Boerne, Texas

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Boerne, Texas
Main Street in Boerne, Texas, c.1890-1900
Main Street in Boerne, Texas, c.1890-1900
Location of Boerne, Texas
Location of Boerne, Texas
Kendall County Boerne.svg
Coordinates: 29°47′45″N 98°43′56″W / 29.79583°N 98.73222°W / 29.79583; -98.73222Coordinates: 29°47′45″N 98°43′56″W / 29.79583°N 98.73222°W / 29.79583; -98.73222
CountryUnited StatesUnited States
StateTexasTexas
CountyKendall
Settled1849
Government
 • TypeCouncil-manager
 • City council
  • Mayor Mike Schultz
  • Jeff Haberstroh
  • Nina Woolard
  • Charlie Boyd IV
  • Ron Cisneros
  • Christina Bergmann
 • City managerRonald Bowman
Area
 • Total11.61 sq mi (30.06 km2)
 • Land11.30 sq mi (29.27 km2)
 • Water0.31 sq mi (0.79 km2)
Elevation
1,405 ft (428 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total10,471
 • Estimate 
(2017)
16,056
 • Density1,421/sq mi (548.5/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (Central)
ZIP codes
78006, 78015
Area code(s)830
FIPS code48-09160
Websitewww.ci.boerne.tx.us

Boerne (/ˈbɜːrni/ BURN-ee) is a city in and the county seat of Kendall County, Texas, United States,[2] in the Texas Hill Country. Boerne was named in honor of German author and publicist Ludwig Börne.[3] The population of Boerne was 10,471 at the 2010 census,[4] and in 2017 the estimated population was 16,056.[5] The city is noted for the landmark U.S. Supreme Court case City of Boerne v. Flores. Founded in 1849 as "Tusculum", the name was changed to "Boerne" when the town was platted in 1852.

Boerne is part of the San AntonioNew Braunfels Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Boerne is the home of the Guadalupe Valley Poetry Celebration, a regional poetry festival that benefits the Boerne Public Library.

History[edit]

A barn on the Herff–Rozelle Farm in Boerne

Boerne came into being as an offshoot of the Texas Hill Country Free Thinker Latin Settlements, resulting from the Revolutions of 1848 in the German states. Those who came were Forty-Eighters, intellectual liberal abolitionists who enjoyed conversing in Latin and who believed in utopian ideals that guaranteed basic human rights to all.[6] They reveled in passionate conversations about science, philosophy, literature, and music.[7] The Free Thinkers first settled Castell,[8] Bettina,[9] Leningen,[10] and Schoenburg in Llano County. These experimental communities were supported by the Adelsverein[11] for one year. The communities eventually failed due to lack of finances after the Adelsverein funding expired, and conflicts of structure and authorities. Many of the pioneers from these communities moved to Sisterdale, Boerne, and Comfort.[12]

In 1849, a group of Free Thinker German colonists from Bettina camped on the north side of Cibolo Creek, about a mile west of the site of present Boerne. They named their new community after Cicero's Tusculum home in ancient Rome. In 1852, John James and Gustav Theissen,[6] who helped settle Sisterdale, platted the townsite, renamed it in honor of German author Karl Ludwig Börne,[13] with the Anglicized spelling of "Boerne". The town was not incorporated until 1909. August Staffell[14] was the original postmaster in 1856.

Historic office building in Boerne

The 1870 limestone courthouse, second-oldest in Texas, was designed by architects Philip Zoeller and J. F. Stendebach, and stands directly across the street from the current 1998 courthouse designed by architects Rehler, Vaughn & Koone, Inc.[15]

In March 1887, the San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway came to town. The coming of the railroad was an economic boost of some magnitude, and it created better conditions for the area.[16]

In the late 1870s, retired British army officers, including Glynn Turquand and Captain Egremont Shearburn, played one of the first polo matches in the United States in Boerne.[17] The polo ground is still visible on Balcones Ranch, bought by Captain Turquand in 1878.[17]

