Bobojon Ghafurov on a Tajik banknote issued in honor of the 90th anniversary of his birth.
Bobojon Ghafurov (18 December 1908 – 12 July 1977) (Tajiki/Persian: Бобоҷон Ғафуров/باباجان غفورف) or Babadzan Gafurovich Gafurov (Russian: Бободжан Гафурович Гафуров) was a Tajikhistorian, academician, and the author of several books published in Russian and Tajik, including History of Tajikistan and The Tajiks.
Ghafurov was born in the village of Isfisar near Khujand in Tajikistan. He received his PhD from the Institute of History of the USSR Academy of Sciences in Moscow in 1941 with a dissertation on "History of the Isma’ili Sect". Ghafurov's book The Tajiks (Tojikon) is especially influential in modern Tajikistan. Instead of accepting that Tajiks were simply Uzbeks who "forgot their language", as Uzbek nationalists commonly argue, The Tajiks argues that Uzbeks were Turkified from the original Iranian population of Central Asia.