Boeing Phantom Works

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Boeing Phantom Works
Operating Division
Industry Aerospace and Advanced Research and Development
Founded by McDonnell Douglas
Headquarters St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Key people
Darryl Davis (President)[1]
Number of employees
Parent The Boeing Company

Phantom Works is a division of Boeing specifically involved in research and development (R & D), including prototyping, of advanced military technologies.[2]


The division Phantom Works is in some respect a continuation of Advanced Systems and Technology - Phantom Works (New Aircraft Products Division, otherwise known as Phantom Works [3]) group of McDonnell Douglas corporation, since the purchase of the corporation by Boeing during 1997.[4][5] An announcement of an intended merger was made on December the 15th 1996.[6] The division Advanced Systems and Technology-Phantom Works had been in prior planning, to be established within the future, during 1995.[7] Boeing had had a more active role within military affairs since the end of World War II. The presidency of Harry S. Truman, when the U.S. Air Force sought to engage the company in issues of military concern, and the military-industrial complex (D.D. Eisenhower) which later formed within Seattle, promoted the production interests of the company for the purposes of defense during the Cold War.[8]

Phantom works functioned from sometime early in its inception to:

1. - provide technologies to businesses within (internal to) the company.[9][10]

2.- "develop governmental-funded advanced systems for the military side of Boeing" that would be subsequently transferred to the responsibility of "Integrated Defense Systems" for full production.[10]

Scope and responsibility[edit]



According to information current as of 2015, Phantom Works has about 2,700 employees situated at various locations on the Earth.[11] The work-force, amongst other capacities, includes corporate members, program managers and engineers.[12]

The Seal beach location had 438 employees within it, for the year 2010.[13]

Presidencies and vice-presidencies[edit]

Darryl Davis is the current president (2015).[14]

David O. Swain was president of the division during 2010.[15]

Robert Krieger was president and also chief technology officer during 2006.[10]

Alan Wiechman was vice president during 2014. Projects he worked on included production of the Lockheed Have Blue, F-117 Nighthawk, Sea Shadow and Bird of prey.[16]

A. Logan was at some time responsible for the Works, later joining Armour Designs, Inc. - Scorpion Works (also R & D).[17]

Dr David Whelan was at some time Vice President-General Manager and Deputy to the president.[18]


Phantom Works is a smaller part of the larger Defense, Space & Security.[11] Phantom Works' organization mirrors that of Boeing's Defense business units, with 'Advanced' versions of each unit (e.g. Advanced Boeing Military Aircraft). The underlying technology is provided by the Boeing Research and Technology (BR&T) organization, who develop new technologies (i.e. Technology Readiness Level 1-4) for use by Boeing's Commercial and Defense units. Phantom Works responsibility is to grow those technologies into prototype (i.e. Technology Readiness Level 4-6) to then transition those prototypes to the business units to turn into products (i.e. Technology Readiness Level 7-9).

Division & Units[edit]

Division: Advanced Aircraft Programs - includes within it, the Aircraft Protection Group. Chantal Joubert was manager of this group (1998).[19]

Advanced Precision Engagement and Mobility Systems - is a business element. Darryl Davis was at some time vice-president of this.[20]

Advanced Vehicle Systems Technology [21]

Air vehicle advanced design - Charles L. Guthrie was at some time director (2006) [22]

Engineering and Technology - Daryl Pelc was Vice President of Engineering and Technology from 2007, to at least 2012.[23] An Engineering, Operations and Technology organization was created during June 2006.[10] Don Winter was vice-president of engineering and information technology during 2008.[24]

Human-Systems Integration is based within Seattle. This group was at some time involved in the development of the Multimission Maritime Aircraft.[25] Jeffrey Erickson was at some time (prior to September 2006) manager of this unit.[26]

Integrated Defense Advanced Systems (IDeAS) - was made a part of Defense, Space & Security instead, from 2005 onwards.[10]

Mathematics and Computing Technology (M & CT). [27]

Product development - Stuart Voboril holds directorship of Product development during 2015.[28]

Strategic Development & Analysis - for the period 2005 - 2008 (and not limited to) retired US Air Force Major General Dick Paul was Vice-president.[29][30] The role of this unit is to "identify U.S. government technology initiatives that align with Boeing's advanced research and development efforts, help capture associated government R&D contracts, and shape future government technology initiatives." [30]

Strategy, Experimentation and Ventures - [31] includes the previous unit Phantom Works Ventures, which operates with the aim of the production of new business opportunities for the Boeing-wing, Defence Space and Security. Ventures is based within the @4240 building within Cortex innovation district,[32] within St Louis.[33] Timothy Noonan was vice president of Boeing’s Phantom Works Ventures until June 2015.[32] Ventures was amalgamated to Strategy & Experimentation sometime about June 2015.[34] Tracey Cowan held directorship of Strategy, Experimentation and Ventures during October 2015.[31]