Boerne's robust environment encouraged the health resort industry. Sisters of the Incarnate Word founded the St. Mary's Sanitarium in 1896 for pulmonary patients;[18] Dr. W.E. Wright contracted with the Veterans Administration in 1919 to provide care for World War I veterans suffering from lung ailments;[19] the William L. Sill Tuberculosis Resort operated northwest of Boerne;[20] and Mrs. Adolph (Emilie) Lex opened her home to recovering patients, eventually converting two rooms into operating rooms.[21]

Karl Degener organized the Boerne Gesang Verein (singing club) and the Boerne Village Band[22] in 1860. The family and descendants of Sisterdale resident Baron Ottomar von Behr have included three generations of directors of the Boerne Village Band, and four generations of musicians.[23] The band is billed as the "Oldest Continuously Organized German Band in the World outside Germany", and in 1998[24] the Federal Republic of Germany recognized the Boerne Village Band for its contribution to the German heritage in Texas and America.

Geography[edit]

Boerne is located in southern Kendall County in the Texas Hill Country. Interstate 10 and U.S. Route 87 pass through the city south and west of its center, with access from Exits 537 through 543. I-10/US-87 lead southeast 31 miles (50 km) to downtown San Antonio and northwest 16 miles (26 km) to Comfort, where the highways diverge.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Boerne has a total area of 11.6 square miles (30.1 km2), of which 11.3 square miles (29.3 km2) are land and 0.3 square miles (0.8 km2), or 2.61%, are water.[25] Cibolo Creek, a 96-mile-long (154 km) tributary of the San Antonio River, flows through the city.

Two of Texas' seven show caves are located near Boerne: Cave Without a Name is 10 miles (16 km) to the northeast, and Cascade Caverns are 3 miles (5 km) to the southeast. They are both actively growing limestone-solution caves.

Climate[edit]

Boerne has a typical central Texas humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) with hot, frequently humid summers and winters that average mild, but vary from hot to cold. Although 46.1 mornings per year fall below freezing, snowfall is extremely rare: between 1971 and 2000, the median was zero and the mean 0.5 inches or 0.013 metres. Temperatures at or below 0 °F or −17.8 °C have occurred only three times on record: December 22, 1929, January 31, 1949, and February 2, 1951, with the second being the coldest at −4 °F or −20 °C. In contrast to these cold spells, February 20 and 21, 1986, both reached 94 °F (34.4 °C), February 21 to 24, 1996 had four successive afternoons over 93 °F (33.9 °C), and January 1943 had three days reach 86 °F or 30 °C.[26] The absolute hottest temperature has been 112 °F or 44.4 °C on August 23, 1925.

Summer weather is very hot, and can be either dry or humid: 91.6 afternoons reach above 90 °F or 32.2 °C, although only 3.6 afternoons reach 100 °F or 37.8 °C. Mostly the summer months are dry as the region is too far east of the monsoonal trough, but remnants of hurricanes tracking inland can produce very heavy rainfall, indeed, as in the wettest month of July 2002 when 28.43 inches (722.1 mm) fell and the first five days as much as 25.47 inches or 646.9 millimetres. The wettest days in Boerne have been October 2, 1913, with 9.04 inches (229.6 mm) and June 22, 1997, with 8.93 inches (226.8 mm). In contrast, no rain fell between June 27 and August 31 of 1993, with only 1.45 inches or 36.8 millimetres between June and August 1910. Winter rain usually occurs via Pacific storms redeveloping over the Gulf of Mexico and directing a moist southeasterly flow; in the extreme case of the winter of 1991/1992, 14.42 inches or 366.3 millimetres fell between December 19 and 22, with a total of 29.44 inches (747.8 mm) for the three winter months; however, four years later, the whole winter had no more than 0.96 inches (24.4 mm). Overall, the wettest calendar year has been 1992 with 64.17 inches (1,629.9 mm) and the driest 1954 with 10.29 inches (261.4 mm), although between July 1991 and June 1992 68.13 inches (1,730.5 mm) were recorded.

