Official portrait, 2011
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 17th district
January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||Phil Hare|
|Succeeded by||Cheri Bustos|
|Born||Robert Todd Schilling
January 23, 1964
Rock Island, Illinois
|Alma mater||Alleman High School
Black Hawk College
|Occupation||Restaurant owner, former union official|
Robert Todd "Bobby" Schilling (born January 23, 1964) is a former U.S. Representative for Illinois's 17th congressional district, serving from 2011 to 2013. Schilling is a member of the Republican Party. Schilling challenged incumbent Democrat Phil Hare in the 2010 election and defeated him by ten points. In the 2012 election, he was defeated by Democrat Cheri Bustos. In 2014, he ran for his former seat, but lost again to Bustos.
Early life, education, and business career
Schilling worked at Container Corporation of America between 1983 and 1987 and was a union steward for the local chapter of the United Paper Workers International Union. He then worked as an insurance agent for Prudential Insurance Company between 1987 and 1995, where he was ranked in the top 5% of all Prudential agents during his last year. He was also the treasurer for the United Food and Commercial Workers Union for four of those years.
In 1996, he and his wife opened Saint Giuseppe's Heavenly Pizza in Moline, Illinois; the restaurant is still owned by the family and Schilling ran the restaurant until taking office, when he left his son in charge. According to public personal financial disclosures, Schilling's restaurant has dropped in value from a range of $100,000 to $250,000 down to between $50,000–$100,000. Schilling's son and campaign manager Terry Schilling said, "The real estate market has really taken a hit in East Moline. It just goes to show that Bobby Schilling has a real stake in this economy."
U.S. House of Representatives
Schilling grew up as a Democrat, but has become more conservative over the years and now characterizes himself as a "Reagan Republican." He was also influenced by radio and television personality Glenn Beck. Schilling was one of the 9–12 Candidates, a group led by Beck, and signed the 9–12 contract of principles and values. Schilling has said he was inspired to run for office because he was preparing to franchise his restaurant, but cancelled his plans when he saw then-Presidential candidate Barack Obama telling Joe the Plumber that the government needed to "spread the wealth around." Schilling announced his candidacy in April 2009 and officially filed for the Republican nomination in October 2009.
Schilling vowed not to participate in the congressional pension program, to keep his private health insurance instead of the congressional plan, to donate any pay raises he receives, to limit himself to no more than eight years in Congress, and not to vote for any bill he hasn't read. "I'm not going to make a career out of this," he says.
Early in the campaign, political websites rated the 17th District race "safe Democratic." However, by Election Day the race was rated "leans Republican" by RealClearPolitics, Cook Political Report, CQ Politics, and the New York Times. The race was profiled on CNN as one of the country's top 100 House races, in which they said, "Schilling trails in the overall money race, but he's raised enough to get his message out and give the incumbent something to worry about."
Hare criticized Schilling for living 0.99 miles outside the 17th District, though the Constitution only requires congressmen to live in the state they wish to represent. Schilling's wife notes that the family's restaurant is in the 17th and employs people and pays taxes there. She also says the family fell out of the district because of gerrymandering.
Unopposed in the primary election, in the general election, Schilling won by an unexpectedly large margin, taking 53 percent of the vote to Hare's 43 percent. Notably, he carried Hare's home county, Rock Island County, a normally heavily Democratic county that is home to the district's two largest cities, Moline and Rock Island, by nine points. After the election, Schilling hired as his chief of staff Mike Roman, a political consultant known for posting a video showing alleged voter intimidation during the 2008 presidential election. Roman, along with policy director Scott Tranter, resigned from Schilling's office in April 2011.
Schilling's campaign set an off-year fundraising record for a challenger in the 17th district, amassing about $89,000 in 2009. Schilling's campaign fundraising relied largely on individual donors, who accounted for about 80 percent of the $1 million raised by his campaign. Hare depended more heavily on political action committees, who contributed about two-thirds of his campaigns $1.3 million total. Following his election, Schilling has relied more on political action committees to help retire his campaign debt, with the bulk of his December 2010 fundraising coming from PACs, including Wal-Mart, the American Medical Association, Caterpillar Inc. and Archer Daniels Midland Co.
Schilling ended the campaign with a total of $1,095,167 raised and $1,078,911 spent.
The following organizations endorsed Schilling in his 2010 run for Congress: The Illinois Federation for the Right to Life PAC; CatholicVote PAC; the Quincy Tea Party group; John Deere PAC; and the United States Chamber of Commerce.
