Boeing 747 hull losses

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Boeing 747-400
A British Airways 747-400 in white, blue and red livery during takeoff with its landing gear retracting.
British Airways Boeing 747-400 during takeoff
Role Wide-body, long-range jet airliner
National origin United States
Manufacturer Boeing Commercial Airplanes
First flight February 9, 1969[1]
Introduction January 22, 1970, with Pan Am[2]
Status In service
Primary users British Airways
United Airlines
Produced 1968–present
Number built 1,528 as of December 2016[3]
Unit cost
747-100: US$24 million (1967)
747-200: US$39 million (1976)
747-300: US$83 million (1982)
747-400: US$228–260 million (2007)
747-8I: US$351.4 million[4]
747-8F: US$352 million
Variants Boeing 747SP
Boeing 747-400
Boeing 747-8
Boeing VC-25
Boeing E-4
Developed into Boeing YAL-1
Boeing 747 Large Cargo Freighter

As of January 2017, a total of 61 Boeing 747 aircraft, or just under 4% of the total number of 747s built, first flown commercially in 1970, have been involved in accidents and incidents resulting in a hull loss, meaning that the aircraft has either been destroyed or has been damaged beyond economical repair.[5] Of the 61 Boeing 747 aircraft losses, 32 resulted in no loss of life; in one, a hostage was murdered; and in one, a terrorist died.[5] Some of the aircraft that were declared damaged beyond economical repair were older 747s that sustained relatively minor damage. Had these planes been newer it would have been economically viable to repair them, although with the 747's increasing obsolescence this is becoming less common.[6][7] 747s have been involved in accidents resulting in the highest death toll of any aviation accident, the highest death toll of any single airplane accident and the highest death toll of a mid-air collision, although, as with most airliner accidents, the roots of causation in these incidents involved a confluence of multiple factors which rarely could be ascribed to flaws with the 747's design or its flying characteristics.



  • Korean Air Lines Flight 015, operating a flight from Los Angeles to Seoul, with a refueling stop at Anchorage, Alaska, was damaged beyond repair at landing on November 19, 1980. Of the 226 occupants, 15 passengers and crew died.
  • Pan Am Flight 73, a 747-100, departed the runway on landing at Karachi International on August 4, 1983. The nose gear struck a VASI light installation and its concrete base causing the nose gear to collapse backwards and to the left, resulting in total destruction of the VASI light installation and damage to the forward cargo hold, floor of the first class section and the stairway leading to the upper deck. Damage to the aircraft was substantial.[13] (Not to be confused with a later hijacking in 1986 of a Pan Am Flight 73).
  • Korean Air Lines Flight 007, a 747-200B from New York City to Seoul via Anchorage and Tokyo, was shot down just west of Sakhalin Island by the Soviet Air Force on September 1, 1983. All 269 passengers and crew aboard died.
  • Avianca Flight 011, a 747-200 flying from Paris to Bogotá via Madrid, crashed into a mountainside on 27 November 1983 due to a navigational error while maneuvering to land at Madrid Barajas International Airport. 181 people died; there were 11 survivors.
  • On 16 March 1985, a UTA Boeing 747-300 (registration F-GDUA) was destroyed on the ground at Paris CDG when a fire was accidentally started while cleaning of the aircraft's cabin was in progress.[14]
  • Air India Flight 182, a 747-200B, en route from Montreal to New Delhi, was blown up in midair off the Southwest coast of Ireland by a bomb on June 23, 1985. All 329 on board died. Until the September 11 attacks of 2001 the Air India bombing was the single deadliest terrorist attack involving aircraft. It remains "worst mass murder in Canadian history."
  • Japan Airlines Flight 123, an inadequate repair resulted in the loss of the 747SR (SR for Short Range) flying from Tokyo to Osaka on August 12, 1985. Most of the aircraft's vertical stabilizer was blown apart while the aircraft was at cruising altitude, after the rear pressure bulkhead failed. The pilots kept it in the air for 32 minutes but it eventually crashed, causing 520 fatalities - there were 4 survivors. It is the worst single-aircraft accident in aviation history.[15]
  • On December 5, 1985, Air France Flight 91 departed the runway during a landing at Rio de Janeiro-Galeão International Airport, Brazil. No fatalities, but the aircraft was damaged beyond economical repair.[16]
  • South African Airways Flight 295, a 747-200BSCD "Combi" en route from Taipei to Johannesburg on November 28, 1987, crashed into the ocean off Mauritius after a fire in the rear cargo hold during the flight resulted in loss of control. All 159 people on board died.
  • Pan Am Flight 103, a 747-100, disintegrated in mid-air on December 21, 1988, due to a terrorist bomb in the luggage hold; the wings, with their tanks full of fuel, landed on Lockerbie, Scotland. All 259 people on board and 11 people in Lockerbie died. A Libyan national was eventually convicted of destroying the aircraft.
  • Flying Tiger Line Flight 66, on February 19, 1989, a 747-100F was flying a non-directional beacon (NDB) approach to Runway 33 at Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport, Kuala Lumpur, when the aircraft hit a hillside 600 ft (180 m) above sea level, resulting in the deaths of all four people on board.[17]


The reconstructed wreckage of TWA Flight 800.