Climate data for Boerne, Texas (1971 to 2000; extremes since 1897)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 90
(32)
98
(37)
99
(37)
100
(38)
104
(40)
105
(41)
109
(43)
112
(44)
109
(43)
98
(37)
95
(35)
92
(33)
112
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 60.0
(15.6)
64.7
(18.2)
72.0
(22.2)
77.9
(25.5)
83.1
(28.4)
88.6
(31.4)
91.9
(33.3)
92.6
(33.7)
88.1
(31.2)
79.7
(26.5)
69.2
(20.7)
61.6
(16.4)
77.5
(25.3)
Average low °F (°C) 34.3
(1.3)
37.8
(3.2)
45.2
(7.3)
51.9
(11.1)
61.0
(16.1)
67.2
(19.6)
69.3
(20.7)
68.5
(20.3)
63.8
(17.7)
54.1
(12.3)
43.9
(6.6)
36.3
(2.4)
52.8
(11.6)
Record low °F (°C) −4
(−20)
−1
(−18)
14
(−10)
25
(−4)
34
(1)
44
(7)
54
(12)
51
(11)
35
(2)
21
(−6)
14
(−10)
0
(−18)
−4
(−20)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 1.79
(45)
2.24
(57)
2.57
(65)
2.87
(73)
4.66
(118)
4.77
(121)
2.23
(57)
3.05
(77)
3.61
(92)
4.09
(104)
3.11
(79)
2.37
(60)
37.36
(948)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 inch) 7.8 6.3 7.9 6.9 8.9 7.2 4.4 5.1 7.5 7.6 7.1 7.2 83.9
Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration[27]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870250
188034638.4%
189043325.1%
190080084.8%
191088610.8%
19201,15330.1%
19301,117−3.1%
19401,27113.8%
19501,80241.8%
19602,16920.4%
19702,43212.1%
19803,22932.8%
19904,27432.4%
20006,17844.5%
201010,47169.5%
Est. 201716,056[5]53.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[28]
Boerne Stage Airport

As of the census[29] of 2000, 6,178 people, 2,292 households, and 1,613 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,061.1 people per square mile (409.9/km2). The 2,466 housing units averaged 423.5 per square mile (163.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.76% White, 0.36% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.29% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 19.44% of the population.

Of the 2,292 households, 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were not families. About 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the city, the population was distributed as 26.0% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $80,500 and for a family was $50,903. Males had a median income of $35,039 versus $25,773 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,251. About 6.5% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.5% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.

Boerne is home to two public high schools and one private high school. Students located south of Texas State Highway 46 attend Boerne Samuel V. Champion High School, a 5A high school named after a well-liked administrator for the Boerne Independent School District. Opening in 2008, Samuel V. Champion High School is attended by students who matriculate from Boerne Middle School-South.[30]

Students zoned north of Texas Highway 46 attend Boerne High School. A 4A public high school, Boerne High School is smaller than Champion. Boerne High School is a well-regarded public high school and attended by students who come from Boerne Middle School-North.[31]

Boerne is also home to the Geneva School of Boerne. Unlike Boerne Champion and Boerne High School, Geneva is a private high school with an annual tuition of $11,235. Geneva competes in the Texas Association of Private and Parochial Schools at the 4A level.[32]

Attractions[edit]

The Marsh Loop Trail Boardwalk at the Cibolo Nature Center

Hill Country Mile[edit]

Created in the early 2010s, the Hill Country Mile is a 1.1-mile-long (1.8 km) walking path following River Road Park and historic Main Street.[33] The path was created as a catalyst to unify and preserve the rich cultural identity of downtown Boerne. It was also created to increase and foster economic growth through downtown shopping and culture centers.

