Pieter Boddaert

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Pieter Boddaert
Pieter Boddaert.jpg
Born1730
Died6 May 1795 (aged 64–65)
Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands
Alma materUtrecht University -
Known forElenchus Animalium
Scientific career
FieldsPhysician, Natural history
InstitutionsUniversity of Utrecht
Author abbrev. (zoology)Bodd.

Pieter Boddaert (1730 – 6 May 1795)[1] was a Dutch physician and naturalist.

Early life, family and education[edit]

Boddaert was the son of a Middelburg jurist and poet by the same name (1694–1760). The younger Pieter obtained his M.D. at the University of Utrecht in 1764.

Career[edit]

He became a lecturer on natural history at his alma mater, University of Utrecht. Fourteen letters survive of his correspondence with Carl Linnaeus between 1768 and 1775.[2] He was a friend of Albert Schlosser, whose cabinet of "curiosities" of natural history he described.

In 1783 he published 50 copies of an identification key of Edmé-Louis Daubenton's Planches enluminées, the colored plates of illustrations for the comte de Buffon's monumental Histoire Naturelle (published 1749–1789), assigning binomial scientific names to the plates.[3][4][5] As many of these were the first Linnaean scientific names to be proposed, they remain in use. In 2017 the world list of birds maintained by Frank Gill and David Donsker on behalf of the International Ornithologists' Union included 190 taxa for which Boddaert is cited as the authority. Of these 112 are treated as species and 78 as subspecies. One species, the hoopoe starling, is now extinct.[6]

In 1784 he published Elenchus Animalium, a "directory of animals" that included the first binomial names for a number of mammals, including the Quagga and the Tarpan.[7]

Honors and awards[edit]

Boddaert is commemorated in the scientific name of a species of South American snake, Mastigodryas boddaerti.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Masi, Alberto. "Neornithes: nomina avium - Author A-C". Scricciolo.com. Retrieved 2014-02-21.
  2. ^ "The Linnaean Correspondence - Biography". Linnaeus.c18.net. Retrieved 2014-02-21.
  3. ^ Newton, Alfred (1893–1896). A Dictionary of Birds. London: Adam and Charles Black. p. 13 Note 2.
  4. ^ Buffon, Georges-Louis Leclerc de; Martinet, François-Nicolas; Daubenton, Edme-Louis; Daubenton, Louis-Jean-Marie (1765–1783). Planches Enluminées D'Histoire Naturelle (in French). Paris: De L'Imprimerie Royale. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.51460. (10 volumes)
  5. ^ Boddaert, Pieter (1783). Table des planches enluminéez d'histoire naturelle de M. D'Aubenton : avec les denominations de M.M. de Buffon, Brisson, Edwards, Linnaeus et Latham, precedé d'une notice des principaux ouvrages zoologiques enluminés [Table of illuminated plates of natural history by M. D'Aubenton: with the names of M.M. de Buffon, Brisson, Edwards, Linnaeus and Latham, preceded by a notice of the main illuminated zoological works] (in French). Utrecht. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.39835.
  6. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2016). "World Bird List Version 6.4". International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  7. ^ Boddaert, Pieter (1784). Elenchus animalium (in Latin). Rotterdam: C.R. Hake. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.40283.
  8. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). "Boddaert". The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 29. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5.