Bodo Zimmermann

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Bodo Zimmermann
Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-718-0149-12A, Paris, Rommel, von Rundstedt, Gause und Zimmermann.jpg
Rommel, von Rundstedt, Alfred Gause and Bodo Zimmermann (Hotel George V, Paris on 19th Dec.1943)
Born 26 November 1886 (1886-11-26)
Metz, Alsace-Lorraine
Died 16 April 1963 (1963-04-17) (aged 76)
Bonn, West Germany
Service/branch Army
Years of service 1906–45
Rank Generalleutnant
Commands held Chef der Führungsabteilung (western sector)
Awards Deutsches Kreuz in Gold

Bodo Zimmermann (26 November 1886 – 16 April[1] 1963) was a German general during the Second World War. He also was one of the few recipients of both German crosses (in Gold and in Silver).


Bodo Zimmermann was born in Metz on November 1886. He began his cadet training in 1906, joining the Royal Army of Prussia. Zimmermann served in an infantry regiment of the 34th Division. From 1907 to 1914 he served in the regiment with the rank of Oberleutnant (first lieutenant). In 1915, shortly after the start of the First World War, he was promoted to the rank of captain. During the war he received the Iron Cross for his exemplary actions. Zimmermann was promoted to major in 1920 shortly before leaving the army. After the war he ran a publishing house which specialised in military literature and instructional manuals.

Shortly before the Second World War began in 1939, Zimmermann was reintegrated in the new armed forces of Nazi Germany, the Wehrmacht. As Major, Zimmermann served in the High Command of the 1st Army, on the Western Front. In October 1940, he was appointed Generalstabsoffizier at the headquarters of Army Group D, under the command of Erwin von Witzleben. Zimmermann was promoted to the rank of Oberstleutnant (lieutenant colonel) on 1 August 1941, under the command of Gerd von Rundstedt. On 1 December 1942, Zimmermann was appointed colonel. On 15 February 1943, he received the German Cross in Silver, for his services. In the Fall of 1944 Zimmermann became Chef der Führungsabteilung on the western sector.

On 25 September 1944 Zimmerman received the German Cross in gold.[2] He was promoted to the rank of Generalmajor on 1 December 1944. On 1 May 1945 Zimmermann was promoted to the rank of Generalleutnant. After the war ended, he remained a prisoner until 1947. After 1948, Zimmerman published "Geschichte des Oberbefehlshaber West" and "Ideas on the Defense of the Rhine and Western Germany as an outpost area of Western Europe". Zimmermann died in Bonn in 1963.[3]



  1. ^ Dermot Bradley: Generaloberst Heinz Guderian und die Entstehungsgeschichte des modernen Blitzkrieges. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1986, ISBN 3-7648-1486-1, p. 374
  2. ^ Klaus D. Patzwall, Veit Scherzer: Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941–1945, Geschichte und Inhaber Band II, Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall, Norderstedt, 2001.
  3. ^ Dermot Bradley, Kar-Friedrich Hildebrand, Markus Rövekamp, Die Generale des Heeres 1921–1945, Osnabrück 1994


  • Dermot Bradley, Kar-Friedrich Hildebrand, Markus Rövekamp, Die Generale des Heeres 1921–1945, Band 3, Osnabrück 1994

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