
(2) Second inauguration from January 9, 2012 
(3) Final State of the State Address from April 13, 2015 
- Jonathan Tilove (May 6, 2011). "Gov. Bobby Jindal releases his birth certificate". New Orleans Times-Picayune.
- Hamby, Peter (November 22, 2013). "How Chris Christie took over the Republican Governors Association". CNN. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
- Taylor, Jessica (June 24, 2015), "5 Things You Should Know About Bobby Jindal", NPR, retrieved 30 June 2016
- Jan Moller (October 21, 2007). "1st Indian-American governor in U.S. vows 'fresh start' for La". The Times-Picayune. Retrieved March 24, 2012.
Zhao, Xiaojian (2009). Asian American chronology: chronologies of the American mosaic. ABC-CLIO. p. 147. ISBN 9780313348754. Retrieved March 24, 2012.
- "Untitled Document". www.nriinternet.com.
- Fernandez, Manny (June 24, 2015). "Bobby Jindal Enters Presidential Race, Saying ‘It Is Time for a Doer’" – via NYTimes.com.
- Tom LoBianco and Jeff Zeleny, CNN (November 17, 2015). "Bobby Jindal announces he is ending presidential campaign". CNN.
- "Republican Bobby Jindal Drops Out of Presidential Race". ABC News.com. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
- "Bobby Jindal Endorses Marco Rubio for President". Time. Retrieved February 4, 2016.
- "Bobby Jindal down but not out, say kin". The Tribune. Chandigarh, India. November 18, 2003. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "Bobby Jindal Biography – Who Is Republican Governor Bobby Jindal?". Esquire. February 24, 2009. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- Sebastian, Michael (June 25, 2015). "Bobby Jindal Biography - Who Is Republican Governor Bobby Jindal?". Esquire. Retrieved November 16, 2015.
- "Bobby Jindal Biography – Who Is Republican Governor Bobby Jindal?". Esquire. February 24, 2009. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- Gowen, Annie; Bridges, Tyler (June 23, 2015). "From Piyush to Bobby: How does Jindal feel about his family's past?". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
- "Why a Malerkotla village is looking forward to greet 'President' Bobby Jindal".
- "Bobby Jindal's only connection to Punjab — an electricity bill!".
- Nossiter, Adam (October 22, 2007). "In a Southern U.S. state, immigrants' son takes over". The New York Times. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
- "A Passage from India". The Times-Picayune. December 29, 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
- Sager, Mike (February 24, 2009), "Bobby Jindal, All American", Esquire.com; accessed July 27, 2017.
- "Governor Bobby Jindal". Retrieved September 26, 2014.
- Sager, Mike (June 25, 2015). "Bobby Jindal, All American". Esquire. Retrieved September 21, 2015.
- Konieczko, Jill (May 22, 2008). "10 Things You Didn't Know About Bobby Jindal". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on June 23, 2010.
- Harder, Amy. "Gov. Bobby Jindal (R)". Nationaljournal.com. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- "NewsLibrary Search Results". Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- Dewan, Shaila. "Bobby Jindal". The New York Times. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- Rush Limbaugh defends Bobby Jindal – Congressman Bobby Jindal – Zimbio Archived July 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- Hasten, Mike (September 19, 2007). "Governor's race becomes a labor vs. business battle". The Town Talk. Alexandria, LA.[permanent dead link]
- "Governor Bobby Jindal | State of Louisiana". Gov.state.la.us. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "National Winners | public service awards". Jefferson Awards.org. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- "Bobby Jindal Biography – Who Is Republican Governor Bobby Jindal?". Esquire. February 24, 2009. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- Biography of Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation at the Wayback Machine (archive index), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, c. 2001. Retrieved October 25, 2007.
- "Bobby's Experience". About Bobby. bobbyjindal.com. 2008. Archived from the original on November 22, 2007.
- "Bobby Jindal announces he is stepping down as HHS Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation" (Press release). United States Department of Health and Human Services. February 13, 2003. Archived from the original on September 27, 2006. Retrieved October 25, 2007.