Survivability Design and Integration - includes work on aircraft susceptibility reduction technology (Don Bingaman) [35]

Unmanned systems rapid prototyping and advanced concepts - Charles L. Guthrie was at some time director (2006) [22]

Virtual Warfare Center - U.S. Defense Secretary Ash Carter visited the center sometime circa September 2015.[36]


Originally headquartered in St Louis, Phantom Works has subsequently re-located to Seattle.[4] McDonnell Douglas corporation already had a site located at St Louis prior to being bought by Boeing.[31][37]

Boeing Phantom Works is also located at Seal Beach, Orange County, California.[38] A site within California was located at Huntington Beach, Orange County, during 2004.[39][40] A site located at Long Beach, California during 2001.[41] Huntington Beach were accorded black budget projects by Boeing for the Pentagon (Peterson 2015).[42] McDonnell Douglas corporation already had a site located at Huntington Beach prior to being bought by Boeing.[7][37]

Additionally an international group does modelling and simulation work for governments of the United States,[43] Britain,[44] and India.[45]

A new Phantom Works was based within Australia, circa 11 March 2008.[46]

Internal design[edit]

DLR group internally designed 276,000 square feet (ft2) of the Works, a project they completed during 2006.[47]


According to a 2007 publication, Phantom Works at the time of the publication date, was partnered to the then four business units of Boeing (these being: Boeing Capital Corporation, Boeing Commercial Airplanes, Connexion, and Integrated Defense Systems, the latter (IDS) now known as Boeing Defense, Space & Security.[48][49] The Works is reputed for involving itself with so-called black projects.[50]

Product creation and development[edit]

Boeing Phantom Works creates and advances new products and capabilities by drawing on its expertise in innovation, advanced experimentation, and prototyping.

— website of Boeing [51]

Products are developed through a process of "analysis, 3-D modeling, simulation and real world experimentation".[52]

Within a structure initiated during April 2015, oriented to a so-called create-develop-produce-support directive, the Works were made responsible for all of the productions (inc. simulations) within Boeing of the proceeding generation.[53]

A Near Field Test Facility is used to test Radar cross-section of aircraft parts, models, and actual products. The facility was designed by The Howland Company.[54]

Business position[edit]

See also: Market opportunity, Business, Company

Boeing Phantom Works addresses emerging market opportunities to capture vital new business that will enhance Boeing Defense, Space & Security's core and extend the company's presence in new and untraditional frontiers.

— website of Boeing [55]

October 2005, Phantom Works provided members to a group including also persons from the then IDS to form a SBIR council.[56] According to a 2007 source, Phantom Works is responsible for most of Boeings' engagement with small firms through the fact of the Works being the group within Boeing primarily involved in Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR).[57][58]

External Activities[edit]


Two members of the Works were attendants of an August 2000 meeting of the International Aircraft Systems Fire Suppression working group.[59]

Dr. Harwood (International Strategy and Business Development) was due to speak at the 25 and 26 February 2015 Defence Innovation and Technology Conference hosted by the Abu Dhabi Technology Development Committee.[60]

Mr. Geery and Dr. Arnott spoke August 6, 2015 at the Royal Australian Airforce Plan JERICHO Design-Led Innovation seminar hosted by the Williams Foundation .[61]


Washington University in St. Louis announced, by an online publication dated to August the 19th 2015, their Skandalaris Center for Interdisciplinary Innovation and Entrepreneurship would enter into a term of partnership with Phantom Works Ventures [62]

2015 Projects[edit]

T-X program[edit]

During June 2015 the organisation were working with Saab Group on the T-X program,[53] and T-X trainer (September 2015).[63] Darryl Davis declined to say whether the Saab T-X would fly when asked by Flight Global during the week ending December 20, 2015.[64]

Long-range Strike Bomber[edit]

A new Long range strike-bomber, the division is utilizing the Black Diamond manufacturing concept to improve productivity for this project.[36][65] The programme is reportedly worth more than $80 billion.[66]

Talon H.A.T.E.[edit]

Talon H.A.T.E.; the U.S. Air Force needed to create connectivity between the F-22 fighter-plane and the F-15.[67] The program takes the form of a pod which combines datalinks.[68]

Mach 10 space-plane[edit]

Development of a Mach 10 capable space plane known by the designation XS-1.[69]

Other projects[edit]

An air vehicle prototype with the aim of providing to U.S. of A. Navy - Unmanned Carrier Launched Surveillance and Strike U-class. Four vehicle test flights made to provide to the DARPA T3 program. Outside of direct military applications, the organization were creating a new type of avionics architecture.[53] Development of a Massive Ordnance Penetrator.[70] A laser-nuclear engine, a concept proposed by R. Budica, J. Herzberg, and F. Chandler.[71]