Individuals who endorsed Schilling included: U.S. Representative Aaron Schock (R-IL); U.S. Representative Michele Bachmann (R-MN); former Governor of Massachusetts Mitt Romney; political figure and author Joe the Plumber (Joe Wurzelbacher); and, Sgt. John F. Baker, Jr., recipient of the Medal of Honor.
Newspapers were evenly divided in endorsing Schilling over Hare, with the Chicago Tribune and the Sauk Valley News among those supporting Schilling. In October 2010 Schilling was endorsed by the Chicago Tribune.
Schilling ran for re-election in 2012 and faced Democrat and former East Moline City Council Alderwoman Cheri Bustos in the general election. He has been added to the National Republican Congressional Committee's Patriot Program, which is designed to defend incumbent Republicans. Bustos received a significant assist from the 2010 round of redistricting. The 17th already had a modest Democratic lean, but the Democratic-controlled legislature redrew the district to make it even more Democratic. Notably, Quincy, Decatur and the district's share of Springfield were cut out, replaced by the more Democratic portions of Peoria and Rockford. National Journal's Cook Political Report named Schilling one of the top 10 Republicans most vulnerable to redistricting in 2012.
Schilling has raised $1.4 million and had $950,000 cash on hand as of June 30, 2011.
While initially rated as a "lean-Democrat" race by major sites, in September 2012, Roll Call, the Cook Political Report, and the Rothenburg Political Report upgraded the race to "toss-up", with Cook saying Schilling had an advantage.
Schilling was endorsed by the Chicago Tribune, the Rockford Register Star, CatholicVote, the National Rifle Association, former Congressman Tom Railsback, the National Federation of Independent Business, and the Galesburg Register-Mail, among other endorsements.
In the November 2012 elections, Bustos defeated Schilling by a 53%–47% margin. According to the Seattle Post Intelligencer, Schilling was "looking forward to focusing again on his pizza business after losing a second term."
It was widely expected by political analysts that Schilling would challenge Bustos to reclaim the seat in 2014. On July 8, 2013, he officially announced his candidacy for his old seat in the 2014 election. In his announcement, he said Bustos has been failing the middle class, and criticized her for not supporting any budget plans in the legislature.
According to The Hill, Schilling "historically has not been a strong fundraiser but is known as a skilled grassroots campaigner." During 2013, Bustos raised approximately $1.1 million and Schilling raised approximately $297,000.
Schilling's wife and 10 children attended the congressional swearing-in on January 5, 2011, attracting some notice and an interview with Diane Sawyer. His early actions as a congressman included joining 25 other freshman Republicans in voting against extending the USA PATRIOT Act; Schilling stated he believed that the bill may not provide sufficient safeguards on who is allowed to access personal information, and that the 45 minutes allotted for floor debate was inadequate to discuss these concerns. Following Obama's late January 2011 State of the Union address in which the President said he was "eager" to work with critics of his health care reform law, Schilling sent a letter to Obama requesting a one-on-one meeting.
In February 2011, Schilling joined 130 House Republicans in voting against a $450 million budget cut for an extra F-35 fighter-jet engine—a project that the U.S. Department of Defense had repeatedly tried to kill, and that Defense Secretary Robert Gates called "a waste of nearly 3 billion." Schilling voted for a package of cuts that included a $230 million federal grant to build an Amtrak line from Chicago to Iowa City, though he had supported the project during his campaign, calling it "critically important to both the economy and the environment of the Midwest." The planned rail line was a celebrated project by many in his district, including local mayors. Schilling defended his vote, arguing it was a question of prioritizing, separating wants from needs, and when he looked at the big picture, the rail service did not make the cut. He also stated that his constituents elected him to address national debt and deficit problems in Washington, not to take a business-as-usual approach.
In October 2011, a California resident issued a death threat promising a reward to anyone who assassinated Schilling. The threat is being investigated by the FBI and the United States Capitol Police. Schilling said he was advised by authorities to "lay low" while they investigated the threat and a spokeswoman for Schilling said the Schilling family was taking the "recommended precautions". According to The Hill, the person behind the threat may be the one behind similar threats against George W. Bush, several high-ranking current and former security and defense officials, and Rep. Mike Coffman of Colorado. Schilling said, "It's a general threat to all members of Congress, but they specifically called my name out in the threat. You just don't know what people are thinking...It's something we're not going to take lightly."
- He is pro-life, and spoke at the 2011 March for Life.
- He opposes gun control legislation.
- He has said that the federal government should stop regulating education and that local schools should be under local control.
- He views health care reform as a top priority. but supports repealing the Democrats' version of health care reform, believing it is unconstitutional. He supports tort reform and legalizing the purchase of insurance across state lines.