- "The Deseret News". Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- Cowan, McGuire, Walter Greaves, Jack B. (2010). Louisiana Governors: Rulers, Rascals, and Reformers. University Press of Mississippi. p. 293. Retrieved September 21, 2015.
- Moller, Jan (August 16, 2007). "Jindal counters Demo attacks; Rapid response to ads reflects shift in tactics". The Times-Picayune. New Orleans, LA. Archived from the original on January 4, 2013.
- "News Features". Catholic Culture. August 22, 2007. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "Two Louisiana Congressional Districts Primed for May 3 General Election". Fox News Channel. Associated Press. April 6, 2008. Retrieved October 18, 2008.
In the 1st Congressional District....the staunchly conservative district....
- "Hindu-American Tulsi Gabbard wins Democratic primary in Hawaii". The Economic Times. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Gerard Shields, "New La. congressmen catching up fast", The Advocate (Baton Rouge, La.), December 19, 2004. The first Indian-American elected to Congress was Dalip Singh Saund, a California Democrat, serving from 1957 to 1963.
- "NewsLibrary Search Results". Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- "NewsLibrary.com – newspaper archive, clipping service – newspapers and other news sources". Nl.newsbank.com. February 22, 2006. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "NewsLibrary Search Results". Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- Young, Jeffrey (May 31, 2005). "Congress, governors look for Medicaid reforms of their own – The Hill – covering Congress, Politics, Political Campaigns and Capitol Hill". TheHill.com. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "Curry: Bush charts course, with rocks ahead – politics – Tom Curry – NBC News.com". MSNBC. February 3, 2005. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- Bobby Jindal's Career, politico.com, November 13, 2012.
- Moller, Jan (January 23, 2007). "Jindal quietly begins his run". The Times-Picayune. New Orleans, LA. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007.
- "Official Election Results for Election Date October 20, 2007". Louisiana Secretary of State. Archived from the original on 2008-09-19.
- Governor Bobby Jindal Archived July 8, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- Whoriskey, Peter (October 21, 2007). "Jindal Wins Louisiana Race, Becomes First Indian American Governor". The Washington Post. p. A8. Retrieved October 21, 2007.
-  Archived March 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Election 2008: Louisiana Senate". Rasmussen Reports. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "Colonel Michael Edmonson". Louisiana Public Broadcasting. Retrieved September 17, 2014.
- Marsha Shuler (August 24, 2014). "Gov. Jindal favors repeal of Edmonson benefit law". Baton Rouge Morning Advocate. Retrieved September 17, 2014.
- Cole Avery (September 16, 2014). "'Edmonson Act' declared unconstitutional in state court". New Orleans Times-Picayune. Retrieved September 17, 2014.
- "Order" (PDF). ethics.state.la.us. July 29, 2009. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
- "Jimmy R. Faircloth, Jr.". The Federalist Society. Retrieved July 20, 2015.
- Scott, Robert Travis (June 27, 2008). "Recall petition filed against JindalRecall petition filed against Jindal". The Times-Picayune.
Ryan and Kourtney Fournier of Jefferson submitted paperwork to the Secretary of State's office that allows them to attempt to collect the nearly 1 million signatures needed over the next 180 days to force a recall election of the governor... He had pledged during his campaign last year to prohibit an immediate legislative pay raise.
- "Jindal Action Plan" (PDF). available from WJBO-AM.
- "Gov. Jindal's veto refusal contradicts candidate Jindal's campaign pledge". The Daily Advertiser. June 18, 2008.
'I am very sorry to see the Legislature do this,' he said. 'More than doubling legislative pay is not reasonable and the public has been clear on that... I will keep my pledge to let [the legislature] govern themselves and make their own decisions as a separate branch of government. I will not let anything, even this clearly excessive pay raise, stop us from moving forward with a clear plan of reform.'[permanent dead link]
- Anderson, Ed (June 30, 2008). "Jindal vetoes legislative raise". The Times-Picayune.
Gov. Bobby Jindal announced today that he has vetoed the legislative pay raise. After days of saying he would not reject the unpopular measure, Jindal said this morning that he had changed his mind. 'I thank the people for their voice and their attention,' Jindal said of the public outcry against the raise. 'I am going to need your help to move this state forward. ... The voters have demanded change... I made a mistake by staying out if it'.
