Bogdan Musiał

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Bogdan Musiał
Bogdan Musial - Sovjetische Partisanen (2009).jpg
Cover of Sowjetische Partisanen. Mythos und Wirklichkeit by Bogdan Musiał
Born 1960
Occupation Historian, author
Notable works Sowjetische Partisanen. Mythos und Wirklichkeit (2009)

Professor Bogdan Musiał (born 1960) is a Polish-German historian with Polish background and dual citizenship. He specializes in the history of World War II. Musiał lives and works in Poland at present, previously in Germany.[1][2]


Bogdan Musiał was born in 1960 in Wielopole, Dąbrowa County, Poland. He worked in Silesian mines and collaborated with the Polish Solidarność movement. On account of the latter involvement, he was persecuted by state security and in 1985 sought and received political asylum in the Federal Republic of Germany; in 1992 he was naturalized. He worked as a mechanic, and from 1990 to 1998 studied history, political science and sociology at the Leibniz University of Hannover and the University of Manchester. In 1998 he graduated with a thesis on the treatment of Jews in occupied Poland.

From 1991 to 1998, Musiał received a scholarship from Friedrich Ebert Foundation. During that time he was one of the main critics of the Wehrmachtsausstellung exhibition compiled by the Hamburg Institute for Social Research, which eventually had to be seriously revised before reopening to conform with his findings.[3]

Since 1998 he served as scientific researcher at the German Historical Institute in Warsaw where he has studied previously inaccessible sources about crimes of the Soviet NKVD during the Soviet retreat in 1941 which escalated violence.[1]

In 2008 he published the book Kampfplatz Deutschland. Since 2010 he lives in Poland and works at the Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw.

Sowjetische Partisanen 1941-1944[edit]

Musiał's ground-breaking research into the criminal activities of so-called Soviet partisans was summarized by Karel Berkhoff in a following way:[4]

The book’s key finding is that the partisans arose and acted more or less independently from Moscow in numerous ways, especially but not only in the first year of the war with Germany. The first partisan units appeared before any central directives to this effect, and Moscow did not even know they existed. The NKVD never quite gained control over espionage among the partisans. Against Moscow’s wishes, large partisan zones sprang up and partisans robbed peasants of all their food, attacked Jews (until the spring of 1943), abused alcohol and women, beat and killed arbitrarily, and even destroyed entire villages. — Karel Berkhoff [4]


  • "Aktion Reinhardt". Der Völkermord an den Juden im Generalgouvernement 1941-1944 (The Origins of “Operation Reinhard”: The Decision-Making Process for the Mass Murder of the Jews in the General Government) Osnabrück 2004
  • Sowjetische Partisanen in Weißrußland. Innenansichten aus dem Gebiet Baranovici 1941-1944. Eine Dokumentation (Soviets partisans in Belarus). Oldenbourg Verlag, München 2004, ISBN 3-486-64588-9.[5]
  • “The Origins of ‘Operation Reinhard’: The Decision-Making Process for the Mass Murder of the Jews in the Generalgouvernment.” Yad Vashem Studies 28 (2000): 113-153.
  • Deutsche Zivilverwaltung und Judenverfolgung im Generalgouvernement. Eine Fallstudie zum Distrikt Lublin 1939-1944. Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden 1999, ISBN 3-447-04208-7.
  • Kampfplatz Deutschland, Stalins Kriegspläne gegen den Westen (Battle-ground Germany, Stalin's plans of war against the West). Propyläen, Berlin 2008, ISBN 978-3-549-07335-3.
  • Sowjetische Partisanen 1941–1944: Mythos und Wirklichkeit (Soviet partisans. Myth and Reality), Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh Verlag, 2009; 592 pages. ISBN 978-3-506-76687-8.[6]
  • "Stalins Beutezug. Die Plünderung Deutschlands und der Aufstieg der Sowjetunion zur Weltmacht" (Stalin's plundering raid. The plundering of Germany and the rise of the Soviet Union to a Superpower),Propyläen, Berlin 2010. ISBN 978-3-549-07370-4.


  1. ^ a b Bogdan Musial, Konterrevolutionäre Elemente sind zu erschießen. Die Brutalisierung des deutsch-sowjetischen Krieges im Sommer 1941, Propyläen Verlag, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-549-07126-4.
  2. ^ Bogdan Musial (ed), Sowjetische Partisanen in Weißrußland by Marek Jan Chodakiewicz. Archived 2012-07-18 at the Wayback Machine. The Sarmatian Review, April 2006 Issue.
  3. ^ "Crimes of the German Wehrmacht: Dimensions of a War of Annihilation 1941-1944" (PDF). Press releases, January to November 2000. Hamburg Institute for Social Research: 9–13. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 24, 2015. Retrieved 29 February 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Reviewed by Karel Berkhoff (October 2010). "Bogdan Musial. Sowjetische Partisanen 1941-1944: Mythos und Wirklichkeit. Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh Verlag, 2009. 592 S. ISBN 978-3-506-76687-8". Published on H-Soz-u-Kult. 
  5. ^ Marek Jan Chodakiewicz (January 23, 2005). "Review of Bogdan Musial, Sowjetische Partisanen in Weißrußland: Innenansichten aus dem Gebiet Baranoviči, 1941-1944". "The myth exposed." Scholarly book review. Washington, DC: The Institute of World Politics. Retrieved 29 February 2016. 
  6. ^ Karel Berkhoff (October 2010). "Review of Musial, Bogdan, Sowjetische Partisanen 1941-1944: Mythos und Wirklichkeit". Scholarly review published by H-Net Reviews. Retrieved 29 February 2016.