Bocicoiu Mare

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Bocicoiu Mare
Великий Бичків
Commune
Bocicoiu Mare is located in Romania
Bocicoiu Mare
Bocicoiu Mare
Coordinates: 47°58′N 24°0′E / 47.967°N 24.000°E / 47.967; 24.000
Country  Romania
County Maramureș County
Population (2011)[1] 3,706
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Bocicoiu Mare (Hungarian: Nagybocskó or Újbocskó; Ukrainian: Великий Бичків) is a commune in Maramureș County, Romania. It lies 9 kilometres east of Sighetu Marmației, across the Tisza River from Velykyy Bychkiv, Ukraine.

Villages[edit]

The commune is composed of four villages: Bocicoiu Mare, Crăciunești (Tiszakarácsonyfalva; Кричунів), Lunca la Tisa (Tiszalonka; Луг над Тисою) and Tisa (Tiszaveresmart; Миків).

History[edit]

Main road in Bocicoiu Mare

The village was first mentioned in 1373, by the name Boshko. Its name derives from a Slavic word meaning "bull". From 1556 it belonged to the Báthory family. By 1711 a mansion already stood here. After the failed revolution led by Francis II Rákóczi, Germans settled down in the area.

The village was known as Németbocskó ("German Bocskó", later called Újbocskó or "New Bocskó") and was united with two villages (Nagybocskó and Kisbocskó; "Greater" and "Smaller" Bocskó) across the river, forming a greater village called Nagybocskó. This village had thus three parts: Újbocskó, which forms today's Bocicoiu Mare, and Kisbocskó and Nagybocskó, which form today's Velykyy Bychkiv.

Lunca la Tisa was part of the former Hungarian village of Lonka, which was cut into two parts after the World Wars, when the Tisza River became a natural border between Romania and Ukraine. Its Ukrainian half forms the village of Luh (Луг).

Demographics[edit]

In 1910 the village had 5955 inhabitants: 3078 Rusyns, 1646 Hungarians and 1177 Germans. It belonged to the Hungarian county of Máramaros. After World War I the village was split in two, and the river became a natural border of the two countries (with Velykyy Bychkiv in Czechoslovakia until 1945, before being incorporated into the Ukrainian SSR).

At the 2011 census, 53.2% of inhabitants were Ukrainians, 39.6% Romanians and 6.8% Hungarians. At the 2002 census, 76.8% were Romanian Orthodox, 8.5% Roman Catholic, 8.2% Greek-Catholic and 4.7% stated they belonged to another religion.

Main sights[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Romanian census data, 2002 Archived August 11, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.; retrieved on March 1, 2010

This article is based on a translation of the equivalent article from the Hungarian Wikipedia on 19 February 2007.

Coordinates: 47°58′N 24°00′E / 47.967°N 24.000°E / 47.967; 24.000