Bobrof Island and the volcano
|Elevation||2,421 ft (738 m) |
|Location||North Pacific, part of Alaska|
|Parent range||Aleutian Islands|
|Age of rock||Holocene|
|Volcanic arc/belt||Aleutian Islands|
Bobrof Island (Aleut: Walĝa) is one of the Andreanof Islands subgroup of the Aleutian Islands in southwestern Alaska, US. Bobrof Island is a small, uninhabited island about 9 miles (14 km) north and west of Kanaga Island, and 7 miles (11 km) northeast of Cape Sudak on Tanaga Island. Bobrof Island is 2.6 miles (4.2 km) long and 1.8 miles (2.9 km) wide with an area of 3 square miles (7.8 km2), and consists primarily of the 2,421-foot (738 m) high Bobrof Volcano. The volcanic crater, or cone, has been heavily dissected. Underwater deposits adjacent to the island's northeast flank suggest an immense debris-avalanche has taken place.
Geography and geology
Because of the inclusion of Alaska, the United States has the largest number of active volcanoes in the world, many of them geologically young. In Alaska, at least 50 volcanoes, including those in the Aleutian archipelago, have erupted in historical time. Alaska accounts for about 80% of the United States' volcanoes, excluding the seamounts in the area, about 8% of the world's volcanoes, and most of these are located among the Aleutian Islands. The Aleutian Islands arc forms the northern boundary of the Pacific Ring of Fire, where tectonic activity generates earthquakes and volcanic eruptions regularly.
The volcano is thought to be of Holocene age. Though no historical eruptions have taken place at Bobrof, it has erupted at least once. This data can be confirmed through pyroclastic flow deposits containing andesite. Once these flows were studied, at a building intended for earthquake monitoring, they confirmed that Bobrof was prone to explosive activity. There are lava deposits on the mountain which also suggest activity similar to shield eruptions. In collected samples, there are traces of basaltic andesite and dacite. No complete publications exist for Bobrof's definite geology, just those with facts and some information.
- Bobrof Island: Block 1132, Census Tract 1, Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska[dead link] United States Census Bureau
- "Bobrof Volcano, Alaska". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2011-08-08.
- "Bobrof Volcano". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-08-08.
- Bergsland, K. (1994). Aleut Dictionary. Fairbanks: Alaska Native Language Center.
- "Bobrof". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved July 10, 2009.
- Robert R. Coats (1956). "Reconnaissance geology of some western Aleutian Islands, Alaska: in Investigations of Alaskan volcanoes, U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin B 1028-E" (PDF). United States Geological Survey. Retrieved July 10, 2009.
- Ewert, John; Guffanti, Marianne; Cervelli, Peter; Quick, James (2006). "The National Volcano Early Warning System (NVEWS): U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS 2006-3142". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved July 9, 2009.
- "Alaska GeoSurvey News: NL 2008-1". 11 (1). Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys. March 2008: 1–14. Retrieved July 9, 2009.
- "Bobrof description and statistics". Alaska Volcano Observatory. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved July 10, 2009.
- Myers, J. D. (1994). "The geology, geochemistry and petrology of the recent magmatic phase of the central and western Aleutian Arc" (PDF). University of Wyoming. Retrieved July 10, 2009.
- Bobrof Island Photos Photographs from Bobrof Island, July 2008