Boddington, Western Australia
Hotham River at Boddington
|Population||1,198 (2016 census)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Boddington|
The town owes its name to an early settler, Henry Boddington, who was a farmer and shepherd in the 1860s and 1870s and leased land in the area in 1875, later moving to Wagin. His name became associated with a pool in the Hotham River at which he frequently camped. The original settled locality was called Hotham, 2 km west of the town at what is now the end of Farmers Avenue, named for the Farmer family, and a post office and school were established.
When the Hotham Valley Railway was being constructed in 1912 to meet demand created by the local timber industry, a townsite was chosen adjacent to the town, and subsequently gazetted. The town was built in the 1920s, with a school, hospital, council offices, post office, shops and agricultural hall. A railway bridge was built over the upper reaches of the Murray River in 1949, then known as "Asquith Bridge", and was used for carting railway timber to the Banksiadale Sawmill.
The area declined slowly over time, and the Dwellingup fires of 1961 devastated the local timber industry. By 1969, the railway had been closed and Boddington became a typical small service area for the surrounding district. However, the establishment of bauxite mining in 1979 to service Western Australia's alumina production at Worsley, Kwinana and Wagerup, and the opening of the Boddington Gold Mine in 1987 created a thriving mining town.
Boddington is located 11 kilometres (7 mi) off Albany Highway and 123 kilometres (76 mi) southeast of Perth in the Darling Scarp. It has a population of about 1,000 and is the centre of a sheep and timber district as well as a service centre for the nearby bauxite and gold mines. It contains a TAFE centre, and each year on the first weekend of November hosts a 3-day Rodeo. In addition, a district high school (1920), National Australia Bank, shopping facilities, accommodation (hotel, motel, caravan park), council offices and a telecentre are located within the town.
In the 2016 Census, there were 1,198 people in Boddington. 74.1% of people were born in Australia and 87.3% of people only spoke English at home. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 40.2%, Anglican 22.1% and Catholic 13.1%.
A Royal Historical Society plaque near the town marks the grave of a local Aboriginal named Quency Dilyan who helped explorers Alexander Forrest and H.S. Ranford during their expeditions in the area. Several scenic drives and bushwalking tracks have been set up by the shire council through state forests and wildflower country.
The town’s economy is supported by mining and agriculture. The Shire of Boddington is home to the Newmont Mining, owned Newmont Boddington Gold mine and the South 32 operated Saddle back Bauxite Mine. The gold mine is projected to be the largest gold mine in Australia upon completion.
Due to its mining activities, the town is undergoing a significant growth phase. The Peel Development Commission predicts the population of Boddington will double by 2012 and up to 400 new residences will be required. [needs update]
The Boddington Shire have approved several land developments ranging from larger lifestyle lots to smaller lot residential developments. Developments include Huntley Rise Estate, Forrest Hill Estate and Banksia Private Estate.
Boddington Gold Mine
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Boddington (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names – B". Retrieved 25 March 2007.
- Shire of Boddington. "History". Retrieved 1 March 2016.
- The Sydney Morning Herald (8 February 2004). "Travel - Boddington". Retrieved 14 October 2006.