- He is fiscally conservative, and believes in small government.
- He supports term limits for members of Congress.
- He opposes the Troubled Asset Relief Program and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.
- He supports lowering the corporate tax rate.
- He supports a troop surge in the War in Afghanistan., and He opposes bringing Guantanamo Bay detainees to Thomson, Illinois; instead he supports bringing the detainees to trial before military courts rather than the U.S. civilian, federal courts.
- He supports expanding and updating missile defense systems.
- Committee on Agriculture
- Committee on Armed Services
- Committee on Small Business
|Green||Roger K. Davis||8,861||4.46|
|Democratic||Cheri Bustos (Incumbent)||110,560||55.46|
Schilling is married to Christie Schilling. They have ten children, the youngest of whom was born in February 2010, and two grandchildren. Schilling currently works in the private sector for CMB Regional Centers of Rock Island as director of business relations and government affairs. CMB works with foreign investors interested in permanent residency and investment opportunities in the United States. His son is now managing Saint Giuseppe's Heavenly Pizza, but Schilling is still involved in running the business.
- "Ballots cast, General election – 17th Congress". Illinois State Board of Elections. November 2, 2010. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
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- Hardly Settled in House, but Already in Hot Seat
- Report lists assets, income, debts for Schilling, Bustos
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- Daily Review Atlas staff reporter (April 17, 2009). "Hare gets his first challenger". Daily Review Atlas. Monmouth, Illinois. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Staff reporters (November 4, 2009). "State, congressional candidates set for primary". The Telegraph. Alton, Illinois. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- "Schilling files paperwork to run for 17th District Congressional Seat". Press release submitted by Bobby Schilling Campaign (Press release). Quad Cities Online. October 30, 2009. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
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- Admin. (January 7, 2010). "Bobby's Contract with the 17th District". Official Blog, Bob's for jobs. Bobby Schilling for Congress campaign. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
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- Wilson, Doug (December 29, 2010). "Bobby Schilling hires chief of staff, others". Doug Wilson’s Political Blog. Quincy Herald Whig. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Ed Tibbetts (April 5, 2011). "Top Schilling staffers resign". Decatur Herald-Review. Retrieved April 18, 2011.
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- "2010 House and Senate Candidate List". Federal Election Commission. December 31, 2010. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- "2010 Illinois Primary Election Page—Endorsements For the February 2, 2010 primary election". Illinois Federation for Right to Life. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
- "Candidates". CatholicVote.org. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Williams, Chris (September 5, 2010). "Deere PAC chooses sides in tight congressional race". WQAD. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- ABC News staff reporter (October 13, 2010). "From Pizza Parlor to Power Player -Republican Bobby Schilling Is an Unlikely Candidate for Congress". ABC News. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- "Congressman Aaron Schock to Endorse Schilling". Publius Forum. ChicagoNow.com. February 2010. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- "Michele Bachmann Endorses Bobby Schilling for Congress" (Video). YouTube. May 31, 2010. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- "Mitt Romney Endorses Bobby Schilling for Congress". Aledo, Illinois: Aledo Times Record. September 24, 2010. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- "Joe the Plumber Stumps for Schilling" (Press release). Bobby2010.com. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- "Schilling humbled to receive hero's endorsement" (Press release). Bobby2010.com. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Tibbetts, Ed. "On the Campaign Trail with Ed Tibbetts". QC Times. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
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- Tibbetts, Ed (June 3, 2011). "Hare rules out another run for Congress". Quad-City Times. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- John Sharp (March 20, 2012). "Bustos will face Schilling for 17th Congressional seat". Peoria Journal Star. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
- NRCC adds 10 members to incumbent-protection program
- David Wasserman & Julia Edwards (April 15, 2011). "Top 10 Republicans Most Vulnerable to Redistricting". Cook Political Report. National Journal. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
- FEC Records
- [dead link]
- Murphy, Erin (2012-09-18). "Rating the races: U.S. House and Senate – THonline.com: Tri State Politics". THonline.com. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
- "Chicago Tribune". Touch.chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
- "Our View: Bobby Schilling is our pick for Congress in 17th District – News – Rockford Register Star – Rockford, IL". Rrstar.com. 2012-10-25. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
- O'Hare, Kate (2015-03-24). "CatholicVote.org". CatholicVote.org. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
- "NRA-PVF Endorses Bobby Schilling for U.S. House of Representatives in Illinois' 17th Congressional District". Nraila.org. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
- Timmons, Eric (2012-08-13). "Schilling's re-election bid endorsed by Railsback – Quad-Cities Online: Elections". Qconline.com. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
- "WSOY". Wsoyam.com. 2015-05-04. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
- "Endorsement: Schilling for U.S. District 17 representative – News – The Register-Mail – Galesburg, IL". Galesburg.com. 2012-10-28. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
- Schilling: Looking forward to making pizza again Seattle Post Intelligencer. November 7, 2012.
