Boden, Sweden

Coordinates: 65°49′32″N 21°41′26″E / 65.82556°N 21.69056°E / 65.82556; 21.69056
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Rödberget Fort, part of Boden Fortress
Rödberget Fort, part of Boden Fortress
Boden is located in Norrbotten
Boden is located in Sweden
Coordinates: 65°49′32″N 21°41′26″E / 65.82556°N 21.69056°E / 65.82556; 21.69056
CountyNorrbotten County
MunicipalityBoden Municipality
 • Total14.17 km2 (5.47 sq mi)
46 m (151 ft)
 (31 December 2018)[1]
 • Total16,847
 • Density1,189/km2 (3,080/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
961 xx
Area code(+46) 921
WebsiteOfficial website

Boden (Swedish: [ˈbǔːdɛn], outdatedly [ˈbûːdɛn])[2] is a locality and the seat of Boden Municipality in Norrbotten County, Sweden with 16,847 inhabitants in 2018.[1] It is part of the larger area around coastal city Luleå some 36 kilometres (22 mi) southeast.[3] After Kiruna, it is the second largest town in Northern Sweden's interior.


The town of Boden started as a railway junction where the Northern Line (Norra stambanan, opened 1894) met with the Ore Line (Malmbanan) from the rich iron ore fields in northern Sweden.

The town experienced increased growth when the Boden Fortress was constructed in the beginning of the 20th century. The purpose of the fortress was to defend Sweden from a possible attack from the east, where Russia was considered the most dangerous threat.

The first official writings about Boden, was in a 1500~ tax paper, where the mention of "Boden village" with 7 homes. Boden got the title of city in 1919. This title became obsolete in 1971 and Boden is now the seat of Boden Municipality.


Today (2007) Boden is still a military stronghold, and houses the largest garrison of the Swedish Army.

The army and the municipality are the two largest employers in Boden. As the military is continuously disarming, with the five regiments united into one garrison, the population has decreased by 2,000 people over the past ten years.

The Swedish Company H2 green steel is currently erecting a new steel mill in Boden which is expected to start production in 2025. It is supposed to use hydrogen technology, designed to cut emissions by as much as 95%. If it succeeds, it will be the first large-scale green steel plant in Europe.[4]

The famous Fällkniven knives are from Boden.

Well-known Boden citizens, former or current[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Boden is twinned with:


The following sports clubs are located in Boden:


  1. ^ a b c "Statistiska tätorter 2018, befolkning, landareal, befolkningstäthet per tätort" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ Jöran Sahlgren; Gösta Bergman (1979). Svenska ortnamn med uttalsuppgifter (in Swedish). p. 5.
  3. ^ "Avstånd från Boden" (in Swedish). Avstå Archived from the original on 14 January 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  4. ^ "The race across Europe to build green steel plants". BBC News. 2023-02-17. Retrieved 2023-03-03.
  5. ^ "Altas vennskapsbyer" (in Norwegian). Alta municipality. Retrieved 26 April 2012.