Boeing 747 hull losses

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Boeing 747
A British Airways 747-400 in white, blue and red livery during landing with its landing gear extended.
British Airways Boeing 747-400 G-BNLL, which was later written off after a taxiing mishap at O. R. Tambo International Airport in Johannesburg
Role Wide-body, long-range jet airliner
National origin United States
Manufacturer Boeing Commercial Airplanes
First flight February 9, 1969[1]
Introduction January 22, 1970, with Pan Am[2]
Status In service
Primary users British Airways
Lufthansa
KLM
Produced 1968–present
Number built 1,528 as of December 2016[3]
Unit cost
747-100: US$24 million (1967)
747-200: US$39 million (1976)
747-300: US$83 million (1982)
747-400: US$228–260 million (2007)
747-8I: US$351.4 million[4]
747-8F: US$352 million
Variants Boeing 747SP
Boeing 747-400
Boeing 747-8
Boeing VC-25
Boeing E-4
Developed into Boeing YAL-1
Boeing 747 Large Cargo Freighter

As of January 2017, a total of 61 Boeing 747 aircraft, or just under 4% of the total number of 747s built, first flown commercially in 1970, have been involved in accidents and incidents resulting in a hull loss, meaning that the aircraft has either been destroyed or has been damaged beyond economical repair.[5] Of the 61 Boeing 747 aircraft losses, 32 resulted in no loss of life; in one, a hostage was murdered; and in one, a terrorist died.[5] Some of the aircraft that were declared damaged beyond economical repair were older 747s that sustained relatively minor damage. Had these planes been newer it might have been economically viable to repair them, although with the 747's increasing obsolescence this is becoming less common.[6][7] 747s have been involved in accidents resulting in the highest death toll of any aviation accident, the highest death toll of any single airplane accident and the highest death toll of a mid-air collision, although, as with most airliner accidents, the roots of causation in these incidents involved a confluence of multiple factors which rarely could be ascribed to flaws with the 747's design or its flying characteristics.

1970s[edit]

1980s[edit]

  • Korean Air Lines Flight 015, operating a flight from Los Angeles to Seoul, with a refueling stop at Anchorage, Alaska, was damaged beyond repair at landing on November 19, 1980. Of the 226 occupants, 15 passengers and crew died.
  • British Airways Flight 9 was operating from London to Auckland with 5 stopovers at Mumbai, Chennai, Kuala Lumpur, Perth and Melbourne. While flying over Mount Galunggung near Jakarta, all 4 engine of the Boeing 747 stopped working. The pilots tried to restart the engines and fortunately did but one stopped working and made an emergency landing at Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport with no injuries.
  • On August 4, 1983, Pan Am Flight 73, a 747-100, struck a VASI light installation and its concrete base while taking off at Karachi International Airport, causing the nose gear to collapse backwards to the left, resulting in total destruction of the VASI light installation and damage to the forward cargo hold, floor of the first class section and the stairway leading to the upper deck.[13] (Not to be confused with a later hijacking in 1986 of a Pan Am Flight 73).
  • On September 1, 1983, Korean Air Lines Flight 007, a 747-200B from New York City to Seoul via Anchorage and Tokyo, was shot down just west of Sakhalin Island by the Soviet Air Force, killing all 269 passengers and crew aboard.
  • On November 27, 1983, Avianca Flight 011, a 747-200 flying from Paris to Bogotá via Madrid, crashed into a mountainside due to a navigational error while maneuvering to land at Madrid Barajas International Airport, killing 181 out of the 192 on board.
  • On March 16, 1985, a UTA Boeing 747-300 (registration F-GDUA) was destroyed on the ground at Paris CDG when a fire was accidentally started while the aircraft's cabin was being cleaned.[14]
  • On June 23, 1985, a bomb exploded on Air India Flight 182, a 747-200B en route from Montreal to New Delhi, causing the aircraft to explode and crash off the Southwest coast of Ireland, killing all 329 on board. Until the September 11 attacks of 2001, the Air India bombing was the single deadliest terrorist attack involving aircraft. It remains the "worst mass murder in Canadian history."
  • On August 12, 1985, Japan Airlines Flight 123 crashed when the rear pressure bulkhead of a 747SR flying from Tokyo to Osaka shot through at cruising altitude, destroying most of the aircraft's vertical stabilizer. The pilots kept it in the air for 32 minutes but it eventually struck Mount Takamagahara and crashed. Out of the 524 people on board, only four survived, making it the deadliest-ever single-aircraft accident.[15]
  • On December 5, 1985, Air France Flight 91 overshot the runway during a landing at Rio de Janeiro-Galeão International Airport, Brazil. There were no fatalities, but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.[16]
  • On November 28, 1987, South African Airways Flight 295, a 747-200BSCD "Combi" en route from Taipei to Johannesburg, crashed into the ocean off Mauritius after a fire broke out in the rear cargo hold, damaging vital control systems. All 159 people on board died.
  • On December 21, 1988, Pan Am Flight 103, a 747-100, disintegrated in mid-air after a bomb in the luggage hold exploded; the wings, with their tanks full of fuel, landed on Lockerbie, Scotland. All 259 people on board and 11 people in Lockerbie died. A Libyan national was eventually convicted at a Scottish court sitting in the Netherlands of murder in connection with the bombing.
  • On February 19, 1989, Flying Tiger Line Flight 66, a 747-100F, was flying using a non-directional beacon (NDB) approach to Runway 33 at Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport, Kuala Lumpur, when the aircraft hit a hillside 600 ft (180 m) above sea level, resulting in the deaths of all four people on board.[17]

1990s[edit]

The aircraft involved in the China Airlines Flight 605 accident at Kai Tak Airport after the accident.
The reconstructed wreckage of TWA Flight 800.