- Ed Tibbetts (May 31, 2013). "Schilling eyes 2014". The Quad-City Times. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
- Joe Ward (2013-07-09). "It's official: Schilling challenges Bustos – News – The Register-Mail – Galesburg, IL". Galesburg.com. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
- "Bustos raises $330K in fourth quarter". TheHill.com. 2014-01-13. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
- Tibbetts, Ed. "Bustos tops Schilling in fundraising". Quad-City Times. Quad-City Times. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- (October 14, 2014) – "Schilling Among Tribune Endorsements for Congress". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- Vlahos, Nick (November 4, 2014) – "Cheri Bustos Wins 17th U.S. House Rematch With Bobby Schilling". Peoria Journal-Star. Retrieved February 23, 2014.
- "Illinois General Election 2014". Illinois State Board of Elections. 2014-11-04. Retrieved 2015-02-23.
- Skiba, Katherine (January 5, 2011). "Illinois' 5 new GOP congressmen sworn in – Western Illinois' Rep. Bobby Schilling – with his 10 kids in tow – proves the center of attention". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Strong, Jonathan (January 27, 2011). "Read Bill | Rand Paul Bobby Schilling | Patriot Act Fail". The Daily Caller. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Stone, Andrea (February 9, 2011). "Why Did 26 Republicans Vote Against Extending the Patriot Act?". AOL News. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Strong, Jonathan (January 26, 2011). "Literalist freshman rep. wants one-on-one with Obama on health care". The Daily Caller. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Tiron, Roxana (February 16, 2011). "U.S. House Votes to Kill GE Engine for F-35 Fighter". Bloomberg. Retrieved April 8, 2011.
- "House Vote 46 – Cancels F-35 Jet Engine Program". The New York Times.
- RaeChelle Davis & Dana Franks (February 23, 2011). "U.S. Rep. Bobby Schilling defends vote on Quad Cities Amtrak route: 'I don't believe it's dead'". WQAD. Retrieved April 8, 2011.
- "Quad-Cities Online". Qconline.com. Retrieved April 8, 2011.
- Long, Emily (2011-06-27). "Proposal would make lawmakers wait longer to tap pensions – Pay & Benefits". GovExec.com. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
- [dead link]
- "Authorities investigate threat to Rep. Bobby Schilling - CNNPolitics.com". Cnn.com. 2011-10-20. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
- "Bobby Schilling threat investigated by FBI, police – Seung Min Kim". Politico.com. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
-  Archived October 23, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Authorities Investigate E-Mail Threats Against Obamas and Others". Thecaucus.blogs.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
- "FBI investigating assassination threat against Rep. Schilling". TheHill.com. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
- "GOP calls on Dems not to wait, back House-passed 'jobs' bills". TheHill.com. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
- Nick Crow (2012-09-18). "Schilling honored by SC Farm Bureau – News – Journal Standard – Freeport, IL". Journalstandard.com. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
- [dead link]
- Weisman, Jonathan (April 27, 2010). "Obama Hits Road to Prop Up Support". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Wilson, Doug (December 6, 2009). "Quincy man seeks 17th District seat as Green Party candidate". Quincy Herald Whig. Quincy, Illinois. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Weigel, David (January 24, 2011). "Weigel : The Pro-Life Freshmen on the March". Slate. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- "Rock Island County Town Hall KLJB Story" (Video). Schilling for Congress. YouTube. November 1, 2009. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Clifford, Catherine (January 7, 2011). "Pizza man Bobby Schilling hopes to fix Congress". CNN Money. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- "Editorial board questionnaires and endorsements". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Timmons, Eric (May 11, 2009). "Bobby Schilling takes fight to Hare". The Register-Mail. Galesburg, Illinois. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Timmons, Eric (June 27, 2010). "Hare, Schilling, offer voters distinct choices". The Register-Mail. Galesburg, Illinois. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- "Schilling Running for 17th District Congressional Seat". WIUM. Tri States Public Radio. May 15, 2009. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Schilling, Bobby. "GITMO North Is the Worst Option on the Table". Big Government. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- "Ballots Cast". Elections.state.il.us. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 17th congressional district
January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2013