- "State's bond rating upgraded again". 2theadvocate.com. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "Obama, live from New Orleans". USA Today. October 15, 2009. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
- "Jindal Becomes Mileage Champion". Lake Charles American Press. Archived from the original on February 27, 2009. Retrieved January 23, 2009.
- "Deep Pockets – Gov. Bobby Jindal's top donors have access to power – and millions of dollars in state work.". Gambit. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
- Highest Ranking – EVER (July 30, 2012). "Governor Bobby Jindal". Bobbyjindal.com. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "Jindal and Nagin praised for response to Gustav". Newsday. Associated Press. September 4, 2008.[dead link]
- "Bobby Jindal's hurricane handling comes in for more praise". Siliconindia.com. September 10, 2008. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- Tanner, Robert (September 3, 2008). "Gustav political report card: Jindal, Nagin lauded". The Plain Dealer. Associated Press.
- Whoriskey, Peter (September 3, 2008). "Jindal Presents A Face of Calm During the Storm; La. Governor Hailed for Recovery Efforts". The Washington Post. p. A06.
- "La. Gov. Bobby Jindal wins re-election". USA Today.
- Aaron Blake (October 22, 2011). "Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal wins reelection". The Washington Post.
- "Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal Re-Elected in a Landslide". Fox News Channel. Associated Press. October 22, 2011.
- Tom Aswell (April 18, 2012). "First it was corporations bailing out; now the parade of Louisiana Legislators exiting ALEC membership begins". Louisiana Voice. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "Jindal to support Kleckley in speaker race". wwl.com. Retrieved October 26, 2011.
- Ed Anderson (October 25, 2011). "Gov. Bobby Jindal endorses Sen. John Alario as his choice for Senate president". The Times-Picayune. New Orleans. Retrieved October 26, 2011.
- "John White's appointment as Louisiana education superintendent assures continuity for reforms: An editorial, January 13, 2012". New Orleans Times-Picayune. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
- "Proclamation No. 82 BJ 2012: State of Emergency – Threat of subsidence and subsurface instability" (PDF). Retrieved July 23, 2013.
- V.V.B. (November 18, 2015). "Bobby Jindal bows out". The Economist. Retrieved November 19, 2015.
- "Louisiana Constitution of 1974" (PDF). Article IV, section 3, paragraph B.
A person who has served as governor for more than one and one-half terms in two consecutive terms shall not be elected governor for the succeeding term.
- Adelson, Jeff (January 10, 2013). "Gov. Bobby Jindal calls for elimination of all Louisiana income and corporate taxes". The Times-Picayune. Retrieved April 12, 2013.
- "Louisiana's Jindal details plan to end state income tax", March 14, 2013". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on March 18, 2013. Retrieved April 18, 2013.
- Robertson, Campbell (April 8, 2013). "A Governor Retrenches on a Big Idea". The New York Times. Retrieved April 12, 2013.
- "Louisiana Governor Jindal, likely White House contender, touts energy plan". September 16, 2014 – via Reuters.
- Curl, Joseph (February 12, 2008). "Running mate guessing game begins". The Washington Times. Retrieved March 3, 2008.
- Nagourney, Adam (May 21, 2008). "McCain to Meet 3 Possible Running Mates". The New York Times. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
- Dvorak, Blake (May 22, 2008). "What About Jindal?". Real Clear Politics. Retrieved May 22, 2008.
- "Jindal Says He's Not Interested in No. 2 Spot With McCain". 'Fox News. July 23, 2008. Retrieved July 23, 2008.
- "Bobby Jindal: Obama 'greatest' speaker: The Swamp". Swamppolitics.com. March 3, 2009. Archived from the original on May 7, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- Bacon, Perry, Jr. (February 25, 2009). "In GOP Response, Jindal Blasts Stimulus". The Washington Post. p. A08. Retrieved February 25, 2009.
- "Transcript – The Republican Response by Gov. Bobby Jindal". The New York Times. February 24, 2009. Retrieved February 25, 2009.
- "Gov. Bobby Jindal's volcano remark has some fuming". CNN. February 25, 2009. Retrieved February 25, 2009.
