Boeing T-7 Red Hawk

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T-7 Red Hawk
Two parked Boeing T-Xs (181005-F-PO640-0021).JPG
Role Advanced trainer
National origin United States/Sweden
Manufacturer Boeing / Saab Group
First flight 20 December 2016
Status Development
Primary user United States Air Force
Number built 2[1]

The Boeing/Saab T-7 Red Hawk, originally known as the Boeing T-X, is an American/Swedish advanced jet trainer developed by Boeing Defense, Space & Security in partnership with Saab Group. It was selected on 27 September 2018 by the United States Air Force as the winner of the T-X program to replace the Northrop T-38 Talon.

Design and development[edit]

The USAF's Air Education and Training Command (AETC) began developing the requirements for a replacement for the Northrop T-38 Talon as early as 2003. Originally, the replacement trainer was expected to enter service around 2020. A fatigue failure in 2008 killed the two-person crew of a T-38C, and the Air Force advanced the target date of initial operational capability (IOC) to 2017.[2] In the Fiscal 2013 budget proposal, the USAF suggested delaying the initial operating capability to FY2020 with the contract award not expected before FY2016.[3] Shrinking budgets and higher priority modernization projects pushed the IOC of the T-X program winner to "fiscal year 2023 or 2024". Although the program was left out of the FY 2014 budget entirely, the service still viewed the trainer as a priority.[4]

In cooperation with its Swedish aerospace group partner, Saab Group,[5][6] Boeing's submission to the competition was the Boeing T-X, a single-engine advanced jet trainer with a twin tail, tandem seating and retractable tricycle landing gear. The submitted aircraft and demonstration models were powered by a General Electric F404 afterburning turbofan engine.[7]

Boeing revealed its aircraft to the public on 13 September 2016.[8] The first T-X aircraft flew on 20 December 2016.[9][10]

On 27 September 2018, Boeing's design was officially announced as the U.S. Air Force's new advanced jet trainer, replacing the T-38 Talon. A total of 351 aircraft and 46 simulators, maintenance training and support are to be supplied at a program cost of US$9.2 billion.[11][12][13][14]

In May 2019, Saab announced that it would open a U.S. manufacturing facility for the T-X in Indiana in partnership with Purdue University.[15][16]

On 16 September 2019, the USAF officially named the aircraft the "T-7A Red Hawk" as a tribute to the Tuskegee Airmen, who painted their plane's tails red, and the Curtiss P-40 Warhawk.[17]


Two prototypes for evaluation.[18][19]
Production aircraft for the U.S. Air Force.


 United States


Data from Flight Global,[9][20][verification needed]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 46 ft 5.0 in (14.15 m)
  • Wingspan: 32 ft 9.7 in (10 m)
  • Height: 13 ft 1.4 in (4.0 m)
  • Powerplant: 1 × General Electric F404 afterburning turbofan, 11,000 lbf (49 kN) thrust dry, 17,700 lbf (79 kN) with afterburner
  • Maximum speed: 808 mph (1,300 km/h, 702 kn)
  • Range: 1,143 mi (1,839 km, 994 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 50,000 ft (15,240 m)
  • Rate of climb: 33,500 ft/min (170 m/s)

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era


  1. ^ Stephen Trimble (24 April 2017). "Boeing/Saab fly second T-X test aircraft". Archived from the original on 25 April 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  2. ^ Trimble, Stephan (22 June 2010), "US Air Force, industry prepare for T-38 replacement", Flight International, retrieved 20 September 2010.
  3. ^ "USAF delays T-38 trainer replacement to 2020". Flight global. 17 February 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  4. ^ "Budget constraints delay new trainer", Air force times, 15 May 2013.
  5. ^ "Boeing and Saab Sign Joint Development Agreement on T-X Family of Systems Training Competition". Boeing. Archived from the original on 2017-12-31. Retrieved 2017-04-10.
  6. ^ Clark, Colin. "Boeing Takes T-X Lead as Northrop Joins Raytheon & Drops Out of T-X". Breaking Defense. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-04-16.
  7. ^ "Boeing T-X Advanced Pilot Training system" (PDF). Saab. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-12-21. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
  8. ^ "Boeing T-X Sees the Light". Boeing. Archived from the original on 2017-05-04. Retrieved 2017-04-10.
  9. ^ a b "Boeing and Saab complete first T-X flight". Flight Global. 20 December 2016. Archived from the original on 31 May 2019. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
  10. ^ Niles, Russ (20 December 2016). "Boeing/Saab T-X First Flight". AVweb. Archived from the original on 24 December 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  11. ^ "Air Force awards $9B contract to Boeing for next training jet". Defense News. 2018-09-27. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
  12. ^ "Air Force awards next-generation fighter and bomber trainer". Saab. Archived from the original on 28 September 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
  13. ^ O'Connor, Kate (2 October 2018). "Air Force Selects New Combat Trainer". AVweb. Archived from the original on 19 October 2018. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  14. ^ "Boeing: It's Official: Boeing Wins T-X!". Archived from the original on 2019-01-22. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
  15. ^ "Saab announces new U.S. site for advanced manufacturing and production". Saab Corporate. Archived from the original on 2019-05-09. Retrieved 2019-05-09.
  16. ^ "Saab's global defense and security company lands in Indiana, to open site near Purdue University". Purdue. Archived from the original on 2019-05-08. Retrieved 2019-05-09.
  17. ^ "This is the name of the Air Force's new training jet". Defense News. 16 September 2019. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  18. ^ FAA REGISTRY N-Number Inquiry Results N381TX
  19. ^ FAA REGISTRY N-Number Inquiry Results N382TX
  20. ^ "Boeing-Saab T-X 5th Generation Advanced Jet Trainer Aircraft Prototype - United States". Archived from the original on 28 September 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2018.

External links[edit]