Body fluids in art
|Andy Warhol||Oxidations series||1977||Invited friends to urinate onto a canvas of metallic copper pigments, so that the uric acid would oxidize into abstract patterns.|
|Elito Circa||Love and Life artwork series, A Thousand and One Lives and Pacquiao Hearted Fist, Duterte in the Center of the Triangle.||1982||He incorporates some strands of his hairs in his painting and signing his drawing using his own blood to authenticate the artworks and later explore and experiment it as a medium in paintings.||Human Hair|
|Andres Serrano||Piss Christ and various other works||1987||Piss Christ, a controversial photograph of a crucifix submerged in urine
Various other photos featuring the use of urine, feces, blood, semen and human milk
|Marc Quinn||Self||1991, recast 1996||A frozen cast of the artist's head made entirely of his own blood|
|Helen Chadwick||Piss Flowers||1991–92||Twelve white-enameled bronzes cast from cavities made by urinating in snow (though this might not be characterized as the use of bodily fluids in art, just their use in preparation)|
|Hermann Nitsch||Das Orgien Mysterien Theater||1962–1998||Uses urine, feces, blood and more in their ritual performances|
|Marcel Duchamp||Paysage fautif ("Faulty Landscape")||1946|
|Stelarc and Nina Sellars||Blender||2005-2016||The artists mixed their lipids inside a sealed, air-powered machine.||Lipids|
|Gu Wenda||Oedipus Refound||1989||Various fluids|
Criticism and difficulties
Depicting objects of popular respect (religious subjects, flags, etc.) in art which includes body fluids can trigger public protests due to such material's historic association with dirtiness. The outcry about the Piss Christ photo is an example.
In addition to the obvious difficulties of preserving perishable material, there can be regulations complicating transport by rail, truck, or aircraft of liquid body fluids due to the fluids' possible classification as dangerous goods. Postal or transportation-security authorities might consider blood, spittle, excrement, etc., to be bio-hazardous substances.
- "Oxidations & Abstractions". Retrieved 19 January 2015.
- "Artist uses own blood, hair in paintings". The Philippine Star. Philippine Star. 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-12.
- "Ecija folk artist paints Pacquiao using his own blood". Manila Bulletin Newspaper. 2015. p. 15. Archived from the original on 2015-05-18. Retrieved 2015-05-02.
- "國際/熱血相挺 菲畫家用血畫出杜特蒂". cdnews.com.tw. 2016. Retrieved 2016-11-02.
- "Artist Paints Duterte Portrait in Blood". CNN TV Network.
- "Filipino folk artist portraits duterte using own blood". Daily News PH. Retrieved 2016-11-02.
- "Ripley's Believe It or Not". Ripley's Believe It or Not. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-11.
- "Museum of Contemporary Art (MCA)". Museum of Contemporary Art Australia. Retrieved 2016-12-03.
- Zhou, Yan (2015-03-11). Odyssey of Culture: Wenda Gu and His Art. Springer. ISBN 9783662454114.
- Fusco, Coco (Fall 1991). "Shooting the Klan: An Interview with Andres Serrano". Community Arts Network. CommunityArtsNetwork.
- "International Air Transit Association page on DGR (Dangerous Goods Regulations)". Retrieved 2011-08-05.
- "Blood Art".
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