- The Rachel Maddow Show on msnbc.com. "Rachel Re:Sponse".
- Fouhy, Beth (February 25, 2009). "Republicans, Democrats criticize Jindal's speech". Associated Press. Retrieved February 26, 2009.[dead link]
- Przybyla, Heidi (February 25, 2009). "Jindal's Response to Obama Address Panned by Fellow Republicans". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved February 25, 2009.
- Mooney, Alexander (February 25, 2009). "Jindal earns bad reviews in national debut". CNN. Retrieved February 25, 2009.
- Montopoli, Brian (February 27, 2009). "Was Jindal's Katrina Story Accurate?". CBS News.
- Smith, Ben (February 27, 2009). "Jindal aides clarify Katrina story – Ben Smith". Politico.com. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "One night only Barack Obama vs. Bobby Jindal". The Christian Science Monitor. February 11, 2009.
- Ben Smith. "Jindal says no". Politico.com. Retrieved December 10, 2008.
- Baltimore, Chris (February 19, 2009). "Republicans tap Louisiana governor for big speech". Reuters.
- "Jindal PAC Formed for Presidential Run". June 15, 2009. Archived from the original on June 20, 2009.
- Martin, Jonathan; Smith, Ben (April 11, 2010). "For GOP, no frontrunner and no worries". Politico. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
- "Who's on the inside track for a Romney Cabinet", politico.com, August 28, 2012.
- "Governor: Liking people key to enlarging GOP base", Laredo Morning Times, November 19, 2012, p. 6A
- "2016: Let's Get The Party Started", Time, pp. 118–31, November 19, 2012
- "Poll: Bobby Jindal approval rating plummets – Breanna Edwards". Politico. April 3, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- "Bobby Jindal doesn't have a shot at becoming president: Robert Mann". NOLA.com. July 14, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- Silver, Nate (April 9, 2013). "With Popularity Fading at Home, Is Jindal the New Romney?". The New York Times.
- Emma, Caitlin (October 27, 2013). "Jindal: 'I don't know' about 2016". Politico. Archived from the original on October 30, 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2013.
- Hunt, Kasie (May 18, 2015). "Governor Bobby Jindal Forms 2016 Exploratory Committee". NBC News. Retrieved May 20, 2015.
- "ACTUAL ARTICLE TITLE BELONGS HERE!". BobbyJindal.com. Archived from the original on June 26, 2015. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
- Rafferty, Andrew (September 10, 2015). "Bobby Jindal Calls Trump An Unstable Narcissist". NBC News.
- "Where Republicans Stand on Donald Trump: A Cheat Sheet". The Atlantic. August 5, 2016.
- "Bobby Jindal on Abortion". On the Issues. September 16, 2008.
- Sentell, Will & Dyer, Scott (November 11, 2003). "Abortion flier offends Jindal". The Advocate. Baton Rouge, LA.
He said he does not condemn medical procedures aimed at saving the life of the mother that result indirectly in the loss of the unborn child as a secondary effect.
- John Hill (November 12, 2003). "Gubernatorial candidates to meet today in final TV debate". Capitol Watch: Your Guide to Louisiana State Government. Archived from the original on June 30, 2008.
- Walls, Seth Colter, "Who Is Bobby Jindal? The Good, The Bad, And The Ugly", The Huffington Post, May 30, 2008
- "GOP Looks to Louisiana's Governor". Retrieved September 26, 2014.
- Romano, Andrew, "Their Own Obama", Newsweek, December 22, 2008.
- Alpert, Bruce & Jan Moller (May 21, 2008). "Jindal to meet Friday with McCain". The Times-Picayune.
Jindal is seen as solid on conservative social issues such as opposition to abortion and embryonic stem cell research.
- "Bobby Jindal on Civil Rights". OntheIssues.org.
- Louisiana Gov. Jindal picks Louisiana Commission on Marriage and Family on BayouBuzz.com. Archived March 7, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- The Associated Press (July 2, 2013). "GOP hopefuls on immigration, gay marriage". Yahoo! News. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- "Bobby Jindal gives his take on gay marriage in New York Times editorial". The New York Times. Retrieved April 23, 2015.