  • Singapore Airlines Flight 006, a 747-400 flying from Singapore to Los Angeles via Taipei, crashed into construction equipment on October 31, 2000 while attempting to take off from a closed runway at Taiwan's Chiang Kai-shek International Airport (now Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport). It caught fire and was destroyed; 79 passengers and three crew members died[19] - there were 96 survivors.
  • Saudi Arabian Airlines Flight 3830, 22:08 Thursday August 23, 2001. The Boeing 747-368 rolled into a drainage ditch at Kuala Lumpur Airport and toppled forward causing the severe damage to the nose section. Reportedly, the aircraft was being taxied by a ground engineer on the no. 2 and 3 engines. When trying to make a turn brakes and steering had no effect and the aircraft continued into the ditch. It is said that the aux hydraulic pumps switches (which actuate brakes and steering) were in the off position.[20]
  • MK Airlines, a 747-200F, crashed about 700m short of the runway near Port Harcourt Airport, Nigeria on November 27, 2001. Of the 13 on board, 1 died.[21]
  • China Airlines Flight 611, a 747-200B, broke up over the Taiwan Strait mid-flight on May 25, 2002, en route to Hong Kong International Airport from Chiang Kai-shek International Airport in Taiwan 20 minutes after take off. All 225 occupants on board died. Metal fatigue at the site of a previous repair was cited as a cause.
  • MK Airlines Flight 1602, a 747-200F, crashed while attempting to take off from Halifax Stanfield International Airport on October 14, 2004. The aircraft's take-off weight had been incorrectly calculated and it was only airborne briefly before impacting an earthen berm at the end of the runway. The seven-member crew died.[22]
  • Tradewinds International Airlines Flight 444, a 747-200F was substantially damaged after aborting a takeoff from Rionegro/Medellín-José María Córdova Airport and overrunning the end of the runway on June 7, 2006. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair and withdrawn from service.[23]



  1. ^ Rumerman, Judy. "The Boeing 747." U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission, 2003. Retrieved: April 30, 2006.
  2. ^ "Jumbo and the Gremlins." TIME, February 2, 1970. Retrieved: December 20, 2007.
  3. ^ "747 Model Orders and Deliveries data." The Boeing Company, March 2015. Retrieved: April 8, 2015.
  4. ^ "Boeing Commercial Airplanes prices." Archived July 1, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. The Boeing Company. Retrieved: August 8, 2012.
  5. ^ a b List of Boeing 747 hull losses retrieved 2013-02-17.
  6. ^ Page describing N4723U incident retrieved 2008-01-13.
  7. ^ Page describing N808MC incident retrieved 2008-01-13.
  8. ^ Page describing N752PA incident retrieved 2008-01-13.
  9. ^ Page describing JA8109 incident retrieved 2008-01-13.
  10. ^ Page describing the crash of IIAF 5-8104 retrieved 2008-01-13.
  11. ^ National Transportation Safety Board. "Special Investigation Report - Wing Failure of Boeing 747-131, Near Madrid, Spain, May 9, 1976" (PDF). Retrieved 8 September 2010. [permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "1977: Hundreds dead in Tenerife plane crash", "On This Day." BBC News. Retrieved: 26 May 2006.
  13. ^ [1] Retrieved 16 July 2016
  14. ^ [2]
  15. ^ "Japan marks air crash anniversary", BBC News. Retrieved: 12 August 2005.
  16. ^ [3] Aviation Safety Network record. Retrieved 17 July 2016
  17. ^ Page describing N807FT accident retrieved 2015-02-14.
  18. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 747-2B3F (SCD) F-GPAN Chennai Airport (MAA)". Retrieved 2014-03-29. 
  19. ^ "Rushing to Die, The Crash of Singapore Airlines flight 006". Airline Safety. Retrieved: 17 December 2007.
  20. ^
  21. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 747-246F 9G-MKI Port Harcourt". Retrieved 2014-03-29. 
  22. ^ Page describing 9G-MKJ accident. Retrieved: 17 August 2008.
  23. ^ Page describing N922FT accident. Retrieved: 6 April 2015.
  24. ^ Page describing N704CK accident. Retrieved: 17 August 2008.
  25. ^ "Inquiry after U.S. firm's second 747 cargo plane crashes in less than two months". 
  26. ^ "Crash: Kalitta B742 at Bogota on Jul 7th 2008, engine fire, impacted a farm house". The Aviation Herald. 2008-07-11. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  27. ^ "Cargo plane crashes near Dubai motorway killing two". BBC. 2010-09-03. Retrieved 2010-09-03. 
  28. ^ "Crash: National Air Cargo B744 at Bagram on Apr 29th 2013, lost height shortly after takeoff following load shift and stall". Retrieved 2014-03-29. 
  29. ^ [4] Retrieved 17 July 2017
  30. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 747SP-27 7O-YMN Aden International Airport (ADE)". Retrieved 2015-07-29. 
  31. ^ "Belarus' First Deputy Foreign Minister signs Book of Condolences at Kyrgyzstan's embassy". Belarusin Telegraph Agency. Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  32. ^ "Под Бишкеком упал грузовой самолет Turkish Airlines (фото)" [A Turkish Airlines cargo plane crashed near Bishkek (with pictures)]. Zanoza (in Russian). 16 January 2017. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  33. ^ "При крушении Boeing под Бишкеком погибли не менее 16 человек" [At least 16 people killed in Boeing crash near Bishkek]. RIA Novosti (in Russian). 16 January 2017. Retrieved 16 January 2017.