Cibolo Nature Center[edit]

Cibolo Nature Center comprises over 100 acres (40 ha) of Hill Country trails and wilderness. The center was first opened to the public on Earth Day in 1990 after founder Carolyn Chipman Evans urged the City of Boerne to preserve marshland around Boerne City Park. It is maintained through a 501c3 nonprofit organization called the Friends of the Cibolo Wilderness. Trails are open every day from 8 am until 5 pm. City Park is in a unique natural setting, as it shares a border with Cibolo Creek.[34]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gazetteer Files: 2018: Places". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ [1] "In 1852, Gustav Theissen and John James laid out the town's site and changed the name to Boerne in honor of Ludwig Börne, a German poet and publicist."
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Boerne city, Texas". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017 (PEPANNRES): Texas Incorporated Places". Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  6. ^ a b Scharf, Edwin E. "Freethinkers of the Early Texas Hill Country". Freethinkers Association of Central Texas. Archived from the original on 19 February 2009. Retrieved 11 May 2010. Freethinkers Association of Central Texas
  7. ^ Kennedy, Ira. "German Intellectuals on the Texas Frontier". TexFiles. Retrieved 11 May 2010. TexFiles
  8. ^ "Castell, Texas". Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 11 May 2010. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC.
  9. ^ "Bettina, Texas - Vanished Sister to Castell". Castell, Texas. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  10. ^ Brister, Louis E.: Leiningen, Prince Carl from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 30 April 2010. Texas State Historical Association
  11. ^ Brister, Louis E.: Adelsverein from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 11 May 2010. Texas State Historical Association
  12. ^ Scharf, Edwin E. "Freethinkers of the Early Texas Hill Country". Free Thinkers Association of Texas. Archived from the original on 19 February 2009. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  13. ^ "Börne, Karl Ludwig". Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  14. ^ "Boerne Postmasters". Jim Wheat. Retrieved 11 May 2010.Jim Wheat
  15. ^ "Kendall County Courthouses". Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 11 May 2010. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC.
  16. ^ Boerne and the Railroad
  17. ^ a b Horace A. Laffaye, Polo in Britain: A History, Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 2012, p. 69
  18. ^ "St. Mary's Sanitarium". Kendall County TxGenWeb Project. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  19. ^ "Dr. Wright's Sanitorium". Kendall County TxGenWeb Project. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  20. ^ "William L. Sill Tuberculosis Resort". Kendall County TxGenWeb Project. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  21. ^ "Lex Sanitarium". Kendall County TxGenWeb Project. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  22. ^ "Boerne Village Band". Texas Music History Online. Retrieved 11 May 2010. Texas Music History Online
  23. ^ von Behr musicians from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 11 May 2010. Texas State Historical Association
  24. ^ "Boerne Village Band". TKendall County TxGenWeb Project. Archived from the original on 23 November 2008. Retrieved 11 May 2010. Texas Music History Online
  25. ^ "Gazetteer Files: 2018: Places". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  26. ^ National Weather Service; NOW Data; NWS San Antonio/Austin
  27. ^ "Climatography of the United States No. 20: 1971-2000" (PDF). National Climatic Data Center. 2004. Retrieved on March 24, 2017.
  28. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  29. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  30. ^ "Boerne Independent School District: Boerne-Samuel V. Champion High School". www.boerne-isd.net. Archived from the original on 2012-06-01. Retrieved 2017-04-17.
  31. ^ "Boerne Independent School District: Boerne High School". www.boerne-isd.net. Archived from the original on 2017-04-18. Retrieved 2017-04-17.
  32. ^ "At a Glance | Geneva School of Boerne". www.genevaschooltx.org. Archived from the original on 2017-04-18. Retrieved 2017-04-17.
  33. ^ "Hill Country Mile". Visit Boerne. Boerne Convention & Visitor's Bureau.
  34. ^ "Homepage". Cibolo Nature Center & Farm.
  35. ^ http://lifeafter50.com/news/2014/feb/04/cheryl-ladd-and-brian-russell-one-window-two-refle/?page=3[permanent dead link]
  36. ^ Repko, Melissa (April 18, 2018). "After landing troubled Southwest plane, pilot Tammie Jo Shults hugged passengers, texted 'God is good'". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved April 18, 2018.

External links[edit]