- Epps, Garrett. "What Will Bobby Jindal's 'Marriage and Conscience Order' Actually Do?". The Atlantic. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- Emily Lane. "Louisiana's religious freedom bill effectively defeated in committee". New Orleans Times-Picayune. Retrieved May 19, 2015.
- Morris, Tim (June 30, 2008). "Jindal vetoes legislative raise". The Times-Picayune. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "Bobby Jindal on the Issues". Ontheissues.org. March 14, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "I-Team: Governor's Office Ranks Last In Transparency". New Orleans: WDSU. July 9, 2008. Archived from the original on February 24, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "Bobby Jindal allows state ethics exception for former Louisiana legislator". New Orleans Times-Picayune. May 31, 2014. Retrieved April 22, 2015.
- Comment Cancel. "Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal Speaks at the NRA Annual Meetings". Mixx. Archived from the original on August 3, 2009. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "GOA House Ratings for the 109th Congress". GunOwners.org. October 2006. Archived from the original on January 22, 2008.
- "Bobby Jindal Calls for Better Mental-Health Reporting to National Background Check System". The Atlantic. July 27, 2015. Retrieved November 16, 2015.
- Southall, Ashley (July 26, 2015). "Bobby Jindal Calls for States to Follow Louisiana’s Example in Toughening Gun Laws" – via NYTimes.com.
- "From Piyush to Bobby: How does Jindal feel about his family's past?". Washington Post. Retrieved 2016-07-02.
- Tidmore, Christopher (May 24, 2004). "The Weekly's inside political track....". Louisiana Weekly. Archived from the original on October 17, 2006.
- Moses, Caroline (June 18, 2008). "Stelly tax ad causing controversy". Baton Rouge, LA: WAFB Channel 9.
- Kathy Finn (January 10, 2013). "Louisiana Governor Jindal proposes ending state income tax". Reuters. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
- National Taxpayers Union - Bobby Jindal, National Taxpayers Union, retrieved September 3, 2015
- Edwards, Chris (September 30, 2010). "Fiscal Policy Report Card on America's Governors: 2010" (PDF). Policy Analysis No. 668. Cato Institute. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- Edwards, Chris (September 30, 2010). "Fiscal Policy Report Card on America's Governors: 2010". Cato Institute. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- Edwards, Chris (October 9, 2012). "Fiscal Policy Report Card on America's Governors 2012" (PDF). Cato Institute. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- Edwards, Chris (October 9, 2012). "Fiscal Policy Report Card on America's Governors: 2012". Cato Institute. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- Kaeding, Nicole; Edwards, Chris (October 2, 2014). "Fiscal Policy Report Card on America's Governors 2014" (PDF). Cato Institute. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- Kaeding, Nicole; Edwards, Chris (October 2, 2014). "Fiscal Policy Report Card on America's Governors 2014". Cato Institute. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- Nash-Wood, Mary (September 29, 2013). "Bobby Jindal questions Common Core while John White holds strong". shreveporttimes.com. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
- "BESE Passes Policies to Support Local Curriculum Control and Student Privacy in Common Core Transition". louisianabelieves.com. October 16, 2013. Retrieved October 29, 2013.
- Jindal, Bobby (April 23, 2014). "Gov. Jindal: Leave education to local control". USA Today. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- Street, Jon (February 9, 2015). "Bobby Jindal Makes the Case for Why Common Core Won't Work, in Tech Terms". theblaze.com. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
- "Hundreds rally against higher education cuts". Retrieved September 26, 2014.
- Ted Jackson; The Times-Picayune. "Bobby Jindal education bills whisk through Louisiana Senate panel". NOLA.com. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "Teacher protest closes schools in Louisiana". MSNBC. Archived from the original on May 19, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- Wolfgang, Ben (April 3, 2012). "Some Louisiana teachers look to expel governor", The Washington Times; accessed July 27, 2017.
- "School Choice and Desegregation". YouTube. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
- McCulley, Russell (October 4, 2007). "The Second Coming of Bobby Jindal". Time.