2000s[edit]

  • On October 31, 2000, Singapore Airlines Flight 006, a 747-400 flying from Singapore to Los Angeles via Taipei, collided into construction equipment while attempting to take off from a closed runway at Taiwan's Chiang Kai-shek International Airport (now Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport), killing 79 passengers and three crew members on board.[19] There were 96 survivors.
  • On August 23, 2001, Saudia Flight 3830, 747-368, rolled into a drainage ditch at Kuala Lumpur Airport and toppled forward causing severe damage to the nose section. Reportedly, the aircraft was being taxied by a ground engineer on the no. 2 and 3 engines. When trying to make a turn the brakes and steering had no effect and the aircraft continued into the ditch. It is said that the auxiliary hydraulic pumps, which actuated brakes and steering, were switched off.[20]
  • On November 27, 2001, an MK Airlines 747-200F crashed about 700m short of the runway near Port Harcourt Airport, Nigeria. Of the 13 on board, 1 died.[21]
  • On May 25, 2002, China Airlines Flight 611, a 747-200B en route to Hong Kong International Airport from Chiang Kai-shek International Airport, broke up in mid-air 20 minutes after take off and crashed into the Taiwan Strait, killing all 225 occupants on board. Subsequent investigation determined the cause to be metal fatigue cracking due to an improperly-performed repair after a tailstrike.
  • On October 14, 2004, MK Airlines Flight 1602, a 747-200F, crashed while attempting to take off from Halifax Stanfield International Airport, killing all seven on board. The aircraft's take-off weight had been incorrectly calculated and it was only airborne briefly before stalling at the end of the runway.[22]
  • On June 7, 2006, Tradewinds International Airlines Flight 444, a 747-200F, aborted a takeoff from Rionegro/Medellín-José María Córdova Airport and overran the runway. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair and withdrawn from service.[23]

2010s[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rumerman, Judy. "The Boeing 747." U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission, 2003. Retrieved: April 30, 2006.
  2. ^ "Jumbo and the Gremlins." TIME, February 2, 1970. Retrieved: December 20, 2007.
  3. ^ "747 Model Orders and Deliveries data." The Boeing Company, March 2015. Retrieved: April 8, 2015.
  4. ^ "Boeing Commercial Airplanes prices." Archived July 1, 2008, at the Wayback Machine The Boeing Company. Retrieved: August 8, 2012.
  5. ^ a b List of Boeing 747 hull losses retrieved 2013-02-17.
  6. ^ Page describing N4723U incident retrieved 2008-01-13.
  7. ^ Page describing N808MC incident retrieved 2008-01-13.
  8. ^ Page describing N752PA incident retrieved 2008-01-13.
  9. ^ Page describing JA8109 incident retrieved 2008-01-13.
  10. ^ Page describing the crash of IIAF 5-8104 retrieved 2008-01-13.
  11. ^ "Special Investigation Report - Wing Failure of Boeing 747-131, Near Madrid, Spain, May 9, 1976" (PDF). National Transportation Safety Board. October 6, 1978. Retrieved September 8, 2010.
  12. ^ "1977: Hundreds dead in Tenerife plane crash", "On This Day." BBC News. Retrieved: 26 May 2006.
  13. ^ [1] Retrieved July 16, 2016
  14. ^ [2]
  15. ^ "Japan marks air crash anniversary", BBC News. Retrieved: August 12, 2005.
  16. ^ [3] Aviation Safety Network record. Retrieved July 17, 2016
  17. ^ Page describing N807FT accident retrieved February 14, 2015.
  18. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 747-2B3F (SCD) F-GPAN Chennai Airport (MAA)". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  19. ^ "Rushing to Die, The Crash of Singapore Airlines flight 006". Airline Safety. Retrieved: 17 December 2007.
  20. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 747-368 HZ-AIO Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KUL)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved May 12, 2019.
  21. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 747-246F 9G-MKI Port Harcourt". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  22. ^ Page describing 9G-MKJ accident. aviation-safety.net. Retrieved: 17 August 2008.
  23. ^ Page describing N922FT accident. aviation-safety.net. Retrieved: 6 April 2015.
  24. ^ Page describing N704CK accident. Retrieved: 17 August 2008.
  25. ^ "Inquiry after U.S. firm's second 747 cargo plane crashes in less than two months".
  26. ^ "Crash: Kalitta B742 at Bogota on Jul 7th 2008, engine fire, impacted a farm house". The Aviation Herald. July 11, 2008. Retrieved June 3, 2013.
  27. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 747-437 VT-ESM Mumbai-Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport (BOM)". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved January 25, 2020.
  28. ^ "Cargo plane crashes near Dubai motorway killing two". BBC. September 3, 2010. Retrieved September 3, 2010.
  29. ^ "Crash: National Air Cargo B744 at Bagram on Apr 29th 2013, lost height shortly after takeoff following load shift and stall". Avherald.com. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  30. ^ [4] Retrieved 17 July 2017
  31. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 747SP-27 7O-YMN Aden International Airport (ADE)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved July 29, 2015.
  32. ^ "Belarus' First Deputy Foreign Minister signs Book of Condolences at Kyrgyzstan's embassy". Belarusin Telegraph Agency. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
  33. ^ "Под Бишкеком упал грузовой самолет Turkish Airlines (фото)" [A Turkish Airlines cargo plane crashed near Bishkek (with pictures)]. Zanoza (in Russian). January 16, 2017. Retrieved January 16, 2017.[permanent dead link]
  34. ^ "При крушении Boeing под Бишкеком погибли не менее 16 человек" [At least 16 people killed in Boeing crash near Bishkek]. RIA Novosti (in Russian). January 16, 2017. Retrieved January 16, 2017.