Incomplete list of additional known production (01.12.2015)[edit]

X vehicles[edit]

Other projects[edit]


The Phantom Swift was chosen to be part of the DARPA Vertical Takeoff and Landing X-plane program, according to a report published May the 19th 2014.[85][86]


Phantom Phoenix small-satellite platforms.[87]


study of Dominator UAV for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance missions and potential strike capability.[88]

During 2012 the Works were working to produce miniature satellites for U.S. National Reconnaissance Office and reusable boosters for U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory.[3]


The Solar Eagle was under development after receipt of contractual agreement dated to September 14, 2010, with DARPA in their Vulture II program.[80][89]



Boeing Phantom Works Fusion Architecture: A flexible approach for multiple projects and domains - J.D. King, B. Hartman [90]



Mission Health Management for 24/7 Persistent Surveillance Operations - M. Valenti; D. Dale; J. How; D. Pucci de Farias; J. Vian (Seattle).[91]


  • X-46 [92]
  • Orbital Express Propellant Resupply Servicing - specifically, Phase II - ASTRO servicing vehicle, automated guidance, navigation, craft rendezvous and docking.[93]
Papers (2003)[edit]
  • Potential Applications of the HIP at Boeing - S.C. Venema (Mathematics and Computing Technologies).[94]
  • Improvements to Boeing SCHNOZ Predictions per Transonic Powered SERN Wind Tunnel Data (invited) - T. O'Brien; D. Farrell (St Louis).[95]
  • Flight tests of wings of adapted F/A-18A - P. Weiss.[96]




  • Open Control Platform - (BPW Embedded Systems Research Team).[101]
  • Static aeroelastic response predictions of the Active Aeroelastic Wing (AAW) Flight Research Vehicle - B.Boehm et al [E. Reichenbach (St. Louis), S. Zillmer (Long Beach)][102]
  • Systems Synthesis: Towards a new paradigm and discipline for knowledge, software, and system development and maintenance. - K. Williamson (Mathematics and Computing Technology BPW).[103]
  • Effect of Lightning Currents on Structural Performance of Composite Material - D.L. Heidlebaugh, W.B. Avery, S.T. Uhrich.[104]


The group was reported to be working on inventions of information technology for a computer technology involving haptics, during 2000.[105]

Papers (2000)[edit]


A cyber defense - active network technology: automated intrusion repsonse (in partership with NAI Labs, and also in partership with NAI Labs, U.C. Davis, and Silicon Defense) [113]

1999 Papers[edit]
  • The need for distributed asynchronous transactions - L. Do, P. Ram, P. Drew (Seattle - Mathematics and computing technologies).[114]
  • Direct adaptive reconfigurable flight control for a tailless advanced fighter aircraft - K.A. Wise, J.S. Brinker (St Louis).[115]
  • Ordering sparse matrices and transforming front trees - C. Ashcraft.[116]
  • Adaptive Fighter engine inlet - M. Hopkins et al.[117]
  • Effect of Space Environment on material effects - Dr. H.G. Pippin.[118]



High Stability Engine Control (HISTEC) system - J. Orme et al (Paul Doane BPW).[119]


  • Flight testing the X-36 - The Test Pilot's perspective - L.A. Walker (St. Louis).[120]
  • Capture—Recapture Studies, with special attention to Yule's Association Paradox and Ignored Stratum Heterogeneity. - J.B. Kadane, M.M. Meyer, (J.W. Tukey - Mathematics and Computing Technology, Seattle).[121][122]



Maximum likely threshold for Type 1 censored Weibull Data including co-variants - F. Scholz. [123]

Funding & Financial matters[edit]

JTRS program provided $54.9 million during 2010.[39]

$10 million contract from the U.S.A Air Force Research Laboratory made during October 2012.[88]

$6.6 million contract to design a reusable XS-1, reported August 2015.[124]

Black Diamond, a secret new operation or "manufacturing technology initiative", begun from at least July 2015 onwards, is aimed in part to reduce costs for "large and highly complex programs" within the division.[36][125]


Latent Semantic Analysis and Beyond - A. Kao, S. Poteet, J. Wu, W. Ferng, R. Tjoelker, L. Quach, (2008)

(in, Handbook of Research on Text and Web Mining Technologies (ed. M. Song) [126]

see: Latent semantic analysis, Latent semantic indexing

Knowledge dissemination in portals - S. Woods, S. Poteet, A. Kao, L. Quach, (2012)

(in, Industrial Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications (ed. Information Resources Management Association) [127]

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