- "The evidence at trial demonstrates that ID is nothing less than the progeny of creationism" (page 31) in "Judgement Archived December 21, 2005, at the Wayback Machine." of Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District
- Esman, Marjorie."ACLU Comments on Bulletin 741, § 2304" Archived January 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., June 8, 2009 letter.
- Barrow, Bill (June 26, 2008). "Science law could set tone for Jindal". The Times-Picayune. Archived from the original on July 31, 2010.
- Satterlie, Robert (February 5, 2009). "Letter to Bobby Jindal" (PDF). Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology. Retrieved February 27, 2009.
- Gill, James (February 18, 2009). "Mad scientists". Times-Picayune. Archived from the original on March 3, 2009. Retrieved February 27, 2009.
- "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 296". U.S. House of Representatives. June 22, 2005.
H J RES 10 2/3 YEA-AND-NAY .....QUESTION: On Passage ...BILL TITLE: Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States authorizing the Congress to prohibit the physical desecration of the flag of the United States.
- "Key Votes: HR 418: Real ID Act of 2005 (Immigration)". VoteSmart.org. February 10, 2005.
- "Senate Panel Rejects Cycle Helmet Repeal". Natchez Democrat. Archived from the original on February 11, 2016. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- "The Republican Response by Gov. Bobby Jindal". The New York Times. February 24, 2009. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
- "Bobby Jindal: The son of immigrants and new champion of the tough-on-immigrants crowd". The Washington Post. July 4, 2015.
- "Louisiana residents paying for health care they won't receive because state rejected Medicaid expansion, says new study". Times-Picayune. December 5, 2013.
- "Governor Bobby Jindal Discusses Health Care Reform He Wants to See". Fox News Channel. September 29, 2009.
- "Louisiana Health First – Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals". Dhh.louisiana.gov. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- Bobby Jindal 2004 Congressional Campaign Website
- "LSU health care system takes brunt of Medicaid cut". WWTV. Associated Press. July 13, 2012. Archived from the original on November 11, 2013. Retrieved July 18, 2012.
LSU's network of charity hospitals and clinics will lose a quarter of its budget, with the Jindal administration choosing to levy the largest slice of Medicaid cuts on the facilities. Health and Hospitals Secretary Bruce Greenstein said nearly $317 million of the $523 million in cuts announced Friday will fall on the public health care system run by LSU. Hospital officials had previously warned that they couldn't make deep cuts without shuttering facilities. Greenstein said the administration's plan doesn't call for closures, but asks LSU to make structural changes and create efficiencies. The slashing is tied to a congressional reduction in Louisiana's federal Medicaid financing rate. Other cuts will fall on hospitals that take care of Medicaid patients. A state-run mental hospital in Mandeville will be closed.
- "Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal Announces Executive Order on Environmentally Friendly Government | All American Patriots: Politics, economy, health, environment, energy and te". All American Patriots. Archived from the original on February 23, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "House Committee Unanimously Approves Rep. Jindal Legislation To Expand Jean Lafitte Barataria Preserve – Us Fed News Service, Including Us State News | Highbeam Research – Fre". Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- Alan Neuhauser. "Bobby Jindal Signs Bill to Block Lawsuits Against Oil and Gas Companies - US News". US News & World Report. Archived from the original on June 26, 2015. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
- "Bobby Jindal signs bill to kill lawsuit against oil, gas companies". NOLA.com. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
- Michelle Krebs (June 17, 2009). "Miata Designer Matano, T. Boone Pickens Part of Start-Up Car Company". Auto Observer. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- Alan Neuhauser; Lauren Fox (September 16, 2014). "Jindal Declares Climate Change a 'Trojan Horse'". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on December 19, 2014. Retrieved December 19, 2014.
- "Bobby Jindal's secret love affair with earmarks added up to more than…". July 11, 2012. Archived from the original on July 11, 2012.
- "Total Earmarks in FY08 Appropriations Bills, by Earmarks Received". Taxpayers for Common Sense. Archived from the original (MS Excel) on November 27, 2008.
- "Bobby Jindal: Campaign Finance/Money – Other Data – Earmarks 2008". OpenSecrets. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "Bobby Jindal – House Defense Appropriations, FY2008". EarmarkWatch.org. Retrieved August 7, 2012.[permanent dead link]
- Moller, Jan (July 15, 2008). "Jindal hacks budget earmarks". The Times-Picayune. Archived from the original on January 6, 2009.
- "Jindal to Turn Down Stimulus $$$ for Jobless". Newser.com. February 20, 2009.
- "Unemployment taxes to rise, benefits shrink in 2010". nola.com. September 23, 2009.
- "Jindal to use $2.4 billion from stimulus package". WWL-TV. March 2009. Archived from the original on May 5, 2009.
- Pershing, Ben (February 24, 2009). "Obama Emphasizes Reform, Offers Hope Amid Economic Crisis". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- Sherwell, Philip (January 19, 2015). "US governor denounces so-called Muslim 'no-go zones' in London speech". The Telegraph. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- Elliott, Philip (January 20, 2015). "In London, Gov. Bobby Jindal slams Muslim 'no-go zones'". The Christian Science Monitor. Associated Press. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
- Diamond, Jeremy (January 21, 2015). "Jindal: Some Muslims trying to 'colonize' West". CNN. Retrieved January 25, 2015.
- Kharel, Gopi Chandra (January 25, 2015). "2016 US Presidential Hopeful Bobby Jindal Says Muslims 'Colonising' Europe". International Business Times. Retrieved January 25, 2015.
- Whoriskey, Peter (October 21, 2007). "Jindal Wins Louisiana Race, Becomes First Indian American Governor". The Washington Post. p. A08. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
- Millhollon, Michelle (March 19, 2008). "Jindal's mother still with state". The Advocate. Baton Rouge, LA: 2theadvocate.com. p. 10A.
- "Nikesh Jindal – Political Contributions for 2004". Campaignmoney.com. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "Bobby Jindal: The GOP's Rising Star?". 60 Minutes. CBS News. March 1, 2009. Retrieved March 2, 2009.
- Haniffa, Ariz (November 16, 2003). "He is Piyush, not Bobby". India Abroad. Baton Rouge, LA.
- Weiner, Rachel (March 24, 2009). "Meghan McCain Interviews Supriya Jindal, First Lady of Louisiana". The Huffington Post.
- "Suddenly Supriya: Louisiana's new first lady is mom and MBA". Nola.com. January 13, 2008. Archived from the original on October 15, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "Mom Congress Advisor: Supriya Jindal". Parenting.com. January 14, 2008. Archived from the original on February 8, 2010. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "Jindal Foundation homepage". Jindalfoundation.org. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- Konieczko, Jill (May 22, 2008). ""10 Things You Didn't Know About Bobby Jindal"". Usnews.com. Archived from the original on June 23, 2010. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "Nominations of Claude Allen, Thomas Scully, Piyush Jindal, Linnet F. Deily, Peter Allgeier, Peter R. Fisher, and James Gurule". Retrieved September 26, 2014.
- pubmeddev. "Home - PubMed - NCBI".
- Goddard, Taegan (November 7, 2003). "Jindal and Satan". Political Wire. Archived from the original on August 30, 2008. Retrieved June 12, 2008.
- Jindal, Bobby (December 1994). "Beating A Demon: Physical Dimensions of Spiritual Warfare". New Oxford Review. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
I began to think that the demon would only attack me if I tried to pray or fight back....Did I witness spiritual warfare? I do not have the answers...
- Bobby Jindal for governor
- Bobby Jindal at DMOZ
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Bobby Jindal: “I Am Running for President” (Full Transcript)
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
|Party political offices|
|Republican nominee for Governor of Louisiana
2003, 2007, 2011
|Response to the State of the Union address
|Chair of the Republican Governors Association
|U.S. House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Louisiana's 1st congressional district
|Governor of Louisiana
January 14, 2008–January 11, 2016
John Bel Edwards
|109th||Senate: M. Landrieu | D. Vitter||House: R. Baker | J. McCrery | W. Jefferson | R. Alexander | C. Boustany | B. Jindal | C. Melancon|
|110th||Senate: M. Landrieu | D. Vitter||House: R. Baker | J. McCrery | W. Jefferson | R. Alexander | C. Boustany | B. Jindal | C. Melancon | D. Cazayoux | S. Scalise|